BREAKOUT SESSION 1: Understanding Eligibility and Benefits for Transition Aged Youth Basics of Eligibility for AFDC-FC (Foster Care Benefits) AFDC-FC: Basic Eligibility Categorical requirements of the child Age, residency, immigration status, deprivation Conditions of removal from the home and placement Financial eligibility Categorical Requirements: What does the child look like? Age: Resides in California or under jurisdiction of CA dependency court Immigration status Under 19 (beginning January 1, 2012) Under 20 (beginning January 1, 2013) Youth 18 – 20 must meet additional eligibility requirements (more later) US citizen, qualified immigrant, PRUCOL* Deprived of parental support by virtue of being in foster care Federal: Death, incapacity, absence, unemployment of parent State: Deprived of parental support Condition of Removal from Home Prior to Age 18 Court Order/Judicial Determination Voluntary Placement Agreement (VPA) Continuing to live in the home would be contrary to welfare of the child; and Reasonable efforts made to keep child in the home Placement and care vested with county agency Limited to 180 days under federal and state law Return to home, file petition to maintain federal or state eligibility, or refer to adoption agency Given up for adoption, or parental rights terminated Living with a non-related legal guardian (state-only) Placement Child (under 18) must be placed in an approved or licensed facility/home: Approved home of a relative (federal foster care) Approved home of a non-relative extended family member Licensed family foster home Certified home of a licensed foster family agency (FFA) (includes ITFC) Living with non-related legal guardian (state foster care) THPP Tribal home Licensed group home Financial Eligibility: Federal AFDC-FC -- Linkage Rule Meet the 1996 AFDC criteria in the home of removal in the month the petition is filed OR in any of the 6 months prior to the month the petition is filed. Federal AFDC-Linkage Test (cont.) Once linkage met, does not have to be established again while child remains in foster care. If remaining in care – no new linkage required No new documentation required for youth continuing in care For non-minor dependents re-entering foster care New link is established based on youth’s income and property only New documentation for youth reentering AFDC-FC: What Do They Get? Monthly cash benefit paid on a per-child basis Can be paid to NMD directly if the NMD is living in a SILP (more later) Full scope Medi-Cal, no share of cost Other funded services/allowances as applicable County clothing allowance (if provided), infant supplement AFDC-FC: Monthly Cash Benefit Foster Family Homes/ relatives/NRLG NREFM: Foster Family Agencies: Basic rate: $621 (for ages 0 – 3) up to $776 (15 and older) Specialized Care Increments: Range of rates varies by county Non-Treatment: $373 (for ages 0 – 3) up to $522 (15 and older) Treatment: $1430 (for ages 0 – 3) up to $1679 (15 and older) Intensive Treatment Foster Care: $2687 - $ 4028 (based on level of need) Undergoing a rate restructure process Group Homes: $ 2,159 - $9,146 (based on level of need) Rates are Per Child! Specialized Care Increments County supplement to the basic rate for the caring for children with medical or emotional/behavioral needs. County creates its own policy on how child qualifies and the increment amounts. CDSS must approve the plan. Most counties provide specialized care increment (except: Modoc, Plumas and Sierra) Specialized Care Increments are only available to youth in a foster family homes, the approved home of a relative caregiver, NREFM and NRLG Group homes, FFAs, THPP, THP-Plus FC, and SILPs do not qualify for specialized care increment AFDC-FC: Regional Center Clients Youth who receive AFDC-FC benefits and who are also regional center clients are eligible for a higher level of cash benefits called Dual Agency Rate. Dual Agency Basic Rate: $2006 per month Dual Agency Supplement to the Rate – Based on extraordinary care and supervision: increments of $250 up to $1000 Early Start Intervention (ages 0-3): $898 Regional Centers must purchase or secure services in the child’s IPP or IFSP NMDs qualify for dual agency rate AFDC-FC (Federal or State): When Does It End? Beginning January 1, 2012: AFDC-FC available up to age 19 Beginning January 1, 2013: AFDC-FC available up to age 20 Final extension to age 21 subject to legislative approval and cannot happen before January 1, 2014 High School Completion Rule and AB 12 As of January 1, 2012 – there is no more high school completion rule for NMDs participating in extended foster care No more high school completion rule for youth in group homes Remaining in group home after age 18 matter of educational stability High school completion rule still exists for certain groups that do not have access to extended benefits KinGAP youth who entered KinGAP prior to age 16 Youth with non-related legal guardianships created in probate court Eligibility for Extended Foster Care Benefits (Ages 18 – 20) Eligibility Basics for Extended Foster Care Benefits Extended benefits available to youth (non-minor dependents or “NMDs”) who, at the time they turn 18: Has an open juvenile court case at age 18 Satisfy at least 1 of 5 participation requirements, Meet with Social Worker and update TILCP/TILP Court or administrative review every 6 months Live in a licensed/approved supervised setting Extended benefits also available to: Youth with a Non-Related Legal Guardian created in juvenile court (regardless of age of youth when guardianship is created) Youth who entered Kin-GAP or AAP at age 16 or older. Phase-In: Who is eligible for extended foster care? Youth under age 19 as of January 1, 2012 who have an open case. This includes: All youth who turn 18 on or after January 1, 2012 Youth who turn 18 during 2011 AND meet the current eligibility requirements (such as the high school completion rule) Youth who turn 18 during 2011 who do not meet the high school completion rule provided the court retains jurisdiction What Must a NMD Do to Receive Benefits – Participation Conditions Participation Conditions: Must satisfy 1 of 5 as documented in the youth’s TILP Be enrolled in high school or equivalent program Be enrolled in college/vocational school Work at least 80 hours/month Participate in a program/activity that helps you find a job or removes barriers to employment (like substance abuse treatment) Be unable to do one of the above because of a medical or mental health condition Six-Month Certification of Participation completed by social worker. (SOC 161 – available online) Licensed/Approved Placement Traditional placement options still available New licensing rules/approval standards Shared Living Agreement 2 NEW Placement Options for NMDs: THP-Plus Foster Care Supervised Independent Living (SILP) Extended Foster Care Benefits – What Do They Get? The same benefit rates apply - NMDs eligible for the same rate they received in that setting as a minor New statewide rates established for THP-Plus FC SILP is limited to basic AFDC-FC rate Wraparound services available for NMDs What about youth who want to optout? Eligibility for assistance does not end until the youth turns 20 (or 21), but aid is suspended when the NMD no longer resides in an eligible facility or after the court terminates dependency jurisdiction – may be resumed at request of NMD Hearing (WIC 391) must be held prior to terminating jurisdiction (and assistance) and court must inform youth of: Right to remain in care Benefits of remaining in care Right to reenter care if under the age limits General jurisdiction for reentry taken if the court terminates dependency/delinquency jurisdiction Re-entry Youth can re-enter unlimited times prior to turning 20/ 21 yrs old. Youth must be informed of right to reentry at termination hearing Re-entry process is intended to be as accessible and easy as possible Beginning date of aid is date NMD signs re-entry agreement Benefits for Pregnant & Parenting Youth Pregnant and parenting youth are eligible Benefit Payment In a SILP, the parenting NMD can receive the foster care payment directly, which includes the Infant Supplement. For parenting NMD’s in licensed/approved facilities, the Infant Supplement is paid to the provider. Whole Family Foster Homes, as FFH’s, relatives. FFA’s or THP+FC host family homes, are also eligible for the $200 Shared Responsibility Plan payment. Process to Establish and Maintain Eligibility for Extended Foster Care Benefits Role of Social Worker/Probation Officer Regarding Eligibility Affirmative obligation to ensure that NMDs who want to participate maintain eligibility In order to terminate dependency, must establish in juvenile court that the social worker/probation officer made reasonable efforts to ensure participation Services in TILP to ensure meaningful participation in eligibility requirements, including a back-up plan All case planning should be collaborative with young adult Goals are increasing levels of responsibility Mutual Agreement Not a condition of payment – but must be signed within 6 months of NMD turning 18 Mutual Agreement documents youth’s willingness to: Remain in a “supervised placement,” Report changes relevant to eligibility and placement, and Work with the Agency on the implementation of the TILP participation activities Participate in 6 month review hearings Mutual Agreement documents agency’s responsibility to: Help NMD develop and achieve goals Review and update TILP every 6 months Help NMD remain eligible for extended foster care by responding to problems the NMD has identified and connecting NMD to supports and services Help NMD and caregiver develop Shared Living Agreement Ensure NMD has Medi-Cal card or other health insurance Provide NMD with contact information for his/her attorney Role of Eligibility Worker A copy of the Certification Form shall be filed in the EW’s maintenance case CDSS strongly recommends that a copy of the participation documentation be kept in the EW’s file for audit purposes Perform normal duties for changes of placement calculate OP/UP’s, rate adjustments, annual redeterminations 6 Month Certification of Extended Foster Care Participation Form Other Benefits for Transition Age Youth CalWORKs: Basic Eligibility for Youth in Foster Care Relatives caring for a youth who is in foster care that does not qualify for Title IV-E foster care benefits This includes relatives who have a non-minor dependents placed in their home NOTE: The non-minor dependent could live with the relative in a SILP and receive state-only AFDC-FC or if over 16 the relative can become the guardian and get the higher per child Kin GAP extended benefits. CalWORKs: What Do they Get? REGION 1 REGION 2 AU Size MAP Exempt MAP NonExempt AU Size MAP Exempt MAP NonExempt 1 351 317 1 334 300 2 577 516 2 550 490 3 714 638 3 681 608 4 849 762 4 809 725 5 966 866 5 923 825 6 1086 972 6 1035 926 7 1192 1069 7 1137 1016 8 1301 1164 8 1239 1109 9 1405 1258 9 1340 1198 10 1510 1351 10 1439 1286 10+ 1510 1351 10+ 1439 1286 Payment Decreases Per Child! Kinship Guardianship Assistance Payment Program (Kin-GAP) Kin-GAP is California’s Kinship Guardianship Assistance Payment program – it has been available since January 1, 2000 Goal to enhance family preservation and stability to allow youth to exit foster care to guardianship with a relative caregiver without loss of funding Program was expanded in 2006 to include: Probation youth Allow youth to receive Specialized Care Increment and clothing allowance as part of Kin-GAP benefit Conversion of the old Kin-GAP program began January 1, 2011 due to AB 12 Kin-GAP: Basic Eligibility Child: Has been adjudged a dependent or ward pursuant to WIC § 300 or 602 or after 6 months of voluntary placement, court ordered guardianship per 360 Child must be citizen, legal permanent resident, or other qualified immigrant Living with same approved relative at least 6 continuous months Relative appointed as guardian by juvenile court Relative guardian and child welfare agency (or probation or tribe) enter into a written, signed negotiated agreement setting forth the amount of the KinGAP payment and any other services Dependency/delinquencycase dismissed by the court after January 1, 2000 AND Have dependency/delinquency case dismissed after (or at the same time as) the court appoints the relative as guardian What must the county do before the Kin-GAP guardianship is finalized? County Agency Must Document in Guardianship Study Being returned home or placed for adoption are not appropriate permanency options for the child (the court must make this finding) The child demonstrates a strong attachment to the prospective relative guardian The relative guardian has a strong commitment to caring permanently for the child The child who has attained 12 years of age has been consulted regarding the kinship guardianship arrangement. Kin-GAP – What do they get? Negotiation between the relative guardian and the county child welfare agency, probation department or Indian tribe Cannot exceed what the child would have received in a foster family home, including any applicable specialized care increment The maximum Kin-GAP payment varies depending on the date the Kin-GAP guardianship was established Set forth in an written agreement that can be adjusted periodically, as the needs of the child change If the youth is a parent of a child placed in the same home, the infant supplement or “whole family foster home” rates apply If the youth is a regional center consumer, the dual agency rates apply Kin-GAP – When does it end? Age Limits Age 18 if entered Kin-GAP prior to turning 16 and no physical mental disability or up to age 19 if completing high school Age 21 – regardless of when the child entered Kin-GAP IF the child has mental or physical handicaps that warrant continuation Age 19 (beginning Jan. 1 2012) - or - Age 20 (beginning Jan. 1 2013) – for ALL youth who entered Kin-GAP at age 16 or older and meets one of the five participation conditions NOTE: Youth converted into the federal Kin-GAP program at age 16 or older qualify until age 20 (or 21) even if they initially entered Kin-GAP before age 16 Other factors Continues if the family moves to another state Other Benefits for Relatives/Youth Participating in Kin-GAP County Clothing Allowance Medi-Cal And Medicaid continues if the guardian/youth move out of state IF the youth is federally-eligible ILP services (regardless of what age the youth was when he/she entered Kin-GAP) Education and training vouchers (if the youth entered Kin-GAP after age 16) Reimbursement of non-recurring costs associated with guardianship – up to $2,000 Kin-GAP Conversion All prior Kin-GAP cases are being converted to the new program(s) Conversion happens at annual redetermination (can request earlier conversion) Conversion is intended to be seamless County to assess special needs of youth to determine if SCI is appropriate (even if it wasn’t part of the Kin-GAP benefit previously) County is to meet with relative in person or over the phone to negotiate new Kin-GAP benefit – right to administrative hearing if relative does not agree with the outcome of this negotiation Converted into either the new federal program or the new state program – depending on if the youth was federally-eligible while in foster care May affect whether youth can receive benefits past age 18 May affect eligibility for Medicaid if you move out of state AAP: Basic Eligibility “Special needs” AND Written and signed AAP agreement with state stipulating amount of AAP entered into before the adoption is finalized (no means test) AAP: Basic Eligibility (con’t) AND one of the following: Subject of an independent OR agency adoption and meets SSI requirements – OR Subject of an agency adoption and under supervision of county welfare department – OR Subject of an agency adoption and would have been at risk of dependency – OR Subject of an agency adoption and committed to care of dep’t pursuant to Family Code § 8805 or § 8918 AAP: What Do They Get? Medicaid Monthly Benefit Amount of Adoption Assistance negotiated in a written adoption assistance agreement (no means test) Cannot exceed the amount that the child would have received if in a licensed or approved family home (includes specialized care rate, ARM rate, dual agency rate) The maximum AAP payment varies depending on the date of the initial adoption assistance agreement. Can include specialized care increment Residential care or Wrap Around services AAP: When Does it End? Eligibility by Age Age 18 if entered AAP prior to turning 16 and no physical mental disability Age 21 – regardless of when the child entered AAP IF the child has mental or physical handicaps that warrant continuation Age 19 (beginning Jan. 1 2012) or Age 20 (beginning Jan. 1 2013) – if entered AAP at age 16 or older and meets one of the five participation conditions Other Considerations Continues if the family moves to another state Can continue if child is adopted after death of adoptive parents SSI/SSP: Basic Eligibility Little or no income (no deeming for children that do not live in the household of a parent) Few or no resources Citizen or qualified non-citizen Disabled SSI/SSP: Basic Eligibility Disability – child standard: Marked or severe functional limitation expected to result in death or last for at least 12 continuous months Disability – adult standard: Inability to engage in substantial gainful employment and expected to last at least 12 months or result in death SSI/SSP: What Do They Get? Disabled child - $750 Disabled adult (residing in own household) – $858 If in foster care OR residing with a non-parent relative caregiver (even if not in foster care) OR residing with a guardian (relative or nonrelative) Non-medical out-of-home care facility: $1086 Must complete the SSP 22 to get the full benefit! There are offset rules for concurrent receipt of SSI and other assistance (AFDC-FC, AAP, Kin-GAP) SSI/SSP: When Does it End? No definite end date – depends on the disability, income and resources Different disability standard for adult SSA conducts a Continuing Disability Review (“CDR”) in the month before the month the youth turns 18 to determine if the youth will remain eligible for SSI benefits under the adult rules Continue to receive SSI until CDR is complete SSI/SSP: County Mandate to Screen/Apply for SSI for Youth in Care Counties must: Screen every youth in foster care for SSI eligibility between ages 16.5 and 17. Assist youth determined likely eligible with SSI application. When necessary, use workaround to forego federal foster care benefits for one month out of every 12 months SSI: New Requirements for NonMinor Dependents Timeline for application remains the same – goal remains having SSI eligibility established at around the time the youth turns 18 Ensuring SSI is in place provides youth maximum flexibility and choice among benefits, services and supports If youth is approved for SSI but receives federal foster care in excess of SSI – same workaround that is used to allow youth to apply for SSI will be used to maintain eligibility How can SSI help a youth transitioning out of foster care? Monthly cash assistance often more than other available cash assistance programs (ie CalWORKs, General Assistance) – can help avoid homelessness SSI eligibility may qualify youth for permanent affordable housing Youth can work part-time and still receive SSI Social Security has programs to help recipients pursue education or attempt work without losing eligibility Youth can receive school scholarships and receive SSI simultaneously HYPOTHETICALS Is Sam Eligible for Extended Foster Care? Sam turned 18 on October 30, 2011. Is he eligible for Extended Foster Care beginning January 1, 2012 if: 1. He is expected to graduate from high school in May 2012, before he turns 19? • 2. He is not expected to graduate from high school before October 30, 2012 BUT the dependency court keeps his foster care case open and he has an open dependency case on January 1, 2012? • 3. YES – he is eligible on January 1, 2012 YES – he is eligible on January 1, 2012 He is not expected to graduate from high school before October 30, 2012 AND the dependency court terminates jurisdiction when Sam turns 18 in October 2011? • NO – he is NOT eligible on January 1, 2012 Is Danny Eligible for Extended Foster Care? Danny is under an order for foster care placement when he turns 18 on June 1, 2012. However, Danny is on runaway status on that date. Is Danny eligible to participate in extended foster care? YES – as long as he is under order for foster care placement on his 18th birthday Is Ashley Eligible for Kin-GAP After Age 18? Facts: Ashley turned 15 on May 1, 2009. On July 1, 2009, Ashley exited foster care and entered the Kin-GAP program when her grandmother took guardianship of her. It is now July 1, 2011 and it is Ashley’s annual redetermination. Because of the passage of AB 12, Ashley is being converted into the new Kin-GAP program. Is Ashley Eligible for Kin-GAP After Age 18 (continued)? Does Ashley have a mental or physical disability? Is Ashley expected to complete her high school diploma or GED by age 19? If YES – she can receive Kin-GAP up until age 21 If YES – she can get Kin-GAP benefits until she finishes her diploma or GED or until she turns 19, whichever is first Is Ashley being converted into the federal Kin-GAP program? If YES - she can get Kin-GAP up until 20 (or 21) as long as she meets the participation requirements and the timeline for extension. If NO - she CANNOT get benefits after 18 (unless he has a physical of mental disability OR he meets the completion rule). Is Lisa Eligible for Kin-GAP? Facts Lisa turned 15 in December 2011, and during that same month, she was placed in foster care in the approved home of her Aunt Sally. In July 2012, Aunt Sally decides to take legal guardianship of Lisa so that they can close her dependency case. Questions What does Aunt Sally have to do to ensure eligibility for Kin-GAP benefits? If guardianship is finalized in August 2012 and dependency terminated, will Lisa be eligible for Kin-GAP after age 18? RECAP Which Benefit is Best for the Youth: Questions to Consider How much financial assistance does the youth/family need? Is the youth adverse to supervision or involvement by child welfare services? How much flexibility does the youth want? What is the youth’s permanency plan? Does the youth have special needs? What are the family dynamics? What supportive services are available in addition to financial support? Do the benefits travel with the youth? Amount of Assistance Court Special needs Other services AFDC-FC $621 - $776 Yes, 6 month reviews. Specialized care increments ILP, clothing allowance, Medi-Cal, transitional housing CalWORKs $382 for first child, less with each child Depends on dependency status No specialized rates Medi-Cal Kin-GAP Negotiated – cannot exceed foster care No Yes – specialized rates available ILP, clothing allowance, Medi-Cal AAP Negotiated – cannot exceed foster care No Yes – specialized rates available Medi-Cal SSI $1,086 for children No with relatives; $858 for adult living in own household No Medi-Cal RECAP: AFDC-FC Categorical requirements of the child Age, residency, immigration status, deprivation Conditions of removal from the home and placement Financial eligibility NMDs reentering – based on youth’s income only Right to continue in foster care after age 18 if meet a participation requirement AFDC-FC: Hot Topics Are they receiving the right amount of benefits Interstate and inter-county issues Specialized care Dual Agency Rate and supplement Increased rate for relative caregivers based on 2011 Budget Act Unfunded placements Problems with Medi-Cal New issues for NMDs Voluntary Placement Agreements/Voluntary Re-entry Agreements and the 180-day time limitation Drop-offs, diversions and informal arrangements Shared Living Agreements RECAP: Kin-GAP Under applicable age requirement Has been adjudged a dependent pursuant to WIC § 300 or 602 Living with same relative at least 6 continuous months Relative appointed as guardian by juvenile court Foster care case dismissed by the court after (or at the same time as) the court appoints the relative as guardian Negotiated Kinship Guardianship Agreement Hot Topics: Kin-GAP Make sure relative was allowed to negotiate the right level of Kin-GAP (based on date of Kin-GAP guardianship) Reinstating Kin-GAP after disruptions in the placement Eligibility for Kin-GAP when receiving SSI Timing: CDSS current policy is that guardianship agreement must be in place prior to the court ordering guardianship RECAP: AAP “Special needs” AND Written and signed AAP agreement with state stipulating amount of AAP entered into before the adoption is finalized (No means test) AND SSI requirements – OR - under supervision of county welfare department – OR - would have been at risk of dependency Hot Topics: AAP Independent adoptions vs. agency adoptions Negotiated benefit – no means test! Medicaid/Medi-Cal when the youth lives out of state and is over 18 Standard for getting AAP after age 18 Maximum AAP rate based on date the initial AAP Agreement was signed Dual Agency Rates and Increase in AAP Rates RECAP: SSI Little or no income* Few or no resources* Citizen of the United States or certain categories of immigrant - AND – Disabled Child: Marked or severe functional limitation expected to result in death or last for at least 12 continuous months Adult: Inability to engage in substantial gainful employment and expected to last at least 12 months or result in death Hot Topics: SSI Appeal denials of disability determinations Age 18 CDRs – especially if the youth has an IEP Non-Medical Out-of-Home Care Rates County obligations to screen and apply for SSI for foster youth County obligation to maintain SSI eligibility for NMDs receiving higher benefit that offsets SSI completely Offsetting rules (with AFD-FC, Kin-GAP, AAP) QUESTIONS?