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Report
NEW HIGHLIGHTS IN
INTERNATIONAL AVIATION
SAFETY
Henry Gourdji
Chief, Continuous Monitoring and Oversight
Air Navigation Bureau
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
18 November 2013
Needs Analysis
Compliance & Verification
“Why”
Global Plans
if needed
Assess & Measure
Global & Regional
“What”
SARPs & PANS
Implementation

“When”
Training & Guidance
“How and Whether”
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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GASP Policy Principles
1.
Commitment to the implementation of ICAO’s
Strategic Objectives
2.
Aviation safety is the highest priority
3.
Tiered approach to safety planning
4.
State Safety Programme and safety
management systems
5.
Global aviation safety priorities
6.
GASP objectives and safety performance
areas
7.
Regional and State air navigation priorities
8.
Use of objectives and safety performance
areas
9.
Cost/benefit and financial issues
10. Review and evaluation of aviation safety
planning
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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The Tiered Approach
Varying needs of States
No “one-size-fits-all” solution
VARYING NEEDS
80%
60%
40%
20%
IMPLEMENTATION OF AN
EFFECTIVE SAFETY
OVERSIGHT SYSTEM
ADVANCED
SAFETY
OVERSIGHT
SYSTEM
INCLUDING
FULL
PREDICTIVE RISK
IMPLEMENTATION
MANAGEMENT
OF THE ICAO STATE
SAFETY
PROGRAMME
FRAMEWORK
IMPROVEMENT
100%
99%
SSCs will be made available on
the ICAO public website
commencing in January 2014
4%
0%
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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GASP Objectives and Priorities
Near-term
Mid-term
Long-term
2017
2022
2027
• All States establish effective
safety oversight systems
• States with effective safety
oversight (over 60% EI) fully
implement SSP
• All Member States fully
implement the ICAO SSP
Framework
• Member States implement
safety capabilities as necessary
to support future Air Navigation
Systems
• RASGs incorporate regional
monitoring and safety
management programmes
• States / Stakeholders support
RASGs with the sharing of
safety information
RUNWAY SAFETY
PRIORITIES
CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN (CFIT)
LOSS OF CONTROL - INFLIGHT
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Global Safety Priorities
1. RUNWAY SAFETY
Entebbe, Uganda
4-8 Nov 2013
Istanbul, Turkey
6-8 Nov 2013
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
18-20 Nov 2013
UAE
2. CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN (CFIT)
•
April 2014
Major improvements in the last decade due to:
–
–
–
•
Several initiatives under consideration to increase
situational awareness
–
3. LOSS OF CONTROL - INFLIGHT
•
Enhanced ground proximity warning systems
Glass cockpits, terrain alerting systems
Emphasis by ICAO, regulators and industry on education and training
Heads-up display, synthetic and enhanced visions systems
Bringing the aviation community together to:
–
–
–
–
Review what has been done through Loss of Control and Recovery
Training (LOCART) a collaboration of International regulators/experts;
Hear what is planned through the US FAA ARC and the International
Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelope (Mar-Sep 2012);
Learn about new Licensing and training Standards in Annex 1 and Annex
6, Part 1 (Nov 2013); and
Agree on a global work programme for the future
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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EUR/NAT overview of accident categories
2008-2012 Scheduled Commercial Traffic – MTOW > 2250 kg
TOTAL: 158 Accidents, 449 Fatalities
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% Effective Implementation
EUR/NAT USOAP Results
Effective Implementation by State
Increase the EI to no less than 60% by 2017
Focus on SSP and SMS implementation
Resolve ALL Significant Safety Concerns
States with EI exceeding global average of 60%
Armenia - Austria - Belgium - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bulgaria
Croatia - Cyprus - Czech Republic - Denmark - Estonia - Finland
France - Germany - Greece - Hungary - Iceland - Ireland - Israel
Italy - Kyrgyzstan - Latvia - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Malta
Montenegro - Morocco - Netherlands - Norway - Poland - Portugal
Romania - Russian Federation - Serbia - Slovakia - Slovenia - Spain
Sweden - Switzerland - Tunisia - Turkey - Turkmenistan - UK
Ukraine - Uzbekistan
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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% Effective Implementation
Global USOAP Results
Effective Implementation by ICAO Region
World Average
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Runway Safety Programme next steps
•
•
•
•
•
•
Review and update runway safety products
Update RSP web site with runway safety products
Confirm 2014 events calendar
Review RST survey results for analysis
Revise and publish final RST Handbook
Develop and agree schedule and priorities for
work plan 2014 – 2015 (inputs and outputs)
• Develop and agree on RS taxonomy, indicators,
metrics, targets & reporting
• Study iKit proposal
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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RASG-EUR Composition
• All Contracting States in the area of accreditation of EUR/NAT Office
are automatically Members of the RASG-EUR
• Regional organizations, within the area of accreditation of the
EUR/NAT Office of ICAO which have mechanisms in place for the
management of aviation safety are entitled to participate as
members in the RASG-EUR.
16 October 2013
RASG-EUR Objectives
a) to support the implementation of the GASP and the
associated GASR in the EUR Region by ensuring
effective coordination and cooperation between all
stakeholders and monitoring progress in the
implementation of the GASP and GASR; and
b) as part of the GASP and GASR and building on the
work already performed by States and regional
organizations, to support the establishment and
operation of performance-based safety systems within
the Region.
16 October 2013
RASG-EUR achievements
• Approval of RASG-EUR Procedural Handbook
• Creation of the ICAO EUR Regional Expert Safety
Team (IE-REST), to support the development and
implementation of safety enhancement initiatives
(SEIs) and activities in the part of the ICAO EUR
Region not covered by the regulatory framework of
the EU/ EASA regulatory framework
• Endorsement of priorities for the IE-REST work
programme
• Step taken for coordination and cooperation
between RASG-EUR and PIRGs (mainly EANPG)
16 October 2013
Establishing Priorities and Targets
•
RASGs already adopting GASP and regional priorities, metrics and targets
 AFI Region adopted in total (during Ministerial Meeting in 2012)
-
Key safety initiatives for AFI Plan
 MID Region adopted in total (during the DGCA meeting in May 2013)
 APAC Region adopted in total (during RASG-APAC/3 and DGCA/50 in July 2013)
 Pan America (partially adopted, in progress)
-
RASG-PA/6 in June 2013 agreed to adopt by October 2013 (postponed until early 2014)
NAM/CAR Regions: Within the current target timeframes
SAM Region: Pre-agreement at Safety Directors Meeting (Lima, October 2013), to be agreed at DGCA
meeting (Bogotá, December 2013)
 EUR-NAT (partially adopted, in progress)
-
•
EU/NAT plans are within the current target timeframes
IE-REST/2 (Safety Team) in Sept 2013; RCOG in Dec 2013; RASG/EUR/3 to approve Feb 2014
Priorities, metrics, targets and results to be reported in the regional
performance dashboards from March 2014
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Regional Progress
Near Real-time Information
• Safety Dashboard for Africa
– Beta version now live:
www.icao.int/safety/pages/regional-targets.aspx?region=Africa
– Shows the progress of Africa against
the Abuja Ministerial Safety targets
– Shows the ICAO safety audit results
of States by regional grouping - by
UN Africa, WACAF, ESAF, and RASGAFI (more groupings in full release)
– Ability to drill-down on each target to
see specific details on metric used
• Remaining Dashboards:
March 2014
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New
Enablers
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Upper Age Limit
Final Review
Description
Timelines
• Permits two 60-64 year olds to be
simultaneously at the controls
(would remove the “one over one
under” rule)
•
• Amends the 65 year limit for copilots from a Recommendation to a
Standard (to ensure acceptability of
foreign licensed co-pilots up to age
65 years)
17 October 2013
–
•
Spring 2014
–
•
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
Review by ICAO Council
November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of new provision
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT)
Final Review
Description
•
Timelines
•
Annex amendment details:
–
–
–
–
UPRT recommended for Commercial Pilot
Licenses (Annex 1)
UPRT required for MPL and type-rating
(Annex 1)
UPRT required for airline pilots
(Annex 6, Part I)
•
•
•
Guidance material emphasizing
‘Training to Proficiency’ – no testing
•
Other Rollout: (pending funding)
Through the International Pilot Training
Consortium (IPTC): Go teams, on-line
academic module, proof of concept
Manual of Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
1st Quarter 2014
–
Manual of Criteria for the Qualification of Flight Simulation
Training Devices
20-22 May 2014
–
•
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
December 2013
–
•
–
26 November 2013
Loss of Control Inflight (LOC-I) Symposium, Montréal
November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of new provision
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Paperless Aircraft Operations
Final Review
Description
Timelines
•
Standards for Electronic Flight Bags
(EFBs) for commercial, general, and
helicopter operations (Annex 6 Parts I,
II & III)
•
Enabler for replacing paper in the
cockpit
•
•
•
Outlines the means for:
–
–
26 November 2013
–
•
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
July 2014
–
Manual on EFBs
November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of new provision
replacing hard copies of documents that are
required to be on-board
replacing hard copies of other documents that
are not subject to regulations
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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AOC Database
A38 Updates
Timelines
Description
•
•
Technical Commission agreed and
supported actions proposed in A38
working papers (A38-WP/90 and A38•
WP126 by IATA):
–
Urge Member States to use AOC register
–
Urge Member States to take voluntary
measures to accelerate data entry process
and increase safety and efficiency benefits of
AOC register
–
Instruct ICAO to continue working on a
concerted roll-out and implementation of
AOC register
Completed
–
Functionality improvements based on the
feedback from the initial roll-out States
In cooperation with IATA, Go Teams
to conduct workshops in all regions
–
–
November 2013: Lima
2014: 5 workshops throughout the year
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Other Annex 6 Amendments
Final Review
Description
Timelines
•
•
Updated Head-up and Enhanced
Vision Systems Standards to promote
operational credits
–
•
Will enable equipped aircrafts to
compensate for fewer facilities on the
ground
New Dangerous Goods (DG)
standards for commercial
operations (Annex 6, Part I)
–
–
–
–
•
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
November 2014
–
–
•
Clarifies responsibilities for operators with
regards to the transport of DG
All operators have responsibilities whether
approved to transport DG or not
No changes to current practices
26 November 2013
Update of the Manual on All Weather
Operations
Article in the ICAO Journal
November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of
new provision
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Improved Efficiency of En-Route Operations Through
the Availability of User-Preferred Routing
Final Review
Description
Timelines
• Reduced separation using in-trail
procedures allows for minimum to
reduce as low as 10NM.
•
15 October 2013
–
•
• First operational benefit to improve
•
efficiency using ADS-B IN
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
1st Quarter 2014
–
In-trail procedure Circular (CIR325)
November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of new provision
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Procedures When Volcanic Ash is Reported or Forecast
Final Review
Description
Timelines
• Enhance operations through
improved coordination and pilot
and controller procedures
•
Started
–
•
• Aircraft operators will asses the
safety risk of flight operations in •
areas forecast to be affected by
volcanic ash using SMS principles
Update of State and Regional contingency
plan
15 October 2013
–
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
November 2014
(if adopted)
–
Applicability of new provision
• The amendment clarifies controller
responsibilities
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Micro Offsets to Improve Safety
Final Review
Description
Timelines
• Strategic lateral offset procedures
• 15 October 2013
(SLOP) extended to cover airspace
– Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
where 6NM-30NM lateral
• 4th Quarter 2013
separation minima apply.
– Circular
• November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of new provision
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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New and Improved Instrument Procedure Design
Criteria that Supports PBN Specifications
Final Review
Description
Timelines
•
•
Rationalization of Procedure Design
Identification and charting
–
•
•
•
•
Conversion of RNAV to RNP approaches
Flight procedure to support 4 new
navigation specifications
Improved Baro-VNAV design criteria
Improved SBAS/GBAS performance
requirements
Improved Helicopter criteria
–
–
19 November 2013
–
•
1 December 2013
–
•
Final review of proposal by ICAO ANC
ICAO Circular on RNAV to RNP Approach
identification transition
November 2014
(if adopted)
– Applicability of new provision
Vertical guidance
Departures to the en-route environment
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Multi-Crew Pilot License (MPL)
Description
Timelines
•
• 10 – 12 December 2013
ICAO made a commitment to the
aviation community to review MPL
concept
•
MPL is first new ICAO license in
over 40 years
•
Launched 7 years ago
•
Upcoming MPL Symposium will
include exhibition of MPL training
devices and programmes
– MPL Symposium, Montréal
– Desired outcomes: Assess MPL
implementation, identification of issues
and future direction for MPL
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Key Global Events - 2014
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Next Steps
ICAO High Level Safety Conference
• Making Information Sharing a Reality
• ICAO privileges may provide a protected
environment vital to support information
sharing initiatives
• Working together, we can effectively
govern access to shared data and analytic
output
• We can start now - with a “proof-ofconcept” study on issues such as Loss of
Separation, LOC-I or CFIT events
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Other Emerging Issues being reviewed
• Cargo Safety
• Space-based ADS-B
• Commercial Space
• Cyber Security
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Establish Principles and Priorities
GANP Policy Principles
1.
Commitment to the Implementation of ICAO’s Strategic
Objectives and KPAs
2.
Aviation Safety is the Highest Priority
3.
Tiered Approach to Air Navigation Planning
4.
Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept
(GATMOC)
5.
Global Air Navigation Priorities
6.
Regional and State Air Navigation Priorities
7.
Aviation System Block Upgrades (ASBUs), Modules and
Roadmaps
8.
Use of ASBU Blocks and Modules
9.
Cost Benefit and Financial issues
10. Review and Evaluation of Air Navigation Planning
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Today’s Air Navigation Priorities
PERFORMANCE BASED NAVIGATION (PBN)
PRIORITIES
CONTINUOUS DESCENT AND CLIMB OPERATIONS (CDO/CCO)
AIR TRAFFIC FLOW MANAGEMENT & COLLABORATIVE DECISION-MAKING (ATFM/CDM)
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Air Navigation Report
Planned Contents
•
Global Air Navigation Challenges and
Context
•
How we measure up against those
challenges
•
Operational measures for a performance
improvement
– Simple tools like IFSET to measure
improvements
Inaugural - April 2014
•
Best practices; plans for key
demonstrations
•
Next steps for Block 1 modules
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Linked Regional Performance Dashboards
• Measuring what we are doing
– Taking a baseline before
intervention
– Measuring the effect of the
operational improvement
– Making the results transparent
The Sixth International Civil Aviation Conference
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Thank You
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