Beowulf Introduction • Beowulf hears about Grendel. • He was willing to go to Hrothgar and “save the day.” • Beowulf brought 14 of the strongest men and brought them to help the Danes. Beowulf Introduction • Beowulf and his men sail over the sea to the land of the Danes to offer help to Hrothgar. • They are escorted by a Danish guard to Herot, where Wulfgar, one of Hrothgar’s soldiers, tells the king of their arrival. • Hrothgar knows of Beowulf and is read to welcome the young prince and his men. Beowulf Introduction • Beowulf explains that they have been hearing about Grendel living in the mead hall. • He brags about all of the wonderful and courageous things he has done. – Fighting great giants – Hunting monsters – Killing death like an errand Beowulf- Vocab Purge– 165 • That I, alone and with the help of my men, may purge all evil from this hall. • Purge v: to cleanse or purify • Sentence? Beowulf • Why do you think it is so important to Beowulf to fight Grendel without a sword? Beowulf- Vocab Gorge • …His plan will be what it has been before, to invade this hall and gorge his belly with our bodies… • Gorge v: to stuff with food • Sentence? Beowulf • What service did Hrothgar perform for Beowulf’s father? • Lines 190-206. Beowulf • What service did Hrothgar perform for Beowulf’s father? • Edgetho, Beowulf’s father, killed a Wulfing. • He was kicked out of his country because his country was afraid of war. • The king sent riches to the Wulfings to end the dispute; henceforth, saving Beowulf. Beowulf • They cheers and have a banquet in Beowulf’s honor because he is going to save the day! The Battle with Grendel Introduction • After the banquet, Hrothgar and his followers leave Herot, and Beowulf and his warriors remain to spend the night. • Beowulf reiterates his intent to fight Grendel without a sword and, while his followers sleep, lies waiting, eager for Grendel to appear. Battle with Grendel– Vocab • Threshold– the strip of wood or stone at the bottom of a doorway. Battle with Grendel- Vocab Talon • …Nothing could take his talons and himself from that tight hard grip… • Talon n: a claw • Sentence? Battle with Grendel- Vocab Infamous • The infamous killer fought for his freedom… • Infamous adj: having a bad reputation; notorious • Sentence? Battle with Grendel • Why might he be trying to run away from Beowulf? Battle with Grendel- Vocab Writhing • That trip to Herot was a miserable journey for the writhing monster… • Writhing adj.: twisting and turning in pain • Sentence? Battle with Grendel- Vocab Cowering • … in new terror, cowering in their beds as the terrible screams of the Almighty’s enemy sang… • Cowering adj.: Cringing in fear • Sentence? Battle with Grendel- Vocab Taut • The tears torn out of Grendel’s taut throat… • Taut adj.: pulled tight • Sentence? Battle with Grendel • Why do you think no weapons can hurt Grendel? Battle with Grendel • Why do you think Beowulf hangs Grendel’s arm from the rafters? Battle with Grendel- Vocab Murky • … hidden deep in murky darkness his miserable end, as hell opened to receive him. • Murky adj.: cloudy; gloomy • Sentence? Battle with Grendel- Vocab Pilgrimage • … Turned back from that happy pilgrimage, mounted their hard-hooved horses, and rode them slowly toward Herot… • Pilgrimage n.: A journey to a sacred place or with a lofty purpose • Sentence? Battle with Grendel • What role do poets seem to play in Beowulf’s society? Reminder • Bring your literature book to class tomorrow. • Don’t forget craft supplies!