Programa para América Central - Nederlandse Ambassade in San

Report
Central America Program
Regional program of the Netherlands
Economic Growth CA
Source: Focus
Economic, June 2013
Foreign Direct Investments (2012)
Growth: + 34%
Growth: + 10%
Growth: + 16%
Growth: + 4%
Growth: + 18%
Growth: + 5%
Source: CEPAL /
Col Bank of the
Republic / ISSUU
Total: USD 8,9 bln (Colombia: USD 15,5 bln)
Doing Business Index
Source: International Finance Cooperation and the Worldbank – Doing Business (Measuring Business Regulations)
Economic Growth Rate
Economic growth
measured as the annual
% change of GDP
Source: World Bank, 2012
Market USD 350 billion,
43 million inhabitants,
growing middle class
EU - AA
Homicide Rates
Comparing Netherlands - Honduras
1,1 / 100.000
1 murder every 2 days
If The Netherlands were Honduras: 36 per day
79/ 100.000
18 murders every day
Inequality adjusted HDI 2013
Position Ineq. Adj. HDI
Difference HDI
Source: HDI 213
Crime/violence and economic
development
 Central America: market USD 350 billion, 43 million inhabitants and a growing middle class
 Reduction of violence / crime no automatic solution for inequality in societies
 However, World Bank estimates a 10% reduction of violence and crime in Central America
could boost annual economic growth per capita with 1 %.
Gini coefficient (The value fluctuates
between 0 and 1 with 1 being the
highest inequality)
Source: Estado de la Región, 2013
Central America Program
Why?
 Regional problems require regional solutions
 Poverty and unequality, yet growth and opportunities
 Violence, international organized crime and impunity
 Situation women, human rights defenders and journalists
 Business: high costs security
 Closing embassies Guatemala and Nicaragua
Central America Program
What?
 Regional program; 7 countries
 Emphasis on Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, without
excluding Costa Rica, Panama and Belize
 2012 – 2015
 USD 50 million
 Human security
 Access to justice
 Human Rights
Division of the budget (eur 44 mln)
Human Rights; 7,5
Acces to justice; 17,0
Security; 20,0
Division 44 million Euro Central America Program
16,000,000
14,000,000
12,000,000
10,000,000
8,000,000
6,000,000
4,000,000
2,000,000
0
EUR
Division in percentages
1%
5%
0%
OAS FJ programma
4%
SICA - violence women
6%
33%
Reg MR fonds ICCO
PREVENIR - youth violence
11%
IEPADES small arms
CEPREV - youth violence
17%
CICIG 3 - Guatemala
23%
ICG Indicators Human Security
MAP Ondersteuningsfonds
Organization of American States
Judicial Facilitators Program






Model of mediation in communities
`A barking dog can kill you´
Implementation via Judicial branche
Direct impact on security and impunity
Change of work for judges
Example of sharing experiences in region
June 2012 – December 2015
USD 18,7 mln
Access to justice
Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana
Prevention violence against women and human trafficking





SICA Security Strategy (ESCA) / Prevention pillar
First full regional program under ESCA
Implemented via UNFPA and OIM
Co-financing Finland (USD 6,3 mln)
Example of sharing experiences in region
June 2013 – December 2015
USD 12,5 mln
Human Security
Regional Human Rights Fund





Implementation ICCO
2 Calls for Proposals
1: HR defenders, journalists and CSR
2: Vulnerable groups (women, LGBTI, children, indigenous people)
Now in selection and contracting process (www.iccoca.org/fhdh)
October 2012 – December 2015
EUR 7,5 mln
Human Rights
Prevenir
Prevention youth violence





Silent partnership Germany, also Australia
Part of SICA Security Strategy (ESCA) / Prevention pillar
Focus on municipalities (80): prevention strategies
Youth employment
Prevention violence at schools
January 2012 – December 2015
EUR 5 mln
Human Security
CEPREV
Prevention (youth) violence






Work in neighbourhoods Managua
Prevention community and prison violence
Peace education in prison, police, schools
Impact: reduction crime 50%
Small arms – CASAC / SICA
Start Honduras
November 2012 – December 2015
EUR 2 mln
Human Security
IEPADES
Prevention youth violence




Small arms and ballastics
Prevention, control and application legislation
Assistance police and prosecutor’s office
Regional outreach
October 2012 – October 2014
EUR 2,5 mln
Human Security
Comisión Internacional contra la
Impunidad en Guatemala
CICIG 3
 Investigation and prevention parallel security systems
 Promote accountability, lower impunity, strengthen RoL
 New phase after 2013, support via EU
October 2012 – August 2013
EUR 1,9 mln
Access to justice
Instituto Centroamericano de
Gobernabilidad
Regional research and statistics
 Gathering information for reform
 Establishment system benchmarks
 Assisting in mapping exercise
October 2012 – December 2014
EUR 0,7 mln
Human security
Nutshell
 MAP example Dutch integrated approach: security, business, development
 Regional approach: pros and cons
 Positive impact MAP on human security, justice and human rights
 Benefits for Doing Business in region in the long run
 Modern diplomacy: external and internal (regional, integrated, laptop)
 Way ahead: Looking for partners / donors to safeguard continuity
Contact
Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
San José, Costa Rica
Bastiaan Engelhard
T: +506 2296 1490
E: [email protected]
www.holanda.cr

similar documents