A-Ladder guidebook

Report
Published in April 2012 by the Workplace Safety and
Health Council in collaboration with the Ministry of Manpower
This guide may not be reproduced without prior permission.
The Workplace Safety and Health Council does not accept
any liability or responsibility to any party for losses or damage
arising from following this guide.
More information at www.wshc.sg or email [email protected]
FALLING OFF LADDERS CAN KILL
USE THEM SAFELY
安全使用梯子
避免坠落受伤
A safety initiative by
Introduction
When Should You Use A Ladder?
简介
在什么情况适合用梯子?
Over the past few years, more than 10 workers were killed after falling off
ladders. Many more were injured. The safe use of ladders is important to
protect your safety. This book will show you how.
When you want to reach a higher area in your work, think about the best
equipment to use. While a ladder or stepladder is commonly used, it may not
be the best option. Ask yourself these questions before deciding on a ladder:
近年来,超过十名员工因坠落梯子而喪命。许多员工也因此受伤。
正确使用梯子能确保您的安全。让这本册子帮助您安全使用梯子。
• Will I have to hold heavy items while on the ladder?
• Is the higher area higher than 2 metres and would require a long ladder
that can be unstable?
• Will I be working at height for a long time?
• Do I have to stand on the ladder sideways in order to work?
If your answer is yes to all the above, do not use a normal ladder. If possible,
bring in other equipment like a scissor lift. If you have to use a ladder, use
one that has a working platform with hand rails barricades at the sides (e.g.
a platform step queen ladder).
Whenever you use a ladder or a stepladder, take note of the safety tips in
this guide.
当您需要在高处工作时,请小心选择适合的工具。 虽然梯子是最常
用的, 但它不一定是最合适的。 您应考虑这些问题:
•
•
•
•
在梯子上工作时, 我是否需要拿较重的物件?
工作的地方是否高过两米或者需要一架较长欠缺安稳的梯子?
我需要长时间在高处工作吗?
我需要側身使用梯子吗?
若您对以上都回答 “是”, 普通的梯子并不适合您的工作。 您应该
使用其他工作平台, 或用特别设有工作平台的梯子。
使用梯子前, 请注意以下的安全措施。
Base of ladder should be secured.
牢固梯子的尾端,确保它不会倒塌。
Wear proper footwear
(e.g., non-slip flat shoes).
Use the right ladder for the job. For example, the ladder must be high enough
for you to reach your work area without having to stand on its top rung.
穿适当与防滑的鞋子 。
应工作需求使用恰当的梯子。梯子的高度应该让您能轻易工作,并无
须站在梯子的顶部。
Place the ladder on stable and level
ground. DO NOT place it on an
uneven surface.
Ladders used to access another
level should be tied and extended
at least 1 metre above the landing
point to provide a secure handhold.
把梯子摆放在稳固及平坦的地面 。
若用梯子抵达高处,您应把梯子
绑稳,伸展超过一米,并在梯子
上端提供扶手。
Ensure that the ladder is fully
extended before starting work.
确保梯子已完全伸展才可使用 。
Prevent passersby from walking
under or near ladders in use by
using barriers (e.g., cones) or get
your colleague to act as a lookout.
运用障碍锥或请同事帮忙注意,
避免路人靠近, 以免导致梯子不
稳或危及工人安全 。
Do not carry any tools or materials in
your hands when climbing a ladder.
攀爬梯子时, 手上不应握任何物件 。
Do not lean away from the ladder
to carry out your task. Always
keep your weight centered
between the side rails.
Do not work on the top rung
of the ladder.
请勿在梯子的顶部工作 。
别侧身使用梯子。 确保您的重
量中心不会导致梯子不稳,并
有倒塌的危险。
Maintain three points of contact
with the ladder at all times.
保持三点接触 。
Do not use ladders near doorways
or windows. If you need to use a
ladder near one, make sure that the
door (except when it’s a fire exit) or
window is locked.
请勿在窗户或门旁使用梯子。
若无法避免,请确保门(除了消
防门以外)或窗已锁紧。
Check, maintain and store ladders well
检查,保持并正确存放梯子
Before using a ladder, you should check it carefully to ensure no visible
defects and is in a good working condition. Do the checks according to
manufacturer’s instructions.
使用梯子前,请按照制造商的指示检查梯子,确保梯子没有明显的缺
陷,并可正常运作。
Do not use the ladder if it is
missing any step.
请勿使用缺少阶梯的梯子 。
When keeping the ladder after use, you should maintain and store the ladder
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
请按照制造商的指示保持梯子的运作状态及正确存放梯子。
Do not use faulty ladders such as these:
请勿使用像以下损坏的梯子 :
Do not use the ladder if their spreaders
do not have a locking device or mechanism.
Do not use the ladder if it is bent.
请勿使用已扭曲的梯子。
请勿使用无法锁稳的梯子。

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