명사 (1)

Report
Nouns
Hwang, Misun
명사
명사자리: 주어, 목적어, 보어 자리에 온다.
Confirmation of your hotel reservation will be e-mailed to you
before your departure. [S]
John Greener made significant contribution to negotiating
contract with Acesoft. [O]
In response to your advertisement for manager, I have sent my
resume to your Personnel Department. [O]
Ms. Marx will become the head of the company’s marketing. [SC]
The supervisor considers Alfredo a dedicated employee. [OC]
1. 명사의 형태와 자리
Q1. 관사/소유격 + (형용사) + 명사
For the past 30 years, Slah Beverages has demonstrated an
unwavering [commitment / committed] to the quality of
its products.
Q2. 명사 + 동사
[Entries / Enter] for the speech contest must be received by the
end of the month.
동사 + 명사
Lupina Home Bakery no longer offers [delivery / deliver] of
cakes to locations outside Solverto City due to the
increasing costs.
명사는 동사앞에서 주어역할, 동사뒤에서 목적어 역할을 한다
전치사 + 목적어
Roseville Airport is often delayed as a result of congestion on its
runways.
to 부정사 + 목적어
The interviewers expect you to give details of your work
experience.
동명사 + 목적어
The lecturers can be contacted directly by calling the numbers
provided.
2. 명사의 종류와 관사
Q3. a/an + 가산 명사 단수형
The management of Redmond Chemicals attributed a 20 percent
[increase / increases] in productivity to the newly installed
equipment.
무관사 + 가산명사 복수형 / 불가산명사
[Applicant / Applicants] for the role of marketing manager should
meet the following standards.
 기본적으로 명사문제가 나오면 가산/불가산 여부를 확인한다.
가산명사 단수형은 반드시 부정관사 a/an이나 소유격, 수량표시어 등
한정어와 함께 사용
가산명사 복수형과 불가산 명사는 한정어없이 단독으로 쓸수있다.
3. 명사 어휘
Q4. [사람명사 vs 사물/추상명사]
You can consult reliable tax professionals at Inheritance
Management, who have advanced degrees in [accountant /
accounting].
 사람 명사는 가산명사이므로 한정사없이 단수 형태로 쓸수 없다.
Q5. 의미가 비슷한 [가산명사 vs 불가산명사]
The city council has approved a [planning / plan] to provide
financial support to organizations engaged in environmental
protection efforts.
 해석으로 판단하기 어려운 경우, 한정어의 유무나 종류를 통해 가
산명사자리인지 불가산 명사 자리인지를 파악해야한다.
Q6. 복합명사 – 명사 + 명사
Since the new manager started working, employee
[productivity / producing] has significantly increased.
Perderson Inc. has provided a variety of office [supplier /
supplies] to our company for 5 years.
More Questions
1.
Jessica can have [access / accesses] to confidential
company reports.
 access 는 불가산 명사이므로 앞에 a/an 혹은 뒤에 –s/es 를 붙이지 않는
다.
2.
It is our policy to offer [discount / discounts] up to 10%
to VIP members.
 discount 는 가산명사이므로 앞에 a/an 혹은 뒤에 –s/es를 붙여야 한다.
3.
[All/Every/Another] managers are expected to familiarize
themselves with the revised policy.
 managers는 복수명사이므로 단수 명사와 함께 쓰이는 수량형용사 every
나 another의 수식을 받을수 없다.
4.
Ms. Hilo called our technical team for [assistance /
assistant] with wireless connection.
 assistant 는 사람명사로 앞에 관사나 뒤에 –s/es를 붙여야한다.
핵심문제
Q1. Prospective clients have expressed _________ in the new line of
compact cars from Kremer Motors.
(A) interested
(B) interesting (C) interests
(D) interest
Q2. The ______ of Yorkshire Road from three lanes to five lanes will
take at least eight months.
(A) width
(B) wider
(C) widely
(D) widening

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