Reasons ands solution for peripheral vein disease Today there are different techniques of peripheral vein disease surgery. Below we will give you some information about causes of leg swelling and leg swelling treatment. Techniques used for vein disease: • Phlebotomy. Phlebotomy consists in the elimination of varicose veins and spider veins by means of a small ambulatory intervention in the development of which local anaesthesia is used. Small incisions of no more than 2 millimetres are practiced. • Ablative treatment by intravenous laser, which consists of burning the vein with the laser. It is best treatment for chronic venous insufficiency. • Radiofrequency. This catheter, which works with radiofrequency energy, delivers controlled heat to the wall of the damaged vein and seals it. It is applied with local anaesthesia and is a quick and simple treatment for leg swelling. • Water vapour: Consists of injecting, through a catheter, water vapour under pressure into a micro-tube, which is heated by electric current. The water is heated and released under pressure, carrying the steam inside the vein to the area to be treated. The vapour condenses again in water and the resulting heat is absorbed by the wall of the vein. This is achieved by closing the varicose vein due to the heat effect of water vapour on the varicose vein wall. It is not invasive, although as a new technique, longterm results are unknown. • Traditionally, sclerotherapy has been performed through the application of substances in liquid form, but in recent years new modalities have appeared in the form of micro foam. • Clavivein: It is practiced intravenously using a device and a catheter that has a rotor at the tip. This breaks the intima of the saphenous vein while injecting foam at the same time. It is a very expensive technique since it is done using a single use device. Their results in the medium and long term are not proven, since it is a very novel technique. It is usually deal with venous insufficiency. Side effects of leg swelling remedies • In very few cases can an ulcer appear which heals leaving a flat surface? • Another very rare possible complication is deep vein thrombosis, it can occur when the injection is in large vessels near the junction with other vessels of greater depth. • In a lesser case, people may report swelling of the ankle after the injection, it resolves itself. • The pain that the treatment can produce is tolerable for the person, and there may also be infection at the microfiltration site. • It may also be that the upper leg cramps healing is not very good and generates permanent marks. • Remember that the treatment is based on injections and although it seems very normal, the puncture can generate complications, such as infection in the area, allergic reactions due to anaesthesia or the same procedure, and this is why although the risks are very low you have to take them into account. But these side effects of these techniques are minor. One can use any of the above method to get rid from leg cramps.