ACS 105 LANGUAGE LEADER / PRE-INTERMEDIATE UNIT 1 : WEATHER 1.1. EXTREMES 1.1. EXTREMES 1.1. EXTREMES 1a. Match the photos A-D with the types of weather in the box. Do you have any of this weather in your country? 1.1. EXTREMES VOCABULARY 1.1. EXTREMES Extreme weather / conditions Extreme (adj) : 1. very great in degree. ex. He had extreme difficulty in opening the door. 2. very unusual and serious ex. Because of extreme weather, the classes were cancelled. Extremely (adv.): Extremely cold/hot weather 1.1. EXTREMES humid air/climate/ atmosphere Humid(adj) : 1. when the weather is very wet and hot ex. Antalya is extremely humid in summer, but Ankara is very dry. 1.1. EXTREMES Blizzard (n) : 1. a severe snow storm: ex.We experienced many blizzards last winter. 1.1. EXTREMES Drought (n) : 1. a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water for plants and animals to live Ex. Because of the severe drought, many animals and plants died. Dry (adj) Drought (n) 1.1. EXTREMES A storm hits/ strikes Storm(n) : 1. a period of very bad weather when there is a lot of rain or snow, strong winds, and often lightning ex. Twenty people were killed when the storm hit the city. 1.1. EXTREMES Hurricane(n) : 1. a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water 1.1. EXTREMES thick/dense /freezing fog Fog(n) : 1. cloudy air near the ground which is difficult to see through ex. It will be a cold night, and there may be a dense fog. Fog (n) Foggy (adj) 1.1. EXTREMES A wind blows Wind(n) : 1. moving air, especially when it moves strongly or quickly. ex. People couldn’t walk as a result of strong wind. Wind(n) Windy (adj.) 1.1. EXTREMES READING 1b. Read the internet news reports. Which situation is the most serious? Why? 1.1. EXTREMES LISTENING Listen to this British news report about Florida. 1.1. EXTREMES GRAMMAR It snows in winter. Action happening now? General fact ? 1.1. EXTREMES He is washing the car at the moment. Action happening now? A regular action / habit? 1.1. EXTREMES The price of gold is decreasing recently. A trend / changing situation ? A regular action? 1.1. EXTREMES 1.1. EXTREMES DISCUSSION TIME 1.1. EXTREMES What problems does the extreme weather cause? -hot / sunny days -clear/cold days -hot/humid days -windy days -stormy days Which types of weather do / don’t you like? Why / Why not? What extreme weather does Turkey have? -warm/cloudy days -cool /cloudy days -foggy days -snowy days -rainy days Do you think Turkey’s weather is changing? 1.2. WINTER 1.2. WINTER VOCABULARY 1.2. WINTER Bright(Adj.) Bright (adj.) full of light, shining: Ex. bright sunshine Ex. The lights are too bright in here they're hurting my eyes. 1.2. WINTER Clear (Adj): 1.(of a substance) transparent; unclouded a stream of clear water 2. free of cloud, mist, or rain: the day was fine and clear 1.2. WINTER cloudy (adj): (of the sky or weather) covered with or characterized by clouds: a very grey, cloudy day 1.2. WINTER Cold (adj.): at a low temperature, especially when compared with the human body: a freezing cold day it’s cold outside 1.2. WINTER Cool (adj.): at a fairly low temperature = cold it’ll be a cool afternoon the wind kept them cool 1.2. WINTER Dark (adj): with little or no light: it’s too dark to see much Dark forest 1.2. WINTER Wet (Adj): covered with water or another liquid she followed, slipping on the wet rock a wet, windy evening Wet clothes 1.2. WINTER Dry (Adj): not wet, with little or no rainfall or humidity Not humid the West Coast has had two dry winters in a row 1.2. WINTER Firm (adj): not soft but not completely hard: the bed should be reasonably firm, but not too hard I'd rather sleep on a firm mattress than a soft one 1.2. WINTER Hot (adj): having a high degree of heat or a high temperature it was hot inside the hall a hot day 1.2. WINTER Humid (adj): marked by a high level of water vapour in the atmosphere a hot and humid day In summer time, Antalya is humid. 1.2. WINTER Mild (adj): moderately warm weather, especially less cold than expected: mild winters 1.2. WINTER Rainy (adj): of weather having rainfall A rainy day 1.2. WINTER Snowy (Adj.): covered with snow snowy mountains a snowy January day 1.2. WINTER Stormy (Adj.): (of weather) characterized by strong winds and usually rain, thunder, lightning, or snow: a dark and stormy night 1.2. WINTER Sunny (adj): bright with sunlight a sunny day 1.2. WINTER Windy (Adj): characterized by or exposed to strong winds a very windy day the cold, windy hills 1.2. WINTER Reading and Speaking Are there seasons in your country? If so what’s your favorite season? Why? Do you like winter? Why? What do you know about winter in Russia? What do you know about Siberia? 1.2. WINTER Do the exercises on page 8 2a. Read the introduction to the text quickly. Where is the text from? 1.3. SCENARIO horse riding mountain biking scuba diving sea kayaking skiing snorkeling snowboarding trekking white-water rafting wildlife watching Vocabulary 1.3. SCENARIO horse riding (noun phrase) You can go horse rinding in Atatürk Orman Çiftliği. 1.3. SCENARIO mountain biking (noun phrase) 1.3. SCENARIO scuba diving (noun phrase) 1.3. SCENARIO sea kayaking (n phr.) 1.3. SCENARIO Skiing (n) the activity or sport of moving on skis: a skiing trip/ instructor 1.3. SCENARIO snorkeling (n) the activity of swimming while using a snorkel: 1.3. SCENARIO Snowboarding (n) 1.3. SCENARIO Trekking (n) the activity of walking long distances on foot for pleasure 1.3. SCENARIO whitewater rafting (n. phr) 1.3. SCENARIO wildlife watching (n. phr.) 1.3. SCENARIO Look at the advert below for Double Action Adventures. Why does the company have this name? Would you like to go on one of their trips? 1b. Match the activities in the advert to the photos A-J. 2a. Read the e mail from the boss of Double Action Adventures. What does he wanthis staff to do? 1.3. SCENARIO AGREEING KEY LANGUAGE DISAGREEING I like chocolate. So do I I don’t enjoy watching horror movies. Neither do I Don’t you? Do you? Do the exercises on page 11. Useful Phrases for Speaking What do you think about……? I think it is a good one because ……………. What about …? I’m not sure. 1.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS Using your dictionary to understand meaning Do the exercises 1, 2, 3, 4 on page 12. 1.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS Quite (Adv): a little or a lot but not completely: Really (Adv): used to say that something is certain: I'm quite tired but I can certainly walk a little further. There was quite a lot of traffic today but yesterday was even busier. It was quite a difficult job. Thank you, but I really couldn't eat another thing. He's really going to do it this time. 1.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS (p. 12) 5. How important are these things for you in a guidebook? 6. Read the text from a guidebook to Mallorca and aswer the questions. Linkers And- addition But- contrast Also- addition When- time linker Find examples of linkers from the text. Do the exercises 7b and 7c.