1.1. extremes

Report
ACS 105
LANGUAGE LEADER / PRE-INTERMEDIATE
UNIT 1 : WEATHER
1.1. EXTREMES
1.1. EXTREMES
1.1. EXTREMES
1a. Match the photos A-D with the types of weather in the box. Do you have any of
this weather in your country?
1.1. EXTREMES
VOCABULARY
1.1. EXTREMES
Extreme
weather /
conditions
Extreme (adj) :
1. very great in degree.
ex. He had extreme difficulty in
opening the door.
2. very unusual and serious
ex. Because of extreme weather,
the classes were cancelled.
Extremely (adv.):
Extremely cold/hot weather
1.1. EXTREMES
humid
air/climate/
atmosphere
Humid(adj) :
1. when the weather is very
wet and hot
ex. Antalya is extremely humid in
summer, but Ankara is very dry.
1.1. EXTREMES
Blizzard (n) :
1. a severe snow storm:
ex.We experienced many
blizzards last winter.
1.1. EXTREMES
Drought (n) :
1. a long period of dry
weather when there is not
enough water for plants and
animals to live
Ex. Because of the severe
drought, many animals and
plants died.
Dry (adj)
Drought (n)
1.1. EXTREMES
A storm hits/
strikes
Storm(n) :
1. a period of very bad
weather when there is a lot of
rain or snow, strong winds, and
often lightning
ex. Twenty people were killed
when the storm hit the city.
1.1. EXTREMES
Hurricane(n) :
1. a storm that has very
strong fast winds and that
moves over water
1.1. EXTREMES
thick/dense
/freezing fog
Fog(n) :
1. cloudy air near the ground
which is difficult to see
through
ex. It will be a cold night, and
there may be a dense fog.
Fog (n)
Foggy (adj)
1.1. EXTREMES
A wind blows
Wind(n) :
1. moving air, especially when
it moves strongly or quickly.
ex. People couldn’t walk as a
result of strong wind.
Wind(n)
Windy (adj.)
1.1. EXTREMES
READING
1b. Read the internet news reports. Which
situation is the most serious? Why?
1.1. EXTREMES
LISTENING
Listen to this British news report about
Florida.
1.1. EXTREMES
GRAMMAR
It snows in winter.
Action
happening
now?
General fact ?
1.1. EXTREMES
He is washing the car at the moment.
Action
happening
now?
A regular
action / habit?
1.1. EXTREMES
The price of gold is decreasing recently.
A trend /
changing
situation ?
A regular
action?
1.1. EXTREMES
1.1. EXTREMES
DISCUSSION TIME
1.1. EXTREMES
What problems does the extreme
weather cause?
-hot / sunny days
-clear/cold days
-hot/humid days
-windy days
-stormy days
Which types of weather do / don’t
you like? Why / Why not?
What extreme weather does Turkey
have?
-warm/cloudy days
-cool /cloudy days
-foggy days
-snowy days
-rainy days
Do you think Turkey’s weather is
changing?
1.2. WINTER
1.2. WINTER
VOCABULARY
1.2. WINTER

Bright(Adj.)
Bright (adj.)
full of light, shining:
Ex. bright sunshine
Ex. The lights are too
bright in here they're hurting my eyes.
1.2. WINTER
Clear (Adj):
1.(of a substance)
transparent; unclouded
 a stream of clear water

2. free of cloud, mist, or
rain:
 the day was fine and clear
1.2. WINTER


cloudy (adj): (of the
sky or weather) covered
with or characterized by
clouds:
a very grey, cloudy day
1.2. WINTER

Cold (adj.): at a low
temperature, especially
when compared with
the human body:

a freezing cold day
it’s cold outside

1.2. WINTER

Cool (adj.): at a fairly
low temperature = cold

it’ll be a cool afternoon
the wind kept them cool

1.2. WINTER

Dark (adj): with little
or no light:

it’s too dark to see much
Dark forest

1.2. WINTER

Wet (Adj): covered with
water or another liquid

she followed, slipping on the
wet rock
a wet, windy evening
Wet clothes


1.2. WINTER




Dry (Adj): not wet,
with little or no rainfall
or humidity
Not humid
the West Coast has had
two dry winters in a row
1.2. WINTER

Firm (adj): not soft but
not completely hard:

the bed should be
reasonably firm, but not
too hard
I'd rather sleep on a
firm mattress than
a soft one

1.2. WINTER

Hot (adj): having a high
degree of heat or a high
temperature

it was hot inside the hall
a hot day

1.2. WINTER

Humid (adj): marked
by a high level of water
vapour in the
atmosphere

a hot and humid day
In summer time, Antalya is
humid.

1.2. WINTER

Mild (adj): moderately
warm weather, especially
less cold than expected:

mild winters
1.2. WINTER

Rainy (adj): of weather
having rainfall

A rainy day
1.2. WINTER

Snowy (Adj.): covered
with snow

snowy mountains
a snowy January day

1.2. WINTER

Stormy (Adj.): (of
weather) characterized
by strong winds and
usually rain, thunder,
lightning, or snow:

a dark and stormy night
1.2. WINTER

Sunny (adj): bright with

sunlight
a sunny day
1.2. WINTER

Windy (Adj):
characterized by or
exposed to strong winds

a very windy day
the cold, windy hills

1.2. WINTER Reading and Speaking
Are there seasons in your
country? If so what’s your
favorite season? Why?
Do you like
winter? Why?
What do you know
about winter in
Russia? What do you
know about Siberia?
1.2. WINTER Do the exercises on page 8
2a. Read the
introduction to the
text quickly. Where
is the text from?
1.3. SCENARIO










horse riding
mountain biking
scuba diving
sea kayaking
skiing
snorkeling
snowboarding
trekking
white-water rafting
wildlife watching
Vocabulary
1.3. SCENARIO

horse riding (noun phrase)

You can go horse rinding
in Atatürk Orman Çiftliği.
1.3. SCENARIO

mountain biking (noun
phrase)
1.3. SCENARIO

scuba diving (noun phrase)
1.3. SCENARIO

sea kayaking (n phr.)
1.3. SCENARIO



Skiing (n)
the activity or sport of
moving on skis:
a skiing trip/ instructor
1.3. SCENARIO


snorkeling (n)
the activity of swimming
while using a snorkel:
1.3. SCENARIO

Snowboarding (n)
1.3. SCENARIO


Trekking (n)
the activity of walking
long distances on foot for
pleasure
1.3. SCENARIO

whitewater rafting (n. phr)
1.3. SCENARIO

wildlife watching (n. phr.)
1.3. SCENARIO

Look at the advert below for Double Action Adventures.
Why does the company have this name?

Would you like to go on one of their trips?

1b. Match the activities in the advert to the photos A-J.

2a. Read the e mail from the boss of Double Action
Adventures. What does he wanthis staff to do?
1.3. SCENARIO
AGREEING



KEY LANGUAGE
DISAGREEING
I like chocolate.
So do I

I don’t enjoy watching
horror movies.
Neither do I

Don’t you?

Do you?
Do the
exercises on
page 11.
Useful Phrases for Speaking
What do you
think
about……?
I think it is a good
one because
…………….
What about …?
I’m not sure.
1.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS

Using your dictionary to understand meaning

Do the exercises 1, 2, 3, 4 on page 12.
1.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS

Quite (Adv): a little or a
lot but not completely:

Really (Adv): used to say
that something is certain:

I'm quite tired but I can
certainly walk a little
further.
There was quite a lot of
traffic today but yesterday
was even busier.
It was quite a difficult job.

Thank you, but I really
couldn't eat another thing.
He's really going to do it
this time.



1.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS (p. 12)
5. How important are these things for you in a guidebook?
6. Read the text from a guidebook to Mallorca and aswer
the questions.
Linkers

And- addition
But- contrast
Also- addition
When- time linker

Find examples of linkers from the text.

Do the exercises 7b and 7c.




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