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NATIONAL NAGPRA
What is The National NAGPRA Program?
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
(NAGPRA) was enacted on November 16, 1990, to address the
rights of lineal descendants, Indian tribes, and Native Hawaiian
organizations to Native American cultural items, including human
remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural
patrimony
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Regulated by The National Park Service
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Division of the U.S. Department of the Interior
NAGPRA Regulations, 43 CFR Part 10
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http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/mandates/43_CFR_10_12-4-95.pdf
http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Has more than a legal meaning
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Cultural
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Social
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Economic
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Activity:
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In what ways does the National NAGPRA program
have a cultural, social, and economic meaning?
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
• 5 Major Provisions
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1. Resolve Rights, ReturnGuidelines to return human remains and cultural items
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2. Review Committee•
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3. Grants•
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Federal monies to organizations to help with
documentation and repatriation
4. Civil Penalties•
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Monitors the NAGPRA program, helps organizations with
related questions
Enforce civil penalties for non-compliance
5. Establish Crime of Trafficking
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Jurisdiction of NAGPRA- Who must comply
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Federal Agencies
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Museums- Any institution, state, or local
government which receives Federal money,
and has possession or, or control over, Native
American cultural items
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Activity: Jurisdiction
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Why would only Federal agencies and
organizations that receive Federal money be
governed by this Act?
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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What items are covered:
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Native American Human Remains
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Funerary objects
•
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Associated Funerary Objects (AFO)
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Unassociated Funerary Objects (UFO)
Sacred Objects
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Activity:
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Why are human remains and the items used
during a burial important in Native American
culture?
http://www.funeralwise.com/customs/native_american
http://www.nanations.com/burialcustoms/index.htm#In
http://www.nps.gov/nr/publications/bulletins/nrb41/nrb41_5.htm
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Native American Human Remains
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Physical remains of a human body of a person of
Native American ancestry
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Funerary Objects
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Any object that may be a part of a burial or
ceremony, which is reasonably believed to have
been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Funerary Objects
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Associated Funerary Objects: Objects that were
made exclusively for burial purposes, or to
contain human remains, and are linked with an
identified set of human remains in possession or
control of a museum or federal agency or
rejoined with an identified set of human remains
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Funerary Objects
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Unassociated Funerary Objects: Objects in the
possession or control of a museum or federal
agency that are separated from the human
remains that were buried with or cannot be
connected to a specific individual
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Sacred Objects- Objects of Cultural Patrimony
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Objects that have historical, traditional, or
cultural importance
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Activity: Objects
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What type of objects do you consider important
in burials?
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Why is it important to only apply an individual
culture’s views on burial customs to their specific
items?
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Who may claim items
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Lineal descendant
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Indian tribe (includes Alaska native villages and
corporations)
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Native Hawaiian organizations
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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NAGPRA Grants
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Awarded to Indian tribes, Alaska native villages
and corporations, native Hawaiian organizations,
and museums for consultation, documentation,
and repatriation of Native American cultural
items on a project-by-project basis
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Activity:
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Can you name any Native American tribes that
have ancestral land in Indiana?
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Can you name the tribes that were involved with
the Treaty of Greenville?
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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NAGPRA Grants
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Consultation Grants
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Repatriation Grants
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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NAGPRA Grants
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Consultation Grants, used to determine:
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1. Cultural Affiliation of items
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2. Custody
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3. Control
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4. Treatment
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5. Repatriation or Disposition
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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NAGPRA Grants
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Repatriation Grants, used to :
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Transfer control
NATIONAL NAGPRA
The National NAGPRA Program:
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Resources:
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http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/INDEX.HTM
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http://www.cr.nps.gov/local-law/FHPL_NAGPRA.pdf
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http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/MANDATES/INDEX.HTM
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http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/ONLINEDB/INDEX.HTM
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http://www.repatriationfoundation.org/
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http://www.in.gov/dnr/historic/3796.htm

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