CERT Refresher Training - Salt Lake Community College

Required Training
Phases of Emergency Management
Emergency Terms Defined
• Mitigation-focuses on the impact of a hazard, represents
the sustained actions a jurisdiction takes to reduce or
eliminate long-term risk to people and property.
• Preparedness-ensures that if disaster occurs, people are
ready to get through it safely, and respond to it effectively.
This is done by training, information, preparation, drills,
• Response- is the actions taken in the immediate aftermath
of an event to save lives, meet basic human needs, and
reduce the loss of property and the effect on critical
infrastructure and the environment
• Recovery- is both short-term and long-term efforts for the
rebuilding and revitalization of affected communities.
• Protection (Prevention)-Action taken to avoid and
incident. Stopping an incident from occurring. Deterrence
operations and surveillance.
Is It “Not Business as Usual”
Emergency or Catastrophic Disaster
The Emergency
How did the Titanic Sink?
What we don’t see
Immediate Response Chart
Utah Division of Emergency Management (State EOC)
Each Areas must use all resources available
before it moves to next level
Why Do We Prepare??
• In the simplest of
It is about saving
• Whose lives?
Your Own
Your Family
Your Loved Ones
Your Friends
Only You Can Make the Difference
Knowing your surroundings
• Where is the nearest Fire Extinguisher?
• For emergency medical aid where is the nearest AED? Do you know
how to operate it?
• If you knew there was a Violent Intruder in the building, what
would you do?
• If you had to evacuate this building where is your assemble point?
• What do you do for Winter and Cold Weather?
• Emergency Alert System? What is it?
Salt Lake Community College
Operating a Fire Extinguisher
Always operate extinguisher in
upright position. As shown in figure,
the acronym to remember when
operating a portable extinguisher is
PASS: Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep.
Aim at base of fire
Training found on SLCC website:
Know where the locations are and follow the instructions
Violent Intruder Procedures
Academic and Administrative Buildings
• Faculty and/or Staff should immediately lock students and
themselves in the classroom or office.
• Call 911 immediately.
• If possible, cover all windows or openings that have a direct
line of sight into the hallway.
• Do NOT activate the building fire alarm system.
• Lock all windows and close any curtains or blinds. Then…..
– Stay away from windows and doors.
– Turn off all lights and audio equipment.
– Try to remain calm and keep everyone together and quiet.
• If you are not in a classroom or office get to one as quickly as
• Remain in the classroom or office until emergency response
personnel notify you that it is safe.
If you had to evacuate this building
where is your assemble point?
Evacuation and Assemble Points
• Evacuation! It is always required? When do you need to
• Do you have a Plan? (where do we go?)
(Primary & Secondary Routes) (accountability)
• Shelter In Place?
• What do you do in a Fire?
• Earthquake?
•The main thing is to for every instructor/student to support
evacuation by ensuring room is secure,(everyone in/out) lights
off, take/Secure your personal items , and door locked. Then as a
Bldg Marshal checks the floor if the room is locked and lights off
the room is secure and move to next one until floor is secure
room by room including restrooms (be careful, just yell in for
support that maybe needed)
•Everyone to go to assemble point for accountability and safety.
Be Prepared... For Winter
Before the Storm Strikes
Be Prepared... For Winter
Before the Storm Strikes
• In vehicles (cars, trucks, snowmobiles):
• Fully check and winterize your vehicle
• Carry a winter storm survival kit: blankets/sleeping bags, flashlight,
first-aid kit, knife, non-perishable food, extra clothing, a large empty
can and plastic cover with tissues and paper towels for sanitary
purposes, a smaller can and water-proof matches to melt snow for
drinking water, sand, shovel, windshield scraper, tool kit, tow rope,
booster cables, water container, and road maps
• Keep your gas tank near full
• Carry a cell phone
• Let someone know your itinerary
• Utah Department of Transportation CommuterLink
(http://commuterlink.utah.gov or via phone at 511 (within Utah)
and 866-511-UTAH (out of state)
Is your World Upside Down?
Following a disaster or other significant event and
during the initial stages of response, all levels of
Federal, State and Local governments unanimously
state that we must be Prepared to be on our own for
at least 72-hours or longer.
“Any community that fails to prepare with the idea
that somehow, in the end, the federal government
will be able to rescue them will be tragically wrong.”
-Michael Leavitt, Former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
Preparing Makes Sense
The likelihood that you and your family will survive a disaster
depends your preparation. For YOU to ACT, GO, DO depends on
what you prepare for now!
1. Get a Kit of Emergency Supplies
2. Make a Plan for what you will do in an
3. Be Informed about what might happen
4 Get Involved in preparing your community
How many Earthquakes
does Utah have a day?
Utah has on the average of 14 earthquakes
through out the state a day. Most of Utah's
earthquakes are under a 2.0 in magnitude
Utah has 700 earthquakes a year .
What would you do for a
7.0 magnitude earthquake ?
• The earthquake lasts as
long as 1 minute in some
• It affects 80% of the
population of Utah
– From Brigham City to
– Covering 120 miles
from north to south
• High chance for
– Statistically, expect one
6.0 M and several 5.0
M within 72 hours
Devastating effects of and Earthquake
along the Wasatch Front
•Estimation of what damages could be:
•2,289 Dead & 31,000 injured
•$70,000,000,000 billion dollars in damages and losses
•64,000 Buildings collapsed
•Water, Gas, Power lines “Life lines severed”
•Critical Facilities Damaged “Hospital, Schools,
Police/Fire Stations”
•Transportation Impacted “ Airport, Highways,
Bridges, Railways”
•Major Fires along the front “Homes & Businesses”
•97,000 House Hold displaces all seeking shelter, food
& water
Re View for Salt Lake Community
CERT Teams Review
• The following are key points of the disaster
preparedness unit:
• Home and workplace preparedness:
• Assembling a disaster supply kit
• Developing a disaster plan (your Area)
• Developing a safe room
• Evacuation versus sheltering in place
• Specific preparedness measures for high-risk
hazards (including violet intruder/terrorism)
CERT Equipment Checklist
• Water-2 bottles per S&R team
• Non-perishable food
• Water purification tablets
• Leather work gloves
• Goggles
• Dust masks
• Flashlight
• Batteries/extra bulbs
• Secondary flashlight/light sticks
• Note pads
• Markers
• Pens
Check for Out date items for replacement
• Duct tape
• Masking tape (2”)
• Scissors
• Crescent wrench
• First aid kit
• Orange spray paint
• Triage tape
• Utility knife
Before you leave your Area...
•Check Staff/Students to ensure safety
•Inspect area for damage
•Inspect utilities and secure as needed
•Call contacts at _________
•Get Area disaster supplies
Size Up the Situation
Size-up: What are these Steps?
Firefighting resources:
General resources available
Portable fire extinguishers, their capabilities
and limitations
CERT Size-Up
Answer these questions:
• Can my buddy and I
– fight the fire safely?
– Enter the building safety? (smells) (power)
– See any physical damage?
Do we have the right equipment?
Are there other hazards?
Is the building structurally damaged?
Can we escape?
Can you hear anyone in need of help?
Report It?
CERT Team Support
Conducting triage
Head-to-toe assessments
Wound care
Special considerations when head, neck,
or spinal injuries are suspected
Treatment area considerations
Splinting and bandaging
Safety considerations:
Safety equipment must be used at all times.
CERT members must always use the buddy
Fire suppression group leaders should
always have a back-up team available.
Triage in a Disaster Environment
Triage, like other disaster response efforts, begins with size-up.
The general procedure for triage in a disaster environment is as
• Stop, Look, Listen, and Think. Before you start, stop and size up the
situation by looking around you and listening. Above all, THINK about how
you will approach the task at hand. Continue to size up the situation as you
• Conduct Voice Triage. Begin with voice triage, calling out something like,
“Emergency Response Team. If you can walk, come to the sound of my
voice.” Instruct those survivors who are ambulatory to remain at a designated
location, and continue with the triage operation.
• Follow a Systematic Route. Start with victims closest to you and work
outward in a systematic fashion.
Triage in a Disaster Environment
• Conduct Triage Evaluation. Evaluate victims and tag them I (immediate),
D (delayed), or DEAD. Remember to evaluate the walking wounded.
Everyone must get a tag.
• Treat “I” Victims Immediately. Initiate airway management, bleeding
control, and/or treatment for shock for Category I (immediate) victims.
• Document Results. Document triage results for:
- Effective deployment of resources.
- Information on locations of victims
- A quick record of the number of casualties by degree of severity.
This will be very useful information for responders and transportation
• Always wear protective gear when performing triage, so that you do not
endanger your own health.
Search and How to
Search techniques:
Be systematic and thorough
Mark areas searched
Document search results
Rescue techniques:
Leverage and cribbing
Lifts and drags
Search Methods
Call out to victims.
Use systematic search pattern.
Stop frequently to listen.
Mark searched areas to document results.
Report results.
Physical Search-Interior
When you enter
When you exit
Single slash
Structure or room
Second slash
Structure or room
(Identify victims & hazards)
Search Assessment
Task force
First slash made
when entering
Date & Time that
task force left
Number of live and dead
Second slash
made as exiting
Identifying HAZMATs in Transit
Included with the DOT placards are United Nations identification
numbers specific to each transported substance. The numbers are
displayed inside the placard or in an orange rectangle immediately
below the placard.
DOT placards should be a stop sign for CERT
members. If they are present, there is danger. STOP!
Hazard class
HAZMAT Procedure
1. Stay upwind.
2. Call 911. Contact 801-957-3800 or 801-957-4902
3. If authorities cannot be reached, isolate the area as
much as possible.
4. Do not attempt to rescue injured until situation is
5. Do not walk into or touch spilled material. Avoid
inhalation of fumes, smoke and vapors.
Utility Shut-Offs
Gas Meter and
Shut-Off Valve
Water Shut-Off
Gas Meter and
Shut-Off Valve
Label for quick
Have wrench stored in a
specific location where it will
be immediately available
Electrical Shut-Off
Step 2
Step 1
• The following are key points for terrorism:
CBRNE indicators
C - Chemical
B - Biological
R - Radiological
N - Nuclear
E - high-yield Explosives
CERT protocols for Violet Intruder/terrorist incidents.
Protective actions following a Violet
Intruder/terrorist incident
Get Everyone Involved
• Ask support from your Staff/Instructors/
• Informed them of what is going on.
• Teach them what to do.
• Keeping track and accountability
• Everyone is a sensor. (If you see something
unusual report it (do they know to come to
CERT Team Field Operating Handbook
Floor Monitor Responsibilities Requirements
Building Marshal Handbook
Amateur Radio Training
National Incident Command System (NIMS)
SLCC EOP (emergency operations plan)
Is Your Preparation Enough?
• Any community that fails to prepare with the idea that somehow, in
the end, the federal government will be able to rescue them will be
tragically wrong.” - Michael Leavitt, Former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human
• FEMA’s Federal Response Plan is 4 days out. The State of Utah
Emergency Operation Plan is 72 hours, Salt Lake County’s plan is 36
hours and the Salt Lake Community College’s plan is you to be
prepared for 72 hours.
• If an emergency happened, do you have anything to help you
survive? A 72 Hour Kit is essential for any emergency. Your 72 Hour
Kit could mean the difference between life and death.
• Learn about “Be Ready Utah Program” (http://[email protected]/)
Basic 72 hour Kit
Located at: [email protected]
Extras in your 72 Hour Kits
Special needs (female products)& (Men products)
Children items
Personal items (grooming and health products)
(change of clothes)
• Medical needs for elderly and
those who may special needs
Emergency Alert System
• SLCC’s (801) 957-INFO (4636) for current
• SLCC’s home page (SLCC.edu) for current
• Alert Notification System. Optional System
you receive current info on your Cell, Text,
Home. (faculty & staff required)
– You must sign up for it, to receive it (My Page#
SLCC.edu) bottom of the webpage.)
My Page Info
Individual Section bottom of page
Click here to opt out
Do it Now!
How can you be a Resource?
Involved & Volunteer to:
• CERT Training
• Floor Monitor and know Responsibilities &
• Building Marshal read and understand the Handbook
• Amateur Radio Training
• National Incident Command System (NIMS) (FEMA.gov)
• SLCC Emergency Operations Plan (EOP)
• Be Involved! Volunteer to help! (it may save lives) or it
maybe your own!
and Complacency
Denial & Desensitization
Make it
Yes it can happen to you!
Do your part NOW!
Charlie Dressen
[email protected]
Only You can make the difference
Be a Super Hero

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