Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into Operational Test Presenters: Matthew T. Rodakis Charles J. Ricke 860 Greenbrier Circle Suite 305 Chesapeake, VA 23320 www.avwtech.com Phone: 757-361-9581 Fax: 757-361-9585 AVW Technologies, Inc Introduction The aircraft carrier, with its embarked air wing, is a key strategic national asset and the preeminent force projection weapon system of the 21st century. Modeling and Simulation (M&S) initially used by PEO Carriers and NAVAIR to drive the ship design and attain Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) Key Performance Parameter (KPP). Subsequent spirals are meant to expand and refine model fidelity into a federation of applications that will supplement Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E) and possibly provide life cycle support. The interval between ship delivery and first deployment, particularly of a first-in-class warship, is packed with system verifications, certifications, tests, and training. If successful, the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) effort will save tens of millions of dollars and precious time between delivery of CVN 78 and its first deployment. Presentation Outline - Role of M&S in supplementing IOT&E - VCVN Overview - CVN delivery and certification - Use of VCVN to supplement live data AVW Technologies, Inc. 2 CVN 78 SGR IOT&E (OPEVAL) • • • • CVN 78 will be evaluated as a platform to support the SGR KPP Conduct a flight operations exercise in conjunction with a Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) to maximize asset utilization using approved Design Reference Mission (DRM) air plans. The test will be conducted under existing environmental operational conditions – strive to achieve as much realism as possible – Launch and land aircraft of the 2015 CVW as defined in the DRM. Eight selected days of the DRM air plan – the most demanding scenario for CVN 78 to demonstrate the capability to achieve the SGR requirements – CVN 78 flight deck operations include aircraft maintenance requirements, spotting, refueling and rearming all aircraft of the 2015 CVW. F/A-18F x 12 F/A-18E x12 N-UCAV x 4 F/A-18C x12 E-2C x 5 MH-60S x 8 (6 ON DECK) AVW Technologies, Inc JSF x 10 EA-18G X 5 MH-60R x12 (6 ON DECK) 3 Design Reference Mission (DRM) • The DRM air plan is based on the operational context from Major Combat Operation (MCO) scenarios • Seabase defense • Gain and maintain air superiority • Deny achievement of threat intentions • Air plan structured to determine what SGR can be achieved given design • Nine events comprised by five 1+30 and four 1+15 cycles • USN CONOPS against formidable MCO threat • Smart weapons • Maximize USN survivability Based on Mission Priorities Common to All MCO Scenarios Represents Stressing Ordnance Handling Requirements AVW Technologies, Inc 4 CVN 21 Operational Context Sea Based Dominance and Persistence Moscow Rome Athens Algiers Tripoli Tehran Cairo Baghdad Riyadh Khartoum 800 nm = JSF (CV) 1500 nm = J-UCAS Seoul Kabul Islamabad New Delhi Karachi Tokyo Taipei Bangkok Mogadishu 500 nm = FORCEnet/CEC Beijing Tashkent Damascus Kuala Lumpur Manila Guam DRM CVW Augmented Baseline F/A-18F x 12 +1 Augment F/A-18F x 13 F/A-18E x 12 F/A-18E x 12 JSF x 20 +4 Augment JSF x 24 E-2D x 5 +1 Augment E-2D x 6 EA-18G x 5 +1 Augment EA-18G x 6 MH-60R x 12 6 on deck 6 BG dispersed MH-60S x 8 6 on deck 2 BG dispersed N-UCAS Program UCAV x 4 6 BG Dispersed 4 BG Dispersed MH-60R x 12 6 on deck 6 BG dispersed MH-60S x 8 4 on deck 4BG dispersed N-UCAS Program UCAV x 4 AVW Technologies, Inc 6 CVN 78 Sortie Generation Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) is a KPP • 30-day Sustained Ops: – 26, 12-hour flying days – 4 non-flying days • 4-day Surge Ops: – 24-hour flying days • DRM was meant to stress the ship design – Aircraft type / model / series – Fuel usage – Ordnance movement and use Sortie = “Combat equivalent aircraft sortie” refers to any strike, strike support and or battle space dominance mission that originates and terminates on the CVN 78 deck. Includes fixed and rotary wing aircraft. AVW Technologies, Inc 7 SGR Attributes • Weapon Expenditure Rates – Air-to-Air – Air-to-Ground – HARM / Chaff / Flares • Underway Replenishment – Major periodic replenishment of ammunition and fuel – Mini-replenishments after extended operations between major UNREPS AVW Technologies, Inc 8 M&S Augments IOT&E • Title 10, Subtitle A, Part I, Chapter 4, Sec 139 a) 2. (A) (i): the field test, under realistic combat conditions, of any item of (or key component of) weapons, equipment, or munitions for the purpose of determining the effectiveness and suitability of the weapons, equipment, or munitions for use in combat by typical military users. • Title 10, Subtitle A, Part IV, Chapter 141, Sec. 2399 (e) (2) (h) (1): The term ``operational test and evaluation'' has the meaning given that term in section 139(a)(2)(A) of this title. For purposes of subsection (a), that term does not include an operational assessment based exclusively on-- (A) computer modeling; (B) simulation; or (C) an analysis of system requirements, engineering proposals, design specifications, or any other information contained in program documents. • DoDINST 5000.61 series, M&S VV&A • SECNAVINST 5200.40, VV&A of Models & Simulations • COMOPTEVFORINST 5000.1 series, Use of M&S in OT AVW Technologies, Inc 9 M&S Uses in Operational Testing • M&S may be used to: – Supplement operational effectiveness and operational suitability tests; – Aid in the assessment of specific effectiveness and suitability Critical Operational Issues (COI) – Assess risk to the program and successful completion of OPEVAL – Aid in the assessment of interoperability – Increase operational relevance of DT – Inject scenario stimuli to evaluate system performance in a threat environment using scenarios not easily replicated in a T&E environment. • shall augment live at-sea testing and shall not be a replacement for live testing AVW Technologies, Inc 10 VCVN Strategy • PEO Carriers’ directed a study to determine a SGR methodology to support IOT&E – COTF / CNAF / CSFTGL / CAN / DOT&E involvement • Results indicate that the volume of data required for the SGR assessment could be obtained during a modified Composite Training Unit Exercise (COMPTUEX or C2X) – Sufficient for statistical significance • Cost savings of ~$200M • Perform six sustained and two surge days at DRM air plan density – Comparison of overall results as well as individual events, sorties, and tasks will support the V&V process – As necessary, model corrections will be made and additional runs for score conducted – Correlation of live test results and Federation runs will provide the basis for final accreditation of the VCVN AVW Technologies, Inc 11 COIs – to – M&S Requirements – to – Test System Requirements Critical Operational Issues Derived Analysis Requirements (User Needs) M&S Functionality Requirements Acceptability Criteria CVN 21 ORD ROC/POE COI No. E2.1.2 TEMP Sec IV COTF COI (from TEMP Part IV) Will the CVN 78 class be capable of operating all carrier capable Navy, Marine Corps, joint and allied Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV)? Derived Analysis Requirements Derived M&S Functionality Requirements The user shall be able to assess/analyze the capabilities/limitations of CVN 78 design to embark, spot, move, maintain, taxi, launch, and recover aircraft in support of CVN 21 DRM with reduced manning (KPP). (#1) The software shall execute the nonsurge Case 1 flight operations days specified in the DRM, but may require manual intervention between days (i.e., non-continuous execution of flying days). The user shall be able to assess/analyze the aircraft maintenance status to determine if planned sorties can be supported (mission capable, spares, nonmission capable aircraft). The software shall execute the flight plan by selecting suitable aircraft (type and squadron) from the air wing for each mission. Requirements Flowdown Will Be Basis For COTF Accreditation AVW Technologies, Inc 12 M&S Strategy Ratified in the CVN 21 TEMP • The SGR KPP is a measure of the CVN 78’s ability to employ the embarked the CVW. • SGR will be represented by executing a DRM in a M&S environment called the Virtual Carrier (VCVN). • “The VCVN shall represent, in an M&S environment, the aviation operations functions, processes, organizations, systems, elements and components of the CVN 78 class that must interact to successfully achieve required sortie generation capabilities of the Air Wing to accomplish assigned missions.” TEMP 1610 Section 188.8.131.52(U) AVW Technologies, Inc 13 VCVN Background • Commissioned in 2004 • Includes multiple development spirals • Purposes include – M&S environment for assessing CVN 78 design capability to support SGR KPP using the CVN 78 DRM – Support CVN 78 DT/OT efforts, including IOT&E of CVN 78, through the implementation of real-world carrier processes associated with SGR. AVW Technologies, Inc 14 VCVN Architecture AVW Technologies, Inc 15 VCVN Functional Areas Aviation Operations Flight/Hangar Deck Launch Management Recovery Flight & Hangar Deck Operations Model (Air Dept, Air Wing) Aviation Mx/ Supply Aviation Fuels Ordnance Handling (SGR) UNREP HSI Manpower Flight Deck Aviation Data Lighting ISP&E Management & VLA UNREP Model Ordnance Handling Model (Weapons Dept) Maintenance & Supply Model (Air Wing, AIMD, Supply) JP-5 Below Deck Fuels Model (Air Dept – V-4) ATC ISP&E Model (Air Wing, Intel) Developing Interface Requirement s Developing Requirement s -- M&S Used in SGRA #8 AVW Technologies, Inc 16 VCVN Architecture Digitally Integrated Systems Flight Deck Management Model Fuels Model Ordnance Handling Weapons Loading UNREP Aircraft Maintenance Integrated Strike Planning & Execution Air Traffic Control Aviation C5I ADMACS • ISIS • EATS • Air / Load Plan Tool AWIMS LAN Human Performance DRM Hangar Deck Management Model High Level Architecture (HLA) M&S NSWPC / ISP&E DAIR / ATC Console OOMA / NALCOMIS VISUAL Moriah ALIS Launch Recovery Manual Integrated Flight Deck Lighting & VLA AVW Technologies, Inc Results Feedback to Ship Design and Model VV&A Process, and T&E 17 CVN 78 Development Timeline Lay Keel Launch Delivery Nov 09 Jul 13 Sep 15 Post Shakedown Availability End Sep 16 PDT&T AVW Technologies, Inc 18 Overlay of Ship Milestones and IOT&E OT-C1 Unit–Level Ship OPS OT-C1 OT-C2 Aviation Ops OT-C2 OT-C3 Joint Interoperability/NR OT-C3 Maintenance Phase Unit Phase Integrated Phase AVW Technologies, Inc Sustainment Phase OT-D Deployment 19 Finding Balance with DoE • Better way to test complex systems – Yields better process understanding – Faster planning and analysis – Uses 20-80% of usual runs / tests / resources – Better depth and breadth of testing – Challenges assumptions – Demonstrates real performance AVW Technologies, Inc 20 Advantages of VCVN • Full DRM execution at IOT&E – – – – 30 Continuous Days (Sustained DRM) 1 No-Fly Day 4 Continuous Days (Surge DRM) $200+ Million (NAVAIR estimate) • DoE shaped IOT&E – – – – 6 Days of Sustained DRM Execution 2 Days of Surge DRM Execution Save ~98% of cost (less VCVN development cost) Fly ~20% of the DRM • Mitigates safety concerns • Reduces aircraft wear AVW Technologies, Inc 21 VCVN Challenges • Long-term support – VV&A for IOT&E – Model development and sustainment • HLA development – Model fidelity – Federate Integration • Requirements Development – Refine requirements • Models are expected to continue to be re-verified, refined, revalidated, and accredited for appropriate follow-on use based on the application/ correlation of live test results with model predictions – Increased functionality AVW Technologies, Inc 22 Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into IOT&E Presenters: Matthew T. Rodakis Charles J. Ricke 860 Greenbrier Circle Suite 305 Chesapeake, VA 23320 www.avwtech.com Phone: 757-361-9581 Fax: 757-361-9585 AVW Technologies, Inc.