Eras of Texas History Mr. Salisbury’s Texas History Classes 2012-2013 Research Topics Name of Era Approximate Dates Major Characters (at least 5) The Eras of Texas History Natural Texas and Its People Era Age of Contact Era Spanish Colonial Era Mexican National Era Revolution and Republic Era Early Statehood Era Texas in the CivilWar and Reconstruction Era Cotton, Cattle, and Railroads Era Age of Oil Era Texas in the Great Depression andWorldWar II Era Civil Rights and Conservatism Era Contemporary Texas Era Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Natural Texas and Its People Approximate Date: Prehistoric Cultures – 1519 Major Characters: Columbus, “Indians”, Native Americans, and Professor James Pearce Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Age of Contact Era Approximate Dates: 1519 1700 Major Characters: Columbus, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Moors and the Reconquista, Conquistadors, Hernan Cortes, Alvarez de Pineda, Panfilo de Narvaez, Cabeza de Vaca, Marcos de Niza and Estevanico, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and Hernando De Soto, and Robert Sieur de La Salle Name of Era: Spanish Colonial Era Approximate Dates: 1682 - 1821 Major Characters: Alonso de Leon, Father Damian Massanet, Louis Juchereau de St. Denis Father Franciso Hidalgo, The Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo, The Hasinai, Lipan Apaches, Comanches, Wichitas, and Tonkawas. Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Mexican National Era Approximate Dates: 1821 - 1836 Major Characters: Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon, Austin de Iturbide, Peninsulares, Criollos, and the Conservatives. Name of Era: Revolution and Republic Era Approximate Dates: 1827 - 1845 Major Characters: Moses and Stephen F. Austin, empresarios, the Old Three Hundred, Mier y Teran, Captain Juan Davis Bradburn, William Travis, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Sam Houston, General Martin Perfecto de Cos, Jim Bowie, Ben Milam, J.C Neill, David Crockett, and James Fannin, David G. Burnett, Mirabeau Lamar, and Anson Jones. Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Early Statehood Approximate Dates: 1845 1861 Major Characters: James Pinckney Henderson, Jose Antonio Navarro, James K. Polk, General Zachary Taylor, General Winfield Scott, Hardin Runnels, Robert S. Neighbors, Johann Friedrich Ernst, Henri Castro, William S. Peters, John O. Meusebach, and Swante Magnus Swenson. Name of Era: Texas in the Civil War and Reconstruction Era Approximate Dates: 1861 1876 Major Characters: Sam Houston, Benjamin Terry, General Henry Sibley, Dick Dowling, John Bell Hood, Albert Sidney Johnston, Colonel Santo Benavides, General Richard Taylor, Andrew J. Hamilton, Edmund J. Davis, Cynthia Ann Parker, Quanah Parker, Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie and the Buffalo Soldiers. Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Cotton, Cattle, and Railroads Era Approximate Dates: 1876 1910 Major Characters: Richard King, Jesse Chisholm, John T. Lytle, Charles Goodnight, Oliver Loving, cowboys, Mifflin Kenedy, Joseph Glidden, John Ireland, John Coffee “Jack” Hays, William A. A. “Big Foot” Wallace, Captain Leander H. McNelly, and Juan Cortina. Name of Era: Age of Oil Era Approximate Dates: 1900 1929 Major Characters: Isaac Cline and the Galveston Hurricane of 1900, Anthony Lucas and Spindletop, wildcatters, roughnecks, C. M. “Dad” Joiner, James Hogg, William P. Hobby, Annie Webb Blanton, Pancho Villa, and James and Miriam “Pa and Ma” Ferguson. Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Texas in Name: Civil Rights the Great Depression and World War II Era Approximate Dates: 1929 - 1950 Major Characters: Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, Wilbert Lee “Pappy” O’Daniel, Ross Sterling, Bob Wills, Sam Rayburn, John Nance Garner, Samuel Dealey, and Macario Garcia. and Conservatism Era Approximate Dates: 1950 – 1969 Major Characters: Lyndon B. Johnson, John Connally, Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby, Herman Marion Sweatt, Lonnie E. Smith, and Neil Armstrong. Eras of Texas History Name of Era: Contemporary Texas Era Approximate Dates: 1970 2000 Major Characters: William Clements, Barbara Jordan, All Gonzales, Myra McDaniel, Michael Dell, H. Ross Perot, Michael DeBakey, Ann Richards, George W. Bush, Frank Dobie, and Nolan Ryan.