Chp5-1

Report
European
Exploration
Vocabulary - European Exploration
Term
expedition
colony
conquistador
viceroy
friar
pueblo
missionary
mission
buccaneer
delta
Description
Sketch
Warm-up
Imagine that you have the opportunity to sail with Christopher
Columbus on one of his voyages. Life aboard ship is hard; food
and water tend to spoil, and ships often wreck in storms.
Nevertheless, the promise of fame and fortune has led
thousands to risk their lives at sea.
Knowing the risks as well as the potential for wealth and fame,
would you sign on as a crew member for a voyage to the
unknown? Why or why not?
Warm-up
The ships that explorers used in earlier times were constructed
very differently from today's ships. The Santa María was a cargo
ship made of wood, with five sails. It was powered by the wind
and could travel at most about 100 miles a day. A tiller was used
to steer; the ship's wheel wouldn't be invented for another 200
years. The Santa María hit a reef and sank on Christmas Day,
1492. Since the fifteenth century, shipbuilding technology has
changed. Now ships are made with steel and use steam, gas, or
nuclear power to cover 100 miles in a few hours.
How might history have changed if the early ships had
been made of the materials we use today?
European Exploration Notes
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
___________________________sailed to Americas to find new trade routes to
Asia.
– He persuaded Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain to
finance his expedition.
– He made 4 journeys to the Americas, exploring Cuba, Bahamas,
Jamaica, Central & South America.
– Failed to find a new route to Asia or to bring back fabulous riches
Spanish explorers called _______________________ realized that the
Americas could provide greater riches that could be earned through
trade with Asia.
In 1519 ____________________________was the first to explore the Texas Gulf
Coast.
In 1528, a hurricane drowned __________________________ and many of his
men at sea. The survivors landed in _______________________________. They
were the first know Europeans to set foot in present day Texas.
Cabeza de Vaca told officials about the native legends of
_____________________ known as Cibola, thus leading to more expeditions
in search for the cities of gold.
– He was one of 4 survivors of Narvaez original expedition.
– First Europeans to explore __________________________________ of
Texas.
In 1682, Spaniards establish first Texas mission,
__________________________, which was a success.
– Purpose was to spread __________________ to Native Americans in
the area.
______________________ also sent expeditions to the new world.
– In 1685, _______________________________ reached Galveston Bay and
sent colonist ashore at _________________________________.
– LaSalle built ______________________________near present day Garcitas
Creek in Victoria County.
Although LaSalle’s expeditions were unsuccessful for France, they were
seen as ____________________ for Spain.
– This contributed to the _________________________Spanish
exploration and settlement along the Gulf Coast of Texas.
European Exploration
• Christopher Columbus sailed to Americas to find new
trade routes to Asia.
– He persuaded Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain
to finance his expedition.
– He made 4 journeys to the Americas, exploring Cuba,
Bahamas, Jamaica, Central & South America.
– Failed to find a new route to Asia or to bring back fabulous
riches
• Spanish explorers called Conquistadors realized that
the Americas could provide greater riches that could be
earned through trade with Asia.
European Exploration
• In 1519, Alvarez de Pineda was the first to explore the
Texas Gulf Coast.
European Exploration
• In 1528, a hurricane drowned Narvaez and many of his
men at sea. The survivors landed in Galveston Bay. They
were the first known Europeans to set foot in present day
Texas.
European Exploration
• Cabeza de Vaca told officials about the native legends of
seven cities of gold known as Cibola, thus leading to more
expeditions in search for the cities of gold.
– He was one of 4 survivors of Narvaez original expedition.
– First Europeans to explore interior of Texas
European Exploration
• In 1682, Spaniards establish first Texas mission, Corpus
Christi de la Ysleta, which was a success.
– Purpose was to spread Christianity to Native Americans in the
area
European Exploration
• The French also send expeditions to the new world.
– In 1685, LaSalle reached Galveston Bay and sent colonist ashore
at Matagorda Bay.
– LaSalle built Fort St. Louis near present day Garcitas Creek in
Victoria County.
• Although LaSalle’s expeditions were unsuccessful for
France, they were seen as competition for Spain.
– This contributed to the rebirth of Spanish
exploration and settlement along the
Gulf Coast of Texas.
WARMUP
Think about the fact that people want
money and status:
(Status is a combination of fame and power)
Assignment: Write down the ways that
people can get both money and status in
today’s world:
Spanish Exploration and Colonization
The 3 G's
Gold: money and wealth
Glory: fame and power
God: religion
Date
Explorer / Event
Pineda
Cortes
Cabeza de Vaca
Spain establishes
missions
Spain begins
building missions
Spain reclaims East
Texas
Purpose
Accomplishments
3G's
3 G’s
Gold
• Money and Wealth – Explorers came in search of
money/wealth/riches
God
• Religion - The Europeans wanted to spread
Christianity to Native Americans
Glory
• Fame – European explorers wanted to claim land for
their nations’ rulers and win glory for themselves by
being successful
Spanish Exploration & Colonization
Date
1519
1519
Explorer /
Event
Purpose
Accomplishments
Pineda
Map the coast line of
Established a settlement
the Gulf of Mexico and
near present day
establish a Spanish
Mexican city of Tampico.
Colony
Cortes
Explore the continent Brought gold and silver
and report on the rich to Spain from Mexico as
and powerful
well as defeating the
civilization
Aztecs.
Became one of the first
He was a survivor of the
Europeans to explore
Cabeza de
failed Navarez
1528
the interior of Texas and
Vaca
expedition who became
he brought back stories
an explorer
of the 7 cities of Gold.
3G's
Spanish Exploration & Colonization
Date
Explorer /
Event
Spain
1682 establishes
missions
Spain begins
1690
building
missions
Purpose
Accomplishments
Missions were
established to spread
Christianity
Corpus Christi de la Ysleta
was the first successful
Spanish mission in Texas
(near El Paso)
To colonize Texas
Establishment of the first
mission in East Texas,
Mission San Francisco de
los Tejas.
Establishment of Mission San
Antonio de Valero and
Provide a mid point for
Spain
presidio San Antonio de Bexar
supply caravans
1718 reclaims East
(this would become the most
traveling from central important Spanish colony in
Texas
Mexico to East Texas
Texas and later become the
city of San Antonio.
3G's
Picture Goes Here
Create a postcard from
the new world written in
the perspective of an
explorer.
Write a Message
Here
European Exploration Timeline
1500
1550
1600
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1500
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1550
1600
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1500
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1550
1600
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1500
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1550
1600
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1600
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1600
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1600
1580
Last Spanish
Exploration in TX for
75 years
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1607
Jamestown
1st successful English Colony
1600
1580
Last Spanish
Exploration in TX for
75 years
1650
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1607
Jamestown
1st successful English Colony
1600
1650
1620
1580
English
Last Spanish
Pilgrims land
Exploration in TX for at Plymouth
75 years
Rock`
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1682
Spain 1st mission in Texas
(Corpus Christi de la
Ysleta)
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1607
Jamestown
1st successful English Colony
1600
1650
1620
1580
English
Last Spanish
Pilgrims land
Exploration in TX for at Plymouth
75 years
Rock`
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1682
Spain 1st mission in Texas
(Corpus Christi de la
Ysleta)
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1607
Jamestown
1st successful English Colony
1600
1650
1620
1580
English
Last Spanish
Pilgrims land
Exploration in TX for at Plymouth
75 years
Rock`
1685
La Salle establishes
Fort St. Louis
1700
European Exploration Timeline
1519
Pineda 1st to explore TX Gulf Coast
Cortes defeated Aztecs
1682
Spain 1st mission in Texas
(Corpus Christi de la
Ysleta)
1528
Narvaez 1ST to set foot on present day Texas
Cabeza de Vaca explores interior of TX
1542
Desoto reaches
East Texas
1500
1550
1541
Coronado leads
expedition into Texas
1492
Columbus reaches the
Americas
1607
Jamestown
1st successful English Colony
1600
1650
1620
1580
English
Last Spanish
Pilgrims land
Exploration in TX for at Plymouth
75 years
Rock
1685
La Salle establishes
Fort St. Louis
1700
1690
Mission San
Francisco de los
Tejas established

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