Kansas Journey PPT Ch. 2

Kansas Journey’s
chapter 2
Timeline Highlights
• Earliest evidence of humans about 7000
• Climate change between 6500-3550 BCE
• 1300-1500 permanent housing
• 1541 Europeans appear
The Earliest People
• The Kansa believed the Great Spirit created
• Oral Tradition- Stories passed from generation
to generation.
• Artifacts- evidence of people.
• Migration- movement of people and animals
• Adaptation- How people and animals change to
suit their environments.
• Big Game Hunters- the earliest people to
live in Kansas followed the large Ice Age
animals as the glaciers pushed south.
Little is known about these people. They
did domesticate (tame) dogs.
Adaptation and technology
• The change in climate
forced the people and
animals to change or
become extinct.
• People exchange ideas
that advance their lives.
Some early changes
probably came from the
east like pottery for food
storage and bows and
arrows for hunting.
• They also began to grow
their own food.
Village Farmers
• About 800 years ago
evidence shows that
people began to live
in permanent villages
because of the way
the houses were built.
They grew corn,
beans, squash,
pumpkins, and
sunflowers. They
made tools from
stone, bone, shells,
Historic Tribes
• Tribes that lived in Kansas because we
have written evidence of their existence.
The earliest documents come from
Tribes on the Plains
• First were Wichita, the Kansa, Osage,
Pawnee, and Plains Apache.
• Later were Comanche, Kiowa, Kiowa,
Apache, Arapaho and the Cheyenne.
Horses and Buffalo
• Horses came from the
Spanish in the
• Allowed better
mobility for the
Wichita and Pawnee
• Oral tradition tells that
these tribes were related.
• Homes
– Wichita built beehive grass
lodges as permanent
homes. Pawnee built round
homes covered with dirt.
Both used the tipi when
hunting buffalo.
• Corn, squash, and
pumpkins were grown
and dried for food.
Kansa and Osage
• Oral tradition tells that
these tribes might have
once lived together.
• Homes
– Both lived in log houses or
wood framed houses
because they were
originally from the south
east part of the country.
• Crops, clothing, and
– Grew the same crops as
the other Indians. The
Osage didn’t use the tipi,
but used structures left
along the “Black Dog Trail.”
Nomadic Tribes: Cheyenne,
Arapaho, Kiowa, Kiowa- Apache,
• Nomadic- tribes that didn’t settle, but moved from place
to place. Horses aided in their mobility.
• Lived in Tipis. Easy to move
• Wore animals skins
• Would trade buffalo meats for other foods
• Used skins to keep records
Interaction and Trade
• The horse brought more trade.
• As populations grew, conflicts between the
people grew.

similar documents