usnorthcom - SSARCC.COM

Report
USNORTHCOM as
Inland SAR
Coordinator
Committed to provide or arrange for SAR services for
persons in potential or actual distress at your
request, no matter what the magnitude of the event
USNORTHCOM/J35
SAR/PR
June 2014
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NORAD & USNORTHCOM
Vision
With our trusted partners, we will defend North America by outpacing all threats,
maintaining faith with our people and supporting them in their times of greatest
need.
“WE HAVE THE WATCH”
The NORAD Mission: The North American Aerospace Defense Command conducts
aerospace warning, aerospace control, and maritime warning in the defense of
North America.
The USNORTHCOM Mission: The United States Northern Command partners to
conduct homeland defense, civil support, and security cooperation to defend and
secure the United States and its interests.
Center of Gravity
= Trusted Partnerships
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Commander’s Priorities
• Expand and strengthen our trusted partnerships
• Advance and sustain the binational military
command
• Gain and maintain all-domain situational
awareness
• Advocate and develop capabilities in our core
mission areas to outpace all threats
• Take care of our people; they are our foundation
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SAR Services covered by the NSP
• Maritime (involving rescue from a water environment)
• Aeronautical (including civil SAR assistance in the vicinity of airports)
• Land (including civil SAR operations in environments such as remote
areas, swift water, caves, mountains, etc.)
• Urban Search and Rescue (US&R)
• Provision of initial assistance at or near the scene of a distress situation
(e.g., initial medical assistance or advice, medical evacuations, provision
of needed food or clothing to survivors etc.)
• Delivery of survivors to a place of safety where further assistance can be
provided, or further transportation arranged if necessary.
• Saving of property when it can be done in conjunction with or for the
saving of lives
• Mass Rescue Operations (MROs) and;
• SAR services associated with Incidents of National Significance covered by
the National Response Framework
DoD can be called upon to provide any of the SAR services covered
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RFA should read: “…provide
UNCLASSIFIEDSAR Services…”
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Ways to get Federal/DoD SAR support
• Civil Authority - direct to a DoD Official
• May respond under Immediate Response Authority IAW DoDD 3025.18
• Civil Authority - to Rescue Coordination Center (RCC)
• RCC will coordinate SAR services IAW SAR Coordinator responsibilities IAW
National SAR Plan and National SAR Supplement
• DoD policy to respond IAW DoDI 3003.01
• “DoD shall support domestic civil authorities providing civil SAR services to the fullest
extent practicable on a non-interference basis with primary military duties… “
– Each Participant will fund its own activities….unless otherwise provided for by law or
arranged by the Participants in advance, and will not allow cost reimbursement to
delay response to any person in danger or distress.
• Civil Authority - submit written request with commitment to reimburse IAW
DoDD 3025.18
• Normally after ESF#9 activated
• CDRUSNORTHCOM serve as DoD lead in the USNORTHCOM AOR for
matters pertaining to planning and operation of ESF#9 (IAW DoDI 3003.01
pg 9 Sept 26 2011)
• Normally associated with a Mission Assignment post Declaration (Stafford Act)
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T10 SAR Response – How fast we bring it…
Execute
*Immediate
Response
DSCA EXORD Forces Timeline
*Under Service C2
*Inland SAR
Authorities
CAT 1
Ready
to Deploy
<24hr Deploy
Assigned /
Allocated
On Status
CAT 2
Pre-identified
CAT 3
Internal Use
Execute
Under USNORTHCOM/DSC C2
24hr Source
24hr PTDO
Deploy to AO
24hr Source
24hr PTDO
Deploy to AO
Ready
to Deploy
CAT 4
Event
Deploy
to AO
96 hr PTDO
Source +
RFF needed
Large Scale
Response
1
DAYS
2
3
Execute
4
5
‹#›
linked to timely receipt of MAs from Primary Agency
UNCLASSIFIEDSpeed of execution is directlyUNCLASSIFIED
CJCS DSCA EXORD Capabilities Jun 13
CAT 1 Assigned and Allocated Forces
•CCDR can place on PTDO ; deploy after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; can employ upon
receipt CCDR validated & approved PA RFA & after notifying CJCS & SECDEF
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Defense Coordinating Officer (DCO)/Defense Coordinating Element
NORTHCOM Joint Enabling Capability (JEC)
All assigned and allocated Forces (Including CBRN)
Joint Personnel Recovery Center (JPRC)
CAT 3 Resources for Internal Use (24hr source + 24hr PTDO)
•CCDR can coordinate directly w/force providers to source; place on 24-hr PTDO
after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; req force providers deploy forces to AOR/JOA after
notifying CJCS & SECDEF; employ after notifying CJCS & SECDEF. Forces may be
deployed/employed w/or w/o PA RFA. Forces w/o RFA limited to supporting DOD
internal reqmts.
• One Mobile Public Affairs Detachment
• One Joint Public Affairs support element or team (2 AF, 2 USN/USMC)
• 4 Combat Camera teams each w/5 members. 1 team MAFFS qualified
• DOD NDMS bed status reporting capability
• MED Force Pkg: Med Log; Preventive Medicine;
• 3 Civil Authority Info Support Element (CAISE) LNOs
• One Director of Mobility Forces – Air
• Base Support Installations
• 2 Religious support team (Deploy with EMEDS)
• Maritime Command Element
• Theater Opening Force Pkg: Cbt Sustainment Spt Btl; Human Resources Element
(JRSOI), Cargo Transfer
• Contracting support element and DLA initial response Team
CAT 4 Large Scale Response Resources (Sec Def RFF approval; 24 hrs to source, 96
hrs PTDO) CCDR submits RFF w/cost estimate (RFF can be submitted w/o PA RFA);
requires SECDEF approval to place on PTDO, deploy & employ
• SAR Package
• Medical Package
12 SAR capable Helos
• Transportation Package
3 SAR helos/2 Para rescue teams
• C2 Augmentation Package
2 fixed wing
• Communications Force Pkg
2 Portable ATC towers
• Theater Opening Force Pkg
1 Air Ground Coord cell
1 Airborne C2 Platform
CAT 2 Pre-Identified Resources (24hr source + 24 hr PTDO)
• CCDR can coordinate directly w/force providers to identify, place on 24-hr PTDO
after notifying CJCS & SECDEF; req force providers deploy forces to AOR/JOA after
notifying CJCS & SECDEF (reasonable expectation of a PA RFA); employ upon receipt
of CCDR validated & approved PA RFA & after notifying CJCS & SECDEF
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• Wildland Firefighting
Force Package
• IAA Force Package
• Maritime Force Package •
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DOD installations as Base Support Installations
8 MAFFS-capable C-130 aircraft w/crews & appropriate C2/support ISO NIFC ops
DOD civilian NIFC-qualified firefighters (volunteers)
DCO/DCE
4 utility med/hvy lift helicopters or tilt-rotor AC w/ C2, spt pers/equip
14 utility light/med lift helos or tilt-rotor AC (SAR w/hoist) w/ C2, spt pers/equip
Aerial SAR Package; 3 SAR dedicated helos or tilt-rotor assets capable of helo airto-air refueling (HAAR)/tilt-rotor air-to-air (TAAR) refueling, night vision goggles
(NVG), rescue hoist equipped and capable of inserting and recovering pararescue
teams , and forward looking infrared (FLIR), 2 fixed wing aircraft for HAAR/TAAR,
NVG Ops and FLIR, equipped and capable of inserting and recovering pararescue
teams, and FLIR; 2 para rescue teams (2X 7 PRM UTC) capable of fixed-wing and
rotary wing airland or airdrop insertion of SAR team insertion and equipment;
appropriate C2 for sustained operations; (up to 10 days)
C2 Comms support pkgs (C4 planning spt team, Initial/early entry pkg)
One IAA aircraft (w/Line of sight data link/FMV downlink)
USTRANSCOM initial NDMS patient movement capability and enabling assets
DOD NDMS Federal Coordinating Centers (FCC)
Deployable medical platform (EMEDS or early entry team)
USTRANSCOM personnel to staff a Deployment Distribution Operations Center
(DDOC)– USNORTHCOM Forward
1 Joint Task Force – Port Opening
8 planners to provide SME
1 Deployable Global Broadcasting System (GBS) and team
3 Rover video receive systems w/ retrans capability of FMV to NC
3 satellite comm sys and teams to integrate w/Rover systems
email. Also must be off-road vehicle capable.
Modular aerial spray system (MASS) capable C-130 aircraft, crews, w/ C2, spt
pers/equip
Strat Transportation-Trans for personnel, equipment and supplies
10 WC-130 Hurricane Hunter A/C & crews w/C2, supt pers/equip iSO NOAA
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Keys to Success
• SAR is a time critical (72 hrs) lifesaving mission area
• To be successful, SAR capability must be called early
• Integrated Planning by all agencies is critical
• No one agency can handle every contingency themselves
• Thresholds and gaps pre identified
• Local/State Lead (Incident Management)
• But multi Agency Coordination/support
• Supporting relationships (not C2) is proven successful
• Air Coordination Plan is a best practice Including:
• Mission altitude Stratification
• Mission prioritizations
• Compatible Comms
• Use of CISAR addendum/NIMS/ICS
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What can DoD help you with?
DoD is not interested in taking over, but DoD can multiply the
force, in support of the effort and can bring:
• Unique capability:
– SAR Coordination via RCC and Air Coordination ability
– Specialized Personnel for Planning and Ops
– Access to specialized assets
• Timely response:
– Immediate response from installations in the vicinity
• Surge resources:
– More of what is needed to get over the hump
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USNORTHCOM Update
• DoD section of NSS
– More user friendly
– Adding planning section with examples
– Looking for your feedback
• Hurricane/Catastrophic planning
– Planned/exercised with AK, tried to use MV 22s
– Working detailed hurricane plans
• CDRUSNORTHCOM become Federal SAR
Coordinator for AK
• Working with Mexico
– Cross border SAR agreements
– Future exercises
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How can USNORTHCOM SAR help?
• Issues
• Assistance requested
• Future engagements
• Other
Your feedback is valuable and will help make us all more successful
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Tailored SAR Support
• SAR Planner/SME Support
– NSARC Working Groups
– State SAR Plans
– CISAR/Integrated SAR Planning
– SAR Orientation Training
– Exercise Development
• Dual Status Commander (DSC)
– Joint Enabling Capability (JEC)
Points of Contact
Mr. Joseph “Tractor” Sokol
Chief, USNORTHCOM SAR-PR
[email protected]
719-554-3867 DSN: 692-3867
Lt Col Ian Kemp AFRCC/CC
[email protected]
850-283-5084 DSN: 523-5084
Mr Anthony Cornett
USNORTHCOM JPRC
[email protected]
850-283-5083 DSN: 523-5083
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USNORTHCOM SAR-PR
We’re committed to your success
Questions
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USNORTHCOM SAR Responsibilities
• SECDEF designated CDR USNORTHCOM as the Inland SAR
Coordinator for the contiguous 48 states (Langley Search
and Rescue Region (SRR)) (4 Nov 2009)
• CDRUSNORTHCOM serve as DoD lead in the USNORTHCOM
AOR for matters pertaining to planning and operation of
ESF#9 (DoDI 3003.01 Sept 26, 2011)
USNORTHCOM has additional Civil Support
SAR responsibility/authorities
SAR may be requested outside of normal
DSCA channels
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SAR Responsibilities
The SAR Coordinator is the federal person or
agency with overall responsibility for
establishing and providing civil SAR
services for a specific U.S. SRR.
• Develop SAR policy
• Establish, staff, equip & manage the SAR system
• Provide appropriate legal and funding support
• Establish RCCs and RSCs
• Provide or arrange for SAR facilities and SAR resources
• Coordinate SAR training and exercises
• SAR case suspension authority or delegation of authority
(Vol II, IAMSAR Manual)
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Federal SAR Responsibilities ESF #9
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•May 2013
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Mission Statement
• USNORTHCOM establishes and maintains the Search and Rescue
System to coordinate and provide timely and effective response
throughout the full spectrum of Civil Search and Rescue, honor
international commitments, meet U.S. domestic needs, and assume
DoD role as a Primary Agency for Emergency Support Function #9
planning and operations within the 48 contiguous United States.
Summary: Provide or arrange for SAR services for
persons in potential or actual distress
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USNORTHCOM SAR/PR Architecture
CDR USNORTHCOM – SAR Coordinator (Inland)
Peterson AFB, CO
• Strategic Responsibilities
• Policy, Guidance, Interagency Coord
• Federal ESF#9
CDR AFNORTH/JFACC – SAR Operations Coordinator
Tyndall AFB, FL
• Operational Responsibilities
• Coordinates Resources
Two operational organizations co-located and in mutual support
AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)
AFNORTH AOC, Tyndall AFB, FL
NC JPRC (Joint Personnel Recovery Center)
AFNORTH AOC, Tyndall AFB, FL
MUTUAL
SUPPORT
• Routine Civil SAR for Inland SRR (Langley)
• Key in State Coordination and Training
• Initiate Catastrophic Incident SAR (CISAR)
• Joint, Deployable
• Operational & Tactical PR-SAR Planners
• Fill ESF#9/CISAR nodes as required
SAR COORDINATION
ONE-STOP
SHOP
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Federal SAR Coordination Group (FSARCG)
• Plan and coordinate federal SAR response in support of the
RRCC/IMAT/IST and affected State/local authority having jurisdiction
• Comprised of ESF #9 Primary Agency Reps (FEMA, USCG, NPS, DoD)
• ESF#9 Support Agencies as incident dictates (FAA, USFWS, or other
federal agencies (NGB) reps to the FSARCG)
• Benefits
• Improved federal SAR communications & coordination
– The right resource at the right place at the right time
• More accurate and timely capability gap analysis
• Improved resource identification and agency sourcing
• Enhanced ability to assist RRCC/IMAT/IST and States with integrated planning
as requested
• Bottom Line: Not a C2 entity--Primary and Support agency
coordination enables more efficient interoperable execution
Improves efficiency and effectiveness of Federal SAR Resources
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Will be requested from
FEMA National (Top Down)
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Catastrophic Incident SAR (CISAR) Addendum
CISAR Addendum
• Direct lesson from Katrina
where there was no
interagency plan
• National Guidance &
Standardization
• Simplify the integration and
operation of non-local
organization resources to
enable efficient & effective
SAR operations in support of
state and local governments in
the event of a catastrophic
event
Why CISAR Addendum?
• Lessons Learned
• Diverse SAR cultures
• Sets baseline expectations
• ** There was/is NO other
guidance….
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Military Support to US&R
• FEMA identified need – augments existing 28 Urban Search and Rescue
(US&R) Task Forces in the event of a large scale, collapse structure SAR
event
• Driven by SAR search objectives(s) - Through Primary Search in 72 hours
• Military support can increase capability up to 4x
• Sourced by combination of skilled response by National Guard CERFP/HRF Search
and Extraction (S/E) Elements and General Purpose troop support
• CONOPS presented to FEMA in Aug ’11 (in refinement)
• Incorporated into National Level Exercises (NLE-11) (not successful)
• Part of Complex Catastrophe initiative – Mass Search and Rescue
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Military Support to US&R
Response timeline begins with notification/request
• N+0: ESF #9 Teleconference
• FEMA initiates military support RFA
• USNORTHCOM coordinates response
• Required Airlift identified
• N+6: FEMA US&R TFs and NG S/E Elements prepare to deploy
• Travel by ground < 400 miles
• Travel by air > 400 miles
• Phased response
• N+24: Initial Military augmenting forces on-scene, trained and ready to
commence operations
• N+72: Primary Searches complete
• SAR operations normally not effective after incident +72 hours
• Begin transition to Recovery Operations
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Coordination with NG
• USNORTHCOM J35 SAR/PR works closely with NGB J35, ANG and ARNG AVS
– Open lines of communication during an event
• USNORTHCOM JPRC and J36 have SAR Operations Specialists that participate in Joint
Force Orientations and are part of Joint Enabling Capability
– Assist with state planning
– Understand when and where Federal assistance may be required
– Part of a JTF under a Dual Status Commander
• Goal is for all participants/stakeholders clearly understand
– Process to get resources
– Incident Management
– Organizational C2
• Shared understanding of roles, responsibilities and expectations ensures a properly
sequenced, synchronized, and integrated response in time to save every life possible
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Issues
Stumbling blocks:
• Process and funding to get SAR resources
– Is MA with funding stream required to get SAR Services?
• Incident Management
– Who is in Charge?
• Organizational Command & Control--OPCON/TACON
– Services or SAR Ops Coordinator
– How about DSC?
– Relationship to DCO?
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Hurricane Observations
• ESF#9 partnership continuing to improve
• Sustain/refine successes of FSARCG
• Clarify/Promulgate Roles and Responsibilities
• Although proactive deploying people, could benefit from being earlier
• Must be in place and FOC by H-48
• Top down Mission Assignments worked well for SAR
• Federal SAR Coordination Group
• Identify, move and Stage SAR capability
• Provide medium lift, rotary wing aircraft to conduct SAR
• Utilized National Guard prepositioned forces (TF Guardian)
• MA didn’t include Pay and allowances
• Operational requirements must be pushed earlier to NC to source
• C2 still not resolved – Much discussion of command relations and some
recommendations do not match responsibilities or JP-1
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Planning/Coordination/Agreements
• MOAs for Routine SAR- no change, CDR USNORTHCOM has delegated that authority
to CDR AFNORTH
• USNORTHCOM highly encourages and recommends collaborative preplanning and
coordination for Catastrophic Incident SAR
– USNORTHCOM encourages agreements that address CISAR
– Separate MOA may be most appropriate
– CDR USNORTHCOM will be involved in CI SAR
– Playbook development
• Shared understanding of roles, responsibilities and expectations will ensure a
properly sequenced, synchronized, and integrated response in time to save every life
possible
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Key Take-aways
• SAR is a time critical mission
– 72 hour window
– Top down MAs are good
• SAR is not routine DSCA
– SAR will be responding as JTF is standing up
• CDRUSNORTHCOM has additional SAR Responsibilities and
Authorities
– Will deploy to be ready to employ when DSC/AHJ needs SAR
• MORE- SOONER- CLOSER is better
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