approved - Office of State Fire Marshal

Report
Nathan Ellis
[email protected]
864-812-5183
South Carolina
Fire Marshal Quarterly Training
4th Quarter 2014
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
Course Objectives
The learner will be made aware of…
 the occurrences of fires in SC Schools and
Daycares.
 what is and what is not an educational
occupancy.
 IFC construction requirements for
Educational occupancies.
Course Objectives
The learner will be made aware of:
 a fire inspection process and common
violations found in Educational Occupancies.
 SC Department of Education’s Office of
School Facilities’ (OSF) role in code
enforcement for public schools.
When is the last time there
was a Fire in a South
Carolina School?
 September 13, 2013 ... 12:07pm
 685 students
100 staff
 Alarm and
a sprinkler
activated.
When is the last time there
was a Fire in a South
Carolina School?
 No injuries
 No building
damage
 No missed
School time
 No tax dollars
lost
 No news stories
When is the last time there
was a Fire in a South
Carolina School?
 Fires happen in schools.
 How do you
effect the
outcome?
Since 2009… in SC Schools
and Daycares
Educational Property Type
2009 2010 2011 2012
Day care in residence, unlicensed.
2013
1
Grand
Total
1
Day care, in commercial property
9
12
16
7
Day care, in residence, licensed
Elementary school, including
kindergarten
High school/junior high
school/middle school
3
1
4
4
31
41
46
26
9
153
27
44
39
35
10
155
Preschool
3
2
4
4
3
16
Schools, non-adult
7
3
1
11
1
23
80
104
110
87
28
409
Grand Total
5
49
12
Incident Type Class
Building fires
Cooking fire, confined to container
Passenger vehicle fire
Brush, or brush and grass mixture fire
Grass fire
Total Fires
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Grand Total
24
18
31
24
8
105
7
12
16
13
10
58
4
16
17
12
3
52
9
11
9
4
33
4
8
7
4
2
25
Dumpster or other outside trash receptacle fire
Fire, other
Outside rubbish, trash or waste fire
Outside equipment fire
Trash or rubbish fire, contained
Fires in structures other than in a building
Forest, woods or wildland fire
Natural vegetation fire, other
Fire in portable building, fixed location
Off-road vehicle or heavy equipment fire
Road freight or transport vehicle fire
Fuel burner/boiler malfunction, fire confined
5
5
4
1
3
4
Incinerator overload or malfunction, fire confined
Outside rubbish fire, other
Mobile property (vehicle) fire, other
Outside storage fire
Outside gas or vapor combustion explosion
Chimney or flue fire, confined to chimney or flue
Grand Total
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
80
6
8
3
7
2
2
1
3
1
1
2
1
8
4
2
2
2
4
2
1
1
1
2
104
2
6
4
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
110
87
3
1
1
28
24
24
14
11
9
8
7
6
6
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
1
1
409
Since 2009… in SC Schools
and Daycares
Incident Count
Average of Loss
Total
(blank)
316
$1,389.83
None Present
57
$15,385.09
Present
27
$8,291.11
Undetermined
8
$6.25
Partial System Present
1
$0.00
409
$3,765.39
Sprinklers Present
Grand Total
Area of Origin
Incident Count
Area of Origin
Incident Count
Exterior, exposed surface
3
Attic: vacant, crawl space above top story, cupola
3
Vehicle area, other
3
Corridor, mall
3
Other
Arena, assembly area w/ fixed seats - 100+
persons
3
Chute/container - trash, rubbish, waste
2
Switchgear area, transformer vault
2
Wall assembly
1
Storage: supplies or tools; dead storage
1
Office
1
8
Structural area, other
1
Laundry area, wash house (laundry)
6
Construction/renovation area
1
Storage area, other
5
Entrance way, lobby
1
Roof surface: exterior
5
Laboratory
1
Storage room, area, tank, or bin
5
Machinery room or area; elevator machinery rm
1
Closet
Operator/passenger area of transportation
equip.
4
Bedroom - 5+ persons; including dormitory
1
Wall surface: exterior
1
Egress/exit, other
1
Highway, parking lot, street: on or near
4
Assembly area without fixed seats - 100+ persons
1
Function area, other
4
Dining room, cafeteria, bar area, beverage service
1
Courtyard, patio, porch, terrace
3
Heating room or area, water heater area
1
Ceiling & floor assembly, crawl space b/t stories
3
Grand Total
(blank)
146
Engine area, running gear, wheel area
45
Outside area, other
27
Undetermined
22
Cooking area, kitchen
19
Bathroom, checkroom, lavatory, locker room
16
Open area - outside; included are farmland, field
15
Wildland, woods
12
Assembly area - less than 100 persons
11
Duct: hvac, cable, exhaust, heating, or AC
10
Equipment or service area, other
4
2
409
Area of Origin
Incident Count
Area of Origin
Incident Count
Exterior, exposed surface
3
Attic: vacant, crawl space above top story, cupola
3
Vehicle area, other
3
27
Corridor, mall
3
Undetermined
22
3
Cooking area, kitchen
19
Bathroom, checkroom, lavatory, locker
room
Other
Arena, assembly area w/ fixed seats - 100+
persons
16
Chute/container - trash, rubbish, waste
2
Open area - outside; included are farmland, field
15
Switchgear area, transformer vault
2
Wildland, woods
12
Wall assembly
1
Assembly area - less than 100 persons
11
Storage: supplies or tools; dead storage
1
Duct: hvac, cable, exhaust, heating, or AC
10
Office
1
Equipment or service area, other
8
Structural area, other
1
Laundry area, wash house (laundry)
6
Construction/renovation area
1
Storage area, other
5
Entrance way, lobby
1
Roof surface: exterior
5
Laboratory
1
Storage room, area, tank, or bin
5
Machinery room or area; elevator machinery rm
1
Bedroom - 5+ persons; including dormitory
1
Closet
4
Operator/passenger area of transportation
equip.
Wall surface: exterior
1
4
1
Highway, parking lot, street: on or near
4
Function area, other
4
Courtyard, patio, porch, terrace
Ceiling & floor assembly, crawl space
b/t stories
3
Egress/exit, other
Assembly area without fixed seats - 100+
persons
Dining room, cafeteria, bar area, beverage
service
Heating room or area, water heater area
1
(blank)
146
Engine area, running gear, wheel area
45
Outside area, other
3
Grand Total
2
1
1
409
Since 2009… in SC Schools
and Daycares
Average of Valid Response Time
Row Labels
Day care in residence, unlicensed.
Day care, in commercial property
Day care, in residence, licensed
Elementary school, including kindergarten
High school/junior high school/middle school
Preschool
Schools, non-adult
Grand Total
Grand Total
0:01:00
0:06:00
0:05:26
0:06:47
0:05:21
0:04:12
0:07:50
0:06:03
Since 2009… in SC Schools
and Daycares
Count of INC Type Category
Educational Property Type
Number of Fires by Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day care in residence, unlicensed.
1
Day care, in commercial property
3
8
4
Day care, in residence, licensed
Elementary school, including
kindergarten
High school/junior high school/middle
school
1
1
2
2
6 16 12
15
10
5
16 17 16 13
2
1
1
1
1
2
Schools, non-adult
4
5
2
2
5
35 38 41 33
1
5
3
4
4
6
49
2
1
1
1
1
12
8 20 14 19 11 12 10
153
15 11 7 15 11 16
Preschool
Grand Total
4 1
Grand
Total
1 2
1
1
2
1
3
9
9
2
1
155
16
1
23
41 24 30 39 36 36 29 27
409
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Educational Group E.
Educational Group E occupancy includes,
among others, the use of a building or
structure, or a portion thereof, by six or more
persons at any one time for educational
purposes through the 12th grade.
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Accessory to places of worship.
Religious educational rooms and religious
auditoriums, which are accessory to places of
religious worship in accordance with Section
508.3.1 of the International Building Code and
have occupant loads of less than 100, shall be
classified as Group A-3 occupancies.
IBC 508.3.1 Non-separated occupancies.
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Group E, day care facilities.
 This group includes buildings and structures
or portions thereof occupied by more than
five children older than 21/2 years of age who
receive educational, supervision or personal
care services for less than 24 hours per day.
 PERSONAL CARE SERVICE. The care of persons
who do not require medical care. Personal care
involves responsibility for the safety of the
persons while inside the building.
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Group E, day care facilities.
 Within a place of religious worship. Rooms
and spaces within places of religious worship
providing such care during religious functions
shall be classified as part of the primary
occupancy.
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Group E, day care facilities.
 Five or fewer occupants receiving care. A
facility having five or fewer persons receiving
custodial care shall be classified as part of the
primary occupancy.
 CUSTODIAL CARE. Assistance with day-to-day living
tasks, such as assistance with cooking, taking
medication, bathing, using toilet facilities and other
tasks of daily living. Custodial care includes persons
receiving care who evacuate at a slower rate and/or
who have mental and psychiatric complications.
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Group E, day care facilities.
 Five or fewer occupants receiving care in a
dwelling unit. A facility such as the above
within a dwelling unit and having five or
fewer persons receiving custodial care shall be
classified as a Group R-3 occupancy or shall
comply with the International Residential
Code.
IFC 202 - Occupancy Group E
 Institutional Group I-4, day care facilities.
This group shall include buildings and structures occupied
by more than five persons of any age who receive custodial
care for less than 24 hours by persons other than parents or
guardians, relatives by blood, marriage, or adoption, and in
a place other than the home of the person cared for. This
group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
Adult day care
Child day care
 Classification as Group E. A child day care facility that provides
care for more than five but no more than 100 children 21/2 years
or less of age, where the rooms in which the children are cared
for are located on a level of exit discharge serving such rooms and
each of these child care rooms has an exit door directly to the
exterior, shall be classified as Group E.
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
IFC CONSTRUCTION
REQUIREMENTS FOR
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
Fire Service Features
 503.1 Where required.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and
maintained in accordance with the following:

503.1.1 Buildings and facilities.
Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be
provided for every facility, building or portion of a
building hereafter constructed or moved into or
within the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access
road shall comply with the requirements of this
section and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720
mm) of all portions of the facility and all portions of
the exterior walls of the first story of the building as
measured by an approved route around the exterior
of the building or facility.
Fire Service Features
 503.1 Where required.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and
maintained in accordance with the following:
 Exception: The fire code official is authorized to
increase the dimension of 150 feet (45 720 mm)
where:
 1. The building is equipped throughout with an
approved automatic sprinkler
 2.Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed
because of location on property, topography,
waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar
conditions, and an approved alternative means of
fire protection is provided.
Fire Service Features
 503.1 Where required.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and
maintained in accordance with the following:

503.1.2 Additional access.
The fire code official is authorized to require more
than one fire apparatus access road based on the
potential for impairment of a single road by vehicle
congestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions
or other factors that could limit access.
Fire Service Features
 503.2 Specifications.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and
arranged in accordance with the following:
 503.2.1 Dimensions.
Fire apparatus access roads shall have an
unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096
mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved
security gates in accordance with Section 503.6, and
an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13
feet 6 inches (4115 mm).
Fire Service Features
 503.2 Specifications.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and
arranged in accordance with the following:
 503.2.2 Authority.
The fire code official shall have the authority to require an
increase in the minimum access widths where they are
inadequate for fire or rescue operations.
 503.2.3 Surface.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be designed and
maintained to support the imposed loads of fire
apparatus and shall be surfaced so as to provide allweather driving capabilities.
Fire Service Features
 503.2 Specifications.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and
arranged in accordance with the following:
 503.2.4 Turning radius.
The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access
road shall be determined by the fire code official.
 503.2.5 Dead ends.
Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150
feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an
approved area for turning around fire apparatus.
Fire Service Features
 503.2 Specifications.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and
arranged in accordance with the following:
 503.2.4 Turning radius.
The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access
road shall be determined by the fire code official.
 503.2.5 Dead ends.
Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150
feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an
approved area for turning around fire apparatus.
Fire Service Features
 503.2 Specifications.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and
arranged in accordance with the following:
 503.2.6 Bridges and elevated surfaces.
 503.2.7 Grade.
 503.2.8 Angles of approach and departure.
Fire Service Features
 504.3 Stairway access to roof.
New buildings four or more stories above grade
plane, except those with a roof slope greater than
four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33.3-percent
slope), shall be provided with a stairway to the roof.
Stairway access to the roof shall be in accordance
with Section 1009.13. Such stairway shall be marked
at street and floor levels with a sign indicating that
the stairway continues to the roof. Where roofs are
used for roof gardens or for other purposes,
stairways shall be provided as required for such
occupancy classification.
Fire Service Features
 506.1 Where required.
Where access to or within a structure or an area is
restricted because of secured openings or where
immediate access is necessary for life-saving or firefighting purposes, the fire code official is authorized
to require a key box to be installed in an approved
location. The key box shall be of an approved type
listed in accordance with UL 1037, and shall contain
keys to gain necessary access as required by the fire
code official.
Fire Service Features
 507.1 Required water supply.
An approved water supply capable of supplying
the required fire flow for fire protection shall be
provided to premises upon which facilities,
buildings or portions of buildings are hereafter
constructed or moved into or within the
jurisdiction.
Fire Service Features
 507.2 Type of water supply.
A water supply shall consist of reservoirs, pressure
tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or other fixed
systems capable of providing the required fire flow.
 507.2.1 Private fire service mains.
Private fire service mains and appurtenances shall be
installed in accordance with NFPA 24.
 507.2.2 Water tanks.
Water tanks for private fire protection shall be
installed in accordance with NFPA 22.
Fire Service Features
 507.3 Fire flow.
Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of
buildings and facilities shall be determined by an
approved method.
 507.4 Water supply test.
The fire code official shall be notified prior to the
water supply test. Water supply tests shall be
witnessed by the fire code official or approved
documentation of the test shall be provided to the
fire code official prior to final approval of the water
supply system.
Fire Service Features
 507.5.1 Where required.
Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter
constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction
is more than 400 feet (122 m) 500 feet (per State
modification) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus
access road, as measured by an approved route
around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site
fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where
required by the fire code official.
Exceptions: 2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved
automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section
903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet.
Fire Service Features
 510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in
new buildings.
All new buildings shall have approved radio
coverage for emergency responders within the
building based upon the existing coverage levels
of the public safety communication systems of
the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building.
This section shall not require improvement of the
existing public safety communication systems.
Fire Service Features
 510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in
new buildings.
All new buildings shall have approved radio
coverage for emergency responders within the
building based upon the existing coverage levels
of the public safety communication systems of
the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building.
This section shall not require improvement of the
existing public safety communication systems.
Fire Service Features
 510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in
new buildings.
All new buildings shall have approved radio
coverage for emergency responders within the
building based upon the existing coverage levels
of the public safety communication systems of
the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building.
This section shall not require improvement of the
existing public safety communication systems.
Fire Service Features
 1103.2 Emergency responder radio coverage in
existing buildings.
Existing buildings that do not have approved
radio coverage for emergency responders within
the building based upon the existing coverage
levels of the public safety communication
systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the
building, shall be equipped with such coverage
according to one of the following:
Emergency and Standby Power
 604.1 Installation.
Emergency and standby power systems required by
this code or the International Building Code shall be
installed in accordance with this code, NFPA 110 and
NFPA 111. Existing installations shall be maintained
in accordance with the original approval.
604.1.1 Stationary generators.
Stationary emergency and standby power
generators required by this code shall be listed in
accordance with UL 2200.
Emergency and Standby Power
 604.2 Where required.
Emergency and standby power systems shall be
provided where required by Sections 604.2.1
through 604.2.18.4.
 Emergency Power
Emergency Voice/Alarm in Group A
Exit Signs
Means of Egress Illumination
Emergency and Standby Power
 604.2 Where required.
Emergency and standby power systems shall be
provided where required by Sections 604.2.1
through 604.2.18.4.
 Standby Power
Smoke Control Systems
Accessible Means of Egress Elevators
Accessible Means of Egress Platform Lifts
Horizontal Sliding Doors
Automatic Sprinkler Systems
 903.2.3 Group E.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for
Group E occupancies as follows:
 1. Throughout all Group E fire areas greater than
12,000 square feet (1115 m2) in area.
 2. Throughout every portion of educational buildings
below the lowest level of exit discharge serving that
portion of the building.
Automatic Sprinkler Systems
 903.2.3 Group E.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for
Group E occupancies as follows:
Exception: An automatic sprinkler system is not
required in any area below the lowest level of exit
discharge serving that area where every classroom
throughout the building has at least one exterior exit
door at ground level.
Alternative Fire
Extinguishing Systems
Alternative Fire
Extinguishing Systems
 904.2.1 Commercial hood and duct systems.
Each required commercial kitchen exhaust hood and
duct system required by Section 609 to have a Type I
hood shall be protected with an approved automatic
fire-extinguishing system installed in accordance
with this code.
 609.2 Where required.
A Type I hood shall be installed at or above all
commercial cooking appliances and domestic
cooking appliances used for commercial purposes
that produce grease vapors.
Standpipe Systems
 905.1 General.
Standpipe systems shall be provided in new
buildings and structures in accordance with this
section. Fire hose threads used in connection with
standpipe systems shall be approved and shall be
compatible with fire department hose threads. The
location of fire department hose connections shall
be approved.
905.2 Installation standard.
Standpipe systems shall be installed in accordance
with this section and NFPA 14.
Standpipe Systems
 905.3.1 Height.
Class III standpipe systems shall be installed
throughout buildings where the floor level of the
highest story is located more than 30 feet (9144 mm)
above the lowest level of the fire department vehicle
access, or where the floor level of the lowest story is
located more than 30 feet (9144 mm) below the
highest level of fire department vehicle access.
Standpipe Systems
 1103.6.1 Existing multiple-story buildings.
Existing buildings with occupied floors located
more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) above the lowest
level of fire department access or more than 50
feet (15 240 mm) below the highest level of fire
department access shall be equipped with
standpipes.
Standpipe Systems
Exceptions:
 1. Class I standpipes are allowed in buildings
equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler
system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or
903.3.1.2.
Standpipe Systems
Exceptions:
 5. In determining the lowest level of fire department
vehicle access, it shall not be required to consider:
 5.1. Recessed loading docks for four vehicles or less,
and
 5.2. Conditions where topography makes access
from the fire department vehicle to the building
impractical or impossible.
Standpipe Systems
 905.3.2 Group A.
Class I automatic wet standpipes shall be provided in
nonsprinklered Group A buildings having an
occupant load exceeding 1,000 persons.
Exceptions:
 1. Open-air-seating spaces without enclosed spaces.
 2. Class I automatic dry and semiautomatic dry
standpipes or manual wet standpipes are allowed in
buildings that are not high-rise buildings.
Standpipe Systems
 905.3.4 Stages.
Stages greater than 1,000 square feet (93 m2) in area
shall be equipped with a Class III wet standpipe
system with 11/2-inch and 21/2-inch (38 mm and 64
mm) hose connections on each side of the stage.
Exception: Where the building or area is equipped
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, a 11/2
inch (38 mm) hose connection shall be installed in
accordance with NFPA 13 or in accordance with
NFPA 14 for Class II or III standpipes
Portable Fire Extinguishers
Portable Fire Extinguishers
 906.1 Where required.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in the
following locations.
 1. In new and existing Group A, B, E, F, H, I, M, R-1, R-2, R-4 and S
occupancies.
 2. Within 30 feet (9144 mm) of commercial cooking equipment.
 3. In areas where flammable or combustible liquids are stored, used
or dispensed.
 4. On each floor of structures under construction, except Group R-3
occupancies, in accordance with Section 3315.1.
 5. Where required by the sections indicated in Table 906.1. 6.
Special-hazard areas, including but not limited to laboratories,
computer rooms and generator rooms, where required by the fire
code official.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.2 Where required—new buildings and structures.
An approved fire alarm system installed in accordance
with the provisions of this code and NFPA 72 shall be
provided in new buildings and structures in accordance
with Sections 907.2.1 through 907.2.23 and provide
occupant notification in accordance with Section 907.5,
unless other requirements are provided by another
section of this code.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.2 Where required—new buildings and structures.
A minimum of one manual fire alarm box shall be
provided in an approved location to initiate a fire alarm
signal for fire alarm systems employing automatic fire
detectors or water-flow detection devices. Where other
sections of this code allow elimination of fire alarm boxes
due to sprinklers, a single fire alarm box shall be
installed.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.2.3 Group E.
A manual fire alarm system that initiates the occupant
notification signal utilizing an emergency voice/alarm
communication system meeting the requirements of
Section 907.5.2.2 and installed in accordance with
Section 907.6 shall be installed in Group E occupancies.
When automatic sprinkler systems or smoke detectors are
installed, such systems or detectors shall be connected
to the building fire alarm system.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.2.3 Group E.
Exceptions:
 1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in Group E
occupancies with an occupant load of 30 or less.
 2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required in Group E
occupancies where all of the following apply:
 2.1. Interior corridors are protected by smoke detectors.

2.2. Auditoriums, cafeterias, gymnasiums and similar areas are
protected by heat detectors or other approved detection devices.
2.3. Shops and laboratories involving dusts or vapors are
protected by heat detectors or other approved detection devices.
 3. Manual fire alarm boxes shall not be required in Group
E occupancies where the building is equipped throughout
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.2.3 Group E.
Exceptions:
 3. Manual fire alarm boxes shall not be required in Group
E occupancies where the building is equipped throughout
with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in
accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, the emergency
voice/alarm communication system will activate on
sprinkler water flow and manual activation is provided
from a normally occupied location.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.5.2.2 Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems.
Emergency voice/alarm communication systems
required by this code shall be designed and installed in
accordance with NFPA 72. The operation of any
automatic fire detector, sprinkler waterflow device or
manual fire alarm box shall automatically sound an alert
tone followed by voice instructions giving approved
information and directions for a general or staged
evacuation in accordance with the building’s fire safety
and evacuation plans required by Section 404.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.5.2.2 Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems.
907.5.2.2.1 Manual override.
A manual override for emergency voice communication
shall be provided on a selective and all-call basis for all
paging zones.
 907.5.2.2.2 Live voice messages.
The emergency voice/alarm communication system shall
also have the capability to broadcast live voice messages
by paging zones on a selective and all-call basis.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.5.2.2 Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems.
 907.5.2.2.3 Alternate uses.
The emergency voice/ alarm communication system
shall be allowed to be used for other announcements,
provided the manual fire alarm use takes precedence
over any other use.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.5.2.2 Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems.
 907.5.2.2.4 Emergency voice/alarm communication
captions.
Where stadiums, arenas and grandstands are required to
caption audible public announcements in accordance with
Section 1108.2.7.3 of the International Building Code, the
emergency/voice alarm communication system shall also
be captioned. Prerecorded or live emergency captions
shall be from an approved location constantly attended by
personnel trained to respond to an emergency.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.5.2.2 Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems.
 907.5.2.2.5 Emergency power.
Emergency voice/ alarm communications systems shall
be provided with an approved emergency power source.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.6 Installation.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with
Sections 907.6.1 through 907.6.5.2 and NFPA 72.
 907.6.1 Wiring.
Wiring shall comply with the requirements of NFPA 70
and NFPA 72. Wireless protection systems utilizing radiofrequency transmitting devices shall comply with the
special requirements for supervision of low-power
wireless systems in NFPA 72.
 907.6.2 Power supply.
The primary and secondary power supply for the fire
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.6 Installation.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with
Sections 907.6.1 through 907.6.5.2 and NFPA 72.
 907.6.2 Power supply.
The primary and secondary power supply for the fire
alarm system shall be provided in accordance with NFPA
72.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.6 Installation.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with
Sections 907.6.1 through 907.6.5.2 and NFPA 72.
 907.6.3 Zones.
Each floor shall be zoned separately and a zone shall not
exceed 22,500 square feet (2090 m2). The length of any
zone shall not exceed 300 feet (91 440 mm) in any
direction.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.6 Installation.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with
Sections 907.6.1 through 907.6.5.2 and NFPA 72.
 907.6.3.1 Zoning indicator panel.
A zoning indicator panel and the associated controls shall
be provided in an approved location. The visual zone
indication shall lock in until the system is reset and shall
not be canceled by the operation of an audible alarmsilencing switch.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 907.6 Installation.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with
Sections 907.6.1 through 907.6.5.2 and NFPA 72.
 907.6.5 Monitoring.
Fire alarm systems required by this chapter or by the
International Building Code shall be monitored by an
approved supervising station in accordance with NFPA 72.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 1103.7 Fire alarm systems.
An approved fire alarm system shall be installed in
existing buildings and structures in accordance with
Sections 1103.7.1 through 1103.7.7 and provide
occupant notification in accordance with Section
907.6 unless other requirements are provided by
other sections of this code.
Exception: Occupancies with an existing, previously
approved fire alarm system.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 1103.7 Fire alarm systems.
1103.7.1 Group E..
A fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group
E occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.3.
Exceptions:
 1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in a
building with a maximum area of 1,000 square feet
(93 m2) that contains a single classroom and is located
no closer than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from another
building.
Fire Alarm and Detection
Systems
 1103.7 Fire alarm systems.
1103.7.1 Group E..
A fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group
E occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.3.
Exceptions:
 2. A manual fire alarm system is not required in Group
E occupancies with an occupant load less than 50.
IFC CONSTRUCTION
REQUIREMENTS FOR
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
CONDUCTING FIRE
INSPECTIONS ON
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
Site Inspection
 505.1 Address identification.
New and existing buildings shall have approved
address numbers, building numbers or
approved building identification placed in a
position that is plainly legible and visible from
the street or road fronting the property.
Site Inspection
 Fire Apparatus Access Roads
 503.3 Marking.
Where required by the fire code official, approved
signs or other approved notices or markings that
include the words NO PARKING—FIRE LANE shall
be provided for fire apparatus access roads to
identify such roads or prohibit the obstruction
thereof. The means by which fire lanes are
designated shall be maintained in a clean and
legible condition at all times and be replaced or
repaired when necessary to provide adequate
visibility.
Site Inspection
 503 Fire Apparatus Access Roads
 503.4 Obstruction of fire apparatus access
roads.
Fire apparatus access roads shall not be
obstructed in any manner, including the
parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and
clearances established in Section 503.2.1 shall
be maintained at all times.
Site Inspection
 507 Fire Hydrant Systems
 507.5.4 Obstruction.
Unobstructed access to fire hydrants shall be
maintained at all times. The fire department shall
not be deterred or hindered from gaining
immediate access to fire protection equipment or
fire hydrants.
 507.5.5 Clear space around hydrants.
A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained
around the circumference of fire hydrants, except
as otherwise required or approved.
Site Inspection
 912 Fire Department Connections
 912.3 Access.
Immediate access to fire department
connections shall be maintained at all times
and without obstruction by fences, bushes,
trees, walls or any other fixed or moveable
object. Access to fire department connections
shall be approved by the fire chief.
Site Inspection
 304.1 Waste accumulation prohibited.
304.3.3 Capacity exceeding 1.5 cubic yards.
Dumpsters and containers with an individual
capacity of 1.5 cubic yards [40.5 cubic feet
(1.15 m3)] or more shall not be stored in
buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524 mm) of
combustible walls, openings or combustible
roof eave lines.
Site Inspection
 316.4 Obstructions on roofs.
Wires, cables, ropes, antennas, or other
suspended obstructions installed on the roof of a
building having a roof slope of less than 30
degrees shall not create an obstruction that is less
than 7 feet (2133 mm) high above the surface of
the roof.
Exceptions:
1. Such obstruction shall be permitted where the wire,
cable, rope, antenna or suspended obstruction is
encased in a white, 2-inch (51 mm) minimum diameter
plastic pipe or an approved equivalent.
Site Inspection
 316.4 Obstructions on roofs.
Wires, cables, ropes, antennas, or other
suspended obstructions installed on the roof of a
building having a roof slope of less than 30
degrees shall not create an obstruction that is less
than 7 feet (2133 mm) high above the surface of
the roof.
Exceptions:
2. Such obstruction shall be permitted where there is a
solid obstruction below such that accidentally walking
into the wire, cable, rope, antenna or suspended
obstruction is not possible. .
Plans and Records
 FIRE SAFETY AND EVACUATION PLANS
404.1 General.
Fire safety, evacuation and lockdown plans and
associated drills shall comply with the requirements of
Sections 404.2 through 404.5.1.
Plans and Records
 FIRE SAFETY AND EVACUATION PLANS
 Requires 3 plans:
 Fire Safety
 Evacuation
 Lock Down
 Each must be approved by the Fire Code Official
 404 has details of what must be included in each plan
 Must be updated annually
 Must be available and distributed to employees
 406 requires at least annual training on all the plans.
Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILLS
405.1 General.
Emergency evacuation drills complying with the
provisions of this section shall be conducted at least
annually in the occupancies listed in Section 404.2 or
when required by the fire code official. Drills shall be
designed in cooperation with the local authorities.
 405.2 Frequency.
Required emergency evacuation drills shall be held at
the intervals specified in Table 405.2 or more
frequently where necessary to familiarize all occupants
with the drill procedure.

Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILLS
Table 405.2
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
 Monthly Drills
 To include all building occupants
 408.3.1 First emergency evacuation drill.
The first emergency evacuation drill of each school
year shall be conducted within 10 days of the
beginning of classes.
Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILLS
 SC Code of Laws
 SECTION 59-63-910. Monthly fire drills required;
penalty.
All teachers or superintendents in charge of the schools of
the State which are supported in whole or in part by
taxation shall conduct fire drills at least once each month.
Any teacher or superintendent failing to observe the
provisions of this section shall be fined not less than ten
dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars for each offense.
Such fine shall be deducted from his salary and turned over
to the county treasurer for ordinary county purposes.
Plans and Records
 HAZARD COMMUNICATION
407.2 Material Safety Data Sheets.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for all hazardous
materials shall be either readily available on the
premises as a paper copy, or where approved, shall be
permitted to be readily retrievable by electronic
access.
 Required for materials that…

pose health or physical hazards,
 are not consumer products in consumer product packaging,
 not being used as intended by the consumer.
Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS
 604.4 Operational inspection and testing.
Emergency power systems, including all appurtenant
components shall be inspected and tested under load
in accordance with NFPA 110 and NFPA 111.
 NFPA 110 – Emergency and Standby Power Systems
 NFPA 111 – Stored Electrical Energy
Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS
 NFPA 110 – Emergency and Standby Power Systems
 Maintenance, Inspection and Testing:
 weekly inspection of the generator
 Monthly 30 Load testing
 Annual preventive maintenance per manufacturers
instructions.
Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS
 604.5 Emergency lighting equipment.
Emergency lighting shall be inspected and tested in
accordance with Sections 604.5.1 through 604.5.2.1.
 604.5.1 Activation test.
An activation test of the emergency lighting
equipment shall be completed monthly. The activation
test shall ensure the emergency lighting activates
automatically upon normal electrical disconnect and
stays sufficiently illuminated for a minimum of 30
seconds.
Plans and Records
 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS
 604.5 Emergency lighting equipment.
Emergency lighting shall be inspected and tested in
accordance with Sections 604.5.1 through 604.5.2.1.
 604.5.2 Power test.
For battery-powered emergency lighting, a power test
of the emergency lighting equipment shall be
completed annually. The power test shall operate the
emergency lighting for a minimum of 90 minutes and
shall remain sufficiently illuminated for the duration of
the test.
Plans and Records
 COMMERCIAL KITCHEN HOODS
 609.3.3.1 Inspection is required at least every 6
months.
 609.3.3.3 Records.
Records for inspections shall state the individual and
company performing the inspection, a description of
the inspection and when the inspection took place.
Records for cleanings shall state the individual and
company performing the cleaning and when the
cleaning took place. Such records shall be completed
after each inspection or cleaning, maintained on the
premises for a minimum of three years and be copied
to the fire code official upon request.
Plans and Records
 COMMERCIAL KITCHEN HOODS
 904.11.6.2 Extinguishing system service.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be serviced
at least every six months and after activation of the
system. Inspection shall be by qualified individuals,
and a certificate of inspection shall be forwarded to
the fire code official upon completion.
Plans and Records
 FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION
 703.1 Maintenance.
The required fire-resistance rating of fire-resistancerated construction (including walls, firestops, shaft
enclosures, partitions, smoke barriers, floors, fireresistive coatings and sprayed fire-resistant materials
applied to structural members and fire-resistant joint
systems) shall be maintained. Such elements shall be
visually inspected by the owner annually and properly
repaired, restored or replaced when damaged, altered,
breached or penetrated.
Plans and Records
 FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION
 703.1 Maintenance.
Where concealed, such elements shall not be required
to be visually inspected by the owner unless the
concealed space is accessible by the removal or
movement of a panel, access door, ceiling tile or
similar movable entry to the space.
 Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical
conduit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings and holes made for
any reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of
resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through fireresistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self- or
automatic-closing doors of approved construction meeting the
fire protection requirements for the assembly.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 901.6.1 Standards.
Fire protection systems shall be inspected, tested and
maintained in accordance with the referenced
standards listed in Table 901.6.1.
 901.6.2 Records.
Records of all system inspections, tests and
maintenance required by the referenced standards
shall be maintained on the premises for a minimum of
three years and shall be copied to the fire code official
upon request.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 Table 901.6.1.
SYSTEM
STANDARD
Portable fire extinguishers
NFPA 10
Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system
NFPA 12
Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing systems
NFPA 12A
Dry-chemical extinguishing systems
NFPA 17
Wet-chemical extinguishing systems
NFPA 17A
Water-based fire protection systems
NFPA 25
Fire alarm systems
NFPA 72
Mechanical smoke exhaust systems
NFPA 204
Smoke and heat vents
NFPA 204
Water-mist systems
NFPA 750
Clean-agent extinguishing systems
NFPA 2001
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 NFPA 10 – Portable Fire Extinguishers
 Monthly Inspections by the owner
 Annual Maintenance by qualified person
 NFPA 25 – Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of
Water Based Fire Protection Systems
 Monthly, Quarterly, and Annual Inspections
 Quarterly, Annual and multi-year tests
 Annual Maintenance
 All by persons deemed qualified by owner and AHJ.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 NFPA 25 – Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
of Water Based Fire Protection Systems
 Sprinkler Systems
 Monthly, Quarterly, and Annual Inspections
 Quarterly, Annual and multi-year tests
 Annual Maintenance
 All by persons deemed qualified by owner and
AHJ.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 NFPA 25 – Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
of Water Based Fire Protection Systems
 Standpipes
 Monthly, Quarterly, and Annual Inspections
 Quarterly, Annual and multi-year tests
 Annual Maintenance
 All by persons deemed qualified by owner and
AHJ.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 NFPA 25 – Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
of Water Based Fire Protection Systems
 Fire Hydrants
 Annual Inspection, Test, and Maintenance
 By persons deemed qualified by the owner and
the AHJ.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 NFPA 25 – Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
of Water Based Fire Protection Systems
 Fire Pumps
 Weekly and Annual inspection, test and
maintenance requirements
 By persons deemed qualified by the owner and
AHJ.
Plans and Records
 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
 Fire Alarm Systems
 NFPA 72
 Weekly, Monthly and Annual Inspection, Testing
and Maintenance requirements.
 By persons deemed qualified by the owner and
AHJ.
Plans and Records
 List of all Documentation that you need:
1.
Approved Fire Safety, Evacuation, and Lock Down Plans
2. MSDS Sheets if any are required
3.
Fire Drill Records
4. Emergency Generator Maintenance, Testing, and
Inspection records (NFPA 110)
5. Emergency lights – Monthly and Annual Tests
6. Commercial Kitchen Hood Duct Inspections
7.
Commercial Kitchen Hood Extinguishing System Service
8. Fire Rated Walls – Inspected and repaired annually
Plans and Records
 List of all Documentation that you need:
9. Horizontal and Vertical sliding or rolling fire doors to be
tested annually
10. Fire Extinguisher Maintenance and Inspection (NFPA 10)
11. Fire Sprinkler System Inspection, Testing and Maintenance
reports (NFPA 25)
12. Standpipe Inspection, Testing and Maintenance reports
(NFPA 25)
13 Private Fire Service Mains, Tanks, and Hydrants Inspection,
Testing, and Maintenance reports (NFPA 25)
14. Fire Alarm Inspection, Testing and Maintenance reports
(NFPA 72)
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 FIRE ALARM AND DETECTION SYSTEMS
 907.8.1 Maintenance required.
Whenever required for compliance with the
provisions of this code, devices, equipment,
systems, conditions, arrangements, levels of
protection or other features shall thereafter
be continuously maintained in accordance
with applicable NFPA requirements or as
directed by the fire code official.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER
SYSTEMS
 604.3 Maintenance.
Emergency and standby power systems shall
be maintained in accordance with NFPA 110
and NFPA 111 such that the system is capable
of supplying service within the time specified
for the type and duration required.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 MEANS OF EGRESS
 1030.2 Reliability.
Required exit accesses, exits and exit
discharges shall be continuously maintained
free from obstructions or impediments to full
instant use in the case of fire or other
emergency when the building area served by
the means of egress is occupied. An exit or exit
passageway shall not be used for any purpose
that interferes with a means of egress.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 MEANS OF EGRESS
 1030.6 Finishes, furnishings and decorations.
Means of egress doors shall be maintained in such a
manner as to be distinguishable from the adjacent
construction and finishes such that the doors are
easily recognizable as doors. Furnishings,
decorations or other objects shall not be placed so as
to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom,
or visibility thereof. Hangings and draperies shall not
be placed over exit doors or otherwise be located to
conceal or obstruct an exit. Mirrors shall not be
placed on exit doors. Mirrors shall not be placed in or
adjacent to any exit in such a manner as to confuse
the direction of exit.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 MEANS OF EGRESS
 1008.1.9 Door operations.
Except as specifically permitted by this
section egress doors shall be readily openable
from the egress side without the use of a key
or special knowledge or effort..
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 DECORATIVE MATERIALS
 807.1 General requirements.
In occupancies in Groups A, E, I and R-1, and
dormitories in Group R-2, curtains, draperies,
hangings and other decorative materials
suspended from walls or ceilings shall meet
the flame propagation performance criteria
of NFPA 701 in accordance with Section 807.2
or be noncombustible.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 DECORATIVE MATERIALS
 807.4.1 General.
All of the following requirements shall apply to all Group A
and E occupancies and Group I-4 day care facilities
regulated by Sections 807.4.2 through 807.4.4:
 1. Explosive or highly flammable materials. Furnishings or
decorative materials of an explosive or highly flammable
character shall not be used.
 2. Fire-retardant coatings. Fire-retardant coatings in
existing buildings shall be maintained so as to retain the
effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions
encountered in actual use.
 3. Obstructions. Furnishings or other objects shall not be
placed to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom
or visibility thereof.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 DECORATIVE MATERIALS
 807.4.3 Group E.
The requirements in Sections 807.4.3.1 and 807.4.3.2 shall
apply to occupancies in Group E. 807.4.3.1
 Storage in corridors and lobbies.
Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors
and lobbies.
Exceptions:
 1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system
installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
 2. Corridors protected by an approved smoke detection system
installed in accordance with Section 907.
 3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress
width is maintained.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 DECORATIVE MATERIALS
 807.4.3.2 Artwork.
Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on
the walls of corridors to not more than 20 percent of
the wall area.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, WIRING, AND
HAZARDS
 605.4 Multiplug adapters.
Multiplug adapters, such as cube adapters,
unfused plug strips or any other device not
complying with NFPA 70 shall be prohibited.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, WIRING, AND
HAZARDS
 605.5 Extension cords.
Extension cords and flexible cords shall not
be a substitute for permanent wiring.
Extension cords and flexible cords shall not
be affixed to structures, extended through
walls, ceilings or floors, or under doors or
floor coverings, nor shall such cords be
subject to environmental damage or physical
impact. Extension cords shall be used only
with portable appliances.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION
 703.2 Opening protectives.
Opening protectives shall be maintained in an
operative condition in accordance with NFPA 80.
Where allowed by the fire code official, the
application of field-applied labels associated with
the maintenance of opening protectives shall follow
the requirements of the approved third-party
certification organization accredited for listing the
opening protective. Fire doors and smoke barrier
doors shall not be blocked or obstructed, or
otherwise made inoperable. Fusible links shall be
replaced promptly whenever fused or damaged. Fire
door assemblies shall not be modified.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION
 703.2.2 Hold-open devices and closers.
Hold-open devices and automatic door closers,
where provided, shall be maintained. During the
period that such device is out of service for
repairs, the door it operates shall remain in the
closed position.
 703.2.3 Door operation.
Swinging fire doors shall close from the full-open
position and latch automatically. The door closer
shall exert enough force to close and latch the
door from any partially open position.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 COMBUSTIBLE WASTE MATERIAL
 304.1 Waste accumulation prohibited.
Combustible waste material creating a fire
hazard shall not be allowed to accumulate in
buildings or structures or upon premises.
Routine Inspections / Common
Violations
 COMBUSTIBLE WASTE MATERIAL
 304.3.3 Capacity exceeding 1.5 cubic yards.
Dumpsters and containers with an individual capacity of
1.5 cubic yards [40.5 cubic feet (1.15 m3)] or more shall
not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet (1524
mm) of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof
eave lines.
Exceptions:
 1. Dumpsters or containers in areas protected by an approved
automatic sprinkler system installed throughout in accordance
with Section 903.3.1.1, 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3.
 2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where the
structure is of Type I or IIA construction, located not less than
10 feet (3048 mm) from other buildings and used exclusively
for dumpster or container storage.
CONDUCTING FIRE
INSPECTIONS ON
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES
SC BOARD OF EDUCATION
OFFICE OF SCHOOL
FACILITIES
RESPONSIBILITIES AND
REQUIREMENTS
SC BOARD OF EDUCATION
OFFICE OF SCHOOL
FACILITIES
RESPONSIBILITIES AND
REQUIREMENTS
Nathan Ellis
[email protected]
864-812-5183
South Carolina
Fire Marshal Quarterly Training
4th Quarter 2014
EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCIES

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