20-Spitzer-NMEA-NewWave2014

Report
Canadian Institute
of
Marine Engineering
Vancouver Island Branch
February 20, 2014
Steve Spitzer
NMEA Technical Director
[email protected]
425 417 8042
1
Agenda
1. Who is NMEA
2. Standards Update
1. NMEA 0183
2. NMEA 2000
3. NMEA OneNet
3. NMEA Training
4. NMEA Annual Conference
5. Questions
2
Global U.S. Non-Profit
• Membership-driven organization
• 633 members worldwide
• 40 countries represented
• Industry Associations
• Manufacturers
• Dealers
• Trade
• Boat Builders
• Shipyards
• Government
3
Members
Southwest
7%
Total 633
30%
Canada
Northwest
10%
International
23%
Gulf/Great Lakes
10%
Southeast
20%
Mid Atlantic
14%
New England
16%
4
Standards
NMEA Industry Collaboration
ABYC
GMDSS Task Force
RTCM
AEA
Korean Maritime University
SAE
ANSI
IEC TC 80
NMEA Category A Liaison
Electronic
Telecommunications
Research Institute –
South Korea
Bluetooth GNSS SIG
ICOMIA
USCG Engineering Center
BMEA
MEIPA
USCG R&D Center
FCC Marine Division
NMMA
5
Standards
NMEA Standards Development
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Accredited Developer
• Assures development is a repeatable and credible process
• Assures subject matter expert committee works
collaboratively
• Assures consensus is employed
Category A Liaison with IEC
6
NMEA Standards
NMEA 0183 Digital Interfaces
NMEA 0183 (IEC 61162-1)
NMEA 0183 High Speed (IEC 61162-2)
•
First Published in 1980
• Loran and Autopilot Manufacturer
• Version 3.01 published 2002
• Version 4.00 Published 2008
• Version 4.10 Published 2012
• Ship and Shore-based (AIS)
• NMEA 0183 ASCII based (sentence format)
7
NMEA Standards
NMEA 0183 Digital Interfaces
NMEA 0183 Collaboration
• 2013 Work Completed:
•
•
•
Inmarsat Safety Net Sentences – Completed
Man Over Board - MOB Sentence – Completed
AIS Sentences – Continual Evolution
• Works in Progress:
• New Regional GNSS Systems
• China:BeiDou Navigation Sat System
• India: Regional Nav Sat System (IRNSS)
Geo-Augmented Nav System (GAGAN)
• Japan:Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS)
• Heave Sentence
• COSPAS-SARSAT requirements
8
NMEA Standards
NMEA 0183
Implementations Worldwide
Shipboard
Terrestrial
9
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
• NMEA 2000 Standards Committee established in 1994
• Developed by more than 40 academic, industry
and international collaboration
•
Academia - Kansas and Oklahoma State, networking and
computer industry, marine electronic companies, U.S. Coast
Guard Research & Development Center
• Multi-national marine electronics committee under NMEA
guidance
• 5 years in development
10
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
• CAN (Controller Area Network) was chosen as the fundamental
protocol (Bosch and Intel)
• Proven, robust, noise immune, distributed real-time communications, bus
arbitration, priority messaging
• 1986 adopted by SAE J1939 (Society of Automotive Engineers)
• Adopted by ISO 11783 for agricultural machinery
• Beta tested 18 months under NMEA guidance
• U.S. Coast Guard
• Marine Electronics Manufacturers
• Furuno USA, JRC, Litton Marine, Navionics, Northstar, Raymarine, Simrad,
Teleflex, Trimble, Wood Freeman
• CAN Manufacturers
• Kvaser, Vector Can Tech
• 2001 commercially viable in U.S.
• 2008 adopted by IEC (61162-3)
11
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
NMEA 2000
NMEA 2000
NMEA 0183
Built for networking
Single talker, multiple listener
Standard cables & connectors
Bare wire connections
All devices can access
all network data
Limited network data access
Data is prioritized
Data is not prioritized
Gateway needed for
PC connection
Direct connection to
a PC serial port
Operates at 250k Bits / Second
Bandwidth limitations
(4,800 & 38,400)
12
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
• Message Database Architecture Follows International
Standards Organization (ISO) Convention
• The NMEA 2000 standard is based on ISO 11783 parts 3 and 5,
which is harmonized with SAE J1939.
• The conventions regarding bit and byte numbering are following
ISO 11783-3 and used by SAE J1939 and NMEA 2000 standards.
• Auto Addressing
• Bit by Bit Arbitration
• Priority messaging embedded
13
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
3 Type of cables / connectors using Open Devicenet Vendor
Association (ODVA) Specification
• Heavy Cable (8 Amps), Mid Cable (4 Amps) Light Cable (3
Amps)
• IP67 rated, 65 lb pull strength
• Key screw-on connectors
• Accepted by Lloyd’s Register
• Meets U.S.C.G. CFR 46 regulated vessel-wiring requirements
• Meets U.S.C.G. CFR 46 regulated vessel safety concerns
• Meets UL Class 2, UL 1677 oil resistance and NEC CL2
FT 4 flame rating specifications
14
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
3 Type of cables
Cable Name
Lite Cable
Mid Cable
Heavy Cable
Signal / Data Wire Gauge
24 AWG
20 AWG
18 AWG
Power Wire Gauge
22 AWG
16 AWG
15 AWG
Current Capacity**
3 Amps
4 Amps
8 Amps
Cable Resistance
.057 Ω per Meter
.015 Ω per Meter
.012 Ω per Meter
100 Meters
250 Meters
250 Meters
Max Backbone Length
15
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
Name
Pair
Color
Shield
Drain
Bare
NET-L
Data
Blue
NET-H
Data
White
NET-C
Power -
Black
NET-S
Power +
Red 16
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
NMEA 2000 Connectors (sample cut-away)
RED+ NET-S
BLACK – NET-C
(22 AWG min)
(22 AWG min)
Alignment
Key
Shield / Drain
(22 AWG min)
BLUE NET-L Data
(24 AWG min)
WHITE NET-H
Data
(24 AWG min)
17
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
18
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
Traditional
NMEA 2000
19
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
In-Line
Termination
Resistor
Location
Mast backbone
cable
Standard Termination Resistor
20
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
Terminating
Resistor is
molded into the
manufacturer’s
connector
In-Line
Terminating
Resistor
21
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
M A S T N A V IG A T IO N
LIG H T
M A IN D C C IR C U IT
BREAKER PANEL
Traditional
U P P E R H E LM
S W IT C H P A N E L
LO W E R H E LM
S W IT C H P A N E L
S T B D N A V IG A T IO N
LIG H T
W IN D LA S S
T R IM T A B S
BATTERY BANK
22
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
NMEA 2000
M A ST N A VIG A TIO N
LIG H T
U PPER H ELM
SC I M O D U LE

F/B R ID G E
O I M O D U LE
LO W ER H ELM
SC I M O D U LE
W IN D LA SS

N M EA 2000 B A C K BO N E

T R IM TA BS

FW D C BN
O I M O D U LE
A FT
O I M O D U LE
B A T TER Y B A N K
23
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
Law Enforcement Vessel
24
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
NMEA 2000
 Purpose: To Provide Assurance that NMEA 2000 Products
Interoperate Cooperatively
 NMEA 0183 No industry Certification
 IMO Requires Manufacturers to Submit Their Products to an
Independent Test Organization for Type Approval
 Manufacturer Tests NMEA 2000® Products Using a Common
Test Tool and Submits Test Results to NMEA for Validation
25
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
Product Certification
• All products are certified
• Minimum mandated requirements
• Behave in a known and predictable manner
• Expose any flaws or weaknesses in the protocol implementation
• Certification tool
• Hardware: CAN interface device for a PC
• Software : test procedure as in Appendix C
• 40 manual tests
• 60 automated tests in 25 functional categories
26
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
IEC 61162-3 is NMEA 2000
• NMEA and IEC TC 80 Working Group 6 collaborated
to meet the specific SOLAS requirements
• Redundant network interface circuits
• Dual network
27
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
• IEC 61162-3 Redundancy Example (1)
Heading
Device #1
Heading
Device #2
BUS 1
BUS 2
Heading
Device #3
Speed Log
Device #2
GPS
Device #1
Speed Log
Device #1
GPS
Device #2
AIS
Device #1
61162-1
Class 2
ECDIS
AIS
Device #2
28
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
• IEC 61162-3 Redundancy Example (1)
Heading
Devic e #2
B US 1
Class 2
Class 2
Class 2
Class 2
Class 2
Heading
GP S
A IS
S peed Log
E CDIS
Devic e #1
Devic e #1
Devic e #1
B US 2
Heading
Devic e #3
GP S
Devic e #2
A IS
Devic e #2
29
NMEA Standards
NMEA 2000 Digital Interfaces
• 2013 Work Completed:
•
•
•
•
•
Power Generation - Power Distribution
Water Maker PGN
Man Over Board PGN
Channel Source PGN
Heartbeat PGN
• Works in Progress:
• New Regional GNSS Systems
• China:BeiDou Navigation Sat System
• India: Regional Nav Sat System (IRNSS)
Geo-Augmented Nav System (GAGAN)
• Japan:Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS)
• Heave Message
• Safety Net Message
• COSPAS-SARSAT requirements
30
NMEA OneNet
NMEA on IP
NMEA OneNet
Staying Ahead of the Curve
Internet of Things (IoT)
IPv6
Internet Applications
© 2013 NMEA
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet
• Draft Standard / Not for Publication
• NMEA 2000 (NMEA Network) Messages over IP
• Provides Common Infrastructure
• Standard Ethernet Protocol (IEEE 802.3)
• Utilize Standard Internet Protocol (IP) Addressing
•IPv6
• DOES NOT REPLACE NMEA 2000
• Compliments NMEA 2000
32
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
• Key Features
• Speed: up to 10 gigabit – > 40,000 times NMEA 2000
• Scalability: backbones may be other media such as such as
Fiber
• More Devices: IPv6 support essentially unlimited
• NMEA 2000 - 52
• More Power – POE will provide a minimum 15.4 Watts
• Video – Uses internationally recognized standards
• Utilizes NMEA Network (aka2000 Appendix B) Message
Database
33
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
• Internet of Things (IoT)
34
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
• Internet of Things (IoT)
35
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
• Internet of Things (IoT)
36
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet
37
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
IPv4
IPv6
Deployed
1981
1999
Address size
32-bit number
128 bit number
Address Format
Number of
Addresses
Dotted Decimal Notation
Hexadecimal Notation
192.149.252.76
3FFE:F200:0234:AB00:
0123:4567:8901:ABCD
232 4,294,967,296
2128
340,282,366,920,938,
463,463,374,607,431,
38
768,211,456
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
Why IPv6?
• Global movement underway
• Service providers IPv6 enable today
• Support of multiple IP addresses per 1 MAC Address
• More efficient addressing and routing
• Embedded security
• Enhanced quality of services
39
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
Why IPv6?
• Eliminate legacy addressing issues later
• Avoid cost of dual stack implementations
• Manufacturers use “off the shelf” protocols
• Provides a platform for new and yet-to-be imagined services
for vessels
• Allows OneNet to ride this wave into the future
40
NMEA Standards
NMEA OneNet Digital Interfaces
Current Internet Applications
• Discovery Services
• Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP)
• Bonjour (mDNS)
• Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)
• Internationally Recognized Video & Audio Standards
• OneNet Device Certification
• Model NMEA 2000
41
42
NMEA Standards
NMEA 0400 Installation Standard
• Globally recognized maritime installation
standard for marine electronics
• Added value for boat owners
• Quality assurance from dealers and manufacturers
• Fewer claims; fewer problems
• Better workmanship; improved reliability
• Reduction in warranty work
• Major revision work – Publishing Q 2 2014
•
Previous Version published 2010
43
Professional Development
• NMEA Certificate Training Courses
• Marine Electronics Installer Course (MEI)
• Advanced MEI Course (AMEI)
• NMEA 2000 Course
• Certified Marine Electronics Technician (CMET)
• 2600+ technicians and installers trained since 2006
• Domestic and International
United Kingdom, South Korea, Sweden, Norway, Poland and Netherlands
44
Marine Electronics Journal
•
•
•
•
•
Is the trade magazine of the NMEA
A wholly owned subsidiary
Annual Buyers Guide
Bi-monthly, high quality print edition
Digital version has searchable digital editorial
www.marineelectronicsjournal.com
45
NMEA Annual Conference
October 8 – 11, 2014
Sanibel Island,
Florida
Marriot Resort
Full agenda of training,
technical seminars,
manufacturer exhibits
and networking events
46
Thank You
Any questions?
Steve Spitzer
[email protected]
47

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