Map-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups

Report
MAP-21 and Beyond:
A Status Report from
AASHTO Work Groups
November
Overview
• AASHTO’s Implementation Work Groups:
Status Reports
• FY 2013 Appropriations, CR and
Sequestration
• Beyond MAP-21: Reauthorization Plans
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
MAP-21 Implementation Work Groups:
Focal point for Implementation and Beyond
•
•
•
•
Finance
Project Delivery
Freight
Performance
Measures
• Asset Management,
Performance-Based
Planning and
Programming
• Safety
• Highways
• Transit
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
MAP-21 Implementation Work
Groups
Charge:
• Evaluate MAP 21
• Identify and provide
recommendations on
implementation issues
• Identify State DOT
implementation support
needs
• Provide internal technical
support
Products:
• Guidance Issues &
meetings with U.S. DOT
• Work Group MAP 21
Assessments of
Provisions, Questions &
Issues
• AASHTO-wide webinar;
• BOD briefing
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Work Group Reports
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Finance Work Group
Michael Bridges, LA DOTD
AASHTO
Jack Basso
Joung Lee
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Finance Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
Fund a $565 billion multimodal program
Distribute at least 90% of highway funds to the States by formula
through core programs
Maintain Mass Transit Account and 80-20 funding split on fuel taxes
Limit or eliminate earmarks
Expand TIFIA
Provide greater flexibility for tolling
Ensure budgetary firewalls and funding guarantees for all modes
Give special consideration to projects of regional or national
significance
Provide funding for testing of VMT-based funding approaches
MAP-21
Finance
Implementation Recommendations
TIFIA
• Eligibility
 Extend rural project eligibility to all projects where any portion falls in
a rural area
• Application Process
 Collect the $100,000 fee on receipt of application, not letter of interest
 Provide clarity to ensure better understanding of the application
process
 Permit joint or separate TIFIA applications for multi-state projects with
shared/common pledge of revenues
 Consider projects from pre-MAP-21 application process without
requiring new application
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Finance
Implementation Recommendations
TIFIA
• Project Evaluation
 Clarify the project evaluation criteria especially
objective/measurable determination of public
interest
 Use 49% cost share as starting point for evaluation
instead of 33%
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Project Delivery Work Group
Tim Hill, Ohio DOT
AASHTO
Shannon Eggleston
Jim McDonnell
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Project Delivery Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Full Environmental and CE Delegation
Recommendations
Delegation-Lite
Project Level Conformity
Use of Planning Documents in NEPA
Combined FEIS and ROD
Effect of Lead Agency Decisions
Timing of Permit Decisions
Programmatic Approaches to Compliance/
Other Process Recommendations
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Project Delivery Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
One USDOT Lead Agency
Categorical Exclusion
Recommendations
Special Experimental Integrated
Planning Program
Funds for Early ROW Acquisition and
Corridor Preservation
Contracting Recommendations
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Project Delivery
Key Implementation Issues
•
•
•
•
New/modified Categorical Exclusions
Planning and NEPA linkages
Environmental Review Process Schedule
Final Environmental Impact Statement
(FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD)
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Project Delivery
AASHTO Recommendations
• Categorical Exclusions
 Emergency projects: allow for safety and infrastructure
adaptation upgrades.
 Projects in existing “operational right-of-way” – use statutory
definition
• Planning/NEPA Linkages: Preserve flexibility existing
prior to MAP-21
• Environmental review process schedule: Clarify that a
coordination plan is not required to contain a schedule
• FEIS/ROD: Consult with State DOTs on definitions of
“minor” and “substantial change”
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Freight Work Group
Rich Biter, Florida DOT
AASHTO
Leo Penne
Chris Smith
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Freight Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Establish National Freight Network
Create $60 billion dedicated Freight
Program from new revenue sources
Authorize multi-state freight corridor
organization program
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Freight
Key Implementation Issues
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
State Freight Plans—Increased Fed Match
National Freight Network Designation
National Freight Performance Measures
National Freight Strategy
Critical Rural State Freight Corridors
State Freight Advisory Committees
Investment Data/Planning Tools
Freight Conditions/Performance Reports
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Freight
Recommendations
• Accept state plans for increased fed match
/adopt rule consistent with law
• Provide process for state input to national
freight network and national freight
strategic plan
• Adopt AASHTO/FHWA freight
performance measures/collaborative
process for implementation
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Performance Measures
Work Group
Paul Degges, TDOT
AASHTO
Matt Hardy
Tony Kane
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Performance Measures Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Performance measures should not be used to apportion or
allocate funds
Focus on achieving progress toward a few national goals
Limited set of performance measures developed by
cooperation
Targets established by States without approval of U.S. DOT
Require regular public reports but no sanctions or penalties
to punish or reward States
&
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Performance Measures
Key Implementation Issues
• Defining a limited set of appropriate and credible
performance measures
• Address six issues:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Is the measure focused?
Has it been developed in partnership?
Is it maintainable to accommodate changes?
Can it be used to support investment decisions, policy
making and target setting?
5. Can the measure be used to analyze performance trends?
6. Has the feasibility and practicality to collect, store and report
data been considered?
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Performance Measures
Recommendations
• Safety (five-year moving average for all)




Number of Fatalities
Fatality Rate
Number of Serious Injuries
Serious Injury Rate
• Pavement Condition
 Interstate and Non-Interstate Pavement in Good, Fair and Poor
Condition based on the International Roughness Index
 Pavement Structural Heath Index (Future)
• Bridges
 Percent of Deck Area on Structurally Deficient Bridges
 NHS Bridges in Good, Fair and Poor Condition based on Deck Area
(Future)
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Performance Measures
Recommendations
• Freight
 Annual Hours of Truck Delay
 Truck Reliability Index
• System Performance
 Annual Hours of Delay
 Reliability Index
• Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality
 Criteria Pollutant Emissions
 Annual Hours of Delay (AHD)
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Statewide and Metropolitan Planning
Work Group
Tim Henkel, MNDOT
AASHTO
Matt Hardy
Jennifer Brickett
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Planning Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Strengthen recognition the federal-aid highway program is a
federally assisted, state-administered program
Maintain existing balance of authority
Continue broad flexibility in planning procedures
Avoid new administrative burdens
Incorporate performance-based planning and programming
aspects
Maintain separation between planning requirements and
discretionary grant programs
Streamline fiscal constraint
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Statewide and
Metropolitan Planning
• Work with individual States in developing a
plan update cycle that is least disruptive to the
existing process
• Minimize duplication, eliminate conflicts, and
streamline planning and reporting requirements
for LRP, Asset Management Plan, SHSP,
CMAQ and STIP
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Performance-based Planning
• States will address national-level measures, but will
use many other criteria in selecting projects,
developing programs, etc.
• Work with the States in defining the criteria that will be
used to evaluate “…the effectiveness of the
performance-based planning processes of States.”
 Do not be prescriptive about what a performance-based
planning process is. Rather, define critical elements.
• Performance must be more than just making progress
towards the national-level measures.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Asset Management
• Avoid forcing states into a worst-first approach
 Need to balance risk reduction, public involvement,
and customer expectations
• Develop guidance on the Transportation Asset
Management Plan (TAMP) development
process
• Provide States with maximum flexibility in
defining risk within their State as part of a riskbased TAMP
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transportation Alternatives
and CMAQ
• Transportation Alternatives
 Ensure flexibility in the competitive grant process at
the state level is in order
 Do not require a specific process or steps
• CMAQ
 Ability to use CMAQ for Highway and Transit
Operations Activities
 Discontinue the 3-year limitation.
 Enable states to use federal funds to support
highway and transit operations on an ongoing basis.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Safety Work Group
Tom Cole, ID DOT
AASHTO
Tony Kane
Kelly Hardy
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Safety Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Increased safety funding
Streamlined, flexible programs
Strengthened Strategic Highway
Safety Plans
Incentives instead of sanctions
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Safety
Key Implementation Issues
• Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSPs)
 Update process and schedule
• Coordination with Highway Safety Offices
and other safety partners
 SHSPs
 Performance measures and targets
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Safety
Recommendations
• Flexibility
 States should define their own SHSP update process
and timeframe
 Update cycles should be no longer than 5 years
 “Effective” behavioral programs should account for
differences among states
 Guidance on use of HSIP funds for data
improvements should recognize differences in state
laws related to use of federal funds off the state
system
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Highways Work Group
Carlos Braceras, Utah DOT
AASHTO
Tony Kane
Jim McDonnell
Keith Platte
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Highways Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Expand Flexibility in Tolling on
Interstate System (Topic II.1.4)
Transferability between Interstate
Maintenance, NHS and Bridge
Programs. (Topic II.1.5)
Study to re-examine definition of
Interstate and NHS (Topic II.2.1)
Expand flexibility in Bridge Program
(Topic II.2.4)
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Highways
Key Implementation Issues
• Expansion of NHS
 Expanded from 160,000 miles to 220,000 miles
 NHS requirements now apply to many more facilities
• National Highway Performance Program
 Penalties for “Interstate System and NHS Bridge
Conditions” section are inconsistent with an asset
management approach
• Highway Worker Safety
 Detailed statutory requirements regarding the use of
positive protection (i.e., barriers)
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Highways
Key Implementation Issues
• Project Approval and Oversight
 Life-cycle cost analysis requirement
• Tolling
 Inter-operability of toll systems across the country is
required within 4 years
• Buy America
 Provisions now apply to all contracts associated with
a given project, regardless of whether federal funds
are involved
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Highways
Recommendations
• Expansion of NHS
 Streamline coordination and approval process for
determining appropriate NHS facilities
• National Highway Performance Program
 Focus on asset management approach, not “worst
first”
• Highway Worker Safety
 Flexibility is vital
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Highways
Recommendations
• Project Approval and Oversight
 LCCA is a VE analysis tool and should not be the sole
basis for a final decision
• Tolling
 Allow flexibility by allowing “planning for interoperability” to meet the requirement
• Buy America
 At a minimum, exclude subcontracted tasks
 Work to address in next reauthorization
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transit Work Group
Ron Epstein, NY DOT
AASHTO
Shayne Gill
Jillian Linnell
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transit Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Recommendation: Provide operating assistance eligibility for small transit systems
in large urbanized areas.
Recommendation: Preserve a strong federal partnership.
Recommendation: Maintain a separate transit account within the HTF; preserve
the historical general fund contribution to transit.
Recommendation: Simplify and Streamline the current federal grant approval
process.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transit Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Recommendation: Preserve a “needs based” approach to the distribution of
formula funds
Recommendation: Streamline the Fixed Guideway Modernization Program by
replacing the current seven tier apportionment formula with a simpler two-tier
approach.
Recommendation: Formularize discretionary bus/bus facilities program funding.
Recommendation: Consolidate the New Freedom Program and eligible program
activities into Elderly Individuals/Individuals with Disabilities Program.
Recommendation: Consolidate the Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC)
Program and eligible program activities into the urbanized and rural formula
programs.
Recommendation: Streamline and simplify the New Starts Program review and
approval process.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transit Report Card
AASHTO Policy vs. MAP-21
AASHTO
MAP-21
Recommendation: Preserve 80 percent federal matching share for formula and
capital programs.
Recommendation: Amend Buy America to require that vehicle manufacturers selfcertify compliance to FTA.
Recommendation: Restore parity for pre-tax transit pass benefit (e.g., TransitChek)
with the current benefit level for parking.
Recommendation: Restore the gasoline gallon equivalent tax credit for alternative
fuel public transportation vehicles.
Recommendation: Amend the FTA Charter Rule to allow greater flexibility for
public transportation for special events/activities.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transit
Key Implementation Issues
• Mobility for Elderly Individuals/Individuals with Disabilities

Provide maximum administrative program flexibility by
authorizing large urbanized areas to transfer Section 5310
funding to states for statewide administration/programmatic
efficiency.
• State of Good-Repair (SGR)

Simplify and streamline the current grant approval process for
routine and recurring SGR activities (e.g., bus replacement,
preventive maintenance, track and signal
rehabilitation/replacement) so that benefits to the
system/system users accrue faster.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Transit
Key Implementation Issues
 Transit Safety & Asset Management

Utilize existing safety and security programs, such as the CTAA
Certified Safety and Security Officer program as the framework
for rural and specialized transportation systems.
 New Starts/Core Capacity

Grandfather projects currently in Final Design under SAFETEA-LU
New Start processes.
 Performance Measures/Target

Focus performance measures for rural and specialized systems at
a statewide level and limit the frequency of reporting and level
of detail for these extremely small systems.
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
LOOKING AHEAD
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
FY 2013 Appropriations, CR &
Sequestration
• FY 2013 Continuing Resolution
 6 months through March 27, 2013
 Flat obligation limit for Highways
 0.612% increase for transit
 Continued 6-month funding for USDOT, TIGER, Amtrak
• Outlook for FY 2013 Appropriations
• Sequestration
 Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Balanced Budget and Deficit
Control Act of 1985 exempts contract authority programs
 8.2% reduction in non-exempt, non-defense, discretionary
funding
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
Beyond MAP-21:
Reauthorization Plans
• AASHTO Work Groups
 Assess further policy needs and recommendations
• AASHTO Reauthorization Steering Committee
 February 27, 2013 - AASHTO Washington Briefing
 May, 2013 - AASHTO Spring Meeting
 October, 2013 – RSC Meeting
• AASHTO Board of Directors
 October, 2013 – Denver, Colorado
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups
For More Information
AASHTO MAP 21
Implementation Work Groups
http://map21.transportation.org
MAP-21 and Beyond: A Status Report from AASHTO Work Groups

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