Lesson 10 Surah Baqarah (Ayahs 49-59

Ayahs 49 – 59
• Last time we talked about the Bani Israel 
Commands and Prohibitions given to them
• Pray salaah; Give zakaah; bow down with
those who bow down
• Warning: Do you tell others to be religious and
forget to practice it yourselves?
• Seek help with patience and prayer
• Have Khushoo
• Bani Israel chosen nation of that time
Then we pardoned you
And when we gave
Moses the book Then we revived you
after your death
And we shaded
you with clouds
And we sent down upon
you manna and quails
And when we made and
appointment with Mosa (as)
for 40 nights
Remember My
We saved you from the people of Pharaoh
And drowned the people of
And when we parted
the sea for you
And when We said, "Enter this
city and eat from it wherever you
will in abundance
We will forgive your sins for you,
and We will increase the good doers
And [recall] when We saved your
forefathers from the people of Pharaoh,
who afflicted you with the worst torment,
slaughtering your [newborn] sons and
keeping your females alive. And in that was
a great trial from your Lord.
Ayah 49 Context
• The Bani Israel lived in Egypt for a long time in
prosperity but when they left the deen, they
were made into a slave nation
• Musa A.S. came to their rescue
• These favours were bestowed on the
ancestors of the Bani Israel
Firawn (Pharaoh)
• The title given to the
kings of ancient Egypt
• Had political and
religious authority
• Believed he was the
incarnation of some god
or God himself
• Could be Ramses the II of
the 19th dynasty
Ayah 49 - Roots
• Noon Jeem Wow – literally a place that’s
elevated; to help someone (Najaat)
• Seen Wow Meem – to take camels for
pasture; pursuing something in order to get it
– Imposing a difficult task/punishment/suffering
from humiliation and disgrace; you were like their
• Seen Wow Hamza – anything that a person
dislikes or is disturbing
Ayah 49 - Roots
• Aa’in Dhaal Baa – restricting; confined; its
called punishment because its restricts others
from doing anything (also applies to torture)
• Firawn made the Bani Israel do hard labor;
architectural work
• Dhaal Baa Haa – to slaughter an animal by
cutting off its head; killing people at a mass
scale; also includes planning
– Systematically killed their baby sons
Ayah 49 (More roots 
• Haa Yaa Yaa – to try and keep someone alive
(many words are derived from this root i.e.
• Baa Laam Wow – a difficult test; it could be
something evil OR a test through ease i.e. a
• Dhaalikaa: Refers to the 1. persecution of
Firawn or 2. being saved from the persecution
(Two Reasons)
They did not have the Deen, nor Dunya.
When We
Expiation of Sins  Higher Rank
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah
be upon him, said: “No tiredness,
exhaustion, worry, grief, distress or
harm befalls a believer in this world,
not even a thorn that pricks him, but
Allah expiates some of his sins
(Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Similarly, the trial upon the Muslim
Ummah today is from Allah
So that those who are sleeping can
wake up, understand their reality and
do those acts for which they were sent
upon this earth.
• Allah SWT tests people for different reasons –
what is MY reaction?
• Mass massacres have happened in the past as
well, and we are simply repeating history with
things that are currently happening (i.e.
• People who bully others are actually insecure
themselves – Do I put down other people
because of my own insecurities?
And [recall] when We parted the sea for
you and saved you and drowned the
people of Pharaoh while you were looking
Ayah 50 - Roots
• Faa Raa Qaaf – to divide something
• Baa Haa Raa – a large body of water; salty
water (i.e. the sea); Red Sea
• Gaain Raa Qaaf – to drown in water; Firawn’s
entire army drowned and the Bani Israel were
• Noon Dhaaw Raa – to look at something
before your eyes (you were looking at your
enemy drowning; looking with surprise)
• If Allah is with us, don’t Lose hope
• Only Allah can take us out of any difficulty
• Blessing – that a person sees end of his enemy
in front of his/her own eyes
• Drastic scene change– Firawn was the leader
and had power, but all of a sudden he lost it
And [recall] when We made an
appointment with Moses for forty nights.
Then you took [for worship] the calf after
him, while you were wrongdoers.
Ayah 51 - Roots
• Wow Aain Daal – A promise; making a
promise with each other. Appointment: 2
people agree to meet at a particular time and
– Musa A.S. promised Allah SWT that he would
come to get the Book (Torah)
• Mu (River); Sha (Tree); he was found in the
river by Firawn’s family
• Hamza Khaa Dhaal – adopted; seriously took
• Aain Jeem Laam – 1 month old baby calf
Ayah 51- Context
• Musa A.S. went to the Mount Tur to get the
Torah to educate his people because they had
forgotten their deen
• Why 40 nights? The Book of Allah is very
serious and sacred, therefore, it takes time to
understand the book.
• Called to a mountain to be in seclusion while
receiving the book
Ayah 51 - Context
• But while Musa A.S. was gone the Bani Israel
took up a calf for worship
• They made a calf out of gold; Samri collected
all of his gold and made the calf
• It was hollow and when the wind blew, it
would make a noise
• Harun A.S. (the brother of Musa A.S.) warned
them that they are being tested
Ayah 51
• Root: Dhaaw Laam Meem – 1. to deprive
someone of their right; to reduce in giving
their right and 2. to place something where it
does not belong
• Ex. Placing socks in the kitchen cabinet
• Bani Israel gave the right of worshipping to
someone else other than Allah SWT
• How can you worship something you created?
َ ُ ‫َظا‬
By Associating
partners with
By not
listening to
the Messenger
Do we notice the favors of
Think of the latest blessing
you have received 
• Appointment for 40 nights; in order to gain
something valuable you have to give time in
order to grasp it
• If we are not focused, we cant achieve our
goals; example: when studying for exams, we
live in the library, so how serious are we about
studying the Qu’ran?
• Some say if Musa A.S. hadn’t left then they
wouldn’t have done shirk, but Harun A.S. was
still there  these are tests
Then We forgave you after that so
perhaps you would be grateful.
Ayah 52 - Roots
• Aaain Faa Wow – to forgive; wiped off; not
take revenge no matter how big or small the
wrongdoing may be
• While they were worshipping the calf, they
were not punished for it
• Sheen Kaaf Raa – to express gratitude
َ ‫ت َ ْش ُك ُر‬
The fact that Allah forgives is a great blessing
• Afw – to forgive those who had fault; do I
forgive first even if it wasn’t my fault?
• Even if its a Major Sin, Allah forgives sins as
long as u repent
And [recall] when We gave Moses the
Scripture and criterion that perhaps you
would be guided.
Ayah 53 - Roots
• Faa Raa Qaaf – that which separates; over
here refers to the Torah because it
distinguished between right and wrong
• Furqan:
– 1. Could be the Torah; adjective to describe the
– 2. Something other than the Torah: the help and
victory from Allah SWT that separated them from
Firawn; miracles given to Musa A.S. that showed
who was true and who wasn’t
– 3. Splitting of the sea
Ayah 53 - Roots
• Haa Daal Yaa – over here its knowledge of the
deen; the reason behind sending the Book is
for guidance
• The revelation of a scripture is also a big
• The purpose of sending a scripture is for
telling us what’s right and wrong; what is
• The Qu’ran should not be just something
that’s read and put on a shelf or just
And [recall] when Moses said to his people, "O
my people, indeed you have wronged
yourselves by your taking of the calf [for
worship]. So repent to your Creator and kill
yourselves. That is best for [all of] you in the
sight of your Creator." Then He accepted your
repentance; indeed, He is the Accepting of
repentance, the Merciful.
Ayah 54
• O MY People!  Musa A.S. says this out of
affection, not “O sinful people”, but he still
mentions the wrong they have done
• You have wronged yourselves (when we
commit a sin, its harming only ourselves)
• So you should repent (Tawbah)
• Baa Raa Raa – to create something flawlessly
and out of nothing
Ayah 54
• You all kill yourselves (interpretations):
• 1. They killed each other mercilessly and
without looking at family ties until Allah SWT
sent down His mercy
• 2. Those who had worshipped the calf were
supposed to kill each other
• 3. Those who did not do shirk were supposed
to kill those who worshipped the calf
Ayah 54 - Lessons
• Why such a harsh punishment?
• Kill each other because the ummah is like a
body (if one part starts doing shirk, then it will
spread and other people will start doing it as
• The greatness of the Bani Israel; their
repentance was difficult
• A serious sin (shirk) therefore, repentance was
also serious
Ayah 54
• At Tawaab – Allah SWT accepts repentance
even for great sins
• But part of reform is to compensate for their
• This was better for them
• Lesson: Sometimes a difficulty is put upon us,
but its actually better for us
Conditions of Tawbah
Leave the sin
the Sin
Reform (make up for the
Resolve (firmly intend
not to do it again)
Review the story of Bani Israel
Reflect and Share
Read ahead (Ayahs 55-59)
www.journeytothequran.com (Slides are
And [recall] when you said, "O Moses, we will
never believe you until we see Allah outright";
so the thunderbolt took you while you were
looking on.
Then We revived you after your death that
perhaps you would be grateful.
And We shaded you with clouds and sent down
to you manna and quails, [saying], "Eat from
the good things with which We have provided
you." And they wronged Us not - but they were
[only] wronging themselves.
• Shelter
• Food
• Security
• Shirk
• Disobedience
• Mockery
Bani Israel
And [recall] when We said, "Enter this
city and eat from it wherever you will in
[ease and] abundance, and enter the gate
bowing humbly and say, 'Relieve us of
our burdens.' We will [then] forgive your
sins for you, and We will increase the
doers of good [in goodness and reward]."
When Rasool Allah (s.a.w) was
asked about Ihsan, He said
“It is to worship Allah as though
you are seeing Him, and while
you see Him not yet truly He
sees you”
But those who wronged changed [those words]
to a statement other than that which had been
said to them, so We sent down upon those who
wronged a filthy punishment from the sky
because they were defiantly disobeying.
When Allah gives us victory, we should show
If we accomplish something, we shouldn’t be proud
over this, we should do Istighfaar

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