Mobile Number Portability in India

Report
Need of Number Portability
– Subscriber’s benefit:
– Convenience of customer to personalize the same number across the Operators, Locations
and Services. (No age for your number.)
– Better QOS, more features and services, better tariff plans for customers.
– No cost incurred to notify the new contact details to the others( friends, family, business…..)
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Operator ’s benefit:
Healthy competition and an opportunity to explore more services/features.
Operator with best QOS will gain the subscribers.
Introduction of innovative service.
– Regulatory’s benefit:
– A better means to facilitate the subscribers the best of services from different operators.
– Use this infrastructure to resolve Directory Number resource problems.
Number portability definition
• Number portability enables a subscriber to switch between
services, locations, or operators while retaining the original
mobile number, without compromising on quality,
reliability, services and operational convenience.
Number
Portability
Operator
Location
Service
Portability
Portability
Portability
FNP
MNP
MNP Terminologies related to network
Donor
Network
Recipient
Network
Originating
Network
NPDB
Originating Network
: Network of the calling party
Donor Network
: Previous subscription of Called party
Recipient Network : Present subscription of Called party
NPDB
: Number Portability Data Base (maintains
portability database and provides routing
instructions)
(ACQ) All call query- Direct routing method
•
NPDB
Network
LRN + B-MSISDN
Recipient
B-MSISDN
ORIG NW
•
LRN + B-MSISDN
Originating
Donor
Network
Network
•
Whenever the call is
originated, the
Originating n/w will
query its NPDB
NPDB will
acknowledge the
query by adding a
prefix (LRN) to the B
MSISDN if the B
MSISDN is ported
out.
Based on the prefix
(LRN) the
Originating n/w will
route the call to the
recipient n/w
without involving
the Donor network.
ACQ is called as direct routing as donor network will not be included during
entire call flow.
MNP architecture
National NPDB
Layer
MCH-Zone2
Syniverse
MCH-Zone1
Telecordia
SOAP/XML
MNP Provisioning
Layer (IT Domain)
NPGW
BOSS/BSCS
IP
MNP Provisioning
& Routing Process
Layer (Network Domain)
MML
STP-NEM
STP NPDB
STP NPDB
Service Process
Layer
MSC
Will be residing in MCH vendor premises
Will be residing in operator’s premises
HLR
SCP
SMSC
MMSC
IDP manipulation Method:
Different NPDB query methods are used for this inter-working. With current solution we are using following
methods:
IDP manipulation for pre-paid inter-working
SRF/MATF (Signaling Relay Function / Mobile Application Termination Function) for postpaid.
SRF (Signalling Relay Function) for SMS MT
IDP manipulation:
For pre-paid call or SMS, IDP message of OCSI and SMS-CSI is relayed from switch to
IN-SCP through MNP-STP.
MNP-STP puts RN before B-party number in IDP message, so that IN can do proper
charging on basis of RN.
If IN (SCP) responds to MSC (SSF) over CONNECT message same B-number with RN
can reach MSC and MSC can route call properly on basis of RN.
MSC doesn’t need to do NPDB query again for routing. So with IDP manipulation and
CONNECT operation both the purposes- proper charging by IN and routing by MSC –
gets fulfilled. If IN responses over CONTINUE message MSC need to do NPDB query
for routing like call cases for post-paid subscribers.
From MSC side, SCP GT needs to be routed to MNP-STP as DPC not to SCP itself.
SRF/MATF Method (call related)
SRF /MATF method is applicable only for MTC.
1) SRF method will be used for:
i) Own, not ported subscriber
ii) Ported in subscriber
iii) Own NDC, misdialling
2) MATF method will be used for:
i) Ported out subscriber
ii) Cross-ported subscriber
iii) Foreign not ported subscriber
Process on MNP
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World wide most of the operators have gone for STP based MNP architecture.
Idea has also planned to deploy Huawei STP’s to comply MNP.
Each STP will have the countrywide MNP database.
All OG calls, OG SMS, OG MMS will be sent to STP for MNP check.
There is no STP in Bihar circle. So Idea Bihar will access Delhi and UP west STP
by SIGTRAN connectivity.
M3UA link between Patna MSS1 and STP Delhi is created. Links are UP and
testing are in progress.
M3UA link creation between Patna MSS and STP Meerut is in progress.
LRN for Idea Bihar is 2100.
For non STP circles Idea have jotted down the scenarios which require MNP
check and which do not require MNP check. E.g. MT calls, Location update,
GPRS, USSD, Authentication etc do not require MNP check so we will not route
this traffic through STP.
Thus there will be direct connectivity between MSC-HLR for MT calls and
Location update, MSC-EIR for Authentication, MSC-SGSN for GPRS in non STP
circles.
As far as IN and SMSC is concerned, entire traffic will be routed through STP as
anyways this traffic has be extended to IN and SMSC location.
Network Architecture
Impact on Network due to MNP
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Mandatory STP inclusion.
MNP related features and HW in all core nodes, IN, SMSC etc.
– MSC has to populate LRN information in CDR’s.
– Entire B number table would be modified.
– IN has to understand the modified IDP msg coming from STP where called
party would be LRN+B MSISDN.
– IN has to charge based on LRN along with called party MSISDN.
Additional 25% signaling load will increase from the day1 of MNP launch.
Migration of all core elements on STP.
Changes in tariffs (RN based tariffs instead if MSISDN)
Software development required by IN Vendors, to send “CONNECT” message in
response to IDP query from STP. Connect message saves additional signaling
whereas Continue message does not.
Monitoring and interception related issues.
 Introduction
 TRAI Recommendations
 MNP solution overview
 Central side
 Operator side
 Proposed Operator side solutions
 Direct query to Centralized NPDB
 Local NPDB query
 TRAI Recommended routing solution –ACQ
 Porting Process
 Proposed RCOM solution
 MNP Call Scenarios
 Network Impact
 IT Requirement
 Business implications
 Regulatory issues
Introduction

Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
 Within the service area only.
 Subscribers can switch between the service providers irrespective of service
type (GSM / CDMA).
 Subscribers retain the same telephone numbers.
 MNP is mandated by regulatory, for all operators.
TRAI Recommendations - General
 Phased Implementation
 Phase 1 - Implementation in A category circles.
 Phase 2 - Implementation in Class B & C circles.
 Porting duration - 3 working days.
 Porting Approach – ‘Recipient-led’ porting.
 Subscriber approaches recipient for porting initiation.
 Ported out number usage
 Donor shall not use the ported-out number till it is in use by the subscriber.
 Number shall be reverted back to the Donor operator once surrendered by the
subscriber.
 Donor Operator is responsible for tracking the Quarantine period.
TRAI Recommendations - Technical
 Recommended Routing Solution – All Call Query (ACQ)
 Centralized NP database
 Repository for ported subscriber’s information.
 Centrally or Regionally located.
 NPDB query methodology
 Direct query to centralized NP database.
 Local (Operator) NP database query.
 Routing prefix
 Uniquely identify recipient operator, technology (GSM/CDMA) and service area.
TRAI Recommendations - Administrative
 Centralized clearing House (CCH)
 Administered by a neutral third party.
 Responsible for –
 Negotiation between donor & recipient operator during porting.
 Central NP database administration
 Capital & operational cost of CCH is borne by all the operators.
 Steering committee is responsible for –


Tariff transparency.
Implementation, operational & administrative issues.
MNP solution Overview
Central side
Central
NPDB
Centralized
Clearing House
Operator side
Operator
Gateway
Operator A
Directly querying Central
NPDB
Option 1
OPS
OSS
GW
Local
NPDB
STP
Operator B
Integrated
Local
GW & OSS
GW
STP
OPS
Local
NPDB
Local NPDB Query
Operator C
(independent Node)
Local NPDB Query
-option 2(a)
(with STP)- option 2(b)
Proposed Operator side Solutions
Option 1: Direct query to centralized NPDB
Centralized
Clearing
House
+
Central
NPDB
Network Interface
Operator’s gateways
Advantages

No need to maintain local NPDB.

Initial Investment cost will be low.
Limitations


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Noticeable Delay in the call processing.
Connectivity cost will be high.
Central NPDB should have necessary interface to connect to Operators.
More suitable to small operators & content providers.
Operator
Network
Proposed Operator side Solutions
Option 2(a) - Local NPDB as an independent node at the operator’s premises.
Centralized
Clearing
House
+
Central
NPDB
Local
NPDB
Network Interface
OSS gateway
Advantages
 Local NPDB will be maintained at Operators side.

STP will query the local NPDB for every call.
Limitations
 Additional signaling links between the independent local NPDB & the STP.

Delay in call processing.

Suitable for Operators who don’t have a separate STP.
STP
BSS/OSS
Core
NEs
Proposed Operator side Solutions
Option 2(b)- Local NPDB co-located with STP
Centralized
Clearing
House
+
Central
NPDB
Advantages
 Local NPDB will be maintained at Operators side.

STP will query the local NPDB for every call.

OSS GW & Local GW are integrated in one platform.

Additional signaling links for Local NPDB query not required.

Optimize use of existing STP capabilities.
Limitations
 Processing load on STP will increase.
Network
Interface
Local GW
+
OSS GW
Local
NPDB
BSS/OSS
STP
Terminology associated with MNP
 Originating Network
 It is the network where the calling party is currently connected
.
 Donor network
 The initial network where the number was located before being ported.
 Recipient Network
 The network where a number is located after being ported.
 Routing Prefix
 Routable number to identify the service provider, technology and the service area of called party.
Terminology associated with MNP
All Call Query (ACQ): Recommended Routing Solution
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
Originating network query centrally administered NPDB, replica of which can be maintained locally
within originating network.
The NPDB returns the routing prefix (indicating correct recipient) associated with the dialed MDN.
The Originating network re-route the call based on response of query –
 Towards HLR for its own Non-Ported subscribers and Ported - in subscribers.
 Towards other operator using routing prefix with IAM (Prefix +MDN).
NPDB
Number Portability
database
Originating
Network
Calling
Subscriber
3. Re - Routing
Donor Network
(Sub’s original N/W)
Recipient
Network
Called
Subscriber
Porting Process
Recipient
Donor
NP req..
Subscriber
approaches recipient
with a
Porting request.
Validated NP req.
CCH Validated NP req
- Req evaluation & validation
- Approval/Rejection.
Approval/rejection
Approval/rejection
- Timer for donor response
CCH
Ack
Ack
-HLR de-provisioning
- MIN tracking for reallocation
- HLR provisioning
- BSS updation
Service deactivated
Activate service
Service Activated
- Subscriber notification
NPDB update
Porting info Broadcast
CENTRAL
NPDB
Ack
Ack
Porting Info. broadcast
Ack
Porting info. broadcast
Other operators
- Ported out MDN tracking

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