Enron: An Extended Case Study Jim Rothwell Assistant Professor of Accounting Hickingbotham School of Business Ouachita Baptist University The Crooked E: Coincidence or Prophecy ? JAMES NIELSEN/AFP Questions ? • What happened within the company? • What was the corporate environment and culture of the company? • Who were the major players and their roles? • What “red flags” were there for analysts, auditors, and others to observe? • What accounting and auditing issues arose within the company? • How did the Enron scandal impact the accounting profession? • What did we learn from Enron? Activities • View the movie “The Smartest Guys in the Room.” • View the movie “The Crooked E: The Unshredded Truth about Enron.” • Read the book “The Smartest Guys in the Room.” • Read the book “Anatomy of Greed.” • Research the financial statements of Enron from 1995-2002 • Create a timeline of the major events related to Enron from 1995-2002 • Create a list of the major players and their roles in the Enron scandal and collapse. • Identify the “red flags” of fraud that were evident within the Enron organization, culture, structure, and environment. Enron Portfolio • • • • • Major events timeline List of major players and roles Financial statement analysis and summary “Red Flags” paper Impact on the accounting profession paper ▫ Role of Arthur Andersen • “What Did We Learn?” paper (personal reflection) • Enron Quiz Questions Accounting and Auditing Issues and Concepts (Cont.) • Accounting ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Mark-to market SPEs (off-balance sheet financing) Impact on the profession Government intervention Accounting and Auditing Issues and Concepts (Cont.) • Auditing ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Impact on the profession Collapse of Arthur Andersen Sarbanes- Oxley PCAOB Ethics Accounting firm Client ▫ Legal Liability ▫ Social Responsibility ▫ Evidence and documentation Accounting and Auditing Issues and Concepts (Cont.) • Auditing ▫ Social Responsibility ▫ Evidence and documentation ▫ Audit Planning Understanding the client – corporate culture Understanding the industry/market Risk assessment Fraud risk factors ▫ Internal Control ▫ Reporting Issues Current Status • Enron ▫ Legal issues and court cases ▫ Former executives ▫ Employees • Arthur Andersen Resources • “The Smartest Guys in the Room” – DVD (video) • The Smartest Guys in the Room: The Amazing Rise and the Scandalous Fall of Enron– Book (McLean and Elkind) • “The Crooked E: The Unshredded Truth about Enron” – DVD (video) • Anatomy of Greed – Book (Cruver) • SAS 99: Consideration of Fraud in a Financial Statement Audit • Other articles, presentations, literature, etc.