Disaster Preparedness and How to Craft Plans

Report
DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS
AND HOW TO CRAFT
PLANS
DIR ROMEO F FAJARDO
CIVIL DEFENSE DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR
OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE
Scope of Presentation
I. The Philippine Disaster Risk Profile
II. Republic Act 10121: The Paradigm Shift in
the Philippine DRRM System
III. What is Disaster Preparedness?
IV. Programs and Activities under Disaster
Preparedness
V. National DRRM Plan and Other Plans
Module Objectives
I. THE PHILIPPINE
DISASTER RISK
PROFILE
RP Disaster Risk Profile
RP Disaster Risk Profile
Seismicity of the Philippines
Tsunami Vulnerability
RP Disaster Risk Profile
Typhoon Vulnerability
Landslide Vulnerability
Natural Hazards
Tropical cyclones
Floods
Storm surges
Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Volcanic eruptions
Landslides
Drought
Human Induced Hazards
Fire
Maritime accidents
Aircraft crashes
Land accidents
Industrial accidents
Crimes
Civil disturbance
Terrorism
Armed conflict
Death
Chaos
Lost Livelihood
Poor Tourism
Poor Economy
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS
OF DISASTERS?
Widespread Damages
Loss of Public Trust
Disrupted Operations
World Risk Index Report
2014
In 2014, the Philippines ranked as 2nd country
at risk (and 3rd as the most exposed)
Reference: http://www.worldriskreport.com/uploads/media/WorldRiskReport_2014_online.pdf
9th in 2009
6th in 2010
rd
3
in 2011
rd
3
in 2012
rd
3
in 2013
nd
2
in 2014
__ in 2015?
Module Objectives
II. REPUBLIC ACT 10121:
THE PARADIGM SHIFT IN
THE PHILIPPINE DRRM
SYSTEM
Republic Act 10121
The Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction
and
Management (PDRRM) Act of 2010
“An Act Strengthening the Philippine
DRRM System, Providing for the National
DRRM Framework and Institutionalizing
the National DRRM Plan, Appropriating
Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes”
Paradigm Shift
THEN
NOW
TOP-DOWN
CENTRALIZED DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
BOTTOM-UP
PARTICIPATORY
DISASTER RISK
REDUCTION AND
MANAGEMENT
DISASTERS AS FUNCTION
OF PHYSICAL HAZARDS
DISASTERS AS
REFLECTION OF PEOPLE’S
VULNERABILITY
FOCUS ON DISASTER
RESPONSE
INTEGRATED APPROACH
TO REDUCE DISASTER
RISK
NDCC to NDRRMC
NATIONAL
DISASTER
COORDINATI
NG COUNCIL
NATIONAL
DISASTER RISK
REDUCTION AND
MANAGEMENT
COUNCIL
NDCC to NDRRMC
1
Chairperson
19 Members
1 Chairperson
4 Vice Chairpersons
39 Members
Four DRRM Thematic
Areas
Disaster Preparedness
Disaster Response
Establish and strengthen
capacities of communities to
anticipate, cope and recover
from the negative impacts of
emergency occurrences and
disasters
Disaster Prevention and
Mitigation
Avoid hazards and mitigate
their potential impacts by
reducing vulnerabilities and
exposure and enhancing
capacities of communities
Safer, adaptive
and disaster
resilient
Filipino
communities
towards
sustainable
development
Provide life preservation and
meet the basic subsistence
needs of affected population
based on acceptable
standards during or
immediately after a disaster
Disaster Rehabilitation and
Recovery
Restore and improve
facilities and living
conditions and capacities of
affected communities, and
reduce risks in accordance
with the “building back
better” principle
National DRRM
Framework
June 16, 2011
Module Objectives
III. WHAT IS
DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS?
Disaster Preparedness in
RA 10121
Disaster Preparedness is the knowledge and
capacities developed by governments,
professional
response
and
recovery
organizations, communities and individuals to
effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover
from, the impacts of likely, imminent or
current hazard events or conditions.
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL
GOVERNMENT
Vice Chairperson for Disaster
Preparedness
Disaster Preparedness under NDRRM Plan
Module Objectives
IV. PROGRAMS AND
ACTIVITIES UNDER
DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS
Conducting Drills and
Exercises
Stockpiling and
Prepositioning
Information and Education
Campaigns
Organizing and Capacitating the
Council
Training
Formulation and
Development of Plans
Module Objectives
V. NATIONAL
DRRM PLAN AND
OTHER PLANS
NATIONAL DRRM PLAN
(2011-2028)
NATIONAL
DISASTER
PREVENTION AND
MITIGATION PLAN
NATIONAL
DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS
PLAN
NATIONAL
DISASTER
RESPONSE PLAN
NATIONAL DISASTER
REHAB AND
RECOVERY
FRAMEWORK AND
PLAN
For Hydromet Hazards
For Earthquake & Tsunami
OTHER PLANS
CONTINGENCY
PLAN
OPERATIONS PLAN
National DRRM Plan
A road map from 2011 to 2028 on how DRRM
shall:
contribute to gender responsive and rights
based sustainable development,
promote inclusive growth,
build adaptive communities,
increase resilience of vulnerable sectors
optimize disaster mitigation opportunities to
promote people welfare and institutions
National DRRM Plan
(cont’n)
NATIONAL DRRM
PLAN
REGIONAL DRRM
PLANS
LOCAL DRRM
PLANS
National Disaster
Response Plan
• Guide of NDRRMC Member Agencies in
preparing agency-level Response Plan
• Based
on
actual
experiences and
observations of national agencies involved in
the response operations done for disasters
from 2010-2013
NDRP IN PERSPECTIVE
RA10121
NDRRMP
NDRRMC
Member
Organizations
Prevention and Mitigation
Preparedness
Response
Rehabilitation and Recovery
Mitigation
Preparedness
NDRP
Recovery
Department DRRMPs
DRRM Implementing Plan
Regional DRRMPs
DRP
NDRRMCs Department
Manual of Operations
(Central Office)
RDRRMCs Department
(OpCens)
RDRRMCs
Manual
ManualofofOperations
Operations
(Regional
(RegionalOffices)
Offices)
National Governments LEVEL
Local Governments LEVEL
P/C/M/B DRRMPs
Manual(s) of Operations/Contingency Plan(s)
(LGUs’ Offices)
Organizational Structure under the NDRP
Chairperson, NDRRMC
Vice Chairperson for
Response (DSWD)
DepEd
DOH
DND-OCD
DTI
DILG
Education
WASH, Health, Nutrition,
& Psychosocial Services
Logistics Support
Coordination
Emergency
Livelihood
Management of
the Dead and
Missing (MDM)
DSWD
DND-AFP
DOST
DFA
Search, Rescue
& Retrieval
Emergency
Telecom Support
Coordination
Humanitarian Services
FNI Cluster
IDP Protection
Camp Coordination,
and Management
Contingency Plan
Contingency Plan is a forward plan in a state of
uncertainty in which:
1. scenarios and objectives are agreed,
2. managerial and technical actions defined,
3. potential response systems put in place
in order to prevent, or better respond to, an
emergency or critical situation.
Contingency Plan (cont’n)
Uses of Contingency Plan:
• to predict a specific disaster in a locality
(worst case scenario)
• to prevent its effects
• to reduce its impact
• to respond
• to cope with the consequences
Operations Plan
• Also called Incident Action Plan
• Formulated and implemented immediately
(on-scene)
• Used to address a specific incident within a
specific time frame
• Contents are actual and precise
Aspects
DRRM Planning
Contingency
Planning
Operations
Planning
Planning Period (annual, biannual, etc)
Before Emergency (normally
done after EWS or
before a planned event)
Immediately following the
emergency to include
on-scene incident
action planning
General; covers the four
priority componentsPrevention & Mitigation,
Preparedness, Response
and Rehabilitation and
Recovery
Specific; with time frame for
some events/hazards
More specific
Specific hazard, projected in
a worst case scenario
Actual disaster operations
Specific time frame, Local
Actual
Duration and Style
Short, medium & long-termterm and globally attuned
Allocation
Estimated
Quantified
Precise
Planning Level
All DRRMC Levels
Managerial level
Actual/On-site or field
level
Executed right time, fixed
Plan Execution
Annual, Bi-Annual, etc.
Specific (but uncertain);
Developing
Relationships
Long-term
Developing
Utilizing
When to Do
Scope of Plan
All hazards
Focus
Module Objectives
THANK YOU!

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