DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND HOW TO CRAFT PLANS DIR ROMEO F FAJARDO CIVIL DEFENSE DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE Scope of Presentation I. The Philippine Disaster Risk Profile II. Republic Act 10121: The Paradigm Shift in the Philippine DRRM System III. What is Disaster Preparedness? IV. Programs and Activities under Disaster Preparedness V. National DRRM Plan and Other Plans Module Objectives I. THE PHILIPPINE DISASTER RISK PROFILE RP Disaster Risk Profile RP Disaster Risk Profile Seismicity of the Philippines Tsunami Vulnerability RP Disaster Risk Profile Typhoon Vulnerability Landslide Vulnerability Natural Hazards Tropical cyclones Floods Storm surges Earthquakes Tsunamis Volcanic eruptions Landslides Drought Human Induced Hazards Fire Maritime accidents Aircraft crashes Land accidents Industrial accidents Crimes Civil disturbance Terrorism Armed conflict Death Chaos Lost Livelihood Poor Tourism Poor Economy WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF DISASTERS? Widespread Damages Loss of Public Trust Disrupted Operations World Risk Index Report 2014 In 2014, the Philippines ranked as 2nd country at risk (and 3rd as the most exposed) Reference: http://www.worldriskreport.com/uploads/media/WorldRiskReport_2014_online.pdf 9th in 2009 6th in 2010 rd 3 in 2011 rd 3 in 2012 rd 3 in 2013 nd 2 in 2014 __ in 2015? Module Objectives II. REPUBLIC ACT 10121: THE PARADIGM SHIFT IN THE PHILIPPINE DRRM SYSTEM Republic Act 10121 The Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (PDRRM) Act of 2010 “An Act Strengthening the Philippine DRRM System, Providing for the National DRRM Framework and Institutionalizing the National DRRM Plan, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes” Paradigm Shift THEN NOW TOP-DOWN CENTRALIZED DISASTER MANAGEMENT BOTTOM-UP PARTICIPATORY DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT DISASTERS AS FUNCTION OF PHYSICAL HAZARDS DISASTERS AS REFLECTION OF PEOPLE’S VULNERABILITY FOCUS ON DISASTER RESPONSE INTEGRATED APPROACH TO REDUCE DISASTER RISK NDCC to NDRRMC NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATI NG COUNCIL NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT COUNCIL NDCC to NDRRMC 1 Chairperson 19 Members 1 Chairperson 4 Vice Chairpersons 39 Members Four DRRM Thematic Areas Disaster Preparedness Disaster Response Establish and strengthen capacities of communities to anticipate, cope and recover from the negative impacts of emergency occurrences and disasters Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Avoid hazards and mitigate their potential impacts by reducing vulnerabilities and exposure and enhancing capacities of communities Safer, adaptive and disaster resilient Filipino communities towards sustainable development Provide life preservation and meet the basic subsistence needs of affected population based on acceptable standards during or immediately after a disaster Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery Restore and improve facilities and living conditions and capacities of affected communities, and reduce risks in accordance with the “building back better” principle National DRRM Framework June 16, 2011 Module Objectives III. WHAT IS DISASTER PREPAREDNESS? Disaster Preparedness in RA 10121 Disaster Preparedness is the knowledge and capacities developed by governments, professional response and recovery organizations, communities and individuals to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from, the impacts of likely, imminent or current hazard events or conditions. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness Disaster Preparedness under NDRRM Plan Module Objectives IV. PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES UNDER DISASTER PREPAREDNESS Conducting Drills and Exercises Stockpiling and Prepositioning Information and Education Campaigns Organizing and Capacitating the Council Training Formulation and Development of Plans Module Objectives V. NATIONAL DRRM PLAN AND OTHER PLANS NATIONAL DRRM PLAN (2011-2028) NATIONAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION PLAN NATIONAL DISASTER PREPAREDNESS PLAN NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE PLAN NATIONAL DISASTER REHAB AND RECOVERY FRAMEWORK AND PLAN For Hydromet Hazards For Earthquake & Tsunami OTHER PLANS CONTINGENCY PLAN OPERATIONS PLAN National DRRM Plan A road map from 2011 to 2028 on how DRRM shall: contribute to gender responsive and rights based sustainable development, promote inclusive growth, build adaptive communities, increase resilience of vulnerable sectors optimize disaster mitigation opportunities to promote people welfare and institutions National DRRM Plan (cont’n) NATIONAL DRRM PLAN REGIONAL DRRM PLANS LOCAL DRRM PLANS National Disaster Response Plan • Guide of NDRRMC Member Agencies in preparing agency-level Response Plan • Based on actual experiences and observations of national agencies involved in the response operations done for disasters from 2010-2013 NDRP IN PERSPECTIVE RA10121 NDRRMP NDRRMC Member Organizations Prevention and Mitigation Preparedness Response Rehabilitation and Recovery Mitigation Preparedness NDRP Recovery Department DRRMPs DRRM Implementing Plan Regional DRRMPs DRP NDRRMCs Department Manual of Operations (Central Office) RDRRMCs Department (OpCens) RDRRMCs Manual ManualofofOperations Operations (Regional (RegionalOffices) Offices) National Governments LEVEL Local Governments LEVEL P/C/M/B DRRMPs Manual(s) of Operations/Contingency Plan(s) (LGUs’ Offices) Organizational Structure under the NDRP Chairperson, NDRRMC Vice Chairperson for Response (DSWD) DepEd DOH DND-OCD DTI DILG Education WASH, Health, Nutrition, & Psychosocial Services Logistics Support Coordination Emergency Livelihood Management of the Dead and Missing (MDM) DSWD DND-AFP DOST DFA Search, Rescue & Retrieval Emergency Telecom Support Coordination Humanitarian Services FNI Cluster IDP Protection Camp Coordination, and Management Contingency Plan Contingency Plan is a forward plan in a state of uncertainty in which: 1. scenarios and objectives are agreed, 2. managerial and technical actions defined, 3. potential response systems put in place in order to prevent, or better respond to, an emergency or critical situation. Contingency Plan (cont’n) Uses of Contingency Plan: • to predict a specific disaster in a locality (worst case scenario) • to prevent its effects • to reduce its impact • to respond • to cope with the consequences Operations Plan • Also called Incident Action Plan • Formulated and implemented immediately (on-scene) • Used to address a specific incident within a specific time frame • Contents are actual and precise Aspects DRRM Planning Contingency Planning Operations Planning Planning Period (annual, biannual, etc) Before Emergency (normally done after EWS or before a planned event) Immediately following the emergency to include on-scene incident action planning General; covers the four priority componentsPrevention & Mitigation, Preparedness, Response and Rehabilitation and Recovery Specific; with time frame for some events/hazards More specific Specific hazard, projected in a worst case scenario Actual disaster operations Specific time frame, Local Actual Duration and Style Short, medium & long-termterm and globally attuned Allocation Estimated Quantified Precise Planning Level All DRRMC Levels Managerial level Actual/On-site or field level Executed right time, fixed Plan Execution Annual, Bi-Annual, etc. Specific (but uncertain); Developing Relationships Long-term Developing Utilizing When to Do Scope of Plan All hazards Focus Module Objectives THANK YOU!