Hirbandh block, Bankura block, West Bengal

RRA CP project at Bankura
(7-8 May, 2013, New Delhi)
• Context
• Plan
• Progress so far
The CP Block
Features of the District
• It comes under AEZ-VII
• Blocks: 22
• Total population : 32 Lakhs
• SC, ST population : 41.59%
• Literacy : Male-77%, Female-49%
• HDI -11/17 (Source: Human
Development Profiles 2007, West
• Around 43% of the families
belong to BPL category
About the CP block- Hirbandh
Details of Demographic Data
No of GP
Total R. village
No of Households
Total Population
Comparison Hirbandh block with district data
Bankura Dist
SC %
ST %
Literacy %
BPL family %
About the area
• Total area:31,015 Ha
– Forest: 9,708 (31.3%)
– Cultivable area:17,678.55 (41.7%)
– Fallow land : 1644 (5.3%)
– water bodies: 744( 2.4% )
– Other use: 1241 (19.3%)
• % of Small farmer : 32
• % of Marginal Framer: 65
About the area
• Block has undulating topography with localized
steep slope
• It receives annual rainfall of around 1250 mm,
but it is very much uncertain and erratic
• High rainfall, undulated topography, less
vegetative cover and inadequate rain water
harvesting structures result in huge run off and
soil erosion.
• Soil depth and organic matter in the soil is very
less and lateritic in upper region and valley region
is full of alkaline.
• The major sources of livelihood are agriculture
followed by wage earning/ migration
• Agriculture is mono cropped paddy and
production is as low as 1 to 3 MT/Ha depending
the type of land
• Lack of assured irrigation, improved agriculture
practices, timely availability of quality seeds, draft
power, adequate credit supply lead to poor yield
and food insecurity
• Livestock selling & migration act as coping
Context for CP
• PRADAN could mobilise around 160 Million INR
under MGNREGS to invest in land & water
development in collaboration with local PRIs &
• Livelihood assets created like small water bodies ,
Agro- horticulture, forestry in the fallow uplands,
and Land development etc for 5,100 families
• But this has not been able bring significant
change/ impact in the overall agriculture
production systems in the area.
• There are still gaps in enhancing the overall
productivity of resources in the area
Broad Interventions proposed
• Improving soil health though green manureing &
• Crop diversification
• Improving productivity of water bodies through
fish rearing & introduction of cash crops
• Promotion of CBOs like women SHGs, sub
clusters & producers’ organisations
• Linking SHGs/ POs with bank for Credit supply,
linkages with markets, PRIs and Govt
departments for services & leveraging fund
• Situational analysis to develop better
understanding & designing detailed proposal
Major Deliverables
• Finalising the Mouzas / Revenue villages covering
15,000-20,000 ha area for the comprehensive pilots
• Deploying human resources for implementation of the
• Documentation to capture the learning drawn from
• Sharing the findings of situational analysis and
learnings of pilots with block, Govt Dept and Gram
Panchayats for larger acceptance and wider replication
• Establishing functional relationship with different
thematic nodes of RRA network for cross learning and
Progress so far
• Promoted 85 women SHGs covering 1,045
families of which 79% ST&SC
• Village level plan for pilots completed &
incorporated in Annual Action plan of GP
• Sanction taken for 54 no of WHSs & Work
order issued to GP by BDO
• 18 Community Resource Persons trained on
basic of crop Production & kharif planning
• 15 SHG Leaders trained on INRM (Phase-I)
Progress so far
• A meeting on convergence was conducted with govt depts with
the help of SDO at sub division level
• A meeting on SRI conducted with ADOs at sub division- shared last
year experience
Deliverables by end of the first year
• Local PRIs have been influenced for creation of farm
Pond ( Hapa) under MGNREGS to provide protective
irrigation to 150 families
• Improved way of fish rearing with proper varieties
done with 100 families on pilot basis and proper PoP
developed for fish rearing in farm ponds in the area.
• The fishery department is influenced for replication of
PoP and system
• 500 families have adopted SRI method of paddy ,
mustard and wheat cultivation and a movement been
created in the area for wider replication
Deliverables by end of the first Contd.
• Glaricidia plantation done in 5Ha land covering 150 families
on a pilot basis and local Govt & PRIs has accepted this as way
to generate Biomass under MGNREGS
• Soil health analysis done to understand the gaps and required
interventions decided
• 25 Compost pits created benefiting 25 families on pilot basis
and the concept accepted by block and GP for
implementation of same under MGNREGS.
• In-situ soil & moisture conservation structures created in 15
Ha - benefiting 50 families. Plantation in 16 ha of fallow
upland -benefiting 65 families under MGNREGS. This would
lead to greater and wider acceptance by PRIs, Govt and
horticulture department.
• A pool of 50 CRPs cum supervisors developed to facilitate SHGs
in INRM planning and implementation

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