272991

Report
MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT,
MALAYSIA
Innovation for Green Development
ASEAN-China Environment Cooperation Forum
October 22, 2011
Conference Center, Liyuan Resort, Nanning, Guangxi
Dr. Gary W. Theseira
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE DIVISION
Outline
Current Status of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Malaysia
 Proposed GHG Mitigation Framework
 Initiatives and Early Results
 Transition to Green Growth Through Innovation
 Delivering Innovation
 Transparency and Emerging International Frameworks

GHG emissions and associated intensity of GDP from 1994 - 2020
Emissions/removal (Million tonne of CO2eq)
Sector
Energy
1994
2000
2005
2020
(BAU
Projection)
97.9
147
204.3
272
Industrial Processes
5.0
14.1
15.6
18.8
Agriculture
6.9
6.0
6.6
8.5
LULUCF
7.6
29.6
25.3
33.3
26.9
26.4
27.4
42.8
Total Emissions
144.3
223.1
279.2
375.4
Total Sink
-68.7
-249.8
-240.5
-243
75.6
-26.7
38.7
132.5
Waste
Net Emissions
CO2 intensity (t CO2/RM
thousand)
0.55
Source: Second National Communications, 2010
0.62
0.621
0.414
Malaysia’s Voluntary Indicator Announced
“voluntary reduction of up to 40% in terms of
carbon emission intensity of GDP by the
year 2020 compared to 2005 levels.
….conditional on receiving the transfer of
technology and finance of adequate and
effective levels from Annex 1 countries”
Prime Minister YAB Dato’ Sri Mohd. Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak,
17th December 2009, during his address to the 15th Conference of the Parties to
the UNFCCC
4
Target Reduction of Emission Intensity of GDP
CO2 Emission Intensity at 2005 Level
(tonnes CO2 eq/ RM thousand)
0.7
0.6
0.621
40% less than BAU
(0.414)
0.5
What potential
mitigation options
are available to
achieve the 40%
reduction?
0.373
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
Source: NC2, 2010
2005
2020
5
Initiatives at the National Level
Endorsement of National Climate Change Policy and National
Green Technology Policy
 Integration of renewable, energy, energy efficiency and solid
waste management in the 10th Malaysia Plan
 Voluntary carbon offset scheme involving corporate sector
 Provide Green Technology Financing Scheme (GTFS)
 Formulated Low Carbon Cities Framework & Assessment System
(LCCF)

Long-Term Roadmap Development

Spearheaded by NRE under the 10th Malaysia Plan


Collaboration with UNITEN and The Energy and Resources
Institute of India (TERI)
Series of stakeholder consultations and workshops

Data collection exercises

Inception report produced in December of 2010

Potential mitigation options identified

Final report due in mid-2012
Potential Mitigation by Sector
Sector
CO2 Reduction Potential
(Mt CO2eq)
Energy
• Power Generation
• Residential & Commercial
• Manufacturing
• Transportation
64.71
28.85
2.45
8.96
24.45
Waste
35.2
Industrial Processes
1.13
LULUCF
3.6
Agriculture
4.25
TOTAL
108.89
8
Malaysia Green Technology and Climate Change
Council



Chaired by Hon. Prime Minister
Joint secretariat – Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water and
the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
Seven working groups







Industry
Research & Innovation
Human Capital
Promotion and Public Awareness
Transportation
Green Townships
Adaptation
Directives and Initiatives
No government offices cooler than 24 degrees Centigrade
 Cash rebates for purchasing five-star rated appliances
 GBI accreditation for energy efficient buildings
 National automobile company pilot-testing hybrid and full
electric vehicles
 Post-consumer edible oil and other oil recycling for bio-diesel
production
 Efforts to accelerate tree planting
 Eco-labelling (SIRIM)
 Renewable Energy Act (December)
 Import and excise duty exemption for hybrids

Early results



Energy Efficiency – 4.544 million tons CO2eq
Renewable Energy (OP mesocarp) – 19 million tons CO2eq
Waste Mgt. (paper recycling) – 6.187 million tons CO2eq
Promoting the transition towards green
growth through Innovation






Move to a knowledge-based economy ;
The private sector must be encouraged to take the lead;
Market-driven policies related to industry structure, upgrading
and expansion, as well as product or process development and
specialization;
Market to dictate the pace of technological innovation on the
basis of sustainable demand trends;
Market to decide whether to utilize domestically-sourced or
internationally-acquired innovative products or processes;
Improvements in physical and ICT infrastructure as well as
human capacity to facilitate the location and development of
knowledge and innovation investment platforms;
Delivering Innovation on green growth (rm100 million
in 2012 budget)





Develop innovation in schools and public institutions of higher
learning as well as in rural areas;
Continue the Innovation Program by the Malaysian Foundation
for Innovation (YIM) to encourage development of new ideas and
commercialization of innovative products;
The Cipta 1Malaysia Award (C1PTA) recognizes the most
innovative inventions of students and youth at the national level;
Grow culture of innovation through reality programmes,
documentaries on innovation and publication of articles;
Establish a Market Validation Fund managed by the Malaysian
Technology Development Corporation together with the
Malaysia Innovation Agency;
Delivering Innovation on green growth (rm100 million
in 2012 budget - continued)
Organize the World Innovation Forum 2012 (YIM);
 Organize the Asia Business Angel Forum (Cradle Sdn. Bhd);
 Give industrial design services Pioneer Status with income tax
exemption of 70% for 5 years;
 Continue to give priority to the development of the education
system to produce talented, highly-skilled, creative and
innovative workforce (RM50.2 billion in 2012);
 Primary Objective - cultivate indigenous IP.

Transparency – the link to addressing emerging
international frameworks in Durban and Rio+20




Emerging international frameworks are calling for increased
transparency on the part of developing countries;
Compliance with regulations and guidelines, communication and
above all, transparency have become desirable commodities
which add value and visibility to corporate brands;
Increasing numbers of educated, aware and informed
consumers actively seek products that meet and even exceed the
criteria for environment protection, social justice, health and
safety;
Transparency in operations and product information are
perceived more favourably by consumers, even though products
may not be as environmentally friendly as those of a nontransparent competitor;
THANK YOU
Gary W. Theseira
[email protected]
+603 8886 1131/+6012 205 8454

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