presentation

Report
What You Should Know About the Law and……
HOW YOU CAN HELP OTHERS WITH
THIS KNOWLEDGE
DEFINITIONS (1)
What do we call the person charge with a
crime?
 Who tries to prove the case?
 Who helps defendant?
 Who is in charge in the courtroom?
 Who decides guilt of innocence?
 How many jurors?
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How many needed for verdict?
What is the standard of proof?
DEFINITIONS (2)
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What is a crime?
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What is a party to a crime?
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illegal act couple with intent to commit that act
Determined by state and federal code of laws
Anyone who causes, aids, abets, advises, encourages, hires,
counsels, or procures another to commit a crime
Treated as if you committed the crime
What is the difference between federal court vs. state court?
What is the difference between jail and prison?
What is the difference between probation and parole?
What is the difference between juvenile court and superior
court? How old do you have to be to be an adult?
WHAT DO I DO?
Private attorney vs. Public Defender
INCARCERATION STATISTICS
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Which country in the world has the most prisoners?
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United States (AJC)
 1,605,127 as of 2011 (Pew research)- 2.3 million if you count
people in local jails
 More than one out of 100 adults- 7 times that of Canada
Russia is second
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INCARCERATION STATISTICS
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Mostly men or women?
 93%
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men
How about by race?
 32%
white, 38% AA, 22% Hispanic, 8% other
 AA make up 12% of US population
GEORGIA INCARCERATION
STATISTICS
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60,000 prison inmates (another 150,000 on probation)one out of every 70 adults
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What number in United States?
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Seven out of fifty states, who is number one?
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Racial Disparities
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Georgia population 29% AA, what % of prison population?
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Louisiana
64% (Gibbs magazine)
Economic effects
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How much to keep someone in prison per day?
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$46 (also, $4.43 a day to monitor someone on probation)
1 out of every 17 Georgia dollars goes to our prison
system
Georgia Criminal Justice Reform Act
EFFECTS OF CRIMINAL HISTORY
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Effects on the victim and the
community
Prison time
Effect on children and other
family member
Ability to get a job
Effect on marriage and
relationships
Mental health effects
Physical health effects
Economic effects on prisoner
Economic effects on society
Label on the prisoner even
after release (transition)
ARMED ROBBERY
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Taking property of another from person or immediate presence of
another by use of an offensive weapon, replica, or device having
the appearance of an offensive weapons
Gun? Fake gun? Water pistol? Knife? Hammer? Bat? Mase?
5 guys in a car
What needs to be taken?
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Sentencing?
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Shoes? $1 bill? Candy?
10-20 or life, no parole
How old does the Defendant have to be?
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GA SB 440 (1994)- Juvenile Justice Reform Act
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Children 13-16 charged as adults for armed robbery (with a gun),
murder, voluntary manslaughter, rape, aggravated child molestation,
kidnapping, aggravated sexual battery
Sentence as adult
STATUTORY RAPE
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Engaging in sexual intercourse with
person under 16 years of age
Sentencing
Defendant under 21….1-20 years
 Defendant over 21….10-20 years,
10 years must be served
 Who has heard of Genarlow Wilson?
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Victim 14-16, Defendant under 18, no
more than 4 year
difference……Misdemeanor
Sex Offender Registry
Act of sodomy or sexual battery- minimum
25 years
What if person consented?
What if person said that they were
17?
What if everyone is drunk?
What if no “sex”?
BURGLARY
Entering the dwelling house of another, or any
building or other structure, or remaining therein,
without authority with intent to commit a crime
(OCGA 16.7.1)
 Penalty?
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1-20 years; Increases as more on record
Go in, look around, and don’t take anything?
 Invited at first, and then stay?
 Just a garage?
 Don’t go into the house?
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MURDER
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2 types
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Malice- killing someone in cold blood
Felony- causing the death of another while committing a felony
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Penalty?
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Do not need to have meant to kill anyone
Must be reasonable that felony could lead to death
life with parole, life without parole, death (OCGA 16.5.1)
Burglary scenario
Store clerk scenario
Stolen car scenario
Speeding scenario
Marijuana deal scenario
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
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Stay out of trouble
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If approached by police
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Stay busy!!!!!
Do not fight, be disrespectful, or give false information
Right to remain silent
Do not have to consent to searches
Consult with an attorney
Be good role models and great parents
Educate yourselves about your rights
SPREAD THE WORD!!!!!
QUESTIONS?

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