Fill in the ‘REVISION CARD’ for this unit – as we go through work out what are your STRENGTHS (what needs little or no revision?) and what are your WEAKNESSES (what needs more ore thorough revision?) 10% of your grade is based on learning some words and their meanings… Do you know them for this unit? Complete the key word match up sheet… Key Words: Check and mark your work… Global Warming: The increase the temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere (thought to be created by the Greenhouse effect). Natural Resources: Naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land which can be used by humans. Creation: The act of creating the universe, or the universe which has been created. Environment: The surroundings on which plants and animals live and on which they depend to continue living. Stewardship: Looking after something on behalf of another so that it can be passed back or on to the next generation. Conservation: Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment. Artificial Insemination: Injecting semen into the uterus (womb) by artificial methods. Embryo: A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception. Infertility: Not being able to have children. In-vitro Fertilisation (IVF): The method of fertilising an egg in a test tube. Surrogacy: An arrangement where a woman bears a child for another woman OR where an egg is donated and fertilised by the husband through IVF and then implanted into the wife’s uterus. Organ Donation: Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery. An Easter egg ( C) Explain the possible solutions to global warming Give 4 points • Actions by individuals – reduce energy, be less wasteful, support environmental groups • Actions by government and organisations – putting laws in place • Actions by scientists – research more into causes and solutions. (C) Explain how people can reduce pollution Give 4 points • Create less waste • Government action • Use alternate energy sources • Use alternate manufacturing methods Complete the following… • A Renewable resource is… Resources that can be used over and over again because they renew themselves naturally. Renewable resources usually produce little or no pollution. • For example… Solar, wind, water/wave, fertile land • A non-renewable resource is… Resources that can only be used once. Non-Renewable resources disappear once they are used and often cause pollution in their use. • For example… Coal, oil, natural gas, copper, tin, iron BONUS 2 MARKS – can you give a QUOTE that could link in here? All Christian believe that when they die they will be judged by God for their actions – Christians believes this includes how they look after the earth. Jesus teachings on loving and helping each other mean we should share the worlds resources and not harm the earth as it may cause harm to humans. The Bible shows that people who pollute the earth make God angry. Pollution is a SIN as it goes against God! (C) Explain WHY Christians believe it is important to care for the environment. Christians believe that it is important to look after the earth and its resources for future generations. Christians believe the world is a gift from God so they should respect and look after what they have been given. (C) Choose one religion other than Christianity and explain WHY its followers believe it is important to care for the environment. FILL IN THE BLANKS… Islam teaches that God created as his (vicegerent; someone who looks after things on your behalf) or steward of creation. Muslims believe (Muslim Law) and the (Muslim Community) teaches a respect for all of God’s creation Islam teaches that God created humans as his of the Earth. He showed people how to look after the Earth in the Life is a and God will Muslims on their faith and actions, including how well they looked after the world. Name that fertility treatment… IVF (In-vitro fertilisation) when the egg from the woman is fertilised outside the womb using either the husband’s or a donor’s sperm and then replaced in the womb AID (Artificial Insemination by Donor): When sperm from a donor, other than the husband, is inserted into the woman by mechanically means. Egg Donation: When an egg is donated by another woman, fertilised using IVF by the husband’s sperm and then placed in the wife’s womb. Surrogacy: When the egg and sperm of a couple are fertilised by IVF then placed in another woman’s womb. Or, the sperm of a husband is artificially inseminated into another woman to have the baby for them. The baby is handed over at birth. Embryo Donation: When both egg and sperm from donors are fertilised using IVF and the inserted into the woman’s womb. AIH (Artificial Insemination by Husband): When sperm from the husband is inserted into his wife by mechanically means. Why are fertility treatments important? Use the clues to get FOUR reasons… 1. 1 in 7 (12-14%) 2. 1.5 million men 3. 12% of all births 4. Human nature Importance of Infertility Treatment • Infertility is an increasing issue in the UK with around 12-14% (1 in 7) of couples unable to conceive. • Male infertility is a particular problem with around 1.5 million men in the UK experiencing fertility problems. • in 2007, 12% of all births in the UK were as a result of fertility treatment - this shows how important it is to many thousands of couples. • It is part of human nature to want to have a child, it is how humanity continues. Many people suffer from depression and other mental health issues due to infertility. All Christians would encourage childless couples to adopt. Fill in the blanks of the following using your BONUS 2 marks if you can say WHY. mini whiteboards… Catholics ___________bans all fertility treatment involving medical technology. Other Christian Churches___ Most _____________________ allow IVF & AIH. natural God has given a __________way for a husband and wife to conceive and it is for God alone __________to decide if a couple should have a child or not. IVF involves fertilising several eggs, destroyed some of which are __________or used for experimentation, this is abortion like__________. God intended procreation __________ intercourse fertility through_____________, treatment bypasses this. It also involves masturbation which is classed as a _________in Catholicism sin Anything that disassociates the husband and wife in creating a child, or introduces another person into the ‘gravely immoral’ process, is ______________ God has given humanity the ___________to technology provide infertile married couples with a child and create a family. This is one of the purposes of marriage. The egg and sperm are both from the husband and wife so the baby will be the biological _______________child of the parents. lesser of 2 evils The concept of ____________ _____ or double effect allows for some embryos (up to 14 days old) to be destroyed if the motive is to bring new life from embryos. Although other methods are not banned, they could lead to __________ identity issues in the child or _____________ legal issues for parents which do not help family life. There are THREE main Muslim attitudes to infertility treatments... SOME MUSLIMS... If a couple are infertile they MUST NOT have infertility treatments. MOST MUSLIMS.. IVF treatment is acceptable as long as the egg and donor are from the married couple. SOME MUSLIMS... IVF with donors is allowed but the child does not have full legal rights. Decide whether the following . statements are 1, 2 or 3 using your mini whiteboards. Infertility is a disease so it is OK to find a cure. SOME MUSLIMS... If a couple are infertile they MUST NOT have infertility treatments. MOST MUSLIMS.. IVF treatment is acceptable as long as the egg and donor are from the married couple. SOME MUSLIMS... IVF with donors is allowed but the child does not have full legal rights. If it is the will of Allah for the couple not to have children they should accept that. Infertility is part of a test from Allah. Marriage is a contract between the wife and husband. There should be no third person involved. Donors must not be related to the parents wanting a child. Having children helps to keep the couple and family together. The social status and self-esteem of a woman are related to her ability to have children. Egg and sperm donation is allowed but the child produced cannot inherit from their biological parents. Allah expects His creation to reproduce and start a family. Children have the right to know their natural parents. Allah has given humans the ability to create life in this way. Shari’ah Law allows the extra embryos to be destroyed as they are not alive yet. The use of sperm or eggs from another person is regarded as ADULTERY What organs can be donated? In 2007, 7234 people were on the waiting list for vital organ donations. However, in 2006 only 3000 transplants took place. In a survey, 90% of the public were in favour of transplant surgery yet less than 50% have registered. One third of families refuse to give permission for organs of deceased relatives to be used, even though the person has already signed the organ donation register. Most Christians are supportive of transplant surgery because… Use the picture clues to come up with the POINTS to finish both of these sentences. Christians who believe in the immortality of the soul believe the body is not needed after death and so organs can be used to help the living. Jesus’ teaching of ‘Love your neighbour as yourself’ and the Golden Rule are both in keeping with the ideals of transplant surgery However, they would be against selling organs as this can lead to the exploitation of the poor (e.g. A father selling a kidney to feed his family). However, some Christians accept live transplants but not those from deceased donors because… They would see the Humans do not Using organs from However, they vital organs, have the right to living people does would be against particularly the act like God and not affect the belief selling organs as heart, as part of using the organs of in the sanctity of this can lead to God’s creation of a dead person to life and so can be medical assistance the individual give life to another used to fulfil the only available for person and so is usurping the role teachings of Jesus the rich and not for should not be used. of God for yourself. in the Bible. the poor. Transplant surgery may go against Allah’s plan. Use the picture clues to come up with the POINTS IT GOES AGAINST TEACHINGS IN THE QUR’AN The body, including its organs, is holy and should not be interfered with. Organ donation delays burial. Giving away body parts is not allowed as the body is a GIFT from Allah. Muslims should try to help EVERYONE. Allah will reward Muslims who save people from death. The Qur’an promotes the saving of a life and hold its in great esteem. Only Allah can give life and take life away. It prevents suffering – the necessity makes the unlawful lawful. Where could you stick these? Polite answers please… Behold thy Lord said to the angels, ‘I will create a vice-gerent on earth.’ And he taught Adam the nature of all things.’’ Surah 2:30 “And God blessed them saying to the man and the woman; ‘be fruitful and increase in number.’” Genesis 1:28 God said ‘let us make man in our own image to have dominion over all living things … and God told man to rule over all the earth.’ (Genesis 1:26-30) “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.” John 15:12-13 “It is He, who has created for you all things that are on earth.” (Surah 2.29). Try some of the following tricky questions… (b) Do you think you can help to stop global warming? (d) “Religious people should not drive cars.” In your answer you should refer to at least one religion. (b) Do you think humans are the stewards of the planet? (d) “People must use scarce natural resources for the world to improve.” In your answer you should refer to at least one religion. (c) Explain how humans cause pollution. (d) “Infertility treatment should be available to everybody.” In your answer you should refer to at least one religion.