`Development`?

Report
Alternative Educational Paradigm for Mega Motivation
with Global Smart Community
- Experience on APEC Learning Community Builders -
Prof. YoungHwan KIM, Ph.D.
Professor, Pusan National University
Chairman, Graduate Program for International Educational ODA
Vice President, Institutes of APEC Collaborative Education
President, APEC e-Learning Training Center
Lead Shepherd, APEC HRD Working Group
[email protected]
1789
French
Revolution
1804
Napoleon
1807
Fichte
1914-18
World War
I
1870 FrancoPrussian War
1918 F. Bobbitt
Curriculum
1895 Gandhi
Against
Poll tax
1919
Fascism
1906 F. Taylor
Scientific
Management
1861
Civil War
1949 R. Tyler
Curriculum Model
1908
Ford
1950-54
McCarthyism
1957
Sputnik crisis
1923 Moss
Gifts
1991
Dissolution of the Soviet
Union
1929
Great
Depression
2007
Fiscal Crisis
e-Learning  Smart Educ
Nationalism
1928 Nearing
Vermont
1909
F. Ferrer
Executed
1849 Thoreau
Walden & Civil
Disobedience
1901 F. Ferrer
Modern School
1896
Dewey
School
1917
Nearing
Montana
1919 Gandhi
1944 Polanyi
The Great
Transformation
1919
Waldorff
1860 Tolstoy
Civil Education
History of Educational System Development
1996 U. Beck
Risk Society
1993 J. Rifkin
Beyond Beef
1971 I. Illich
Deschooling Society
1. Ken Robinson: Changing Education Paradigm
2. Sugata Mitra: Hole in the Wall
3. Edda Dagger: My wish: Once Upon a School
4. Jamie Oliver: Teach every Child about food
5. John Hardy: My Green School Dream
Ted 1
Ken Robinson: Changing Education Paradigm  Correct!
However, only teaching creativity cannot be a good answer.
We need a new system.
Sugata Mitra:
Kids can teach themselves
from KalKaji experiment
Ted 2
Sugata Mitra:
Kids can teach themselves
Ted 2
Ted 3
Ted 4
Ted 5
Simple Life: Scott Nearing (1883-1983) &
Helen Nearing (1904-1995)
An American radical economist,
environmentalist, vegetarian,
educator, writer, political activist,
and advocate of simple living.
Type only “good life” in google.com, you will find:
Simple living &
Self-sufficient economy
• Simple living encompasses a number of different voluntary
practices to simplify one's lifestyle. These may include
reducing one's possessions or increasing self-sufficiency, for
example. Simple living may be characterized by individuals
being satisfied with what they need rather than want.
New Paradigm for education and Schools:
Ivan Illich (1926-2002)
• Deschooling Society (1971)
• Tools for Conviviality (1973)
• Making and utilizing
opportunity-web
for learning and living with
– Association with
community resources
– Utilizing Good examples
– Peer-matching and
– Partnership with elder persons
Karl Paul Polanyi (1886-1964)
• Hungarian economic historian, economic
anthropologist and social philosopher known
for his opposition to traditional economic
thought and his book, The Great Transformation.
• the originator of substantivism, a cultural
approach to economics, which emphasized the
way economies are embedded in society and
culture.
• Developed to the economic democracy
movement (ex. Local community-based
economy)
Sharing: Marcel Mauss
• French Sociologist
• The Gift(1923)
• Giving and receiving and
returning gifts create a moral
bond and respect in society (ex.
North-West Coast Native
American potlatch)
(1872-1950)
Cosmopolitanism
•
-
(U. Beck)
"Acknowledging the otherness of
those who are culturally different
the future
nature
the object
other rationalities
World Risk Society: a systematic way of
dealing with hazards and insecurities
induced and introduced by
modernisation itself (Beck 1992:21)".[
We Generation
• Me Generation vs. We
Generation
• Work optimally to have
my time for having a
good life.
• Cooperation and Coconsuming
• Mindfulness vs. Walletfulness
Eco-friendly re-Creative Village
in Columbia
“Gaviotas“
OVERVIEW
 1971 Founded by Paolo Lugari
Attempt to create a model of sustainable living
 1976 Appointed as ‘Community Model’ by UNDP
Receive funding from UN for Zero Emittion Research
Initiative
 1977 Awarded by World Clean Energy
 1997 Awarded World Zero Emittion
[reference]
Alan Weisman(1998),
Gaviotas
3 Key Principles for sustainability in Gaviotas
Creativity
(Imagine dreams)
Dream and Gather
Community Power
Community
(Bottom-up approach)
(students in graduate, professors, technicians, teachers, etc )
Develop appropriate Tech.
Secure sustainability based on Nature
Receiving Funds from UN, Gov. etc
Dissemination the Tech
Technology
(Appropriate, not brand-new)
Key Principle 1 – From Creativity, not from fund
[Seesaw Pump]
“Children said the pump look like a seesaw.
Right away, we started to make the seesaw pump.”
Key Principle 1 – Creativity with imagination
I
.. desolate savannah in Eastern Colombia, without a tree or bird or child
in sight. For Paolo Lugari, this was the perfect place to implement a
vision: if a sustainable community could be created in such adverse
environmental, social and political conditions, it could be done anywhere
on the planet. Las Gaviotas has done just that, and much more.
[1970s
[1990S]
Key Principle 2 – Appropriate Technology
The Third Development
“ Develop their own tech.
based on the environment of their community..
Development by the third world, not by the donor
countries ”
Key Principle 3 – Community Power
Survived from political crisis in 1970s affecting many
villages in the country
“ Why do we do this? That’s because we just like it… The thing
that make us move here is not competition or order of rank but
something else.”
Issues to think and answers in Gaviotas
What is ‘Development’?
For what and who is the Development?
and then, how can we make it?
Korean Case: New Town Campaign: Leadership
Vision propose
Mid & Long Term Plan
Nation-wide
Participation
HR Training, Social Innovation
Private leadership, Economic Growth
Korean Case: New Town Campaign: Three Elements
Self-Help
(Ownership)
Being Well-Off
Movement
Diligence
(Frontier Spirit)
(Affluently, Fruitfully, Joyfully, Fairly Being Well-Off)
Affluence in Material +
Healthy Mentality
Community Movement for
Being Well-Off Together
(Pray for Personal Desire & People’s Prosperity)
Collaboration
(Community Spirit)
Page  29
Korean Case: New Town Campaign: Pump Theory
Virtuous Circle
Investment and Development
in Private Sector
Employment Creation
Virtuous Circle
Korean Case: Progress of New Town Campaign
The Beginning Period(1970’)
Global Model for Local Community
Development Movement
Rural Modernization, Overcoming Poverty, Motive of Nation
Modernization(Government Policy period)
The Middle Period(1980’)
Performing as a Key Role of National
Mind Movement.
Establishment of Saemaul Movement Association, Successful Host of
1986, 1988 Olympic (Private-Government Collaboration period )
The Latest Period(from 1990’)
Pointing to National Movement as Volunteers
Expanding Capacity as a National Maximum and the Best Volunteer
Organization (Private Leading Period)
What is ALCoB?
Representative human network
in the APEC region
Background
2003 Approval of “APEC Learning Community for Shared
Prosperity (ALCom)” at the 25th APEC HRD Working Group
Meeting
ALCoB Activities
Autonomy
Cooperation
Understanding
Volunteerism
ALCoB Edutainment
Exchange Program
Annual International
ALCoB Conference
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
APEC Internet Volunteer
1999
APEC
Summit
APEC Edutainment Park System
e-ICON World Contest
APEC e-Learning Training
10th APEC Future
Education Forum
APCJ: Asia-Pacific
Collaborative Journal
ALCoB –Objective and Role
Objective
To materialize the APEC Learning Community
based on autonomy, understanding, cooperation and volunteerism
Roles
• Narrowing the digital divide in regard of educational informatization
& ICT Usage among APEC member economies
• Enhancing cooperative activities on collaborative study in the
education & HRD field among APEC member economies
• Discussing the direction and model of future education & sharing
experiences and results in each economy
ALCoB Composition
Teachers
ALCoB-T
Supporters: government
officials, professors,
researchers, etc
ALCoB-S
Learners: K-12 students
ALCoB-L
University Students
ALCoB-U
Business Sector
ALCoB-EC
Currently, around 5,000 leaders from 22 member economies
including the participants from APEC ICT Model Schools,
APEC e-Learning Training Program, AIV activity and local community
ALCoB History
AEEP
Project &
Education Exchange
Education Exchange
Set Policy Direction
Research & Development
Consulting & Supporting Education
ALCoB Branches
The Russian
Federation
IACE, Korea
(Head Quarter)
Mexico
The Philippines
Indonesia
*In a process in Malaysia
Thailand
Indonesia ALCoB Structure
Total 40 branches as of May 2012 since 2001 starting from ALCoB
Internet Volunteer activity, APEC e-Learning Training Program, (domestic)
ALCoB conference, etc
Thai ALCoB
As One of most active ALCoB member economies,
welcome new Thai ALCoB branch in Khon Kaen with many thanks to
Thai Ministry of Education, TCU, Chulalongkorn University,
Sripatum Universityand all Thai ALCoB members..!
1. Holistic Systemic Change Model
Korea Development Model
ALCoB’s Experiences & Know-how
Leadership of Leaders
CoP(Community of Practice)
HR Training, Social Innovation
Advanced Technology
Private Sector Development
Systemic Change Model
New Development Model
1
Change
Attitude
(Confidence)
2
Mid-Long
Term Vision
3 Training Next
Generation
Leaders
4
Leaders
Community
2. Optimal Usage of SMART Technology
Collective Intelligence
Nationwide
Advanced
Team
More
Diffusion
Expert
Team
Core
Team
Aligned
Vision
Key
Area
3. Tri-partized Approach
Holistic Systemic Change
Philosophy
• Urban Rural
Disparity
settlement
through IT
and HRD
System (ICT)
• Smart Media
Center
• Online
contents and
support
system
Human
Resources
• Agent for a
change-led
development
• Community
based Human
Resources
4. Convergence with Education & HRD
Business
Medicine
Marine
&
Fishery
Architecture
Education
&
HRD
Agriculture
Technology
Industry
Philosophy
5. Building community then funding later
Global Collective
Intelligent Community
New Town
(Korea)
• Cooperation
• Self-help
• Diligence
Gaviotas
(Columbia)
• Creativity
• Community
• Proper Tech
ALCoB
• Volunteerism
• Global
Community
• Smart
Technology
6. Tri-partized HRD
Tri-partized Smart Mentoring
Youth
City
Urban
Adults
Retired
7. Simple but meaningful and healthy life
• Good development = SMS Development
Sustainable + Meaningful + Self-sufficient
Campaign for
–
–
–
–
Simple cloths
Proper food + Proper work
Optimal house
Mindfulness
SMART Systemic Change with ALCoB
Step by step
Gradual
Expansion
Attitude
& Mind
Knowledge Environment
Community
Organization
(Ability to
Propagate)
Youth
Business
Adults
Retired
Government
Academy
Connection
between
Industry-Academy
&
City-Rural Area
Education & HRD
SMART Tech.
Simple Life
with Collective
Intelligence
Human
Resources
Development
Human
Relationship
Development

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