E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia*s government from a Royal

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E.Q: What led to the evolution of
Georgia’s government from a Royal
Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?
Georgia adopts a state constitution
 About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the
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American Revolution
They were known as Tories
In 1777 a constitution was adopted for Georgia at a meeting in Savannah
Georgia’s first 8 counties were formed
Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glyn, Richmond, Wilkes &
Liberty
How many counties does Georgia have today?
(159 counties)
Georgia Timeline
10,000 B.C.E to 1776
Who?: Paleo Indians
When?: 10,000-8000
BCE arrive in GA
from land bridge
across Bering Strait
Where?: Did not
settle in one place/
nomadic people
Why?: following
food supply
Who:
Archaic(Early
, Middle &
late) Indians
When: 80001000BCE
Where?:
Why:
Who? : Spanish
explorer Hernando
De Soto
When?: 1540 about
50 years after
Columbus
Where???????
Why?: Looking for
Gold, Glory & God
Where? Travelled
Georgia looking for
gold died near
Mississippi River
Who? King
George II &
James
Oglethorpe
What;? Charter
of 1732
When:? 1732
Why:??????
Where:????
Who? Royal
governors (John
Reynolds,
What: Royal
Governors to
Georgia by King
George II of
England?
Who:?
England v.
France fight in
7 years War/
……… War)
What?
When?:
When: 1752?
Where?
Where??????
Why???
Why??????
Who ? King George III
What? Taxes for debt
from? And new land
acquired
When?
Where?
Why? Because he
believed that
defending the
colonies from France
& Indians came at a
cost to England
Who? American
colonists/rebels/
patriots
(Gwinnett
Button, ……)
Who? George
Washington
What? (Sign
agreement to do
what?)
What? Battle
of Yorktown
British
Surrender
ends War of
Independence
When??
When?
Where?
Philladelphia
Where?
Why???
Why?
What do you know about the U.S Constitution?
What do you
know ?(K)
What do you want
to Know ?(W)
What have you
learned ?(L)
Vocabulary
Georgia’s Constitution of 1777
 Strengths
 Still have legislative branch
 Three branches have separate power
 Established counties replaced parishes
Weaknesses
Legislature (unicameral only I
house)
No checks & balances in
legislative branch
Governor served only 1 year
 Established local county governments
Executive branch or governor
was too weak he could not veto
laws passed
Legislative council had power
to veto
3 branches of government but
legislative had more power
The Articles of Confederation
 The first constitution of the United States of America
 Ratified (approved) on July 4th 1776
 Went into effect on January 1781 when Maryland &
Virginia approved it
 Who was the 1st president of the U.S.A
 John Hanson or George Washington
Articles of Confederation
Strengths
Weaknesses
 First written constitution in the
 Weak central government
U.S of America
 Had a legislature
 Had strong governments (state)
 No executive or judicial branch
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to enforce laws or hear disputes
Central government could not
levy (impose) taxes
No checks & balances
No taxes collected so there was
no military
All power lied with states
Each state had equal vote in
congress regardless of size or
population
Constitutional convention of 1787
 Why? Because the Articles of Confederation were too weak
 William Few and Abraham Baldwin represent Georgia at the
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convention in Philadelphia
George Washington presided over convention
U.S government establishes 3 branches of government
(Executive, Legislature & Judiciary)
Each branch could check the power of the other branches
(checks & balances)
Senate & house of representatives established. Only three
fifths of slave population would be counted towards
representation of state
Ratification of the U.S Constitution 1788
 After much debate between Federalists & Anti-Federalists the
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Constitution was adopted in 1788
Georgia is the 4th State to ratify
The Constitution could be changed or amended
The first 10 changes to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights
George Washington becomes first president under the
Constitution of the United States of America
How many amendments have been made to the U.S Constitution
to date?
27 times to date
Similarities & differences between Georgia Constitution and the U.S
Constitution (174-175) (At least 4 similarities and differences)
Georgia Constitution of 1789
The U.S Constitution of 1787
Georgia after the Revolutionary War
 Economy was in ruins not much farming
 Capital city moved from Savannah to Augusta
 Georgia delegates meet in 1788 & 1789 and adopt state
constitution similar to national constitution with 3
branches
 General assembly was a bicameral legislature (Senate
& house of representatives), governors and judges
appointed and spending managed

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