ABC Book on Native Americans By: Wendy Harp • SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. • a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast (Seminole). • b. Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter. I have created this ABC book for my students to help them better understand early Native Americans. This book includes words about the Inuit, Kwakiutl, Nez Perce, Hopi, Pawnee, and Seminole people. I hope you enjoy learning about how Native Americans obtained food, clothing, and shelter. A is for Adobe. HOPI PEOPLE LIVED IN ADOBE HOUSES. ADOBE IS CLAY AND STRAW BAKED INTO HARD BRICKS. B is for buckskin. BUCKSKIN IS ANOTHER WORD FOR DEERSKIN. THE NEZ PERCE WORE BUCKSKIN CLOTHING. C is for Camas bulb. THE NEZ PERCE GATHERED ROOTS. THEIR FAVORITE ROOTS TO EAT WERE THE CAMAS BULB. D is for deer. DEER WERE HUNTED BY MANY NATIVE AMERICANS FOR FOOD. E is for earth houses. THESE HOMES WERE MADE BY DIGGING AN UNDERGROUND ROOM, BUILDING A WOODEN FRAME, AND COVERING THE FRAME WITH EARTH. F is for farmer. THE HOPI PEOPLE WERE EXPERT FARMERS. THEY PLANTED CORN, BEANS, AND SQUASH. G is for Georgia. MANY INDIANS FROM GEORGIA AND FLORIDA TRIBES JOINED TOGETHER FOR PROTECTION AND SOON MERGED TOGETHER INTO A UNIFIED SEMINOLE NATION. H is for Hopi. THE HOPI ARE NATIVES OF NORTHWESTERN ARIZONA. THE WORD HOPI MEANS “PEACEFUL PERSON”. I is for Inuit. THE INUIT LIVED IN THE FAR NORTH ARTIC AREAS. SOME PEOPLE CALL THESE NATIVE AMERICANS “ESKIMOS”. J is for jewelry. NATIVE AMERICANS MADE JEWELRY FROM BEADS, SHELLS, COPPER AND SILVER, TURQUOISE, AND OTHER STONES. K is for Kamiks. THE INUIT WORE MITTENS AND BOOTS CALLED KAMIKS. L is for lodges. PAWNEE LODGES WERE MADE FROM WOODEN FRAMES COVERED WITH PACKED EARTH. M is for moccasins. THE KWAKIUTL WORE MOCCASINS ON THEIR FEET. N is for Nez Perce. THE NEZ PERCE LIVED IN THE PLATEAU REGION OF NORTH AMERICA. NEZ PERCE MEANS “PIERCED NOSE”. O is for Oklahoma. MANY INDIAN TRIBES SUCH AS THE PAWNEE WERE RELOCATED TO OKLAHOMA BY THE U.S. GOVERNMENT. P is for Pawnee. THE PAWNEE, WHO ARE SOMETIMES CALLED PANEASSA, HISTORICALLY LIVED ALONG THE PLATTE RIVER IN WHAT IS NOW NEBRASKA. Q is for quillwork. NEZ PERCE ARTISTS ARE FAMOUS FOR THEIR QUILLWORK. R is for reservation. AN AMERICAN INDIAN RESERVATION IS AN AREA OF LAND MANAGED BY A NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBE UNDER THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR'S BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. S is for salmon. THE KWAKIUTL’S FAVORITE FOOD WAS SALMON. T is for Tule. A PLANT THAT GROWS NEAR RIVERS. THE NEZ PERCE LIVE IN TIPIS MADE OF WOVEN TULE MATS. U is for Umiaks. UMIAKS ARE LARGE OPEN BOATS USED BY INUIT FOR FISHING. V is for village. SEMINOLES LIVED IN LARGE VILLAGES OF CHICKEES ARRANGED AROUND A TOWN SQUARE. W is for whale. THE INUIT USED HARPOONS TO HUNT WHALE FOR FOOD. X is for SiouX. SIOUX INDIANS WERE FROM WISCONSIN, MINNESOTA, NORTH AND SOUTH DAKOTA. Y is for Yoki. THIS IS THE HOPI NAME THAT MEANS “RAIN”. Z is for Zihna. THIS IS THE HOPI NAME THAT MEANS “SPIN”.