architecture framework

Report
WHAT ARE ARCHITECTURE FRAMEWORKS?
ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010 defines architecture framework and specifies requirements on
architecture frameworks.
architecture framework:
conventions, principles and practices for the description of architectures established
within a specific domain of application and/or community of stakeholders
Requirements on Frameworks
An architecture framework conforms to the International Standard (IS) when it specifies:
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information identifying the framework;
•
one or more concerns;
•
one or more stakeholders having those concerns;
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one or more architecture viewpoints (and their specifications conforming to the IS);
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correspondence rules, integrating the viewpoints (per 5.7 of IS);
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conditions on applicability (per 6.1 of IS);
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consistency of the framework with the provisions of the ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010
conceptual model. (see also: Meta model matters)
Survey of Frameworks
http://www.iso-architecture.org/ieee-1471/afs/frameworks-table.html
(118 different frameworks and methodologies recognised)
RECENT INFLUENCES ON ARCHITECTURE
FRAMEWORKS
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SOA - Services Orientated Architecture development
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Capability language – Drifting into common business use
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Technology as a commodity - SAAS, Cloud, Virtualisation, Standardisation, Open
Technology, Public Networks.
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Standardisation of Government and Business Processes – across Enterprises,
Countries and Government Layers. “Interoperability”
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Growing reliance on standard processes embedded in COTS
WHY USE ARCHITECTURE FRAMEWORKS?
1. A standard Common Language between I.T. Professionals and Business
2. Allows some re-use of previous architectural development and products
3. Collects together the experience of those who came before
4. Makes I.T. skills, investments and developments of greater value to business and
government. (i.e. WE become of greater value to business owners & executives)
5. Provides a “structure” to collect, guide and analyse information about information
and “things”.
6. Can allow unskilled individuals to “visualise” the logical linkages between very
diverse entities (i.e. A process in a business to the level of profit made by the
business; the actual business value of an I.T. system to a Government Agency).
IMPORTANT FRAMEWORKS IN CANBERRA
AGAF – Australian Government Architecture Framework - AGIMO (circa 2008)
FEAF - Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework – USA Federal Government
AUSDAF – Australian Defence Architecture Framework – ADF
TOGAF – The Open Group Architectural Framework – The Open Group
MODAF – Ministry of Defence Architecture Framework – UK MOD
DODAF – Department of Defence Architectural Framework – US DoD
Zachmann – One of the original frameworks still in commercial use – Zachmann
Gartner – Combination of META Group and Gartner Enterprise Frameworks
What do these have in common?
COMMON FRAMEWORK ATTRIBUTES
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Methodology to develop and use architectural elements in an Enterprise
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Governance, Business and Technical aspects
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Views appropriate to the intended audience
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Very few “mandatory” elements.
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Big focus on “just in time”; “fit for purpose” and simplification
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Big difference between Architecture and Design
We will focus on DODAF V2:
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Probably the “richest” structure as it targets the most complex of developments.
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US DoD and USAAF have invested a “motsa” on developing detail and how to guides.
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There is a lot of “how to” material available on the Internet (Google “DODAF V2”)
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DODAF views seem to fit into every other Framework methodology
DODAF V2.02 (CURRENT VERSION 2010)
US DoD’s understanding how DODAF views fit together….
Project Viewpoint
Articulate operational scenarios, processes,
activities & requirements
Services Viewpoint
Articulate the performers, activities, services, and
their exchanges providing for, or supporting, DoD
functions
Standards Viewpoint
Operational Viewpoint
Systems Viewpoint
Articulate the legacy systems or independent
systems, their composition, interconnectivity, and
context providing for, or supporting, DoD
functions
Describes the relationships between operational and capability
requirements and the various projects being implemented;
Details dependencies between capability management and the
Defense Acquisition System process.
Articulate the capability requirement, delivery
timing, and deployed capability
Overarching aspects of architecture context that relate to all
models
All Viewpoint
Articulate the data relationships and alignment structures in the
architecture content
Data and Information Viewpoint
Articulate applicable Operational, Business, Technical, and
Industry policy, standards, guidance, constraints, and forecasts
Capability Viewpoint
AGAF STRUCTURE (CIRCA 2011)
1 Whole-of-Government Enterprise Architecture Program
The intent of this Australian Government Architecture (AGA) framework is to assist in the
delivery of more consistent and cohesive services to citizens and support cost-effective
delivery of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) services by government,
providing a framework that:
provides a common language: provides a common language for agencies involved in
the delivery of cross-agency services
enhances collaboration: supports the identification of duplicate, re-usable and
sharable services
assists in describing and analysing IT investments: provides a basis for the objective
review of investment by government
assists in transforming Government (citizen-centric, results-oriented, market-based):
enables more cost-effective and timely delivery of ICT services through a repository of
standards, principles and templates that assist in the design and delivery of ICT capability
and, in turn, business services to citizens.
This is the third release of the reference models. The reference models form the basis of
a common language between agencies and structure a repository of architectural
artefacts (including standards, guidelines, designs and solutions) that may be used by
agencies to deliver an increasing range of whole-of-government services. It introduces the
Performance Reference Model and the Metamodel.
AGA REFERENCE MODELS
Reference Models are the core of AGAF
(because the focus is Cross-Agency)
AGAF FOCUS ON MEASUREMENT
When implemented within an agency, the measurement framework delivers a line of sight
for agency executives to the resource inputs allocated to an initiative (program, project,
section, branch or division) and the intended outcomes of that initiative. The line of sight
also captures the efficiency and effectiveness of the work processes involved, the quality
of outputs produced and the impact of output usage levels by targeted customers.
There are five measurement domains within the AGA PRM: Inputs; Processes and Activities;
Outputs; Usage; and Outcomes. As detailed above, these domains correspond to the five discrete
areas of activity described in the Government and Business Operation Model, the Inputs–
Transformation–Outcome Model, and the Outcomes Process Model
AGAF STRUCTURE (CIRCA 2011)
AGAF Performance Reference Model (PRM) Classification Framework
AGAF ARCHITECTURAL METAMODEL
CASA ARCHITECTURAL REFERENCE MODEL
BUSINESS LAYER
LINKAGES AND CROSS REFERENCES

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