Turkey Istanbul

Report
Turkey
and
Istanbul
Demography and
geographyThere are,
in
2013, in Turkey,
80
694
485
inhabitants
including
7
million
for
the
European part, so
there
are
94
inhabitants
per
square
kilometre
for
an
area
of
780
580
square
kilometre.
One
part
of
this
Tourism in
Today, Turkey
the Turkey is an
destination more and more prized,
indeed it was the sixth global
tourist destination in 2011.
Tourism at
Istanbul Istanbul
is the seventh touristic
destination in the world with over
9,4 millions of visitors in 2011.
Istanbul welcomed a large part of
Celebrations
October 29th takes place the celebration of
the
Republic
which
commemorates
the
April
23rd, this
is Turkish
the dayRepublic
of the in
national
proclamation
of the
1923.
sovereignty and the childhood. It reminds the
first meeting, in 1920, of the Grand National
November
Assembly to Ankara, to prepare the
War of
August
30,
9thpower
is the
independence.
The children « take
»,
takes parade
place and they are inviteddeath
they
to occupy
the place
victory
the
of personalities for one birthday
day.
party which
of Atatürk
commemorate
in
1938.
The
May
s
the
This
day,
29th,
at
victory
of
all
Istanbul,
the Turkish
traffic
the
forces
stops Turkish
at
celebrates
The
marks
the
about march
the 21st
9:05
am,
the
beginning
of the year for the
Greek
the conquest
time
Monuments
The Hagia Sophia was built by
the byzantine emperor Justinian
I in 537.
The blue mosque was built by
the architect Sedefkar Mahmet
Aga between 1609 and 1616.
The Topkapı Palace was built in 1461
during the reign of Mehmed II.
The Dolmabahçe Palace was built
between 1853 and 1856 during
the
reign
of
the
sultan
Abdülmecid by the architects of
Importance of
Istanbul
incultural
Turkey
Istanbul is the
capital and
of
Europe, it conserve many historical
in
Europe
monuments
which
reflects the rich
history of the country. Istanbul is
the most wealthy and commercial city
of the country.
Policy
Turkey is a republic since 1923. It
has a parliamentary regime. The last
regime was overthrown by the army,
during the coup d’état of 1980 which
wiped out the democracy. The
Belief in
Turkey
The main beliefs in Turkey are Islam and
Christianity.

Islam: Islam is a new religion was
born in the seventh century AD, which
means submission to a single God.
The Islam appeared in Arabia (boundary
between Asia and Africa) with Muhammad.
This religion is based on the person of
Muhammad.
Their main text is the Koran.
Celebriti
cinema, es
there is Nuri
-In the
Bilge Ceylan, who is a director,
actor and screenwriter, born in
Istanbul in 1959. He is known for
- In as
music,
thereClimates,
is Tarkan, a
such films
Kasaba,
Turkish singer. He born in 1972.
Three Monkeys...
It is one of the most famous
singers in Turkey. His albums
sold millions of copies. He is
Thebest
Turkish
is title
a reflection
known music
for his
Simarik
of its (song
ethnickiss)
composition, its geography
and its history. If Turkish music refer
primarily to music made in Turkey by the
The Music
in Turkey
Turkish
Blue Eye "Nazar boncuk"
traditions
chains,
jewelry,
- The
(key
decorations),
is
a
Turkish
tradition-Little
used to ward
off evil
princes
or
future
spells, evil,
and protect
circumcised.
Thispersons
is a Turkish
and property.
tradition of dressing her little
boy in white like a prince, with
a cape, a hat to go out in the
street with his family. He will
pray,
be
photographed
and
pampering
before her
operation to
-The
lohusa
serbeti
drink
be for
circumcised.
In who
the Turkish
delivery is
to all people
tradition,
is aand
passage to
come to see
the youngitmother
Gastronomy
The Turkish gastronomy is one of the
most
varied
in
the
world.
It
is
considered the third richest after that
of France and that of China . The
reciprocal influence between Turkey and
its
neighbouring
countries
(Greece,
Middle-East, Balkans, Iran, Armenia...)
allow to find many common dishes in the
cuisines such as dolmas, the boreks and
Turkey
has experienced
mantis
( Turkish
ravioli). the transition
between the artistic traditions of Islam
dating from the Ottoman Empire and a
secular trend, West. The Modern Turkish
painters are looking for their own free
art forms of Western influence. Sculpture
Art in
Turkey
The
After the founding of the Turkish
education
Republic, the country has sought to
create a national
education
system,
so
system
that
the
Turks
are
a
nation
of
individuals united in a common national
spirit, contributing to the prosperity
of
the
country.
The
law
of
the
unification of education in 1924 was
followed by the opening of primary
schools, secondary schools and various
other
institutions.
Education
is
controlled by the state. The Ministry is
responsible
of
teachers
and
administrators and organizes educational
History of
history
of dismemberment
through Turkey
its Empire.
The
Turkey
main dates:
- -1250 : The Greeks
seize Troy, the city
of the Hittites .
- -669-678 : modern
Turkey was conquered
by
the
armies
of
Muhammad.
This
is
the beginning of the
reign
of
Muslim
dynasties
in
the
country.
-1453 Mehmet II took
of the
-1923 Mustafa Kemal
proclaimed
the
Turkish
Republic.
The reign of the
Ottomans ends well .
-1980: a political
crisis between the
pro -Soviet and the
pro -Islamic right
paralyzes
institutions.
The
army took power and
established
a
History of
Byzantium
was founded by Byzas in
Istanbul
before J.C. In 324, it was renamed
658
Constantinople when the constantine
emperor rebuilt it. It remained the
capital
of
the
Roman
Empire
of
occident which it later became the
Byzantine Empire after the fall of the
Roman Empire of the West. In 1453, the
turks took the city which is renamed
Istanbul in 1930.
The
end

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