A European Harmonised Spectrum for Broadband PPDR

Report
A European Harmonised Spectrum
for Broadband PPDR
Alexander Gulyaev (European Communications Office)
Critical Communications Europe
10-12 March 2014
Amsterdam
[email protected]
www.cept.org/eco
Why harmonisation?
European regulatory framework for radio spectrum and equipment
Read more at
http://apps.cept.org/
eccetsirel/
Roles of the three European regulatory organizations
European Commission:
Single market issues
Binding regulations based on the
technical expertise of CEPT/ECC
and harmonised standards of ETSI
(28 Member States)
CEPT/ECC:
Consensus and voluntary character
Spectrum designation to
systems/applicatoins and technical
conditions for its use
(48 member countries)
ETSI:
European Harmonised standards (EN) for radio equipment
‘System Reference Documents’ (SRDoc) which inform and trigger much of
the CEPT/ECC work
(over 700 industry members &
and European naitonal regulators)
Regulatory actors on the scene of broadband PPDR harmonisation
European Commission
CEPT/ECC
FM49
LEWP-RCEG
Justice and Home Affairs
European Council
TETRA + Critical
Communications
Association
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
ITU is the United Nations agency for ICT
ITU-R Working Party 5A is responsible for
Agenda Item 1.3 of WRC-15 (revision of regulatory
provisions for PPDR, including regionally harmonised
frequency bands)
ITU-R WP 5A acts as a global architect for shaping
the future look of broadband PPDR communications
ITU-R WP5D “IMT Systems” addresses the PPDR
needs from the IMT technologies perspective
European Commission
European Commission is setting out
policy priorities and long-term objectives
for wireless broadband, including Public Safety
Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP):
Article 8.3:
The Commission shall, in cooperation with the Member States, seek to ensure
that sufficient spectrum is made available under harmonised conditions to
support the development of safety services and the free circulation of related
devices as well as the development of innovative interoperable solutions for
public safety and protection, civil protection and disaster relief.
LEWP-RCEG (Home and Justice Affairs, European Council)
Radio Communications Expert Group of the
Law Enforcement Working Party is composed
of senior representatives from PPDR agencies and
regulatory authorities of EU and EFTA Members
LEWP-RCEG adopts statements setting out mid- to long-term
objectives based on the needs of European PPDR community
• Statement of LEWP-RCEG (December 2013):
…LEWP-RCEG strongly encourage CEPT/ECC to take all regulatory actions
possible to ensure that also European nations prepare and adopt a common
position supporting the identification of the 700 MHz band in Region 1 under
Agenda Item 1.3 of WRC15, recognising it will be a national decision which
band(s) is/are selected for mobile broadband PPDR in each country
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards
Institute develops Harmonised Standards (EN)
for telecommunication equipment, including for Public Safety
ETSI is also developing Technical Reports (TR) which both
support ETSI’s standardization work and CEPT’s spectrum
management activities (as SRDoc):
• ETSI TR 102 628 (SRDoc) on additional spectrum requirements for
public safety and security in the UHF frequency range (published in
2010, subject to update)
3GPP
3GPP provides technical environment for producing
LTE specifications, including for Public Safety
3GPP TSG Service and System Aspects (TSG-SA) is working
on the inclusion of PPDR specific features in 3GPP Release
12, namely:
• Mission critical voice and data PTT group communication
capability (GCSE_LTE), and
• Direct device-to-device communications (ProSe*)
* not all ProSe functionality will be included in 3GPP Rel-12, some
functions will be specified in later 3GPP releases
TETRA + Critical Communications Association (TCCA)
TCCA is a forum for all professional users,
both Public Safety (mission critical)
and Utilities & Transport (business users)
TCCA is developing community’s:
• user requirements
• systems and architectures, and
• business cases
TCCA is communicating its needs from “first hands” to
regulatory bodies (first of all, to CEPT), to ensure
timely allocation of sufficient resources
CEPT groups dealing with Broadband PPDR
CEPT/ECC
ECC Plenary
WG FM
WG SE
FM49
ECC PT1
CPG PTD
CPG PTA
ECC ”Strategic Plan”
Priority topics:
• Digital dividend
• Cognitive radio
• Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR)
• Innovation above 40 MHz
• Numbering and naming
• Improve its own working processes
CEPT groups dealing with Broadband PPDR
CEPT/ECC
ECC Plenary
WG FM
WG SE
FM49
ECC PT1
CPG PTD
CPG PTA
CEPT/ECC Project Team FM49
FM49 is the PPDR specialist project team of CEPT/ECC
FM49 web-page
FM49 web-page includes
a library of reference
PPDR regulatory
documents (over 20
docs) and also an
”international corner”
Roadmap of the FM49 work
FM49’s main task: find harmonised radio spectrum for future
European broadband PPDR systems
• ECC Report ”A” (requirements) – May 2013
ECC Report ”B” (solutions) – planned for early 2015
• Support to ECC PT1 on PPDR parameters for CEPT Report in
response to European Commission Mandate on 700 MHz
• Support to CPG PTA in the CEPT preparatory work on
Agenda Item 1.3 of World Radio Conference -2015
Main ECC regulatory documents
• ECC Decision – a regulatory measure of harmonisation,
CEPT countries are strongly encouraged to implement it
nationally, but are not mandated to do so (in contrast to EC
Decisions)
• ECC Recommendation – a less stringent measure of
harmonisation, where an ECC Decision is not
appropriate yet; only few types (e.g. on cross-border)
are supposed to be implemented nationally
• ECC Report – a technical or regulatory study, usually
aimed at creating a background for an ECC Decision,
but also at informing national decision making process
ECC Report 199 (”A”)
ECC Report 199 (“A”) “User requirements and spectrum needs for
future European broadband PPDR systems (Wide Area Networks)”
(approved in May 2013)
ECC Report 199: three types of PPDR events (1)
PP1 (day-to-day operations)
Day-to-day operations encompass the routine operations that PPDR agencies conduct
within their jurisdiction. Most Public Protection spectrum and infrastructure requirements are
determined using this scenario.
ECC Report 199: three types of PPDR events (2)
PP2 (large emergency and/or public events)
The size and nature of the event may require additional PPDR resources from adjacent
jurisdictions, cross-border agencies, or international organisations.
A large fire encompassing 3-4 blocks in a large city (e.g. Paris, London) or a large forest fire
are examples of a large emergency under this scenario. Likewise, a large public event
(national or international) could include a G8 Summit, the Olympics, etc.
ECC Report 199: three types of PPDR events (3)
DR (Disaster Relief)
Can be those caused by either natural or human activity.
Natural disasters include an earthquake, major tropical storm, a major ice storm, floods, etc.
Examples of disasters caused by human activity include large-scale criminal incidences or
situations of armed conflict.
ECC Rerport 199: assumptions and conclusions
ECC Report 199 (“A”) “User requirements and spectrum needs for
future European broadband PPDR systems (Wide Area Networks)”
approved in May 2013:
Assumptions:
Conslusions:
••
•
••
•
applications:
LEWP/RCEG-ETSI
“Matrix
of applications”
minimum requirement
of 2x10 MHz
for Wide
Area Networks
scenarios:
PP1toand
PP2 based
scenarios
but nationalLEWP/RCEG
needs may vary
a significant
extent
technology:
LTEmay be needed to meet the different
more spectrum
frequency
ranges:
700 MHz
and
400 Operations
MHz
requirements
for voice,
Direct
Mode
(DMO), AirGround-Air (AGA) communications and ad-hoc networks
ECC Report ”B” (under development)
ECC Report “B” “Harmonised conditions and spectrum bands
for the implementation of future European broadband PPDR
systems”, planned for approval in the beginning of 2015
The
concept
of “flexible harmonisation” for Wide Area Networks:
Issues
to be addressed:
• common
Technology
Aspectsstandard
(special functions
technical
(LTE) in the LTE standard)
Service provision
(dedicated,
commercial,
•• national
flexibility models
to identify
spectrum
for PPDRhybrid
withinnetworks)
the
to Operation,
national needs,
and
• harmonised
Solutions fortuning
specialrange,
casesaccording
(Direct Mode
Air-Ground-Air
communications,
Ad-hoc
networks)
• national
choice of
the most
suitable service provision model (either
• dedicated,
Interoperability
and cross-border
commercial
or hybrid)operations
•
European harmonised broadband PPDR frequency band / tuning range
ECC Report ”B” (under development): Technology Aspects
• User community: PPDR should be part of the global
LTE eco-system
• The work on enhancing the LTE technology to support
PPDR specific features has started in 3GPP and ETSI
• It will take still a few years before PPDR functions
have been fully specified, implemented, tested and
integrated into the LTE solutions from most vendors
ECC Report ”B” (under development): Service provision models
•
Dedicated network infrastructure:
•
•
•
Mobile BB network planned, deployed, run and owned by a
PPDR organisation
Dedicated mobile BB service provided by a commercial company
Commercial network(s) infrastructure providing
BB services to PPDR users
•
Same mobile BB services to PPDR users as to public customers
•
Mobile BB services to PPDR with special requirements
ECC Report ”B” (under development): Service provision models
•
Hybrid solution (partly dedicated and partly
commercial network infrastructure)
•
•
•
•
Geographical split between dedicated and commercial network
infrastructures
MVNO model where PPDR users share RAN with the public
users
MVNO model with partly dedicated / partly shared RAN network
Extended MVNO model where PPDR have dedicated core and
service nodes and dedicated radio resources in the Tx/Rx of the
RAN part of a commercial network
ECC Report ”B” (under development): Solutions for special cases
•
•
•
Ad-hoc network: will be used in a planned or unplanned
PP2 event either to increase the capacity of the existing
BB WAN or to provide coverage in the absence of WAN
Air-Ground-Air (AGA): applications from UAs or
helicopters to supports PPDR operations (typically a video
stream relayed from a helicopter to the ground)
Direct Mode Operation (DMO): at distances < 1000 m
either within or beyond the BB WAN coverage. DMO is
used to avoid local overload of the WAN, when WAN is
absent or to extend the WAN coverage (“ProSe” spectrum
requirements have not been specified yet).
ECC Report ”B” (under development): Interoperability and crossborder operations
•
•
•
Interoperability: serving visiting PPDR users AND
communication between PPDR users served by two (or
more) separate networks
PPDR special requirements/services have to be
supported between the different network implementation
models (dedicated, commercial or hybrid networks) but
access rights need to be controlled by PPDR agencies
Cross-border scenarios assisted by BB PPDR
communications are expanding: the legal framework and
a set of common operational procedures must be
established.
ECC Report ”B” (under development): Candidate BB PPDR
frequency bands for harmonisation
• 700 MHz (694-790 MHz)
• 400 MHz (410-430 MHz & 450-470 MHz)
• IMT-bands above 790 MHz
Next steps
• Identify the European harmonised frequency band(s) /
tuning range and technical conditions for provision of
broadband PPDR services
• Promote the European arrangement for broadband
PPDR at the international level
• European regulators to make spectrum available for
broadband PPDR in a timely manner, to ensure
interoperable and affordable provision of PPDR
services, for the sake of European citizens
Participating in the CEPT work: how to join
www.cept.org/ecc

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