ECONOMIC & BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN

Report
ECONOMIC & BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
IN MANNAR
CURRENT STATUS AND FACILITATION FOR
INVESTMENT & BUSINESS
Eng. A. Robert V. Peries
B.Sc. (Hons), PG dip IE, MA (Dev. St & PP)
Deputy Project Director
Re-awakening Project
Ministry of Economic Development
Kachcheri, Mannar
Ancient History & Situation
Present General Data & Information
• Total area
= 2002 Sq. Km
• 3-Divisional Secretariat Divisions
– Mannar Town, Nanattan & Musali
• 2 Asst. Govt. Agent Divisions
– Manthai West & Madhu
• 153 Grama Niladharies Divisions
• Number of Villages: 614
• District falls in the Dry Zone Area (Ave. Temp - 28 to
33 & Ave. rainfall-74mm to 104 mm)
 Participation of males in economic activity – 70.5%
 70% engaged in Agriculture (61.43% in paddy)
 25% engaged in fisheries according to 1981 Census
• Land Use Pattern – 1997 (Ha)
Paddy
19,318
9.6 %
Highland Crops
3,406
1.7 %
Perennial Crops
10,451
5.2 %
131,046
64.8 %
37,853
18.7 %
Forest
Other Plantation & Barren Land
• Mannar District has biodiversity-rich ecosystems that are
providing valuable services. Forests, inland wetlands, coastal
and marine, and agricultural lands are major coastal and
terrestrial habitat types found here.
• Six major soil groups
– Costal sandy soil (Regosols) saline & marshy (15.9%)
– Central places dark clay (Grumusols) suitable for paddy
(12.4%)
– Towards the interior well drained deep Red Yellow Latosol
(29.2%)& Reddish Brown Earth (28.3%) suitable for
perennial crops
Geographical Importance
210 Km
273 Km
Ferry Service to India
Colombo - Jaffna Route
Mathawachchi – Talaimannar Railway
Irrigation - Rivers Flowing through Mannar
Name of River
1
Aruvi Aru
2
D S/A G A
Division
Musali
Nanaddan
Catcheme Approxim
nt
ate
Area
Length
in Km
in Km
Duration
of
Flow in
Months
Extent
Benefited
in Ha
Volume of
Water
Consumed
in M C M
2,944.0
160.0
09
12,432.90
221.40
Moderagama Aru Musali
931.84
57.6
09
495.00
6.15
3
Kal Aru
Musali
209.92
32.0
03
-
-
4
Nay Aru
Mantai West
560.64
40.0
04
1,821.15
30.75
5
Pali Aru
Mantai West
450.56
56.0
06
-
-
6
Parangi aru
Mantai West
832.00
68.0
06
7
Chippi Aru
Mantai West
66.56
16.0
04
There are major seven rivers covering 9113 Km for Gulf of Mannar
214.50
-
2.46
-
Sippi Aru
Nay Aru
Aruvi Aru
KalAru
Moderagama Aru
Pali Aru
Parngi Aru
Giants Tank & Cascade System
No
Name of Channel
Area
Ac
1
Isamalaithalvu
12
1,173
2
Iraddaikulam
7
836
3
Murungan-14th Mile
11
2,046
4
13th Mile
22
2,298
5
12th Mile
17
3,129
6
11th Mile
14
2,546
7
Adaikalamoddai
39
5,368
8
Sinna Udaippu
22
3,286
9
Periya Udaippu
14
2,601
10
Kuruvil
4
1,155
162
24,438
TOTAL
Aruvi Aru
Phase I
No of
Tanks
Akathimurippu Tank
Phase II
Deputy Project Director - Mannar
Ministry of Economic Development
Major, Medium and Minor Irrigation
D S/A G A
Division
Name of Tank
Catchement
Area
Sq M
Capacity
Ac Ft
Irrigable
Extent
Ha
No of
Feeder
Tank
38.0
1.5
3.5
31,500
6,948
840
24,438
6,231
1,223
162
40
06
60
2.7
142.0
156.0
9.6
4.5
32.4
43.0
433.2
410
5,780
2,760
2,062
580
2,816
1,141
54,837
560
750
750
750
400
606
530
36,238
04
Central (Major Irrigation)
1
Giant’s Tank
Mn, MW, Nanattan
2 2Akathymurippu
Musali
3 3Viyadikulam
Musali
** Koorai Scheme
Manthai West
Provincial (Medium Irrigation)
4
Maruthamadhu Anicut
Musali
5
Periyamadhu
Mantai West
6
Welimaruthamadhu
Mantai West
7
Kurai
Mantai West
8
Adampankulam
Mantai West
9
Periya Pandivirichchan
Madhu
10 Thedchanamaruthamadhu
Madhu
TOTAL
Name of AKN
No of Tanks
Name of AKN
No of Tanks
Mannar Island
1
Alkadively
1
Uyilankulam
2
Illupaikadavai
94
Nanaddan
4
Palampitty
18
Murunkan
55
Iranaiillupaikulam
87
Manthai
13
P.P.Potkerny
26
Vidataltivu
33
Chilawathurai
14
Minor Irrigation Tank in Mannar District
348
05
07
234
Ground Water
Sources
Killinochchi
Mullaithivu
Vellankulam
Madhu-PP kadanthan
Murungan
Kondachchi
Vanathamunai
• Vanathamunai
• Kondachchi
• Murungan
• Madhu-PP kadanthan
• Vellankulam
• Killinochchi
• Mullaithivu
Fisheries Sector
•Sri Lanka possesses a 517,000 sq km
ocean as Exclusive Economic Zone
(EEZ), equivalent to 8 times of its land
mass. Its territorial capacity to
produce more than 250,000 MT(1)
•At present the Sri Lanka requires
360,000 MT of fish for local
consumption.
•Sri Lanka produced 50% of Dry Fish &
balance is importing (42,380 MT)
•Mannar District EEZ is one of the Rich & Diverse fisheries resources in
Asian Pacific Region
•Mannar District consists of 162 Km Coastal Length
•Famous for White Fishes, Prawns & Tiger Prawns, Sea Crabs & Mad Crabs,
Pure White Cuttlefish
USAID/CORE Marine fisheries Sector Assessment report 2009
Department of Census and Statistics – HHS 2010
Fisheries data - 2009
D S/A G A
Famili No of Fresh
es
Socitie Fish/
s
MT
Dried
Fish
/MT
In Board
NonGrafts Mechaniz
ed
OBM
Boats
Mannar
5136
17
4661
406
Nanaddan
1027
03
918
Musali
794
09
949
M/West
1141
07
Displaced
190
Madhu
-
-
NA
-
8098
36
TOTA L
6528
298
875
193
0
358
178
42
299
777
55
55
340
1,722
Present Agriculture & Livestock
Situation
• Neat Cattle
–
–
–
–
Milk Cow
Other Cow
Bulls
Calves
- 11,630
- 6,584
- 4,540
- 11,167
• Poultry
–
–
–
–
–
Cock Bird
Laying Hen
Hen
Chicks
Broilers
- 27,457
- 34,577
- 19,847
- 42,415
- 19,718
Worship & Visiting for Tourism
Tourism & Eco Tourism - Mannar Fort
Tourism & Eco Tourism
Light House - Talaimannar
Old Pier for Ferry Services - Talaimannar
Head Sluices – Giant Tank
Hanging Bridge over Kunchchikulam
Tourism & Eco Tourism
Mannar New Bridge
Old Fort in Arippu
Fisheries & Coral Trees
Proposed - Wind Power & Industrial Estate
Oil Exploration – Gulf of Mannar
•Cairn India had contracted a deepwater
rig from Japan Drilling to embark on the
three-well Block M2 Mannar basin.
•Mannar basin's two oil blocks have been
granted to China and India.
•The 1st , 2nd , 3rd stages would take three,
two and three years respectively and the
entire project would be completed in eight
years.
•Sri Lanka has identified and demarcated
12 blocks namely, three in the Cauvery
Basin (off North East coasts of Sri Lanka),
eight in the Mannar Basin (off Western and
North Western Coasts) and one in the
Southern Basin (off Hambantota)
Upper
Malwathu Oya
oration
Kondachchi Farm
Manik Farm
Dayata Kirula
THANKS

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