+ Classroom Management from Linda Albert + Good Discipline Linda Albert believes that good discipline depends on student’s attaining a sense of belonging, participation in making class decisions, relating to others with kindness and consideration As students acquire these attitudes and capabilities they experience an inner sense of discipline that is manifested in self control and responsible behavior. + Discipline occurs best when teachers and students work together in a genuinely cooperative manner to Fundamental Hypothesis Establish a classroom that is safe Provide students a sense of connectedness and belonging Turn all behavior mistakes into learning opportunities. + Linda Albert’s Cooperative Discipline Teachers everywhere are troubled by student misbehavior. This Leads to: Reduced Student Learning Affects the quality of teaching. Ruins job satisfaction for teachers + It isn’t the end of the world It can be reversed… Classroom Discipline permits: Teachers to work with students in a cooperative manner Teachers and Students make class decisions together Teachers to keep parents involved + Linda Albert’s Influences Rudolph Dreikurs Students urgently want to feel they “belong” in the class. Behave inappropriately Mistaken Goals + Belonging =Genuine Goal Students Genuine & Mistaken Goals must see themselves as important, worthwhile, and valued as a class member Mistaken Goals: Attention (look at me) Power (you can’t make me) Revenge (I’ll get even) Withdrawal (I wont participate) + Tactics to help Students Make connections with others Contribute See to class themselves as capable + 3 C’s Capable Connected (with others) Contributing + Capable Sense of “ I Can” Belief they are capable of accomplishing work given to them in school. Teachers can increase students sense of capability by: Countering fear of mistakes Build Confidence Make progress tangible Recognize Achievements + Connected The 5 “A’s” of connecting Acceptance Attention Appreciation Affirmation Affection + Contributing Students need to see that they can make school better for everyone when they contribute to it and to each other. How to do this… ENCOURAGE Student input in class matters Student contributions to the school Student contributions to the community Students to work to protect the environment Students to help other students + Class Code of Conduct Teachers should involve students from day 1in development Expected behavior from EVERYONE Teachers & Students decide on consequences reasonable + Conflict may occur anyway When it does… 1. Remain calm and relaxed 2. Listen to student 3. Attempt to address their concern 4. Adopt a businesslike attitude and use a calm firm voice. ALWAYS!! Teachers should remember that encouragement is their most powerful teaching tool. + 4 Types of Misbehavior Attention Seeking Power seeking Active: AGM-attention getting mechanisms Active: temper tantrums, back talk, Passive: lag behind, slow to comply Passive: quiet non-compliance Silver Lining: desires positive relationship Silver lining: good verbal skills leadership ability Revenge Seeking Avoidance of Failure Students suffer real or imagined hurt Withdrawn May retaliate Prefer to look lazy than stupid Verbal attacks, destruction of material or environment Counter by altering assignments & plentiful encouragement + Diffusing Confrontations Think Through and Practice 1. Focus on behavior not the student 2. Take charge of your negative emotions 3. Discuss misbehavior with student later 4. Allow student to save face + More severe confrontations Graceful Exits- allows teachers to distance themselves from the situation Made calmly with poise and WITHOUT sarcasm. Acknowledge students power but state expectaions Move away and table matter (if persists) call the students bluff & deliver closing statement (if don’t work) TIME OUT + Implementing consequences Think of consequences as tools for helping students learn to make better behavior choices. Talk with class about categories Loss or delay of privileges Loss of freedom of interaction Restitution Relearning appropriate behavior + 4 “R’s” & 6 “D’s” 4 R’s: RelatedReasonable Respectful Reliably enforced 6 D’s Define Declare Describe Discuss Decide Determine + Sources: Charles, C. M., & Senter, G. W. (2008). Building classroom discipline (9th ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn And Bacon.