• For the first time in India, BESCOM started Demand Side
Management activity vide General Manager(Tech) Bescom order
No. BESCOM/BC-9/310/05-06 dated 09-02-2007.
• M/S.International Institute for Energy Conservation(IIEC),
Washington were consultants for BESCOM.
Demand Side Management is a mechanism to influence customer’s
CAPABILITY and WILLINGNESS to reduce electricity consumption.
Demand Side Management is a utility program aiming to fine-tune
consumer’s energy consumption pattern, according to the utility’s
energy production and distribution capacity.
Demand-side management(DSM) programs consist of the planning,
implementing and monitoring activities of electric utility that are
designed to encourage consumers to modify their level and pattern of
electricity usage.
Demand Side Management relies on a combination of using high
efficiency equipment and efficient use of electricity through good
operating practice.
Demand-side management(DSM) is the implementation of policies and
measures which serve to control, influence and generally reduce electricity
• DSM aims to improve final electricity-using systems, reduce consumption,
while preserving the same level of service and comfort.
1: Reliability and Stability
 DSM provides enhanced reliability to the energy system by reducing
overall demand through energy efficiency and by reducing peak demand
through dispatchable programs.
 It also reduces transmission and distribution costs relative to a supply side
 DSM increases diversity of energy sources.
2: Low Cost / Affordability
 The cost of DSM is technology specific and varies relative to other supply
side resources.
 Dispatchable DSM programs can be called when their cost is lower then
alternative market purchases.
 Cost-effective resource planning can ensure that DSM is only procured up
to the point where it is cheaper than supply alternatives.
 DSM can also help low-income customers reduce their energy costs.
Following three factors reduce energy consumption(kWh) and peak
demand (kW), however, emphasis differs
Energy Efficiency – emphasis is on reducing overall energy
consumption and also peak demand over several years.
Peak Load Management – emphasis is on reducing peak demand
consistently over a season.
Demand Response – emphasis is on reducing peak demand for
short periods of time for a few days during the year.
For Promotion of various Energy Efficient / DSM methods in the state
following steps were taken:
National Energy Conservation Day observed on 14th December.
(G.o.I has enacted The Energy conservation act 2001).
Earth Hour observed by all the employees of BESCOM in offices and
their residences. Public were also requested to participate.
(Earth Hour was observed on 23rd March 2013 from 8.30PM to 9.30PM
by switching off all the unnecessary lights).
Operational Metrics
BESCOM Load Curve
Many workshops on DSM measures conducted.
Following are the various NGOs / corporations who involved in saving
of Energy Efficient / DSM measures:
BBMP (By using automatic timers)
NGOs (By spreading the awareness programmes)
Industrial / Commercial Advertisers – (By adopting energy efficient
Out door advertising agencies for hoardings (By using energy
efficient lighting & dimming hoarding lighting after 10PM)
Energy Auditing of BESCOM Corporate Office done by M/s. Centre
for Sustainable Development, Bangalore.
A Pilot Project was undertaken during 2005-06 for the first time in
India under USAID in Bangalore city as desired by BEE.,MOP.
M/S. International Institute for Energy Conservation(IIEC),
Washington were consultants for BESCOM
CFL Purchase Options
Under this scheme consumers were encouraged to purchase CFLs directly from
suppliers or from BESCOM on a monthly instalment basis paid through
electricity bills.
Benefits derived
Estimated that about 1.81 Lakhs additional CFLs were sold during the
scheme implementation.
About 100% increase in sales of CFLS was observed compares to the
previous year which resulted in:
 Reduction in residential demand to an extent of 10.46MWs.
 This Pilot Project encouraged in formulation of Bachat Lamp Yojana in
the country.
It enforced manufacturers to give one year warranty to the customers.
This scheme lead to regulation stipulating a minimum power factor of
0.85 for CFLs.
1.a. Bachat Lamp Yojane Scheme :• Bachat Lamp Yojane, a scheme to promote replacement of
CFLs in the place of incandescent lamps under CDM project
promoted by M.o.P., G.o.I., was implemented during 2011.
•The difference amount of CFL cost to be obtained by the
implementing agency through CDM in the form of trading
•M/S. HPL Socomac private Lt., Bangalore 560001, was
entrusted for two rural Circles namely Bangalore rural Circle
and Kolar Circle covering 4 districts wide GM(Proc),
BESCOM order no. BC-51/F-485/08-09 Dated: 22.05.2010
as follows.
•A total no. Of 37.01,368 CFLs were distributed during 2011 as detailed are shown
 The Salient features of the scheme are as follows:
The warranty period shall not be less than 18 months from the date of
fixing of CFL to the household.
ii. The power factor shall not be less than 0.85
iii. Free replacement of fused distributed CFLs within two years for 6000
hour CFL’s and within three years for 10,000 hour lamps during the
life of the CDM project. It will be the responsibility of the successful
firm for collection of fused CFLs through buy-back scheme and
arrangements for their safe disposal as per environmental guidelines.
iv. A maximum of 4 CFLs shall be replaced in exchange of an
incandescent lamp (ICL) at a cost of INR 15 per house hold. These
CFLs shall be compliant with the existing National Regulations in
force viz. IS-15111:2012 (As per BEE and BLY guidelines)
A Pilot Project was conducted during 2005-06 for the first time in
the country as follows:
 Innovative Bescom Efficient Irrigation Pump Sets Program (BEIP) scheme
was launched, supported by International Copper Promotion Council (India).
M/S International Institute for energy conservation(IIEC), Washington were
consultants for BESCOM.
• The official suppliers were (selected through tender)
i. M/s Kirloskar Brothers Ltd
ii. M/s KSB Pumps Ltd
iii. M/s Crompton Greaves Ltd
• A total number of 1074 nos of submersible pump sets were replaced by
Energy Efficient IP Sets under the scheme.
•Manufacturers offered a warranty of 18 months for pump and offered
attractive rates for energy efficient I.P.sets.
2.b. Agriculture Demand Side Management, WENEXA-USAID
 On 06.07.2009, BESCOM launched Distribution Reform Upgrades
Management (DRUM) project, water and energy Nexus activity phase II
(WENEXA II) both conducted under the aegis of India’s Ministry of Power
(MoP) and United States International Development Agency (USAID) / India.
 The DRUM project established a pilot site at Doddaballapur to help
BESCOM. Create of excellence which will serve as a model to be sealed up
and replicated else where.
 Electricity used for irrigation pumps is highly inefficient with pump
efficiencies of 30% and less. However farmers are unwilling to invest in these
improvements because the present tariff regime does not provide financial
incentive to do so. Therefore BESCOM has designed and implemented an
integrated system improvement and demand side management.
 Hence BESCOM planned an initiative called replacing inefficient irrigation
pump sets by high efficient pump sets on HVDS feeders at Doddaballapur SubDivision as a pilot project
• M/s ENZEN Global Solutions, an ESCO was engaged for replacement of
existing IP sets in Doddaballapura on11KV feeders under USAID WENEXA. This ESCO Agriculture Demand Side Management model was
designed by BESCOM in association with USAID-PA Consulting.
• BESCOM was able to successfully establish a system of appointing ESCO
and has been awarded with “National Power Award-2009” under category
MANAGEMENT” for Agriculture Demand Side Management initiative.
• This pilot is the first of its kind in India to undertake Agriculture.
Demand Side Management under ESCO model.
• A total number of 277 inefficient Pump sets at metered locations in
Doddballapura Sub-Division were replaced by High Energy Efficient
Pump Sets.
• BESCOM has saved 29.23 Million units from this project between April
2011 to June 2013 at Doddaballapura and the project details are mentioned
in the following slide:
Energy Savings of Agricultural Demand Side
• A contract agreement was signed on 07-08-2013 between BESCOM and
M/S. Energy Efficient Service Ltd., a joint venture company of public
sector units (PSU’s) of Ministry of Power, New Delhi for Agriculture
Demand side Management i.e., for preparation of DPR to replace one lakh
nos. of less efficient IP sets by highly efficient pump sets without any
financial commitment to BESCOM as follows:
3. Solar Water Heaters
 Government of Karnataka has issued Order No :
EN396/NCE2006 dated 13.11.2007 for the use of Solar
Water Heaters as mandatory for the buildings
constructed in sites measuring more than 1200sft area.
 Circulars and instructions have been issued to the field
officers to educate and bring in awareness about the
advantage of installing Solar Water Heating systems as
per above circular.
 Notification No. K.E.R.C/COS/D/07/10
Dated:01.07.2010 published in Karnataka Gazette dated:
 Government of Karnataka has issued the notification no:
EN 396 NCE 2006
Dt: 13.11.2007 wherein the solar water heating system is
mandatory for
categories of buildings mentioned below:
i. Industries where hot water is required for processing or
for auxiliary purposes.
ii. Hospitals and Nursing homes including government
iii. Jail Barracks, Canteens.
iv. Housing complex set up by Group housing
societies/housing boards/other developers.
v. All residential buildings with built-up area of 600 Sq.feet
and above constructed on sites measuring 1200 Sq.feet
and above falling within the limits of
Municipalities/Corporations and Bangalore Development
Authority sectors.
vi. All Government buildings/Residential schools/All
educational institutions/Technical/Vocational Education
Institutions/ All training institutions/ Hostels/ Tourism
complexes/ Universities/ Community centers/ Kalyana
Mantapas where facility for stay is provided.
 Aditya Solar shop of Karnataka Renewable Energy
Development Limited will act as an approved source for
supply and installation of solar water heating systems in the
state to ensure the installation of optimally designated quality
systems as per the specifications.
 All the departments like Urban Development Department,
Public Works Departments , Housing Department, Health and
Family Welfare Department and Agriculture & Horticulture
Department will amend their rules / bye-laws within a period
of two months from the date of issue of this order to make use
of the solar water heating systems mandatory.
 These departments will also designate a district and a state
level nodal officer to monitor and report the progress of
enforcement of the State Government decisions to the
Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited on
Quarterly basis the prescribed format.
 Mandatory use of Compact Florescent Lamp (CFL)
in Government Buildings / Government aided
 The use of incandescent lamps in all new
buildings/institutions constructed in Government Aided
Sector/Board and Corporation / Autonomous bodies is
banned with immediate effect.
 It will be mandatory that in existing buildings the
defective incandescent lamps when replaced would be
replaced by only compact florescent lamps (CFL).
 Power utilities will affect necessary modification in the
load demand notices within two months time from the
date of issue of this order to promote the use of Compact
Florescent Lamps instead of conventional bulbs while
releasing/ sanctioning new connections/loads.
 Mandatory use of ISI marked motor pump sets, Power
capacitor, Foot/Reflex valves in Agriculture Sector.
 For all new tube well connection the use of ISI marked
pump sets and accessories will be mandatory.
All ESCOMS and KPTCL will make the amendments in the
load demand notices for tube well connections within two
months from the date of issue of this order to ensure use of
only ISI marked pumps in the state.
 Promotion Of Energy Efficient Building Design.
 All the new buildings to be constructed in the Government/
Government Aided Sectors will incorporate energy efficient
building design concepts including Renewable Energy
Technologies with effect from one year from the date of issue
of this order.
 The Public Works Department will ensure the incorporation of energy efficient
building concept in all buildings to be constructed in future in the Government
/Government Aided sector. A committee shall be formed in the Public works
Department to examine all new building plans/drawing to be constructed in the
Government / Government Aided Sector to ensure that all the features of the Energy
Efficient design concepts have been incorporated in these.
 The Public Works Department will designate a nodal officer for coordination and
monitoring of these measures who will report the progress in this regard to the
Managing Director, Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited.
- By order and in the name of Governor of Karnataka
Under Secretary to Government,
Energy Department.
 A rebate of 50 paise per unit of electricity consumed subject to a maximum of
Rs.50/- per installation per month will be allowed to Tariff schedule LT 2(a), if
solar water heater are installed and used. Where bulk solar water heating system
is installed, solar water heater rebate shall be allowed to each of the individual
installations, provided that, the capacity of solar water heater in such
apartment/group housing shall be a minimum capacity of 100 Ltr. Per household.
 Regarding the installation of Solar Water Heaters, the following directions are
issued as per Circular No: BESCOM/BC-9/1554/2010-11.
Solar Water Heaters:
The public are being enlightened on this in various
forums especially in Janasamparka Sabhas, Customer
meets etc., We have also instructed the Meter Readers
and the Linemen who are visiting the customer
premises during the meter readings and while
attending to the customer complaints to explain about
the advantages of Solar Water Heating systems in the
form of saving energy and consequential reduction in
the electricity bills.
We have issued strict directions to the field officers to
adhere to the notifications issued regarding
mandatory use of Solar Water Heating systems by the
customers as per the guidelines of Government of
Solar Water Heaters:
No. of Solar Water Heating Systems installed in BESCOM are as follows:
As on 31.07.2013
: 6,187
: 47,218
: 52,491
: 72,084
: 95,819
: 1,20,791.
3.a. Installation of Solar RTPV grid connected power plant in the premises of Corporate
Office, BESCOM, Bangalore (as a Pilot scheme to promote large scale grid connected
rooftop solar photovoltaic projects in Bangalore).
Scope of Work: Design, manufacture, supply, Installation, testing, commissioning including
warranty, operation and maintenance for a period of two years for providing 100 Kwp Solar
grid interactive power plant of 30 Kwp capacity on flat roof of block no I, 70 Kwp capacity
on the slanted roof of block no.II, Solar PV Grid interactive power plant in the premises of
Corporate Office, BESCOM, Bangalore (as a pilot scheme to promote large scale grid
connected rooftop solar PV projects in Bangalore)
Contract Value: Rs.58.10 lakhs (Rupees fifty eight lakhs and Ten thousand only) after
availing 30% subsidy from Solar Corporation of India.
LOI: BESCOM has issued LOI vide no. BESCOM/GM(DSM)/DGM/AGM/BC-51/2013-14
428-35 Dt: 29.07.2013 on M/s. Thermax Ltd., Pune for implementation of this project.
3.b. Time of Day Tariff
KERC has decided to make Time of Day Tariff compulsory for HT2(a) and HT2(b)
consumers with a contract demand of 500 KVA and above.
Further, the optional ToD would continue as existing earlier for HT2(a) and HT2(b)
consumers with contract demand of less than 500 KVA.
Also the ToD for HT1 consumers on optional basis would continue as existing
Details of TOD tariff are indicated under the respective tariff category.
BESCOM has replaced all the 1278 nos of ToD feature meters for HT2(a) and
HT2(b) consumers with a contract demand of 500 KVA and above as on 30th
September 2012.
TOD Tariff applicable to HT 2(a)(i) & HT2 (b) category
TOD tariff applicable to LT5(a) & (b): At the option of the consumer as
4. Lifestyle change approach to Best Energy Conservation Practices- a pilot by
M/s CSD :
M/s. Centre for Sustainable Development were engaged for bringing in awareness
among residential / commercial customers for adoption of Energy Efficient methods
in their daily lifestyle as a pilot project in Brigade Road, M.G. Road, Residency
Road and Halasur.
About 1601 customers have participated in this project.
M/s CSD have submitted the final report and the results are encouraging which
indicate a saving of an average 8-10% of energy by all participating customers in
this scheme.
This pilot is the first of its kind in India conducted by a public utility using an
Replacement of Copper Chokes by Electronic
BESCOM has undertaken replacement of
existing Copper chokes in Fluorescent tube light
fittings of BESCOM buildings by energy efficient
electronic ballast through M/s. KEONICS a State
Government undertaking.
During 2011– 2012, BESCOM has replaced 5,298
nos. of existing 50 Watts copper ballast by 28
Watts electronic ballast chokes (with 8 years
warranty period) in various BESCOM building at
a cost of Rs. 66.90 lakhs.
This resulted in saving of energy to the tune of
0.35 million units per year considering average
usage of TL fittings of 10 hours per day for 25
days in a month.
6. Involvement of BBMP:BBMP was requested to reduce energy consumption in street lights, hoardings
and parks etc.
BESCOM is insisting on BBMP and Bangalore Metropolitan Area Zone for fixing
automatic timer switches to street light circuits as mandatory. Studies show the usage
of electronic timer switches saves energy upto 30%. And also it ensures timely
switching streetlight circuits ON at 6 PM and switching off at 6 AM exactly.
To switch ON the street lights just at the dusk i.e. 6.30 pm and switch OFF just before
the sunrise i.e. by 5.30 am (During summer).
To switch OFF lights (except for security lighting) in parks and gardens immediately
after exit of public in the evenings i.e. by
8.00 pm.
To take action for reduction of 50% of power in respect of hoardings, boards and
advertising illuminations. (Make provision for dimmers to lighting after 10 PM or to
switch off after 10 PM).
Make provision for dimmers, for street lights and put them on 3 phases in such a
manner that alternative street lights are ON in different phases with a facility to switch
off the lights whenever required.
To switch off 1/3rd of the street lights on high masts after 10.00pm.
7. Involvement of Hoardings and Advertising Agencies:
To Switch OFF illumination on hoardings not given to the clients.
By using energy efficient lighting & dimming hoarding lighting after 10 PM/
Switching OFF illumination after 10.00 pm.
Reduce 1/3rd of the illumination.
To use LEDs for illumination.
8. Involvement of Commercial Establishments:
( By advertising through Doordarshan, ATR, Documentary Films, Hoardings etc.,)
To reduce lighting illumination by 25%.
Non usage of more decorative lights.
To reduce usage of Air conditioning.
Stoppage of downward escalators during peak hours.
To reduce hoarding lights.
To reduce lights in car parking area and passage area.
“Vidhyuth Jagruthi Yojane” an awareness program introduced for Higher Primary &
High school children to bring in awareness among the children who in-turn
communicate this in their families.
A booklet with information of Electricity Generation, Transmission, Distribution,
Regulators and Energy Conservation methods was distributed among the children.
An objective and pick and speak test were conducted after a week and cash prizes
awarded for the top three students in both the test.
Under Vidyuth Jagruthi Yojane, a tender amounting to Rs.1.5 Crores (approximately)
has been called for Design and implementation of conducting energy efficiency
measures and demand side management awareness activities in selected 100 schools
in Bangalore Urban District and to sensitize approximate one lakh students and to
bring down energy consumption on contract period of two years. This tender was
closed on 24.06.2013 and tender evaluation is under progress.
The bidders have to collect last two years electricity consumption data of selected
schools and from one lakh students (preferably).
The bidders has to prepare a working model study material / booklets / exhibits /
drawings / posters / ppt models / awards / prizes to school on energy conservation
measures that the bidder is going to adopt, duly approved by GM (DSM) to be
distributed among all the 100 schools covering approximately One lakh students
in the Bangalore Urban District.
The bidder shall identify means to reduce energy consumption through evolving
innovative ideas.
10. Energy Awareness Program:
Energy Awareness programs are being conducted regularly on the following
issues :
Necessity of energy saving and energy conservation.
Benefit of using energy efficient appliances.
Use of CFLs / LEDs.
Use of Solar Water Heaters.
Do’s and Don’ts
Climate change – reduction of Carbon print.
11.a. Awareness Program:
Communication Modes Utilized:
Advertisements in Newspapers, Magazines, Souvenir etc.
On Hoardings, Bus shelters.
Jingles in Doordarshan, AIR, Big FM etc.
Posters, Pamphlets, Brochures, Car Stickers etc.
Street plays in 400 villages across BESCOM.
20 Minute documentary film developed and displayed in Rural areas through
Department of Information, GOK.
Through Janasamparka sabhas by Section Officers / Sub Division officers
with Grama Panchayath and Zilla Parishat offices.
Through Interaction meetings at Taluk development / District development
Niranthara Jyothi project is a prestigious scheme of Government of Karnataka
where in segregation of Non - Agricultural loads and Agricultural loads in Rural
areas was undertaken to provide 24 hrs 3 phase power supply to non – agricultural
loads like domestic, commercial, water supply, street light, rural industries, milk
diaries etc.
This will enable BESCOM to give 24X7 supply to Non-Agricultural loads in Rural
areas and also following advantages .
Reduction in distribution transformer failures
Increase in metered sales
Reduction in technical losses
Improved load management
Improves standard of living in rural areas.
12.a. Stages of implementation of Niranthara Jyothi scheme
(as part of DSM activity)
A pilot project on Niranthara Jyothi Scheme was undertaken in 2011 at Malur in
Kolar district covering 272 villages by drawing 10 new 11 KV feeders at a cost
of Rs. 18.67 crores.
Details of Physical and financial progress of Niranthara Jyothi Scheme (As on
Usage of LED lamps in Corporate Office, BESCOM
BESCOM undertook replacement of existing tube lights and CFLs vide
order No. BESCOM/BC-51/3410/11-12/2135 Dated:22.03.2012
amounting for Rs.5,35,344/- as follows

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