Document

Report
IAPB and VISION 2020
VISION 2020 UK AGM
September 2013
Peter Ackland, CEO.
Founded in 1975 by Sir John Wilson.
125 members
International & local NGOs
Professional Bodies
Universities
Corporate companies
Council of Members
Board of Trustees
Europe
N. America &
The Caribbean
Eastern
Med.
Africa
S. E.
Asia
West
Pacific
Latin
America
IAPB has seven regions
and a global office in London
Mission:
To achieve universal access to eye health, by:
1) adding value to and maximising the impact of the individual
and collective work of our Members, including those who
strive for the inclusion and rehabilitation of those with
vision loss
2) promoting knowledge and awareness of comprehensive
eye health system development, particularly at country level.
Key IAPB activities:
1) Advocacy
2) Promotes knowledge and good practice.
3) Provides services to its’ Members.
4) Co-ordinates Seeing is Believing grant
programme
In 1999 the World Health Organization
and IAPB founded VISION 2020
Numbers of Blind persons
against original VISION 2020 predictions.
80
Without Vision 2020
Predicted
global number
of blind people
millions
60
With Vision 2020
40
20
Latest data
39m
-
2000
Courtesy Allen Foster
2010
2020
GBD Blindness Estimates
Age-standardized and Total Number
Age-standardized
Prevalence
Estimated
Number blind
1.8%
40,000,000
1.6%
35,000,000
1.4%
30,000,000
1.2%
25,000,000
1.0%
20,000,000
0.8%
15,000,000
0.6%
0.4%
10,000,000
0.2%
5,000,000
0.0%
0
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
Courtesy Rupert Bourne
Advocacy
Four World Health Assembly Resolutions
and Two Action Plans 2009 and 2013
Universal Access
to Eye Health:
A Global Action
Plan,
2014 – 2019
WHA 62.1
2009
WHA 66.11
2013
http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA66/A66_11-en.pdf
What does Universal Eye Health Mean?
1) Comprehensive eye care services
- promotion, prevention, rehabilitation and care,
- covering the range of causes of vision impairment,
- providing services to those at risk of, and with, visual impairment
2) Eye health integrated into health systems.
- across the six areas of a health system
3) Reaching everyone
- the poor, marginalized, people in rural areas, vision impaired, minorities
- tackling barriers which these groups face to ensure use of services
4) Point of care payment should not prevent access
- it must be free for the poorest
The need for effective national bodies to press for
Universal Eye Health Coverage in each country.
1) Presently 14 VISION 2020 national bodies,
- VISION 2020 Australia, India and UK are the strongest
2) 118 National Prevention of Blindness Committees,
- effectiveness very variable – some very strong e.g. Pakistan
The ideal national body
Effective
Advocates
Representational
National
implementation
of AP
Knowledgeable
European Coalition for Eye Health and Vision

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