PPT

Report
Pakistan’s National Human Development
Report on Youth, 2015
1. INTRODUCTION TO THE NHDR
What is a National Human
Development Report?
• National Human Development Reports combine research, data and policy
recommendations to explore and elaborate on themes of human
development
• The reports are born out
of an intensive countryled, country-owned
process of consultation
and outreach
• Ultimately, they are
designed to generate
public debate and shape
policy around human
development issues
No. of national reports by country
NHDRs in Pakistan
 The NHDR has Pakistani roots:
 The very first global report was produced by the Pakistani economist
Mahbub ul Haq in 1990
 Since then, more than 700 national and sub-national HDRs have been
produced by 135 countries
 However, Pakistan has only formally published one NHDR in 2003.
 That report focused on poverty, growth and governance.
 The NHDR is back in Pakistan!
 The 2015 report will be guided by Lead Authors Dr. Adil Najam and Dr.
Faisal Bari
1990
2015
Communication for Results & Reporting
Youth!
The upcoming, second National Human
Development Report (2015) for Pakistan will
focus on youth as a critical force for shaping
national human development in the country
Why youth?
With almost 64% of Pakistan’s population below the age of 29
(and 31% between 15-29 years of age), youth is one of the most
important forces that will forge the future of Pakistan.
What will Pakistan’s NHDR do?
 Chart the opportunities and obstacles for youth in Pakistan
today, by asking:
How do you empower the youth of today?
How do you prepare youth for active
citizenship tomorrow?
How can youth be mobilised to become
agents of positive change towards a path of
prosperity, peace and human development?
 Identify a set of recommendations to transform the national and
provincial policies on youth, and influence the ways investments are
made for young people in Pakistan – essentially a call for action
2. THEMES ON YOUTH
Education, Employment & Engagement
The report will be structured around three central themes or ‘drivers
for empowerment’:
EDUCATION
Knowledge Empowerment
EMPLOYMENT
Economic Empowerment
ENGAGEMENT
Social Empowerment
Education
• Education is about enhancing the capabilities, freedoms and
choices amongst the young
• However, the mean years of schooling for boys in Pakistan is 6.1
years and just 3.3 years for girls*, with significant concerns around
quality of education
• The NHDR 2015 will explore these gaps and challenges to
understand their effect on Pakistan’s human development in the
future
*UNDP, Human Development Report 2014, years tracked 2002-12
Employment
• Employment is about earning, skills,
purpose, and competitiveness
• Pakistan appears to have relatively low
youth unemployment (7.7% compared to
India at 10.7% and Sri Lanka at 17.3%*)
but questions remain as to the nature of
employment and its capacity to provide
adequate wages, conditions and dignity
• The NHDR will investigate the quality
of employment in Pakistan to look at the
future health, economic viability and
fulfilment of the population
*UNDP, Human Development Report 2014, years tracked 2008-12
Engagement
• Engagement is about voice, identity, inclusion and citizenship
•There are signs that engagement in community life is low in
Pakistan – with just 2% of young Pakistanis (18-29 years) saying
they are an active member of a community group, club or other
local organisation*
• The NHDR 2015 will investigate the causes and effects of this
phenomenon and try to understand the impact is has on young
people’s lives in Pakistan
*British Council, Next Generation Report on Violence 2014
3. PROCESS
Direct and extensive youth participation
• From the very outset, we will
seek to engage with youth
through a variety of events
including public hearings, focus
groups, social media, structured
interviews and open contests
•This consultative process is by
far the most important input into
the report
• Our aim is for the NHDR 2015
to be ‘by the youth, for the
youth’
Analysis of secondary sources
• The NHDR research team will undertake
a thorough analysis of the core data sets
provided by the Pakistani government,
primarily:
• Pakistan Social and Living Standards
Measurement (PSLM)
• Pakistan Demographic and Health
Survey (PDHS)
• Labour Force Survey (LFS)
• Time Use Survey (TUS)
• The team will also tap into the reservoir
of data and insight available from
research undertaken by donors, civil
society and the private sector on themes
related to youth
National Youth Survey
• Aim: to generate fresh data around the hopes and fears of young people
around the three themes of the report.
• Target: representative sample (at the regional level) of Pakistanis who are
between the ages of 15-29. The sample will include all provinces of Pakistan
with the exception of AJK, and will ensure that the following groups are well
represented:
• Minorities (religious, ethnic, linguistic)
• Female respondents
• Rural youth
• Poorer communities
• Timing: fieldwork is expected to take place between December 2014 and
January 2015, with analysis completed by the UNDP team by March 2015.
Youth Development Index
• The NHDR 2015 aims to create a Youth
Development Index for Pakistan.
• This will be developed internally by the
NHDR team based on:
• YDI Colloquium – a consultation
with leading statistician and
demographers in Pakistan
• Similar indices created in other
NHDRs, so that comparative
analysis can be conducted.
• The intention will be to make the index
a composite of indicators relating to
the three themes of the report –
education, employment and
engagement.
Waiting for image from
the colloquium to be held
on 17/11/14
Experts Consultation and
Contributing Authors
Contributing Author
Author Profile
Education
Director of Programmes at Idara-e-Taleem-oAagahi (ITA)
Public Private Partnerships and Reform of Low
Cost Private School
Prof. Mohammad
Nizamuddin
Mr. Irfan Muzzafar
Vice Chancellor of Gujrat University
Higher Education
Education and Social Research Collective,
Pakistan
Curricula with a focus on science & maths
education
Dr. Faisal Bari
Associate Professor at LUMS and
Employment
Associate Professor at LUMS, Director at
Center for Economic Research in Pakistan
Quality levels in secondary schools
Mr. Nabeel Qadeer
Programme Manager, Plan9, Punjab
Information Technology Board (PITB)
Entrepreneurship
Mr. Musharraf Zaidi
Campaign Director, Alif Ailaan
Linking employment and education
Dr. Moeed Yusuf
Engagement
Director of South Asia Programmes, United
States Institute of Peace
Radicalisation
Dr. Baela Jamil
Dr. Ali Cheema
Topic
Skills for youth in lower income communities
Dr. Taimur Rahman
Mr. Raza Rumi
Associate Professor, LUMS
Author, columnist and analyst, ex-Director of
the Jinnah Institute
Internet’s role in youth’s lives
Social media
Ms. Niloufer Siddiqui
PhD candidate, Yale University
Political engagement (political parties)
Advisory Council
• A high level advisory council will provide strategic direction, oversee the
report preparation and help advocate for priority public actions
• Members are drawn from the full spectrum of political parties, academia
and policy practice, representing a range of provinces and constituencies
Full set of NHDR Tools
National Youth Survey
A rigorous piece of primary
research structured around the
‘hopes and fears’ of young
people in Pakistan
Direct Youth Participation
Variety of events including
public hearings, focus groups,
social media, structured
interviews and open contests.
Experts’ Consultation
Thought provoking papers from
leading academics, policy
makers and practitioners on
selected themes relating to
youth
Youth Development Index
An assessment of inclusion with
respect to education,
employment and civic life
Analysis of Secondary
research
A thorough review of existing
data and insights on youth in
Pakistan
Advisory Council
National Human Development Report 2015
4. OUTREACH & ADVOCACY
Online engagement: Jawan Pakistan!
Website
Social Media
Creative communication tools
The NHDR team will develop a series of
multimedia tools to help communicate
youth data and insights in a fresh, engaging
way. These tools will include a mix of the
following:
• Edited video packages of interviews and
focus groups with youth across the
country
• Info-motion of youth survey data
• Cartoon representing themes and
experiences of youth in Pakistan
• Photo-journalist quality images of young
people’s lives in Pakistan
• Jawan Pakistan audio / jingle
commissioned to accompany video
material
4. THEORY OF CHANGE (NHDR)
Outcomes
Impact
Theory of Change for the NHDR 2015
Better human development outcomes for youth in Pakistan
Increased
investment in
programmes
targeting youth in
Pakistan
Increased,
sustainable
dialogue between
Pakistan policymakers and youth
Better designed,
evidence-informed
policies for youth in
Pakistan
Activities
Outputs
National Human Development Report on Youth 2015
Accurate, up-to-date
data and insights into
needs of Pakistan’s
youth
Youth
Consultation
Events
Policy
recommendations
for supporting
Pakistan’s youth
Hopes and
Fears Survey
Relationships,
contacts and
networks built with
Pakistan’s youth
Analysis of
secondary
data &
reports
Experts’
Papers and
Panel
Communication for Results & Reporting
“By the youth,
for the youth”

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