Dr. Humaira Bano

Report
POPULATION/TYPES OF
DISABILITIES, ASSESSMENT,
PREVENTION, EDUCATION AND
AWARENESS IN PAKISTAN SCENARIO
Dr. Humaira Bano
Assistant Professor
Department of Special Education
University of the Punjab, Lahore
Projected Formula and Pop. PWDs
HHRD
 2.65% than 2.54%
 Facing social & economic disadvantage &
denial of most basic fundamental rights
Disability wise Population in Pakistan
 Approximately (2. 54%) of the total population
comprise on PWDs and about 2.49% (registered) Ref.
(Guidelines, 2012) Which is about about 3.2 million of
184 million
 According to Census 1998 (2.54% )of total population is
consists on PWDs
 Blind (8.06%), Deaf & Hard of hearing (7.43%),
Physically handicap (18.93%), Severely M.R. (6.39%),
M.R. (7.60%), Having more than one disability (8.23%),
Others (43.36) (UNICEF, 2003)
 Total enrollment is about 28,000 children with
disabilities. This comes to 4% of the total school age
children with disabilities. And 5% with new projected
formula
Disability Wise Distribution of Organizations in Pakistan
(Education, Assessment, Prevention, Rehabilitation and etc.)
Baluchist
an
Capital
Northern
Area
NWFP
Punjab
Sindh
Total
Hearing
6
Impairme
nt
Mental
3
retardation
5
15
11
22
160
48
267
4
14
8
17
140
67
253
Visual
Impairme
nt
Physical
disability
1
4
15
12
15
103
25
175
4
5
19
10
28
129
53
248
Multiple
0
disabilities
1
14
1
11
66
27
120
Categori
es
AJK
Services provided to PWDs in Pakistani Institutions
Services
Education
Guidance and counseling
Vocational Training
Sports and recreation
Assessment
Rehabilitation
Therapeutic services
Early Identification/intervention
Medical Treatment/alternative medicine
Community services
Prevention
Social uplift/empowerment
Employment
Outreach program
Old age benefits
Total Institutions
423
299
292
290
264
234
218
133
133
131
122
116
99
88
25
Source: Survey and facilities for persons with disabilities in Pakistan. DGSE, Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education,
Govt. of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2006 (Directory, 2006)
Need to Do for PWDs
Social mobilization
•
•
•
•
•
•
Individual level
Family Level
Village Level
Tehsil /District level
Provincial Level
National Level
Health Care Facilities
• Initial Survey for PWDs
• Categorization
• Awareness regarding to
early detection ,
interventional and health
issues
• Awareness at local level
• Medical assessment about
each types of disabilities
• Provision of assistive
devices if needed
• Issuance of CNIC for
Inclusion
• Linkages Development
among organizations
• Developing &
strengthening referral
system
Inclusion for Education
• Initial surveys and
categorization
• Research to develop
awareness among
community members for
rehabilitation
• Medical screening and
identification for placement
• Provision of assistive
devices if needed
• Working on Inclusion,
Integration and segregation
according to needs of
special needs
• Identification of school
• Making the route identified
• Making the school
accessible
• Teachers training in
mainstream schools
Need to Do for PWDs
Income Generation
Opportunities
• Self employment
through small scale
enterprise
development
• With intellectual
disability (less than
18 years)
Participation PWDs
In community
Development
• PWDs with age 18
or above
• PWDs with
e
moderate
disabilities
(physical, blind,
low vision and low
hearing)
Participation of
PWDs in Sports
• To address the
gender base need
• Inclusion of All
types of PWDs
• Development of
Social inclusion
Source: Guidelines for Promoting Rehabilitation and Inclusion of People with
Disabilities in Mainstreaming Development, 2012
Actual Problem
 Less employments opportunities with reference to need of PWDs
 If available , didn't match to level of disability, education , skills,








or functional level
Problem in Job sustainability (accessibility, mobility, low income,
less job guidance)
No survey to identify disability oriented jobs with reference to
latest market needs
No in-service training for PWDs
Less disability oriented infrastructure leading to accessibility
problem to PWDs
Less Co-ordination of organizations of PWDs working by
themselves at National/Provincial/Local (District & Thesil) Level
No sheltered workshops at Schools/ Colleges/ Universities
None availability of relevant literature to identify vocations with
reference to disability needs in local context
Lack of CBR in at local /national level
Possible Solutions
 Need of authentic data with reference to Type of Disability,






Level of Disability, Skills identifications of PWDs (*Females)
District Education Councils must have identified list of
Public/private organizations to refer the PWDs according to
their skills & type of disability
Identification and Networking of organizations of PWDs at
Village /Provincial/National Level to connect them with
various public & private organizations
Emphasis on Vocational Education in regular curricula
Capacity development through teachers training programs at
degree awarding institutions in vocational skills along the
literacy skills at special/regular setup
Establishment of a cell to manufacture low cost equipments
for the PWDs
Approval of Law to look in to rights with right base approach
Possible Solutions
 Identifications of vocational skills with regard to gender






specific as well as micro financing for them by Govt./ INGOs
Development of CBR strategies to monitor and implement
employment quota of PWDs in consultation with funding
organizations of Govt. and INGOs,
Development of manual (based on various skills ) in
consultation with Public/Private Industries , PWDs and
professionals of D.A.I. for Vocational education
Counseling of PWDs as well their contemporaries at job
places to enhance the job sustainability
Need to review the salary packages of PWDs with
reference to market value
Development of sports activities for all to make them more
socially included
Media utilizations by specifying sort of programs or times
to aware the community
Thank you

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