Document

Report
Carrying Capacity of
Nigeria Tertiary
Institutions
As at today (April 27, 2013); admission to Nigerian
tertiary institutions is through the Joint Admission
and Matriculation Board (JAMB).
Candidates are first tested by JAMB using the
Unified Tertiary Matriculations Examination
(UTME), following which individual institutions
conduct Post-UME in order to select candidates
that have chosen them for admission.
The Study is undertaken to review and possibly
proffer some solutions to the problem of access to
tertiary education in Nigeria.
According to the UTME Brochure; candidates seek
admission into Nigerian tertiary institution listed
under the following categories:
University
Polytechnic/Monotechnic
College of Education (COE)
Innovation Enterprise Institutions (IEIs)
Innovation Enterprise Institutions (IEIs) are institutions recently approved by the Federal
Government of Nigeria to provide a veritable alternative route to higher education. They
are private institutions that will offer vocational, technical, technology or professional
education and training at post-basic and tertiary levels to equip secondary school leavers
and working adults with vocational skills and knowledge to meet the increasing demand
for technical manpower by the various sectors of the nation's economy..
Tertiary Institutions
University
Federal (40)
State (38)
Poly/Mono
COE
128
117
IEI
57
Private (50)
128
128 + 128 + 117 + 57 = 430
Tertiary Institutions & Regulatory Bodies
No.
1
2
3
Tertiary Institution
University
Polytechnic/Monotechnic,
IEIs
College of Education
Regulatory Body
NUC
NBTE
NCCE
NUC: National Universities Commission
NBTE: National Board for Technical Education
NCCE: National Council for Colleges of Education
These bodies regulates the activities of the respective tertiary
institutions; one of which is determining the carrying
capacity of each institution.
By standard, these bodies are supposed to have all data of their
respective institutions; however, Data are not easy to come by.
See comment from World Bank:
Therefore, the data used here are best efforts gathered from different sources –
few from the regulatory bodies.
The regulatory bodies release Admission Quota per academic
session in order to guide each institution on the number of
Students to admit per course.
Carrying Capacity:
carrying capacity of institutions refers to the maximum
number of students that the institution can sustain for
quality education available based on human and
material resources.
However, over-enrollment is a common practice. Most
institutions do not abide by their carrying capacity for
reasons best known to them. This is often the reason
why some students sit outside lecture halls and some
on windows in order to receive lectures.
Of a truth, our institutions are
overcrowded!
University, Applicant & Carrying Capacity
Year
2010/11
2011/12
2012/13
University
Cumulative
112
117
128
Applicant
1,493,611
1,503,933
1,735,729
Carrying
Capacity
450,000
500,000
520,000
Capacity :
Applicant
30.13%
33.25%
29.96%
With 112 Universities in 2010/2011; the carrying capacity of
Nigeria tertiary institutions was 450,000 with 1,493,611
applicants.
This means at best effort only 30.13% of total applicants could
only be accommodated during that academic sessions.
However, this has dropped to 29.96% in 2012/2013 academic
sessions. Even though the carrying capacity has increased,
Applicants have increased more, this invariably has made the
increase in university capacity insignificant.
Some University & Their Admission Quota
The Admission Quota for each University during the 2011/2012
academic sessions was released by the NUC; however, most of the
universities admitted more than allotted quota
Federal
Institution
ABU
UNILAG
UNN
UI
UNIMAID
UNIPORT
UNILORIN
FUA, Makurdi
UMYU
FULokoja
FUEbonyi
FUBayelsa
FUOye-ekiti
NUC Quota
Admission
Difference
6,688
6,500
5,970
5,720
5,600
5,522
5,514
2,133
1,600
500
500
500
500
7,397
7,527
8,267
2,989
5,699
3,820
7,098
3,350
1,996
443
150
498
384
-709
-1,027
-2,297
2,731
-99
1,702
-1,584
-1,217
-396
57
350
2
116
ABU, admitted 7,397 Students instead of the recommended 6,688.
State
Institution
NUC Quota
Admission
Difference
LASU
EKSI
ANSU
CRUTECH
NSU
KASU
AISU
OSUSTECH
KWASU
5,294
3,500
2,500
2,500
2,500
1,400
800
800
725
1,103
1,300
1,408
2,778
3,113
1,591
484
397
1,257
4,191
2,200
1,092
-278
-613
-191
316
403
-532
NUC Quota
Admission
Difference
3,500
2,500
2,337
1,260
1,200
1,000
800
2,898
2,162
3,561
867
2,372
474
1,290
602
338
-1,224
393
-1,172
526
-490
Private
Institution
TASUED
Covenant
Babcock
Benson Idahosa
Afe Babalola
Ajayi Crowther
Redeemers
Deviation From Carrying Capacity
Compliance with carrying capacity (measured by the degree of deviation
from carrying capacity): This indicator measures how well enrolment of
the university matches available human and material resources. It is
computed as
Deviation from Carrying Capacity
Carrying Capacity
Institution
Afe Babalola
KWASU
Redeemers
FUA, Makurdi
Babcock
UNN
UNILORIN
UMYU
NSU
UNILAG
KASU
CRUTECH
ABU
UNIMAID
X
100%
NUC Quota
Admission
Difference
Deviation
1,200
725
800
2,133
2,337
5,970
5,514
1,600
2,500
6,500
1,400
2,500
6,688
5,600
2,372
1,257
1,290
3,350
3,561
8,267
7,098
1,996
3,113
7,527
1,591
2,778
7,397
5,699
1,172
532
490
1,217
1,224
2,297
1,584
396
613
1,027
191
278
709
99
97.67%
73.38%
61.25%
57.06%
52.37%
38.48%
28.73%
24.75%
24.52%
15.80%
13.64%
11.12%
10.60%
1.77%
While it is an established fact that most institutions
exceed recommended quota; it is also evident that
over 70% of candidates are denied admission yearly,
even though they are qualified, there are just not
enough space to accommodate them.
For this 2012/2013 academic sessions where
1.7million jostle for 520,000 admission spaces; over
1.2million will be denied admission again.
In reality, this is discouraging to Candidates, Parents and
younger ones. While Governments (Federal & States)
have made giant strides in creating Schools, it is also
very important to increase the capacity and equip
already existing ones.
Data source:
- JAMB
- NUC
-
Professor Peter Okebukola
Nigerian Universities and
World Ranking: Issues,
Strategies and Forward
Planning (2011
Analysis by: Wale Micaiah
e: [email protected]
m: 08078001800
b: walemicaiah.blog.com
w. www.statisense.info
Freely share use and acknowledge the source – © Wale Micaiah

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