HP-UX-Dynamic-Root-Disk-Boot-Disk-Cloning-Benefits-and

Report
HP-UX Dynamic Root Disk
Boot Disk Cloning
Benefits and Use Cases
Dusan Baljevic 2013
Acknowledgements
•
These slides have been used in various presentations in Australia over
the last four years. This is a work-in-progress.
•
I bear full responsibility for any error, even though it is purely
unintentional.
•
I cannot claim credits solely, nor can I claim that I know everything
about Unix. I consider myself to be a Unix Apprentice. For that reason I
need to give special credits to our colleagues Nobuyuki Hirota (TCE&Q
BCS ERT), Daniel Bambou (TC&Q BCS ERT), and Leon Strauss
(GSE) for their continuous support, advice, comments, and guidance.
•
Wisdom of many helped in creation of the presentation (seminars at
HP, HPWorld, ITRC/HPSC forums, HP Ambassadors and Unix
Profession forums, HP Education courses, individual contributions on
the Net).
2
What Kind of Use Cases?
•
This presentation is not displaying formulated textual, structural and
visual modeling techniques for specifying use cases with the HP-UX
DRD.
•
In software and systems engineering, a use case is a list of steps,
typically defining interactions between a role (known in UML as an
"actor") and a system, to achieve a goal. The actor can be a human or
an external system.
•
In systems engineering, use cases are used at a higher level than
within software engineering, often representing missions or stakeholder
goals. The detailed requirements may then be captured in SysML or as
contractual statements.
•
Rather, in our context, use cases are practical examples of HP-UX
DRD usage.
3
Bootable System Images in Unix/Linux
Many tools available. For the sake of brevity, to
mention a few:
AIX
mksysb, Network Installation Manager (NIM)
HP-UX make_tape_recovery/make_net_recovery,
Dynamic Root Disk (DRD)*, VM mirroring
Linux
Mondo Rescue, Clonezilla
Solaris ufsdump, fssnap+ufsdump, flash/JumpStart
Tru64 btcreate
4
Why Boot Disk Cloning is Critical Today?
•
Creates a "point-in-time“ O/S image,
•
On-line patching and configuration changes of the inactive
O/S,
•
Easier change management approvals because the active
O/S is not affected (risk is eliminated),
•
Some tasks make dynamic changes of the O/S during the
cloning, without affecting the active O/S,
•
Boot disk mirroring does not prevent disasters caused by
human error,
•
If boot disks are on the same controller, mirroring is not a
perfect protection.
5
Dynamic Root Disk Mission *
Significantly reduce the downtime needed to
perform HP-UX software maintenance
Reduce the downtime required for recovery from
administrative errors
Perform software update work during normal
business hours, or whenever convenient
Provision systems quickly and efficiently
Simplify testing
6
Dynamic Root Disk Cycles
Provision
- [Re-]Ignite
- Recover
- Clone
Bare
Metal
- unused HW
Software
Management
- Identify
- Acquire
- Organize
- Deploy
Maintain
- Monitor
- Patches
- Applications
- Recovery
Upgrade or
Recycle
- update-ux
- re-ignite
7
HP-UX Dynamic Root Disk Features 1 of
4
•
Dynamic Root Disk (DRD) provides the ability to clone an HP-UX
system image to an inactive disk.
•
Supported on HP PA-RISC and Itanium-based systems.
•
Supported on hard partitions (nPars), virtual partitions (vPars),
and Integrity Virtual Machines (Integrity VMs), running the
following operating systems with roots managed by the following
Volume Managers (except as specifically noted for rehosting):
o HP-UX 11i V2 (11.23) September 2004 or later
o HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31)
o LVM (all O/S releases supported by DRD)
o VxVM 4.1
o VxVM 5.x
8
HP-UX Dynamic Root Disk Features 2 of
4
•
Product : DynRootDisk
Version: A.3.12.316
(DRD_1131_WEB1301.depot)
(DRD_1123_WEB1301.depot)
•
The target disk must be a single physical disk, or SAN LUN.
•
The target disk must be large enough to hold all of the root volume
file systems. DRD allows the cloning of the root volume group even
if the master O/S is spread across multiple disks (it is a one-way,
many-to-one operation).
•
On Itanium servers, all partitions are created; EFI and HP-UX
partitions are copied. This release of DRD does not copy the HPSP
partition.
•
Copy of lvmtab on the cloned image is modified by the clone
operation to contain information that will reflect the desired volume
groups when the clone is booted.
9
HP-UX Dynamic Root Disk Features 3 of
4
•
Only the contents of vg00 are copied.
•
Due to system calls DRD depends on, DRD expects legacy
Device Special Files (DSFs) to be present and the legacy
naming model to be enabled on HP-UX 11i v3 servers. HP
recommends only partial migration to persistent DSFs be
performed.
•
If the disk is currently in use by another volume group that
is visible on the system, the disk will not be used.
•
If the disk contains LVM, VxVM, or boot records but is not
in use, one must use the “-x overwrite” option to tell DRD to
overwrite the disk. Already-created clones will contain boot
records; the drd status command will show the disk that is
currently in use as an inactive system image.
10
HP-UX Dynamic Root Disk Features 4 of
4
•
All DRD processes, including “drd clone” and “drd runcmd”,
can be safely interrupted issuing Control-C (SIGINT) from
the controlling terminal or by issuing kill –HUP <pid>
(SIGHUP). This action causes DRD to abort processing. Do
not interrupt DRD using the kill -9 <pid> command
(SIGKILL), which fails to abort safely and does not perform
cleanup. Refer to the “Known Issues” list on the DRD web
page (http://www.hp.com/go/DRD) for cleanup instructions
after drd runcmd is interrupted.
•
The Ignite server will only be aware of the clone if it is
mounted during a make_*_recovery operation.
•
DRD Revision A.3.12 DRD supports SoftReboot feature if a
machine is installed with SoftReboot on a supported
platform.
11
HP-UX Dynamic Root Disk versus IgniteUX
•
DRD has several advantages over Ignite-UX net and tape
images:
* No tape drive is needed,
* No impact on network performance will occur,
* No security issues of transferring data across the network.
•
Mirror Disk/UX keeps an "always up-to-date" image of the
booted system. DRD provides a "point-in-time“ image. The
booted system and the clone may then diverge due to
changes to either one. Keeping the clone unchanged is the
Recovery scenario. DRD is not available for HP-UX 11.11,
which limits options on those systems.
12
DRD and update-ux Practices
HP-UX Patching Versus Update-UX 1 of
2
•
The update-ux method is not only used to update from a
lower to a higher version (for example, 11i v2 to v3), but also
to update from an older to a newer release within the same
version.
•
For many reasons, we encourage usage of update-ux with
Dynamic Root Disk (DRD).
•
If O/S is upgraded through update-ux process, the best
practice recommends cold installs; incremental upgrades
might create possibility that some obsolete software and
libraries exist afterwards.
14
HP-UX Patching Versus Update-UX 2 of
2
We recommend customers develop a release “cycle” through
DRD implementation:
Run update-ux every year (18 months or maximum
two
years is acceptable in some circumstances). Only break
this cycle if they must have some new functionality in a
bi-annual release.
Unless specifically requested differently, the
patch/update level should be at latest release, if
practicable, or LATEST-1.
15
DRD is Minimizing Downtime
HP-UX DRD: Minimizing Planned Downtime
• DRD enables the administrator to create a point-in-time clone of the vg00 volume
group:
• Original vg00 image remains active;
• Cloned vg00 image remains inactive until needed;
• Unlike boot disk mirrors, DRD clones are unaffected by vg00 changes.
• DRD is an optional, free product on the 11i v2 and v3 application media.
Install patches
on the clone;
applications
remain running
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
boot disk boot mirror
vg00 (active)
Activate the
clone to make
changes take
effect
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
boot disk boot mirror
vg00 (inactive)
17
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
clone disk clone mirror
cloned vg00 (inactive/patched)
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
clone disk clone mirror
cloned vg00 (active/patched)
DRD Clones Minimize Unplanned Downtime
• Without DRD: In case of O/S mis-configuration, it may be necessary to
restore from tape.
• With DRD: In case of O/S mis-configuration, simply activate and boot the
clone.
Original
boot VG is
corrupted
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
boot disk boot mirror
original vg00 (unusable)
Activate
the clone!
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
boot disk boot mirror
original vg00 (unusable)
18
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
clone clone mirror
disk
cloned vg00 (inactive)
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
clone clone mirror
disk
cloned vg00 (active)
DRD Clones Minimize Planned Downtime
• Without DRD: Software and kernel management may require extended
downtime.
• With DRD: Install/remove software on the clone while applications continue
running.
Install patches &
tune the kernel
on the clone;
applications
remain running
Activate the
clone to make
changes take
effect
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
boot disk boot mirror
vg00 (active)
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
boot disk boot mirror
vg00 (inactive)
19
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
clone clone mirror
disk
cloned vg00 (inactive/patched)
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
lvol1
lvol2
lvol3
clone clone mirror
disk
cloned vg00 (active/patched)
DRD – Pros and Cons
HP-UX DRD Pros 1 of 2
•
Fully supported by HP.
•
Full clone.
•
Complements other HP solutions by reducing system
downtime required to install and update patches and
software.
•
Copy operation is currently done by fbackup and frecover.
•
kctune command can be used to modify kernel
parameters in the clone.
•
The ioconfig file and the entire /dev directory are copied
by the DRD clone operation, so instance numbers will not
change when the clone is booted.*
•
Supports nPars, vPars, and Integrity VMs.
21
HP-UX DRD Pros 2 of 2
•
No tape drive is needed.
•
No impact on network performance.
•
No security issues of transferring data across the network.
•
All DRD processes, including drd clone and drd runcmd,
can be safely interrupted issuing Control-C (SIGINT) from
the controlling terminal or by issuing kill -HUP<pid>
(SIGHUP). This action causes DRD to abort processing
and perform any necessary clean up. Do not interrupt
DRD using the kill -9 <pid> command (SIGKILL), which
fails to abort safely and does not perform cleanup.
22
HP-UX DRD Cons 1 of 4
•
Target disk must be a single disk or mirror group only.
•
Not easy to list all differences between Active and
Inactive image (drd sync * is the simplistic option).
•
Cloning should be done when the server’s activity is at a
minimum.
•
DRD can clone root volume group that is spread across
multiple disks. The target must be a single disk or
mirrored pair.
23
HP-UX DRD Cons 2 of 4
•
Contents of root volume group are copied. A system that has /opt (or
any file system that is patched) not in root volume group is not
suitable for use with DRD.
•
Does not provide a mechanism for resizing file systems during a DRD
clone operation. However, after the clone is created, you can
manually change file system sizes on the inactive system without
needing an immediate reboot. The whitepaper, Using the
Dynamic Root Disk Toolset describes resizing file systems
other than /stand. The whitepaper Using the DRD toolset to
extend the /stand file system in an LVM environment
describes resizing the boot (/stand) file system on an inactive system
image.
•
Current release of DRD does not copy the Itanium Service Partition
(s3 or _p3).
24
HP-UX DRD Cons 3 of 4
•
Command /opt/drd/lbin/drd_scan_hw_host hangs
occasionally. This is a hardware issue as it is trying to scan all
connected hardware. Check it before using DRD and maybe
even remove stale devices with rmsf –x if necessary:
# ioscan -s
# lssf -s
•
Too many tiny files on root disks can cause significant
performance problem when DRD is used. When there are large
number of files in the root VG (for example, two millions), drd
clone / drd sync might fail with error "Out of memory". It is
suggested to increase maxdsiz kernel parameter, or use "-x
exclude_list" option, or remove unnecessary user files.
25
HP-UX DRD Cons 4 of 4
•
We might see the following error message during the execution
of drd runcmd if the nsswitch.conf file contains the "hosts:
nis" entry:
Error: Could not contact host "myserver". Make
sure the hostname is correct and an absolute
pathname is specified (beginning with "/").
•
We might see the following error message during the execution
of drd runcmd if the nsswitch.conf file contains the "passwd:
compat" or "group: compat" entries:
Error: Permission is denied for the current
operation. There is no entry for user id 0 in
the user database. Check /etc/passwd and/or
the NIS user database.
26
Supported Versions of DRD
•
Versions of DRD are supported for at least two
years.
•
Versions not listed in the "Supported DRD
Releases" section of the latest Release Notes are
no longer supported.
•
We always recommend to have the latest DRD
installed.
27
DRD – Installation and
Commands
Installing DRD
• DRD is included in current 11i v2 and v3 operating environments or
...
• Download and install DRD from http://software.hp.com
Install DRD with swinstall (no reboot required)
# swinstall –s /tmp/DynRootDisk*.depot DynRootDisk
29
DRD Commands
Most DRD tasks require a single command, drd, which supports
multiple “modes”.
Example
# drd clone –t /dev/disk/diskY –x overwrite=true
Other available modes
# drd
# drd clone ...
# drd mount ...
# drd umount ...
# drd runcmd ...
# drd activate ...
# drd deactivate
# drd status
view available modes and options
create a DRD clone
mount the DRD clone’s file systems
unmount the DRD clone’s file systems
execute a command on the clone’s file systems
make the DRD clone the default boot disk after next reboot
retain the current active image as the default boot disk
display information about active/inactive DRD images
DRD offers several common options that are supported in all modes
# drd mode -?
view available options
# drd mode –x ?
view available extended options
# drd mode [-x verbosity=3] ...
specify stdout/stderr verbosity, 0-5
# drd mode [-x log_verbosity=4] ... specify log file verbosity, 0-5
# drd mode [-qqq|qq|q|v|vv|vvv] ... alternative to –x verbosity=n
# drd mode [–p] ...
preview but don’t execute the
operation
30
DRD – Some Restrictions
HP-UX DRD Restrictions on update-ux and
sw* Commands Invoked by drd runcmd
•
Options on the Software Distributor commands that can be used with drd
runcmd need to ensure that operations are DRD-safe:
•
The -F and -x fix=true options are not supported for drd runcmd
swverify operations. Use of these options could result in changes to the
booted system.
•
The use of double quotation marks and wild card symbols (*, ?) in the
command line must be escaped with a backslash character (\), as in the
following example:
# drd runcmd swinstall –s depot_server:/var/opt/patches \*
•
Files referenced in the command line must both:
o Reside in the inactive system image
o Be referenced in the DRD-safe command by the path relative to the
mount point of the inactive system image
•
This applies to files referenced as arguments for the -C, -f, -S, -X,
and -x logfile options for an sw command run by drd runcmd and
update-ux command -f option.
32
HP-UX Issue when DRD versions different in
booted and cloned environment 1 of 2
# drd runcmd swinstall -s /tmp/ignite/Ignite-UX-11ALL_C.7.7.98.depot
•
======= 11/28/12 00:42:22 IST BEGIN Executing Command On
•
…
/opt/drd/wrappers/start_fsdaemon[22]: start_fsdaemon: not found.
* Stopping swagentd for drd runcmd
/opt/drd/wrappers/stop_fsdaemon[22]: stop_fsdaemon: not found.
ERROR: Command executed on inactive system image returned an error
- One or more postcommands for /usr/sbin/swinstall failed.
- One or more precommands for /usr/sbin/swinstall failed. /usr/sbin/swinstall will not
be executed.
- The precommand "/opt/drd/wrappers/start_fsdaemon" fails with the return code "1".
- The postcommand "/opt/drd/wrappers/stop_fsdaemon" fails with the return code "1".
Executing Command On Inactive System Image failed with 1 error.* Cleaning Up
After Command Execution On Inactive System Image
33
HP-UX Issue when DRD versions different in
booted and cloned environment 2 of 2
This problem is triggered by having one version of DRD installed on the booted
system, and a previous release on the inactive image.
If the clone is not very new, just re-run drd clone.
If you do not want to re-create the clone, the following workaround will help:
# drd mount
# cp /var/opt/drd/mnts/sysimage_001/opt/drd/wrappers/common_utils
/var/opt/drd/mnts/sysimage_001/opt/drd/wrappers/common_utils.orig
# cp /opt/drd/wrappers/common_utils
/var/opt/drd/mnts/sysimage_001/opt/drd/wrappers/common_utils
(If you are booted on the clone, replace "sysimage_001" with "sysimage_000".)
The steps above will enable drd runcmd to succeed. However, the file change would
cause a swverify error on the version of DRD in the clone. To repair this, install the
new version of DRD to the inactive image:
# drd runcmd swinstall -s <depot> DynRootDisk
34
HP-UX DRD Updates from multiple-DVD
media
DRD updates directly from media require the September 2010 OE (or later)
versions of DRD, SWM and SW-DIST products.
In order to use a media depot to do a DRD update, first install September
2010 or later versions of DRD, SWM, and SW-DIST products from the
media. This must be done before the clone is created, so the new DRD,
SWM, and SW-DIST are on the active system and on the clone.
35
DRD – Usage Scenarios
Creating and Updating DRD Clone
Use the drd clone command to create a DRD clone of the active boot disk:
• DRD identifies the current active boot disk
• DRD builds a similarly structured clone disk
• DRD copies the current disk’s file system contents to the clone
• DRD builds a mirror of the clone, too, if requested
• DRD records log messages in /var/opt/drd/drd.log
Identify available disk(s)
# ioscan –funC disk
# lvmadm –l
or
strings /etc/lvmtab*
# vxdisk list
# diskinfo /dev/rdisk/disk3
list all disks on the system
which disks are LVM disks?
which disks are VxVM disks?
verify the disk size
Clone the current active boot disk
# drd clone –t /dev/disk/disk3 \
[–x overwrite=true] \
[-x mirror_disk=/dev/disk/disk4]
specify a target disk (required!)
overwrite data on target
create a mirror of the DRD
Update an existing clone (overwrite=true required!)
# drd clone –t /dev/disk/disk3 \
–x overwrite=true \
[-x mirror_disk=/dev/disk/disk4]
specify a target disk (required!)
overwrite data on target
create a mirror of the DRD
37
Verifying DRD Clone Status
# drd status
======= 07/23/08 12:13:57 EDT BEGIN Displaying DRD Clone Image
Information (user=root) (jobid=myhost)
* Clone Disk:
/dev/disk/disk3
* Clone EFI Partition:
Boot loader and AUTO file present
* Clone Creation Date:
07/18/08 21:07:29 EDT
* Clone Mirror Disk:
None
* Mirror EFI Partition:
None
* Original Disk:
/dev/disk/disk1
* Original EFI Partition:
Boot loader and AUTO file present
* Booted Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk1)
* Activated Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk1)
======= 07/23/08 12:14:04 EDT END Displaying DRD Clone Image
Information succeeded. (user=root) (jobid=myhost)
38
DRD-Safe Commands
• Files in the inactive system image are not accessible, by default, to HP-UX
commands.
• “DRD-Safe” commands can be executed on the inactive image via drd runcmd
– Temporarily imports and mounts the inactive image’s volume group and file
systems,
– Executes the specified command using executables & files on the inactive
image,
– Ensures that the active image remains untouched,
– Unmounts and exports the inactive image’s file systems and volume group.
•
DRD-safe commands currently include:
swinstall
swremove
swlist
swmodify
swverify
swjob
kctune
update-ux
view
39
Managing Patches with DRD-Safe
Commands
•
•
•
•
Installing patches and software sometimes requires a reboot and downtime.
Minimize downtime by installing software/patches/updates on an inactive image.
Changes take effect when you activate and boot the inactive image.
Only DRD-Safe patches/products can be installed via DRD.
List software installed on the inactive image using the DRD-Safe swlist command
# drd runcmd swlist
Check if product or patch is DRD-Safe
# swlist –l fileset –a is_drd_safe product_name|patch
Install software on the inactive image using the DRD-Safe swinstall command
# drd runcmd swinstall –s server:/mydepot PHSS_NNNNN
Remove software from the inactive image using the DRD-Safe swremove command
# drd runcmd swremove PHSS_NNNNN
View the inactive image SDUX log file using the DRD-Safe view command
# drd runcmd view /var/adm/sw/swagent.log
Update to a more recent 11i v3 media kit
# drd runcmd swinstall –s server:/mydepot Update-UX
# drd runcmd update-ux –s server:/mydepot
# drd runcmd view /var/adm/sw/update-ux.log
# drd runcmd view /var/opt/swm/sw.log
40
Accessing DRD Inactive Images
• The drd runcmd utility only executes DRD-safe executables on an inactive image.
• To access other files on the inactive image, mount the image via drd mount
– Imports the inactive image volume group, typically as drd00,
– Mounts the image file systems under /var/opt/drd/mnts/sysimage_001
• Warnings:
– Be careful not to unintentionally modify the active system image!
– Only use read-only commands like view and diff to access inactive images.
Mount the inactive image file systems
# drd mount
# mount -v
Access the inactive image file systems, being careful not to modify the active
image!
# diff /etc/passwd /var/opt/drd/mnts/sysimage_001/etc/passwd
Unmount the inactive image file systems
# drd umount
41
Activating and Deactivating Inactive DRD
Image
Use drd activate to make the inactive image the primary boot disk
• DRD updates the boot menu
• DRD can optionally reboot the system immediately
Promote the inactive system image to become primary boot disk (with preview)
# drd activate [-x reboot=false] -p
Check the bootpath
# setboot -v
If –x reboot=true wasn’t specified, manually reboot
# shutdown –ry 0
If you change your mind before rebooting, use drd deactivate to undo the
activation
# drd deactivate
Use drd status to determine which disk is the currently active boot disk
# drd status
42
DRD Inactive Image Synchronization
• The drd sync command was introduced in release B.11.xx.A.3.5 of Dynamic
Root Disk (DRD) to propagate root volume group file system changes from the
booted original system to the inactive clone image. Running drd sync
command updates/creates the files on Inactive Image (Clone Disk) which were
modified on Active Image (Boot Disk) after last successful execution of drd
clone command.
pax archive is used for drd sync while fbackup/frestore is used for clone.
•To preview differences between the Active Image and the DRD Inactive Image
# drd sync –p
• It creates file /var/opt/drd/sync/files_to_be_copied_by_drd_sync
• Once the preview is checked, a resync of the cloned image can be initiated
# drd sync
43
drd sync
Without DRD Sync
1. A system administrator creates
a DRD clone on a Thursday.
2. The administrator applies a
collection of software changes
to the clone on Friday using the
drd runcmd command.
3. On Friday, several log files are
updated on the booted system.
4. On Saturday, the clone is
booted, however the log files are
not up to date, so the
administrator must copy over
the log files and any other files
from the original system that
changed after the clone was
created – for example,
/etc/passwd
With DRD Sync
1. A system administrator creates
a DRD clone on a Thursday.
2. The administrator applies a
collection of software changes
to the clone on Friday using the
drd runcmd command.
3. On Friday, several log files are
updated on the booted system.
4. On Saturday, the clone is
synced then booted – log files
and other files that have
changed on the original system
have automatically been copied
to the clone.
44
drd sync
•
The list of files on the active system whose modification
date is newer than or equal to the clone creation time
provides the initial list of files to be synchronized
Trimming the list of files to be synchronized
The following locations are not synchronized: /var/adm/sw,
/tmp, /var/tmp, /var/opt/drd/tmp, /stand, /dev/<clone_group>,
Files that have changed on the clone are not synchronized
Nonvolatile files in the Software Distributor Installed
Products Database (IPD) are not synchronized
Volatile files in the Software Distributor Installed Products
Database (IPD) are not synchronized
45
HP-UX DRD Examples for Different
O/S Releases
HP-UX 11iv2:
# drd clone -t /dev/dsk/c2t1d0 -x \
overwrite=true [-x mirror_disk=/dev/dsk/c3t0d1]
HP-UX 11iv3, use agile views:
# drd clone -t /dev/disk/disk32 -x \
overwrite=true [-x mirror_disk=/dev/disk/disk4]
Note that all partitions on Itanium disk are created, and s1 and s2
(_p1 and _p2) are copied.
46
HP-UX 11i v2 To v3 Upgrade with DRD
1 of 3
Original image: /dev/dsk/c0t0d0 (HP-UX 11i v2)
Clone disk: /dev/dsk/c1t0d0
What to apply: HP-UX 11i v3 Update 9, Virtual Server OE Depot with
patches
depsvr:/var/depots/1131_VSE-OE
Version of DRD: B.11.31.A.3.3 or later
Objective: Utilize DRD to help adjust file systems sizes when
performing an HP-UX 11i v2 to v3 update
•
Create the clone:
# drd clone –t /dev/dsk/c1t0d0
•
Use drd status to view the clone:
# drd status
47
HP-UX 11i v2 To v3 Upgrade with DRD
2 of 3
•
Run update-UX in preview mode on the active disk:
# update-ux -p -s depsvr:/var/depots/1131 HPUX11iVSE-OE
•
Adjust file system sizes on the clone as needed
•
Activate and boot the clone, setting the alternate bootpath to the
HP-UX 11i v2 disk:
# drd activate -x
alternate_bootdisk=/dev/dsk/c0t0d0 -x reboot=true
•
Update the active image to HP-UX 11i v3, Virtual Server OE:
# update-ux -s depsvr:/var/depots/1131_VSE-OE
HPUX11i-VSE-OE
There will be a reboot executed at this time.
48
HP-UX 11i v2 To v3 Upgrade with DRD
3 of 3
•
Ensure that the software is installed properly:
# swverify \*
•
Verify all software has been updated to the HP-UX 11i v3:
# swlist
•
Ensure the integrity of your updated system by checking the
following log files /var/adm/sw/update-ux.log and
/var/opt/swm/swm.log
49
HP-UX How to Interrupt DRD processes
All DRD processes, including “drd clone” and “drd runcmd”,
can be safely interrupted issuing Control-C (SIGINT) from the
controlling terminal or by issuing kill –HUP <pid> (SIGHUP).
This action causes DRD to abort processing. Do not interrupt
DRD using the kill -9 <pid> command (SIGKILL), which fails
to abort safely and does not perform cleanup.
Refer to the “Known Issues” list on the DRD web page
(http://www.hp.com/go/DRD) for cleanup instructions after
drd runcmd is interrupted.
50
HP-UX DRD Examples How to Select
Software
•
To exclude single product T1458AA
# drd runcmd update-ux -p –s \
svr:/var/opt/HPUX_1131_0903_DCOE HPUX11i-DC-OE \
!T1458AA
•
Use -f software_file * to read the list of sw_selections from
software_file instead of (or in addition to) the command line
# drd runcmd update-ux -s source_location \
-f software_file
51
HP-UX DRD Rehost Cookbook 1 of 2
•
Clone the host1 system to a shared LUN
# drd clone -t /dev/disk/diskX
•
Create a system information file for host2
# vi /tmp/sysinfo_host2
SYSINFO_HOSTNAME=host2
SYSINFO_DHCP_ENABLE[0]=0
SYSINFO_MAC_ADDRESS[0]=0x1edb3adea7ab
SYSINFO_IP_ADDRESS[0]=172.16.19.184
SYSINFO_SUBNET_MASK[0]=255.255.255.0
SYSINFO_ROUTE_GATEWAY[0]=172.16.19.1
SYSINFO_ROUTE_DESTINATION[0]=default
SYSINFO_ROUTE_COUNT[0]=1
52
HP-UX DRD Rehost Cookbook 2 of 2
•
Execute the drd rehost command, specifying the system
information file created in the previous step.
# drd rehost -f /tmp/sysinfo_host2
•
Unpresent the LUN from the host1, and present it to the host2.
•
Choose the new LUN from the boot screens and boot the host2.
•
On both hosts reinitialize the DRD configuration by deleting the registry
# rm -f /var/opt/drd/registry/registry.xml
•
Remove the Device Special File of the boot device of the host2
# rmsf -H 64000/0xfa00/0x6
53
HP-UX Expand Root File System with DRD
1 of 3
For this example, we assume vg00 has only one disk (disk0) in LVM L1
and the DRD will hold on disk5. Note, however, that support procedure
for
extending the root filesystem is using Ignite-UX!
•
Create a clone of the root filesystem
# drd clone -v -x overwrite=true -t /dev/disk/disk5
•
Mount the DRD filesystem as vgdrd
# mkdir /dev/vgdrd
# mknod /dev/vgdrd/group c 64 0x0a0000
# vgimport /dev/vgdrd /dev/disk/disk5
# vgchange -a y vgdrd
NOTE: The minor number must be unique on the server.
54
HP-UX Expand Root File System with DRD
2 of 3
•
Create a new lvol to hold lvol4
# lvcreate -l <lvol4_size> -n lvtmp /dev/vgdrd
•
Copy the data from lvol4 to lvtmp
# dd if=/dev/vgdrd/lvol4 of=/dev/vgdrd/lvtmp bs=1024
•
Remove lvol4
# lvremove /dev/vgdrd/lvol4
•
Assume that there is a need to get to 450 PE on root
# lvextend -l 450 /dev/vgdrd/lvol3
•
Recreate lvol4 and move the data back:
# lvcreate -l <lvol4_size> -n lvol4 /dev/vgdrd
# dd if=/dev/vgdrd/lvtmp of=/dev/vgdrd/lvol4 bs=1024
55
HP-UX Expand Root File System with DRD
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•
Check the size change
# vgdisplay -v vgdrd
•
Remove the DRD volume group
# vgexport vgdrd
•
Boot from the DRD volume
# /opt/drd/bin/drd activate -x reboot=true
56
HP-UX DRD Update-ux with Single Reboot
•
Create a clone disk:
# drd clone -x overwrite=true -t <block_DSF_target_disk>
•
Install OE update-ux on the clone:
# drd runcmd update-ux -v -s /hp/raj.depot/ HPUX11i-VSE-OE \
!Ignite-UX-11-23 !Ignite-UX-11-31 !T1335DC !IGNITE \
!Ignite-UX-11-11
•
Install required patches from a depot. Install Patches, HP Products, non-HP
Products from single depot:
# drd runcmd swinstall -x patch_match_target=true -x \
-s /hp/non-oe.depot \*
•
Boot the clone when ready
# drd activate -x \
alternate_bootdisk=<block_DSF_current_ boot_disk> \
-x reboot=true
57
HP-UX DRD Debug Session *
Clean /var/opt/drd directory
# cd /var/opt/drd
# rm -rf tmp/* mapfiles/* drd.log inventory \
mnts registry sync
Run DRD session with following environment set and duplicate the issue
# export INST_DEBUG=5
# export SMDDEBUG_SMDINIT=9
# drd … -x overwrite=true -x verbosity=D \
-x log_verbosity=D
Collect the archive of /var/opt/drd
# cd /var/opt
# tar cvf /var/tmp/drd.tar drd
# gzip /var/tmp/drd.tar
Make sure to collect the debug log when the problem can be duplicated
and obtain the archive of /var/opt/drd when opening an L3 case
58
HP-UX DRD Serial Patch Installation
# swlist –l fileset –a is_drd_safe \
<product_name|patch>
# swcopy -s /tmp/PHCO_38159.depot \* @
/var/opt/mx/depot11/PHCO_38159.dir
# drd runcmd swinstall -s \
/var/opt/mx/depot11/PHCO_38159.dir PHCO_38159
59
HP-UX DRD with SWA 1 of 3
•
Use drd status to view the clone:
# drd status
•
•
Determine what patches are needed:
a. Mount the clone:
# drd mount
•
b. Create an SWA report:
# swa report -s /var/opt/drd/mnts/sysimage001
60
HP-UX DRD with SWA 2 of 3
•
Download the patches identified by SWA into a depot:
# swa get -t /var/depots/myswa
Patch installation might require special attention. Review
any special installation instructions documented in
/var/depots/myswa/readBeforeInstall.txt.
61
HP-UX DRD with SWA 3 of 3
•
Install everything in the 1131swa depot:
# drd runcmd swinstall \
-s /var/depots/1131swa -x patch_match_target=true
•
Ensure the patches are installed:
# drd runcmd view /var/adm/sw/swagent.log
•
Unmount the clone:
# drd umount
•
Activate and boot the clone:
# drd activate -x reboot=true
62
HP-UX 11i V2 to V3 Upgrade via DRD
•
DRD can be used to update from 11iv2 to 11iv3. Whether that is the best option is another
question. Note that there is a difference between solutions working and vendors
supporting them. There are many examples in IT field when vendors refuse to “certify”
solutions although they are known to work reasonably well.
•
There were some issues with clone activations in certain releases of DRD though.
•
I have done this upgrade via DRD many times.
•
You must ensure that the newer version (11i v3) DVDs (or ISO images) are not from a
revision date earlier than what the 11i v2 was created with.
•
The best practice recommends cold installs as incremental upgrades might leave
possibility that some obsolete software and libraries exist afterwards.
•
I enclose herewith another HP document that confirms it (I am sure there are many other
documents around).
•
Or, a customer’s experience:
http://www.hpuxtips.es/?q=node/229
63
HP-UX Using DRD to Change
Volume Manager
•
Create clone via DRD
•
Boot the clone
•
Migrate the LVM disk to VxVM using vxcp_lvmroot command:
# /etc/vx/bin/vxcp_lvmroot -v disk1
64
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
1 of 11 *
# ioscan -funNC disk
Class
I
H/W Path
Driver S/W State
H/W Type
Description
===================================================================
disk
5 64000/0xfa00/0x0
73.4GMAU3073NC
esdisk
/dev/disk/disk5
CLAIMED
disk
6 64000/0xfa00/0x1
GST3146707LC
disk
N
8
esdisk
CLAIMED
9
CLAIMED
DEVICE
/dev/rdisk/disk7
/dev/disk/disk7_p1
/dev/rdisk/disk7_p1
/dev/disk/disk7_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk7_p2
/dev/disk/disk7_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk7_p3
esdisk
64000/0xfa00/0x6
esdisk
/dev/disk/disk9
HP 146
/dev/rdisk/disk6
esdisk
/dev/disk/disk8
disk
VOLUME
DEVICE
/dev/disk/disk7
64000/0xfa00/0x3
HP
/dev/rdisk/disk5
/dev/disk/disk6
disk
7 64000/0xfa00/0x2
73.4GMAU3073NC
DEVICE
CLAIMED
DEVICE
HP
TEAC
DV-28E-
HP
MSA
/dev/rdisk/disk8
CLAIMED
DEVICE
/dev/rdisk/disk9
65
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# drd clone -t /dev/disk/disk5
=======
03/04/13 11:04:31 EDT
BEGIN Clone System Image (user=root)
(jobid=ia643)
* Reading Current System Information
* Selecting System Image To Clone
* Selecting Target Disk
* Selecting Volume Manager For New System Image
* Analyzing For System Image Cloning
* Creating New File Systems
* Copying File Systems To New System Image
WARNING: The following files could not be copied to the clone.
WARNING: This may be caused by updating files during the copy.
WARNING: Uncopied file: /var/opt/hpvm/common/command.log
* Copying File Systems To New System Image succeeded with 3 warnings.
* Making New System Image Bootable
* Unmounting New System Image Clone
=======
03/04/13 11:44:49 EDT
END Clone System Image succeeded with 3
warnings. (user=root)
(jobid=ia643)
66
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# drd status
=======
03/04/13 11:45:09 EDT
(user=root)
BEGIN Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
* Clone Disk:
/dev/disk/disk5
* Clone EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Clone Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Clone Creation Date:
03/04/13 11:04:52 EDT
* Last Sync Date:
None
* Clone Mirror Disk:
None
* Mirror EFI Partition:
None
* Original Disk:
/dev/disk/disk7
* Original EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Original Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Booted Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
* Activated Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
=======
03/04/13 11:45:28 EDT
succeeded. (user=root)
END Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
67
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# drd clone -t /dev/disk/disk6
=======
03/04/13 11:46:17 EDT
BEGIN Clone System Image (user=root)
(jobid=ia643)
* Reading Current System Information
* Selecting System Image To Clone
* Selecting Target Disk
* Selecting Volume Manager For New System Image
* Analyzing For System Image Cloning
* Creating New File Systems
* Copying File Systems To New System Image
WARNING: The following files could not be copied to the clone.
WARNING: This may be caused by updating files during the copy.
WARNING: Uncopied file: /var/opt/hpvm/common/command.log
WARNING: Uncopied file: /var/opt/perf/datafiles/logdev
* Copying File Systems To New System Image succeeded with 4 warnings.
* Making New System Image Bootable
* Unmounting New System Image Clone
=======
03/04/13 12:34:52 EDT
END Clone System Image succeeded with 4
warnings. (user=root)
(jobid=ia643)
68
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# drd status
=======
03/04/13 12:35:37 EDT
(user=root)
BEGIN Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
* Clone Disk:
/dev/disk/disk6
* Clone EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Clone Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Clone Creation Date:
03/04/13 11:46:37 EDT
* Last Sync Date:
None
* Clone Mirror Disk:
None
* Mirror EFI Partition:
None
* Original Disk:
/dev/disk/disk7
* Original EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Original Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Booted Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
* Activated Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
=======
03/04/13 12:35:56 EDT
succeeded. (user=root)
END Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
69
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# ioscan -m dsf
Persistent DSF
Legacy DSF(s)
========================================
/dev/pt/pt3
/dev/rscsi/c5t0d0
/dev/rscsi/c4t0d0
/dev/pt/pt4
/dev/rscsi/c6t0d0
/dev/rdisk/disk5
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0
/dev/rdisk/disk5_p1
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0s1
/dev/rdisk/disk5_p3
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0s3
/dev/rdisk/disk5_p2
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0s2
/dev/rdisk/disk6
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0
/dev/rdisk/disk6_p1
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0s1
/dev/rdisk/disk6_p2
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0s2
/dev/rdisk/disk6_p3
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0s3
/dev/rdisk/disk7
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0
/dev/rdisk/disk7_p1
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0s1
/dev/rdisk/disk7_p2
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0s2
/dev/rdisk/disk7_p3
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0s3
/dev/rdisk/disk8
/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0
/dev/rdisk/disk9
/dev/rdsk/c7t0d2
70
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# ioscan -funneC disk
Class
I
H/W Path
Driver S/W State
H/W Type
Description
=======================================================================
disk
3
0/0/2/0.0.0.0
sdisk
CLAIMED
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0
DEVICE
TEAC
DV-28E-N
/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0
Acpi(HWP0002,0)/Pci(2|0)/Ata(Primary,Master)
disk
1
0/1/1/0.0.0
sdisk
CLAIMED
DEVICE
HP 146 GST3146707LC
/dev/dsk/c2t0d0
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0
/dev/dsk/c2t0d0s1
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0s1
/dev/dsk/c2t0d0s2
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0s2
/dev/dsk/c2t0d0s3
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0s3
Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)/HD(Part1,SigFB4D90C2-8464-11E2-8000D6217B60E588)/\EFI\HPUX\HPUX.EFI
disk
0
0/1/1/0.1.0
sdisk
CLAIMED
DEVICE
HP 73.4GMAU3073NC
/dev/dsk/c2t1d0
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0
/dev/dsk/c2t1d0s1
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0s1
/dev/dsk/c2t1d0s2
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0s2
/dev/dsk/c2t1d0s3
/dev/rdsk/c2t1d0s3
Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)/HD(Part1,Sig25DEF318-845F-11E2-8000D6217B60E588)/\EFI\HPUX\HPUX.EFI
disk
2
0/1/1/1.2.0
sdisk
CLAIMED
DEVICE
HP 73.4GMAU3073NC
/dev/dsk/c3t2d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0
/dev/dsk/c3t2d0s1
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0s1
/dev/dsk/c3t2d0s2
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0s2
/dev/dsk/c3t2d0s3
/dev/rdsk/c3t2d0s3
Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)/HD(Part1,SigB9B8E4CC-0CE1-11E2-8000D6217B60E588)/\EFI\HPUX\HPUX.EFI
disk
4
0/4/1/1.4.0.0.0.0.2
sdisk
/dev/dsk/c7t0d2
CLAIMED
DEVICE
HP
MSA VOLUME
/dev/rdsk/c7t0d2
Acpi(HWP0002,400)/Pci(1|1)/Fibre(WWN500805F300061081,Lun4002000000000000
71
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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EFI Shell version 1.10 [14.62]
Device mapping table
fs0
: Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)/HD(Part1,SigFB4D90C2-8464-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
fs1
: Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)/HD(Part3,SigFB4D90EA-8464-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
fs2
: Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)/HD(Part1,Sig25DEF318-845F-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
fs3
: Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)/HD(Part3,Sig25DEF340-845F-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
fs4
: Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)/HD(Part1,SigB9B8E4CC-0CE1-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
fs5
: Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)/HD(Part3,SigB9B8E526-0CE1-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk0 : Acpi(HWP0002,0)/Pci(2|0)/Ata(Primary,Master)
blk1 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)
blk2 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)/HD(Part1,SigFB4D90C2-8464-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk3 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)/HD(Part2,SigFB4D90D6-8464-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk4 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun0,Lun0)/HD(Part3,SigFB4D90EA-8464-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk5 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)
blk6 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)/HD(Part1,Sig25DEF318-845F-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk7 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)/HD(Part2,Sig25DEF32C-845F-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk8 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|0)/Scsi(Pun1,Lun0)/HD(Part3,Sig25DEF340-845F-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blk9 : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)
blkA : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)/HD(Part1,SigB9B8E4CC-0CE1-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blkB : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)/HD(Part2,SigB9B8E512-0CE1-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blkC : Acpi(HWP0002,100)/Pci(1|1)/Scsi(Pun2,Lun0)/HD(Part3,SigB9B8E526-0CE1-11E2-8000-D6217B60E588)
blkD : Acpi(HWP0002,400)/Pci(1|1)/Fibre(WWN500805F300061081,Lun4002000000000000)
startup.nsh> echo -off
72
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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fs2:\EFI\HPUX> hpux.efi
After the reboot:
# /usr/lbin/bootpath
/dev/disk/disk5
# setboot -v
Primary bootpath : 0/1/1/1.0x2.0x0 (/dev/rdisk/disk7)
HA Alternate bootpath : 0/0/2/0.0.0x0.0x0 (/dev/rdisk/disk8)
Alternate bootpath : 0/1/1/0.0x1.0x0 (/dev/rdisk/disk5)
Autoboot is ON (enabled)
TEST
CURRENT
DEFAULT
----
-------
-------
all
on
on
on
on
early_cpu
on
on
late_cpu
on
on
on
on
on
on
Full_memory on
on
SELFTESTS
FASTBOOT
Platform
Memory_init
on
on
IO_HW
on
on
Chipset
on
on
73
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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# lvlnboot -v
Boot Definitions for Volume Group /dev/vg00:
Physical Volumes belonging in Root Volume Group:
/dev/disk/disk5_p2 -- Boot Disk
Boot: lvol1
on:
/dev/disk/disk5_p2
Root: lvol3
on:
/dev/disk/disk5_p2
Swap: lvol2
on:
/dev/disk/disk5_p2
Dump: lvol2
on:
/dev/disk/disk5_p2, 0
# drd status
=======
03/04/13 15:03:21 EDT
(user=root)
=======
BEGIN Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
* Clone Disk:
/dev/disk/disk5
* Clone EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Clone Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Clone Creation Date:
03/04/13 11:04:52 EDT
* Last Sync Date:
None
* Clone Mirror Disk:
None
* Mirror EFI Partition:
None
* Original Disk:
/dev/disk/disk7
* Original EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Original Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Booted Disk:
Clone Disk (/dev/disk/disk5)
* Activated Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
03/04/13 15:03:40 EDT
succeeded. (user=root)
END Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
74
HP-UX DRD Multiple Copies of Targets
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Final reboot to go back to the original disk:
# /usr/lbin/bootpath
/dev/disk/disk7
# drd status
=======
03/11/13 16:41:35 EDT
(user=root)
=======
BEGIN Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
* Clone Disk:
/dev/disk/disk6
* Clone EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Clone Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Clone Creation Date:
03/04/13 11:46:37 EDT
* Last Sync Date:
None
* Clone Mirror Disk:
None
* Mirror EFI Partition:
None
* Original Disk:
/dev/disk/disk7
* Original EFI Partition:
AUTO file present, Boot loader present
* Original Rehost Status:
SYSINFO.TXT not present
* Booted Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
* Activated Disk:
Original Disk (/dev/disk/disk7)
03/11/13 16:41:54 EDT
succeeded. (user=root)
END Displaying DRD Clone Image Information
(jobid=ia643)
75
HP-UX DRD Wishlist
•
Here are some other DRD features I would like to see in the future:
•
Command to cancel DRD cloning process (like Solaris lucancel).
•
More comprehensive comparison of files (like Solaris lucompare). Yes, we have
"drd sync –p" but it is not as good.
•
Command to delete DRD clone (like Solaris ludelete).
•
Command to set or display useful description for clones and boot environments
(like Solaris ludesc).
•
Terminal user interface (like Solaris lu).
•
Multiple target disks for cloning (currently DRD supports one target and its mirror
only).
76
Thank You!

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