File

Report
THURSDAY.


2nd/3rd Period – Prepare
for battle!
4th/5th/6th Period
Get your clickers
 Chart Reference
 9.3 Notes


Random Fact of the Day

The average tree in
metropolitan area
survives only about 8
years!
QUESTION 1

One of the overriding principles of the congresses
of Aix-la-Chapelle, Troppau, and Verona by
Austrian Prime Minister Metternich was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
The necessity to implement constitutional reforms
to save the monarchs of Europe
The need to isolate France and force it to be regular
with its indemnity payments
How to fairly distribute the spoils of war taken from
France at the Congress of Vienna
The importance of gaining an agreement on a
collective security arrangement from the Great
Powers that would stamp out revolutionary
uprisings in Europe
The necessity of working-class representation in the
governments of Europe
QUESTION 2

Which of the following was a result of the
Decembrist Revolt (1825)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Greece gained its independence
Charles X abdicated the throne and escaped to
England
Belgium gained its independence
Nicholas I crushed all opposition to him and ruled
like a tyrant
Alexander II freed the serfs
LIBERALISM
SOMETHING DIFFERENT.
9.3
CHARACTERISTICS OF LIBERALISM

The political outgrowth of the Enlightenment

Believe in…
Liberty of the individual
 Equal rights
 Government should protect natural rights

CHARACTERISTICS OF LIBERALISM


DON’T BELIEVE IN
PURE DEMOCRACY
AND UNIVERSAL
SUFFRAGE
Most identify with the
bourgeoisie (middle class)

Believe voting rights
shouldn’t be extended to
the lower classes
LIBERALISM IN ECONOMICS

Economics becomes known as the
“dismal science”

Adam Smith – Wealth of Nations

David Ricardo

“iron law of wages”
More kids keeps the supply of
workers up and wages down
 Poverty is impossible to remove

Thomas Malthus
Population vs. food supply
CLASSICAL LIBERAL THOUGHT

Utilitarianism – Jeremy Bentham


Every law should help the greatest amount of people
at the greatest possible amount
John Stuart Mill – On Liberty (1859)

A person should be free as long as it doesn’t infringe
on someone else’s freedom


Government’s purpose
Absolute freedom of opinion to be protected from both
government censorship and tyranny of majority
IMPACT OF LIBERALISM
Revolutionary Movements
 Written Constitutions
 Zollverein – 1834


Economic union of 17 German states which
eliminated internal tariffs and established free trade

Free trade was a liberal idea
HOW ABOUT THAT IT’S FRIDAY.
9.3 Notes
 DBQ Exercise (4th, 5th, 6th)

This weekend – 9.4 Podcast
 Monday – 9.1-9.4 Quiz


Random Fact of the Day

Most trees are tall.
LIBERAL REFORM IN ENGLAND
Slow but steady changes…
1820-1830 IN ENGLAND
Parliament runs the show, led by Prime Minister
 Young Tories control the government
 Reforms (write a few of these)






Abandon Concert of Europe
Reformed prisons/criminal code
Allowed labor unions
Established the “Bobbies”
Test Act repealed


HAD banned non-Anglicans from office
Civil rights for Catholics
1830 AND ONWARD
Led by Earl Grey, leader of Whigs
 Develops British national character

REFORM BILL OF 1832
Spurred on by a recent cholera epidemic
 People need more proactive government
 Provisions


Increased number of voters from 6% to 12%

Kept a property qualification for the franchise
Eliminated rotten boroughs
 House of Commons > House of Lords

PARLIAMENT’S ACTIONS

Factory Act of 1833
Limitations on
working hours
 Destroyed pattern of
families working
together


Mines Act of 1842


No kids in mines
Factory Act of 1847

No boys/women in
factory over ten
hours
CHARTISM – UNION IN POLITICS



Political movement in
England which fights
for democracy among
all people
Six Points
Movement fails but all
measures will
eventually be adopted
OTHER PARLIAMENTARY THINGS
Corn Laws repealed in 1846
 Navigation Laws repealed in 1849

All goods had to be brought in to England with
British ships
 The official end to mercantilism


BIG POINT: BECAUSE OF THESE SMALL
BUT STEADY CHANGES, THERE WAS
LIMITED INTERNAL UNREST IN ENGLAND
FROM 1820-1850, UNLIKE THE REST OF THE
CONTINENT OF EUROPE

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