Educ 344 Powerpoint: "A Pirate`s Life for Me"

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A Pirate’s Life for Me
Piracy in Colonial North Carolina
What is a pirate?
• Someone who attacks, without legal
authority, both ships and maritime cities
• Also known as “sea thieves”
Famous Pirates in NC
• Blackbeard
• Edward Low
• Calico Jack
• Stede Bonnet
• Captain Charles Vane
Famous Women Pirates
• Mary Read
• Anne Bonny
Blackbeard
• Real name was Edward Teach
• Born in 1680
• Ship’s name was “Queen Anne’s Revenge”
• Had a heavy, black beard
• Before battles, he would light pieces of
slow-burning rope under his hat so that
smoke would pour out
• Killed in Ocracoke in 1718
Edward Low
• Captured many ships in NC waters
• His ship flew a black flag with a red
skeleton
• Terrifying because he was so mean to his
captives
• Scary looking because he had knife scars
all over his face
Calico Jack
• Real name was Capt. John Rackham
• Liked to dress in brightly colored clothes
• Anne Bonny and Mary Read sailed with
him
• Caught in Jamaica
Stede Bonnet
• Didn’t become a pirate until he was middle
aged
• Called the “gentleman pirate” because
after he captured a ship, he took its crew
safely back to shore
• Was double-crossed by Blackbeard
• Caught near Charleston, SC in 1718
Captain Charles Vane
• Became famous for robbing Spanish ships
• When he refused to fight a French warship, his
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crew called him a coward and sent him
overboard in a small boat
When he got a new ship and crew, it was
wrecked in a hurricane and he was the only
survivor
A friend eventually turned him in while he was in
Jamaica
Mary Read
• Born in England
• Dressed as a boy
• Joined Capt. John Rackham’s crew
• Was friends with Anne Bonny
• Died of fever
Anne Bonny
• Born in Ireland
• Raised in Carolina
• She had a fiery temper
• Was married to James Bonny for awhile,
but got tired of him
• Fell in love with Calico Jack and joined his
crew
• Was friends with Mary Read
Some Pirate Lingo
• Booty = pirate treasure
• Double-cross = to betray, deceive, or cheat
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someone
Hard tack = a hard, moldy biscuit
Jolly Roger = a pirate’s flag with skull and
crossbones
Maroon = to leave in a deserted place
Scurvy = a disease caused by too few fresh
citrus fruits
Symbols Used on Pirate Flags
• A smiling devil’s face means torture
• Crossed bones means someone will die
• A skeleton’s head means death
• A bleeding heart means you will have bad
luck
A Pirate’s Life
• Sometimes it was fun and exciting, but it was
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also very hard
Pirates had many jobs on the ship, including
fixing/cleaning weapons, mending torn sails,
mopping the deck, and pumping water from the
ship’s hull
Sometimes, an injured pirate became the cook
because he couldn’t do the other jobs
A Pirate’s Life
• Because there were no refrigerators, pirates
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either had to catch fish or they had to eat dried
foods like crackers or salted/smoked meat
The food was often infested with bugs and mice,
and the water was stale and slimy
If a pirate got scurvy, his gums became swollen
and bled, his hair and teeth fell out, and he
finally died
A Pirate’s Life
• Pirates also had to follow rules:
– Everyone got equal amounts of treasure,
except for the captain, who got more
– Gambling was not allowed
– Women were not allowed
– If you hit a shipmate, you got whipped
– If you stole from a crew member, you would
be punished or left on shore
Would you have liked to be a
pirate???

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