Jefferson Takes Office and The Louisiana Purchase Chapter 9

Jefferson Takes Office
Chapter 9 Section 1
Grade 6 Social Studies
Asaro and Rasmussen:
Election of 1800
 A bitter campaign:
 Election was between Adams
(incumbent) and Thomas Jefferson
 Federalists talked of Civil War if
Jefferson were to win.
 Republicans accused John Adams of
wanting to create a monarchy and
trampling on the Constitutional
rights of Americans
Election of 1800
 How President was elected
 1st place becomes President
 2nd place becomes VP
 Electoral Votes in 1800: tie between Jefferson and Burr
Jefferson 73 votes
Aaron Burr 73 votes
 Why not a tie between Jefferson and Adams? How did
Burr come into the mix?
 Burr was running as Jefferson’s VP running mate. No
one expected Burr to receive so many votes over
Election of 1800
 How the tie was broken
 Was up to the House of Representatives to vote and
break the electoral tie
 Vote was 50/50 in the house, had to vote 36 times.
 Alexander Hamilton,
 hated Burr and advised Federalists in Congress
that Jefferson was the safer choice.
 Finally, on February 17, 1801, on the thirty-sixth
ballot, the House elected Thomas Jefferson to be
Election of 1800
 Burr lost the tie breaker in the
House of Representatives
because of Hamilton’s attacks.
 Hamilton later thwarted his
second campaign for the
Governorship of New York, after
Jefferson dropped him as VP in
1804 largely due to mistrust
some say originated with
Hamilton’s attacks on Burr’s
 This is when Burr finally
challenged Hamilton to a duel
and killed him.
The Revolution of 1800
 What is a revolution?
 “A complete and marked
change in something.”
 How is Jefferson’s win a
 “Let us, then, fellow
citizens, unite with one
heart and one mind…
Every difference of
opinion is not a
difference of principle…
We are all Republicans;
we are all Federalists.”
Revolution of 1800
 First goal: limit the federal government’s power over states and
 Wanted to remove Government from economics
 Laissez faire- “leave alone”- the government should not
interfere with the economy.
 Believed in small government
 Fired many government employees
 Cut the size of the military
 Eliminated all federal taxes
 Ended Sedition Acts
 Paid back all fines collected
 Released those jailed from acts
Judicial Review
 1803-Supreme Court Case Marbury vs. Madison
established judicial review-the authority of the
Supreme Court to interpret Constitution
 Basis: Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional.
John Marshall stated that the court’s powers come
from the Constitution, not Congress.
 What cases of Judicial Review can you think of?
 Why is it important?

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