Jefferson Takes Office Chapter 9 Section 1 Grade 6 Social Studies Asaro and Rasmussen: Election of 1800 A bitter campaign: Election was between Adams (incumbent) and Thomas Jefferson Federalists talked of Civil War if Jefferson were to win. Republicans accused John Adams of wanting to create a monarchy and trampling on the Constitutional rights of Americans Election of 1800 How President was elected 1st place becomes President 2nd place becomes VP Electoral Votes in 1800: tie between Jefferson and Burr Jefferson 73 votes Aaron Burr 73 votes WAS A TIE Why not a tie between Jefferson and Adams? How did Burr come into the mix? Burr was running as Jefferson’s VP running mate. No one expected Burr to receive so many votes over Adams. Election of 1800 How the tie was broken Was up to the House of Representatives to vote and break the electoral tie Vote was 50/50 in the house, had to vote 36 times. Alexander Hamilton, hated Burr and advised Federalists in Congress that Jefferson was the safer choice. Finally, on February 17, 1801, on the thirty-sixth ballot, the House elected Thomas Jefferson to be President. Election of 1800 Burr lost the tie breaker in the House of Representatives because of Hamilton’s attacks. Hamilton later thwarted his second campaign for the Governorship of New York, after Jefferson dropped him as VP in 1804 largely due to mistrust some say originated with Hamilton’s attacks on Burr’s character. This is when Burr finally challenged Hamilton to a duel and killed him. The Revolution of 1800 What is a revolution? “A complete and marked change in something.” How is Jefferson’s win a revolution? “Let us, then, fellow citizens, unite with one heart and one mind… Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle… We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists.” Revolution of 1800 First goal: limit the federal government’s power over states and citizens. Wanted to remove Government from economics Laissez faire- “leave alone”- the government should not interfere with the economy. Believed in small government Fired many government employees Cut the size of the military Eliminated all federal taxes Ended Sedition Acts Paid back all fines collected Released those jailed from acts Judicial Review 1803-Supreme Court Case Marbury vs. Madison established judicial review-the authority of the Supreme Court to interpret Constitution Basis: Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional. John Marshall stated that the court’s powers come from the Constitution, not Congress. What cases of Judicial Review can you think of? Why is it important?