Australian History a story of migration

Report
Australian History
A story of migration
Part 1
Around 60 000 years ago - 1900
1
Asquith Girls High School
Our Presentation
1
• Aboriginal Peoples
• About 60 000 years ago
2
• The British
• 1788
3
• Chinese
• Mid 1800s
4
• Aboriginal Peoples in 1900s
Introduced by Maddie Paemaa
2
AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL PEOPLES
3
Sarita Kharal
Scientific theories:
4

Generally agreed
 Aborigines
arrived
around 65 000 years
 Aborigines came by
canoes from South East
Asia
Aborigines believe:
5
• Original inhabitants of Australia.
“We go back, a long way back,
into the Dreamtime,
into the land of our Dreaming.”
“We
have been here
forever”
What is the ‘Dreaming’?
• Original inhabitants of Australia.
•
The ‘Dreaming’ to Aborigines was
a time when sacred beings
created the:
•
universe
•
land
•
people
•
rivers, water holes, hills, rocks
•
things living.
Aboriginal Art – the Rainbow Serpent –
a sacred being
6
The ‘Dreaming’
7
•
gave each tribe their own
special ‘Dreaming’
• a strong relationship
with land
• totems
• hunting tools
• laws, customs,
ceremonies
Aboriginal Art – The Dreaming
Aboriginal nations before the British
arrived in 1788:





around 500 nations and
unique cultures
around 200 languages
nations rarely mixed with
other nations
they lived off the land
sometimes they traded goods
such as
ochre for body paint and art
 possum furs

8
THE BRITISH
9
Bronwyn See and Maddie Paemaa
Route taken by the British 1787-1788
10
1788 – Sydney Harbour
Ships arriving in Sydney
Harbour
11
The British and Aborigines at the spot
where the Opera House is today
People on the First Fleet
12
Mostly convicts (prisoners)
some soldiers
Some free settlers
British set up a Penal (prison) colony
Convicts built:
roads
13
buildings
Convicts worked on farms
14
Growing food for the colony
Wool and wheat to export
Some convicts became bushrangers
Ned Kelly – most famous
15
Became legends
Waltzing Matilda
Some convicts became very successful
16
Mary Reiby
successful business woman
Last British convicts - free

In NSW 1850 last convicts arrived.
17
BEGINNING OF
CHINESE MIGRATION
18
Early Chinese migration – mid 1800S


Thousands of Chinese
rushed to Australian gold
fields
They worked hard to
help support their
families in China
19
20
Going and staying
Most returned home after the gold
rush
Only a few stayed.
But fast forward to the 1980s
21
After the Tiananmen Square Massacre
1989
Chinese immigration increased
dramatically
Many Chinese students were
studying in Australia at this time
They stayed in Australia rather than
return to China
WHAT HAPPENED TO
THE ABORIGINES?
22
What happened to Aborigines?
1800s
 Aborigines fought
for their land
 thousands died
 shot
 diseases
such as
smallpox and
measles
23
What happened to Aborigines?


lost their land and food
sources
many children were
taken from their
families to live with
‘white’ people
 These
children are
referred to as the
Stolen Generations
24
Fast forward to 2008
Saying sorry



In 2008 our Prime
Minister delivered a
historic speech in
Parliament
He apologized to the
Stolen Generations for
the injustices they had
suffered
Thousands of Australians
signed sorry books
25
26
WE HOPE YOU ENJOYED
OUR PRESENTATION AND WE
ARE LOOKING FORWARD TO
DISCUSSING OUR HISTORY
FROM 1900 TO THE PRESENT
NEXT TIME

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