Earth Day or Doomsday

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Earth Day or Doomsday?
You Decide!
This woman is
credited with
starting the
environmental
movement with
her last book
published in 1962
shortly before her
death while
fighting breast
cancer
What was the title of her book?
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Earth in the Balance
The Population Bomb
Cosmos
Silent Spring
The Living Planet
And the author of Silent Spring is:
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Virginia Woolf
Jane Austin
Rachel Carson
Ayn Rand
Pearl S. Buck
“Silent Spring was a
cry in the wilderness
that changed
history.”
Al Gore
Carson was posthumously awarded
the Presidential Medal of Freedom by
Jimmy Carter.
What year was the first Earth Day
celebrated?
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1960
1970
1974
1984
2000
Five months before Earth Day, on Sunday, November
30, 1969, The New York Times carried a lengthy article
by Gladwin Hill reporting on the astonishing
proliferation of environmental events:
"Rising concern about the environmental crisis is
sweeping the nation's campuses with an intensity that
may be on its way to eclipsing student discontent over
the war in Vietnam...a national day of observance of
environmental problems...is being planned for next
spring...when a nationwide environmental 'teachin'...coordinated from the office of Senator Gaylord
Nelson is planned...."
What year was the Environmental
Protection Agency established? EPA
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1960
1970
1974
1980
1994
William D. Ruckelshaus being sworn in
by President Nixon, Dec. 1970
What is the current, best estimate of
the world’s human population?
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5,000,000,000
6,000,000,000
7,000,000,000
8,000,000,000
9,000,000,000
The population of the U.S?
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30,000,000
300,000,000
313,381,218
375,856,361
401,934,806
And it grows in the U.S. at the rate of 4
more every minute!
For the world its 38x that!
220,000 more every day!
6,600,000 every month!!
80,300,000 every year!!!
Edward Abbey, environmentalist and author of
“The Monkey Wrench Gang” proposed this for
voluntary birth control:
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1. Free birth control pills
2. Increased taxation instead of deductions for
children in the household.
3. A brand new Ford Mustang in exchange for
reversible sterilization at the age of puberty
4. Free abortions
5. Permanent sterilization for the poor and
underprivileged.
Five Ways to Stabilize
Population Growth
• Contraceptives
• Literacy
• Sex Ed
• Gender Equality
• Dynamic Development
Four Other Ways!
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Starvation
Disease
War
Natural Disasters
Contraceptives
The U.N. Population Fund estimates that
215 million women worldwide who desire
modern contraceptives are deprived of
them. Access to
contraceptives would reduce unintended
pregnancies by more than two-thirds, from
75 million to 22
million per year, and save $5.1 billion in
pre- and postnatal healthcare.
Literacy
There’s an inverse relationship between
literacy and fertility rates. Literate women
tend to have smaller, healthier families with
dramatically
decreased infant-mortality rates. Educated
women also
have increased access to economic
opportunities and
are less likely to bear children before they can
afford to.
Sex Ed
Nearly half of the world’s population is under
age 25, which means that Generation
Z’s reproductive decisions will reverberate for
years
to come. Comprehensive
sex ed is an important step
toward limiting teen pregnancy. By having a
child, an
American woman increases her CO2 legacy
six-fold.
Gender Equality
In many cultures, women are deprived of
essential human rights. They lack suffrage,
education, and control over their own fertility.
Plus, child
brides are less likely to exercise decisionmaking power
because of their economic dependency.
Female empowerment
is essential to slowing population growth
.
Dynamic
Development
In societies in tropical wilderness areas,
where welfare is tied directly to the land, aid
groups are promoting a development
approach called
population, health, and environment (PHE),
which integrates
improved access to health services with
models
for sustainable resource use.
When was the Endangered Species Act
passed into law?
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1960
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I HAVE today signed S. 1983, the Endangered
Species Act of 1973. At a time when Americans
are more concerned than ever with conserving
our natural resources, this legislation provides
the Federal Government with needed
authority to protect an irreplaceable part of
our national heritage—threatened…………
What species was involved in the first case
challenging the Endangered Species Act to
make it to the U.S. Supreme Court?
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Bald Eagle
Alligator
Bison (Buffalo)
Passenger Pigeon
Snail Darter (fish)
Snail Darter (Percina Tanasi)
Of all the water on planet Earth, what
percentage is fresh (no salt)?
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1%
3%
7%
10%
30%
86% of the world’s surface fresh water
can be found in our Great Lakes and
Lake Baikal in Russia!
Fresh and unpolluted water accounts
for 0.003% of total water available
globally.
One in eight people in
the world do not have
access to safe water!
The Earth’s greatest human use of
fresh water is for:
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Agriculture
Industry
Home, domestic uses
Generation of electricity (dams)
None of the above
Agriculture uses 69% of the world’s
fresh water primarily through
irrigation
Industry and hydroelectric power = 21%
Home use = 10%
Of the following home uses, which one
consumes the most water?
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Laundry
Leaks
Toilets
Dishwashers
Showers & Baths
Faucets
The number one greenhouse gas in
quantity and Infra-red reflectivity is:
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H20 Water
CO2 Carbon dioxide
NO2 Nitrous oxide
CH4 Methane
O3
Ozone
Which product requires the most
water to produce?
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One glass of wine
One pint of beer
One glass of milk
8 oz. pack of M&M’s
Quarter pound of ground beef
Water Footprints of Common Foods
Product
Amount in Gallons
1 cup of tea
8.6 US gal
1 imperial pint of beer
42.3 US gal
1 glass of wine
31.7 US gal
1 glass of milk
52.8 US gal
1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of beef
3,962.6 US gal (450 gal. ¼ lb.)
1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of poultry
1,585.0 US gal
250 grams (8.8 oz) packet of
M&M's
304.6 US gal
575 grams (20.3 oz) jar of
Dolmio pasta sauce
53.4 US gal
Greenhouse Gas
Formula
Contribution
Water vapor H2O
36 – 72 %
Carbon dioxide CO2 9 – 26 %
Methane CH4
4- 9%
Ozone O3
3–7%
GASEnter
GUZZLER
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Glucose
Guzzler
When was the last major extinction of
life forms on the planet (75%)
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65 million yrs. ago
10,000 yrs. ago
500 yrs. Ago (~1492)
Present Day happening NOW!
If present trends
continue one half of all species of life
on earth will
be extinct in less than 100 years, as a
result of
habitat destruction, pollution,
invasive species,
and climate change.
The Current Mass Extinction:
Human beings are currently
causing the greatest
mass extinction of species since
the extinction of
the dinosaurs 65 million years
ago.
The agreement, known as the Nagoya
Protocol, sets a goal of cutting the
current extinction rate by half or more
by 2020. The earth is losing species at
100 to 1,000 times the historical
average, according to scientists who
call the current period the worst since
the dinosaurs were lost 65 million
years ago.
Mass Extinction Underway,
Majority of Biologists Say!
"The speed at which species are being lost is much
faster than any we've seen in the past -- including
those [extinctions] related to meteor collisions,"
said Daniel Simberloff, a University of Tennessee
ecologist and prominent expert in biological
diversity who participated in the museum's survey.
[Note: the last mass extinction caused by a meteor
collision was that of the dinosaurs, 65 million years
ago.]
The number one cause of species’
extinction is:
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Over-harvesting (hunting, fishing, etc.
Habitat loss
Invasive species
Global warming
Evilution
Earth Day or Doomsday?
You Decide!
In the year 2032 do you think the
planet will be:
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In overall better health
About the same
Worse
Doomsday scenario: starvation, disease,
polluted water, no more fossil fuels, etc.
The end of civilization as we now know it!

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