EuroMed Regional Transport Project *Road, Rail and Urban Transport

Report
ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
International Experience in Road
Transport Laws
Needs for Palestine
EuroMed RRU Transport Project
Symposium on Transport Ramallah
13-14 February 2013
Michalis P. Adamantiadis
Road Transport Key Expert
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Content
• Important International Road
Transport Agreements
• Why important?
• Introduction of 13 UNECE
Agreements
• Needs for Palestine
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Most important International Road
Transport Agreements –
Why importnat ?
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Which Agreements
ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
13 UNECE most important out of total 57
• Road transport and road traffic safety (4 Agreements)
• Border crossing facilitation (4 Agreements)
• Transport of dangerous goods and perishable foodstuffs
(2 Agreements)
• Vehicle Regulations ( 3 Agreements)
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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Why they are important?
ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
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Basic technical and regulatory framework
Internationally harmonised norms and standards
Models for developing related national legislation
Facilitate international road transport
Make international transport possible and efficient
Safe Roads, Simple Border Crossing, Safe and Clean Vehicles
Legally binding - following UN Procedures
Reciprocal recognition of certificates
Constantly updated, brought in line with EU regulations
Elaborated by consensus (minimum standards and rules)
Open to all UN member States – No accession fees
Applied worldwide
European legacy to international community
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Introduction of 13 UNECE Road
Transport Agreements
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Road Transport and Safety
• Convention on Road Safety, of 1968 (70 States)
• Convention on Road Signs and Signals, of 1968 (62)
Provide a set of internationally agreed road traffic regulations aimed at
the improvement of the efficiency and safety of international road traffic
National regulations are developed accordingly
• CMR and its protocol (55) – Now also e-CMR
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
AETR and Digital Tachograp
(51 States)
• Uniform working
conditions for drivers
of commercial
vehicles (passengers
and freight) engaged
in international road
transport
• Digital Tachograph
monitoring working
and rest times of
professional drivers
Ensuring road safety, social rules and fair competition
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
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Border crossing facilitation
TIR Convention (68 States)
Harmonization of frontier controls (57)
Temporary importation of Commercial road vehicles (41)
Temporary importation of private vehicles (80)
To facilitate the international carriage
of goods and passengers across borders
Over 3 million TIR annually
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Dangerous goods (ADR)
Perishable foodstuffs (ATP)
• Dangerous goods (ADR) and its protocol (48 States)
Uniform requirements to ensure a high level of safety of
international transport of dangerous goods
• Perishable foodstuffs (ATP) (47)
Harmonized and improved conditions
for preservation of the quality of foods
Observed temperature - certified equipment used
refrigerating capacity - insulating capacity
efficiency of thermal appliances
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Vehicle Regulation
for Clean and Safe Vehicles
• Vehicle Regulation, 1958 (47 States)
• Global Vehicles Regulation, 1998 (33)
• Technical Inspection of Vehicles, 1997 (12 States and
17 signatories pending ratificatiosn)
Uniform technical prescriptions for vehicles, equipments and
parts, inspections and conditions for reciprocal recognition
of approvals and certificates granted
Equally important for non-car producer countries
EuroMed RRU Transport Project National Workshop, Beirut, Lebanon, 21 November 2012
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Needs for Palestine
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Needs of Palestine
ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Develop adequate institutional and regulatory framework
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Use experiences of other countries
Study provisions-benefits of UNECE Road Transport Agreements
Accede to UNECE Harmonization Convention
Consider unilateral implementation of selected UNECE
Agreements and develop related national legislation
• AETR, ADT, ATP, Vienna Conventions, Vehicle Regulations
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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Where we stand in Palestine
ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
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Special situation of the State of Palestine with regard to UN
Member of UNESCWA since May 1975
Ratified Agreement on Int. Roads in the Arab Mashreq, Nov.2006
Established National Trade and Transport Facilitation Committee
Member UNESCWA WG on Harmonization of Institutional
Frameworks and Legislation in Transport
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
Conclusions
• UNECE Road Transport Agreements are vital to countries
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Facilitate international transport and border crossing
Provide for efficiency, harmonize and improve standards
Provide market access, integration, inclusion in
globalization
Provide for road safety and environmental performance
Basic tools for common pan-European and Euro-Asian transport
space
Unique models for developing national legislation
• Palestine will benefit from
- Using experiences of other countries
- Studying international agreements and
- Using them as models for developing national legislation
• An awareness raising workshop on UNECE Main Road Transport
Agreements may prove very useful and is highly recommended
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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ROAD – RAIL – URBAN TRANSPORT
EuroMed RRU Transport Project Symposium on Transport
Ramallah, 13-14 February 2013
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