September 2011. Kindly contributed by Carrie Bray, Northampton
College. Search for Carrie on www.skillsworkshop.org Visit the
download page for this resource to find further links and related
Functional English coverage and range statements
Level 2 Use a range of sentence structures, including complex sentences, and paragraphs to organise written communication
Entry 2 Construct compound sentences using common conjunctions
Adult literacy curriculum elements
Ws/L1.1 Write in complete sentences (a) understand that sentences can be joined with a wider range of conjunctions than as,
and, but, for example if, so, while, though, since, when, to express meaning more precisely (b) understand that complete
sentences should not be strung together with commas (comma splicing) to make longer 'sentences', but should be split into
separate sentences or be correctly joined e.g. by a conjunction
Ws/E3.1 write in complete sentences (a) understand that simple and compound sentences can be amplified by expanding the
information around the subject, object, complement and verb. (b) understand that longer sentences may need conjunctions and
connectives such as and, but, because to link different parts together.
Ws/E2.1 Construct simple and compound sentences, using common conjunctions to connect two clauses (e.g. as, but,
and). (a) understand that simple sentences can be combined to make compound sentences by using conjunctions (b) understand
that, if a compound sentence has too many bits added on, the reader will not be able to follow the sense. (c) know some common
conjunctions e.g. and, but, or, as.
References: Excellence Gateway (2009), Skills for Life, Core Curriculum http://www.excellencegateway.org.uk/sflcurriculum
Ofqual (2009), Functional Skills criteria for English, Mathematics and ICT
Putting simple sentences together
When to use conjunctions
I like going out. I went out yesterday. I will go
out again tonight. I’m going to meet a friend. He
is a new friend. His name is Bob. Bob is a
musician. Bob will buy me a pint. I like Bob.
 Too many simple sentences together can
appear strange and childlike. You can
improve this by using compound sentences.
 You will have a go at improving this in a few
The most common conjunctions:
Conjunctions for time
Before, after, until, since, when, whenever, while
We all went home before the fight broke out.
She went to bed after she put the cat out.
I won’t do it until he says sorry.
It’s been quiet since he moved out.
Put the computer off when you have finished!
He washes his car whenever it gets mucky.
The children go to crèche while Mum goes to work.
Conjunctions for place and
Place: where
 Remember that café where you had that
awful pie.
Agreement: though, although, whether.
 He could drive a car though he was only five
years old.
 I’ll invite you in although the place is a mess.
 I don’t care whether you want to do it or not!

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