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http://ITProGuru.com/hol/
VTUG Microsoft Virtualization
for VMware Professionals – Part 2
, MCT, MCSA, MCITP, MCSE…
Microsoft – Chief Technology Strategist
http://ITProGuru.com
@itproguru
CT, MA, ME, NH, VT, NY (upstate)
http://blogs.technet.com/DanStolts
More Jobs 
Owner - Bay State Integrated Technology, Inc. (www.BayStateTechnology.com)
President - Boston User Groups (www.BostonUserGroups.org)
Cubmaster/Leader – Cub Scouts Pack 14, Lakeville, MA {LakevillePack14.com)
Founder/Chairman - Virtualization Group Boston (www.VirtG.com)
Founder/President – North East Leaders (www.NELeaders.com)
@ITProGuru
Azure Trial - http://aka.ms/VTUG-Cloud
VMware or Microsoft? – The Complete Series http://aka.ms/V-Compare
Date
Article
Author
Aug 12, 2013
Series Introduction
Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde
Aug 13, 2013
What is a “Purpose-Built Hypervisor?
Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde
Aug 14, 2013
Chris Avis – @ChrisAvis
Aug 16, 2013
Simplified Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2012 Host Patching = Greater
Security and More Uptime
Reducing VMware Storage Costs WITH Windows Server 2012 Storage
Spaces
Does size really matter?
Aug 19, 2013
Let’s talk certifications!
Matt Hester – @MatthewHester
Aug 20, 2013
Virtual Processor Scheduling
Tommy Patterson – @Tommy_Patterson
Aug 21, 2013
FREE Zero Downtime Patch Management
Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer
Aug 22, 2013
Agentless Protection
Chris Avis - @ChrisAvis
Aug 15, 2013
More Coming..
Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer
Brian Lewis – @BrianLewis_
VTUG “How To Play!” Free Stuff
Free Downloads
Free Cloud Resources
TOTALLY FREE Windows Server 2012 with Hyper-V
http://aka.ms/VTUG-hyper-v
R2: http://aka.ms/vtug-hyper-vr2
Activate a Free Azure Trial
ISO: http://aka.ms/VTUG-WS-ISO (Eval)
VHD: http://aka.ms/VTUG-WS-VHD (Eval)
R2: http://aka.ms/VTUG-win2012r2 (RC)
http://aka.ms/VTUG-Cloud
Create your Free Cloud Virtual Machines, websites
and use other cloud resources
NOTE: Requires Credit Card but you will NOT be
billed if you do not manually change your account to
a Pay Account
ITProGuru (Dan Stolts) Blog
http://ITProGuru.com
MS vCenter Equivalent + MUCH MORE!
http://aka.ms/VTUG-SC (Eval)
R2: http://aka.ms/VTUG-sc-r2 (RC)
Microsoft Virtual Academy
http://aka.ms/VTUG-MVA
Free Training
Creating an SMB Share
From Server Manager:
1. Log on or connect to a
Windows Server 2012
computer on which the
File and Storage role is
installed. Open Server
Manager and navigate
to File and Storage
Services
2. In Server Manager, start
the New Share Wizard
With PowerShell:
# Create folder MD X:\VMS # Create file share New-SmbShare -Name VMS1
-Path X:\VMS -FullAccess Domain\HVAdmin, Domain\HV1$, Domain\HV2$, Domain\HVC$ # Set NTFS
permissions from the file share permissions (Get-SmbShare VMS1).PresetPathAcl | Set-Acl
Improvements for Hyper-V
Dynamic Memory
• Introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
• Reallocates memory automatically among
running virtual machines
Maximum
memory
Maximum
memory
Memory in use
Memory in use
Minimum
memory
Administrator can
increase maximum
memory without a
restart
VM1
Windows Server 2012
improvements
• Minimum memory
• Hyper-V smart paging
• Memory ballooning
• Runtime configuration
Hyper-V
Physical
memory
pool
Improvements for Hyper-V
Maximum
memory
Maximum
memory
Benefits
• Higher consolidation numbers
Minimum
memory
Minimum
memory
Maximum
memory
Minimum
memory
• Improved reliability of Hyper-V operations
• Ability to increase maximum memory
configuration with minimal downtime
VM1
VM2
Hyper-V
VMn
Paging file provides
Memory reclaimed
additional memory
after startup
for startup
Physical
memory
pool
Removing
Virtual machine
paged memory
starting with
after
virtual
Hyper-V
machine
smart restart
paging
Startup increases
memory in use
Memory in use
after startup
Dynamic Memory vs. Memory Overcommit
• Minimum Memory setting
• Minimum/Maximum memory settings can be modified while VM is running
More At…
http://aka.ms/V-Memory
Virtual Memory Management: Dynamic Memory-Much
Different Than Memory Over Commit See more at:
http://aka.ms/V-Memory
Virtual Processor Scheduling – How
VMware and Microsoft Hypervisors
Work at the CPU Level
Check out Tommy Patterson’s Blog Post
http://aka.ms/V-CPU
Migrating Storage to an SMB Share
You can migrate from…
• Direct-Attached Storage to SMB file share
• SMB file share to another SMB file share
1. To determine the current storage being used by a virtual machine:
Get-VM VM1 | FT Name, Path, State Get-VMHardDiskDrive VM1 | FT VMName, Path
2. To migrate the virtual machine storage to an SMB file share:
Move-VMStorage –VMName VM1 –DestinationStoragePath \\FST\VMS
3. To confirm migration:
Get-VM VM1 | FT Name, Path, State Get-VMHardDiskDrive VM1 | FT VMName, Path
Hyper-V
(2012)
vSphere
Hypervisor
vSphere 5.1
Enterprise Plus
Yes
No1
Yes2
1GB Simultaneous Live Migrations
Unlimited3
N/A
4
10GB Simultaneous Live Migrations
Unlimited3
N/A
8
Live Storage Migration
Yes
No4
Yes5
Shared Nothing Live Migration
Yes
No
Yes5
Capability
VM Live Migration
vSphere Hypervisor / vSphere 5.x Ent+ Information: http://www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/buy/editions_comparison.html,
http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/products/vcns/vCloud-Networking-and-Security-Overview-Whitepaper.pdf http://www.vmware.com/products/datacenter-virtualization/vcloudnetwork-security/features.html#vxlan
Storage Spaces and
Thin Provisioning
http://aka.ms/V-Storage
Maximize capacity by removing
duplicate data
VHD Library
• 2:1 with file shares, 20:1 with virtual
storage
• Less data to back up, archive, and
migrate
Software Deployment
Share
Increased scale and performance
• Low CPU and memory impact
• Configurable compression schedule
• Transparent to primary server workload
General File
Share
Improved reliability and integrity
User Home Folder
(My Docs)
• Redundant metadata and critical data
• Checksums and integrity checks
• Increase availability through redundancy
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Average savings with Data Deduplication by workload type
Source: “Microsoft Internal Testing"
Faster file download times with
BranchCache
Storage Spaces Requirements
• Windows Server 2012
• Serial ATA (SATA) or Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
connected disks (in an optional just-a-bunch-ofdisks [JBOD] enclosure)
• Multinode clustered shared-storage deployments
• Two or more servers running Windows Server
2012
• Requirements as specified for failover
clustering and Windows CSV
• SAS connected JBODs that comply with
Windows Certification requirements
Drive
Type
Stand-Alone
File Servers
Clustered File
Servers
SATA
Supported
SCSI
Supported
iSCSI
Supported
Supported
SAS
Supported
Supported
USB
Supported
• The criterion for determining which drives are eligible to be part of a Pool are:
• Minimum drive size is 10 GB
• Drive is empty, i.e. no partition data exists on the drive
• Drive is not assigned to any other pool
• The Primordial Pool will consist of Physical Disks that are not assigned to
any existing Storage Pool
How does Storage Spaces Work?
An example…
Process of Handling Resources
Storage Spaces
Management Interface
Configuring a Storage Pool
Creating a Storage Space
(Virtual Disk)
Data Redundancy in
Storage Spaces
Redundancy Type
Description
Simple
•
•
•
Data is striped across physical disks
Maximizes capacity
Increases throughput
Mirror
•
•
•
Data is duplicated on two or three physical disks
Increases reliability
Reduces capacity by 50 to 66 percent
Parity
•
•
•
Data and parity information are striped across physical disks
Increases reliability
Reduces capacity by 13 to 33 percent
Deduplication
• Capacity Optimization
• Scale and Performance
• Reliability and Data Integrity
Offloaded Data Transfer (ODX)
Token-based data transfer between
intelligent storage arrays
Benefits
• Rapid virtual machine provisioning and
migration
• Faster transfers on large files
• Minimized latency
• Maximized array throughput
• Less CPU and network use
• Performance not limited by network
throughput or server use
• Improved datacenter capacity and scale
External Intelligent Storage Array
Token
Virtual Disk
Virtual Disk
Hyper-V
(2012)
vSphere
Hypervisor
vSphere 5.1
Enterprise Plus
Yes
No
No
Yes (Spaces)
No
Yes (VSA)
Data Deduplication
Yes
No
No
iSCSI/FC Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
3rd Party Multipathing (MPIO)
Yes
No
Yes (VAMP)1
Network File System Support
Yes (SMB)
Yes (NFS)
Yes (NFS)
Yes
No
Yes (VAAI)2
Capability
Native 4-KB Disk Support
Storage Virtualization
Offloaded Data Transfer (ODX)
vSphere Hypervisor / vSphere 5.x Ent+ Information: http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vsphere5/r51/vsphere-51-configuration-maximums.pdf and
http://www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/buy/editions_comparison.html
Storage Spaces and
Thin Provisioning
http://aka.ms/V-Storage
http://ITProGuru/HOL
Primary site
New feature
Replicate Hyper-V virtual machines from a
primary site to a replica site
Benefits
• Affordable in-box business continuity and
disaster recovery
• Failure recovery in minutes
• More secure replication across network
• No need for storage arrays
• No need for other software replication
technologies
• Automatic handling of live migration
• Simpler configuration and management
Replica site
Exchange virtual machine
IIS virtual machine
CRM virtual machine
SQL virtual machine
SharePoint virtual
machine
Exchange
replica
virtual
machine
CRM
replica
virtual
machine
R2
P1
P2
Replicate over
WAN link
R3
R1
SMB file share
SAN
Hyper-V role and tools
Hyper-V role and tools
Hyper-V
cmdlets
Hyper-V PS
integrated UI
Hyper-V
cmdlets
Hyper-V PS
integrated UI
Send/receive
replica traffic
Hyper-V Management Module
tracks and replicates changes for
each virtual machine
Hyper-V Management Module
receives and applies the changes to
the replica virtual machine
Hyper-V
(2012)
vSphere
Hypervisor
vSphere 5.1
Enterprise Plus
Incremental Backup
Yes
No1
Yes1
Inbox VM Replication
Yes
No1
Yes1
Capability
Replication Capability
Hyper-V Replica
vSphere Replication
Inbox with Hypervisor
Virtual Appliance
Asynchronous
Asynchronous
5 Minutes
15 Minutes
Planned Failover
Yes
No
Unplanned Failover
Yes
Yes
Test Failover
Yes
No
Simple Failback Process
Yes
No
Automatic Re-IP Address
Yes
No
Yes, 15 points
No
Yes, PowerShell
No, SRM
Architecture
Replication Type
RTO
Point in Time Recovery
Orchestration
vSphere Hypervisor / vSphere 5.x Ent+ Information: http://www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/buy/editions_comparison.html, http://www.vmware.com/products/datacentervirtualization/vsphere/compare-kits.html
Automation
Orchestrator
vCenter Orchestrator
Service Mgmt.
Service Manager
vCloud Automation Center
Protection
Data Protection Manager
vSphere Data Protection
Monitoring
Operations Manager
vCenter Ops Mgmt. Suite
Self-Service
App Controller
vCloud Director
VM Management
Virtual Machine Manager
vCenter Server
Hypervisor
Hyper-V
vSphere Hypervisor
VMware or Microsoft? – The Complete Series http://aka.ms/V-Compare
Date
Article
Author
Aug 12, 2013
Series Introduction
Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde
Aug 13, 2013
What is a “Purpose-Built Hypervisor?
Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde
Aug 14, 2013
Chris Avis – @ChrisAvis
Aug 16, 2013
Simplified Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2012 Host Patching = Greater
Security and More Uptime
Reducing VMware Storage Costs WITH Windows Server 2012 Storage
Spaces
Does size really matter?
Aug 19, 2013
Let’s talk certifications!
Matt Hester – @MatthewHester
Aug 20, 2013
Virtual Processor Scheduling
Tommy Patterson – @Tommy_Patterson
Aug 21, 2013
FREE Zero Downtime Patch Management
Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer
Aug 22, 2013
Agentless Protection
Chris Avis - @ChrisAvis
Aug 15, 2013
More Coming..
Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer
Brian Lewis – @BrianLewis_
VTUG “How To Play!” Free Stuff
Free Downloads
Free Cloud Resources
TOTALLY FREE Windows Server 2012 with Hyper-V
http://aka.ms/VTUG-hyper-v
R2: http://aka.ms/vtug-hyper-vr2
Activate a Free Azure Trial
ISO: http://aka.ms/VTUG-WS-ISO (Eval)
VHD: http://aka.ms/VTUG-WS-VHD (Eval)
R2: http://aka.ms/VTUG-win2012r2 (RC)
http://aka.ms/VTUG-Cloud
Create your Free Cloud Virtual Machines, websites
and use other cloud resources
NOTE: Requires Credit Card but you will NOT be
billed if you do not manually change your account to
a Pay Account
ITProGuru (Dan Stolts) Blog
http://ITProGuru.com
MS vCenter Equivalent + MUCH MORE!
http://aka.ms/VTUG-SC (Eval)
R2: http://aka.ms/VTUG-sc-r2 (RC)
Microsoft Virtual Academy
http://aka.ms/VTUG-MVA
Free Training
http://technet.microsoft.com/library/hh831531
http://download.microsoft.com/download/E/8/E/E8ECBD78-F07A-4A6F-9401AA1760ED6985/Competitive-Advantages-of-Windows-Server-Hyper-V-over-VMware-vSphere.pdf
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=6346
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=29694
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=29256
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=29698
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=27850
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=29258
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=36497
http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=34591
http://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/PowerShell-Deployment-797b3c6d
© 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes
only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and
Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

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