Jessie Hewins Child Nutrition Policy Analyst Food Research and Action Center [email protected] - www.frac.org FOOD RESEARCH AND ACTION CENTER • National anti-hunger organization in Washington DC • Nonprofit and nonpartisan What we do • Conduct research and policy analysis • Serve as a clearinghouse • Provide technical assistance • Lobby Congress SCHOOL BREAKFAST AND HEALTH • Decreases the risk of food insecurity, especially for lowincome children. • A healthy breakfast each day helps prevent obesity. • Children who eat school breakfast eat more fruits, drink more milk, and eat a wider variety of foods. SCHOOL BREAKFAST AND LEARNING • School breakfast improves student behavior and reduces tardiness and absenteeism. • Children who eat breakfast at school: • Increase their math and reading scores • Perform better on standardized tests • Improve their speed and memory in cognitive tests SCHOOL BREAKFAST PARTICIPATION IN NEW YORK 2012-13 SCHOOL YEAR • 546,576 free and reduced-price eligible students participated on an average day • 44.1 free and reduced-price eligible students eat breakfast for every 100 that eat lunch (national rate is 51.9) • If New York met FRAC’s goal of 70:100, an additional 321,171 free and reducedprice eligible students would eat breakfast each day • 96.6 percent of schools that offer school lunch also offer breakfast (national rate is 89.8 percent) • New York ranks 41st out of 50 states (and DC) for student participation and 16th for school participation BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION • • • • • • School buses don’t arrive at school early enough; Children arrive too late due to rushed morning schedules at home; The 30 cent co-payment for reduced-price breakfast is a problem for struggling families; The cafeteria is too small or children want to socialize or play outside; Parents are only vaguely aware of the program, or The program is stigmatized as being “for the poor kids.” STRATEGIES TO INCREASE PARTICIPATION • Schools with a high percentage of low-income students can offer free breakfast to all students • Community Eligibility Provision • Offer “Breakfast After the Bell” • Breakfast in the Classroom • Grab-N-Go • Second Chance COMMUNITY ELIGIBILITY PROVISION (CEP) • Any school, group of schools, or districts with 40 percent “Identified Students” (e.g., directly certified) • Offer breakfast and lunch free to all students • Eliminate school meal applications • Identified student percentage x 1.6 = free claiming percentage Ex: 50 % ISP x 1.6 = 80 % of meals reimbursed at free rate, 20% at the paid rate WHO ARE “IDENTIFIED STUDENTS”? • Includes children who are directly certified (through data matching) for free meals because they live in households that participate in: oSupplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) oTemporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) oFood Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR), or oMedicaid (in districts participating in USDA’s demonstration project) • Includes children who are certified for free meals without application because they are in foster care, Head Start, homeless or migrant. MEAL REIMBURSEMENTS WITH COMMUNITY ELIGIBILITY Percentage Identified Students Free Claiming Percentage Paid Claiming Percentage 40% 64% 36% 45% 72% 28% 50% 80% 20% 55% 88% 12% 60% 96% 4% 65% 100% 0 HOW SCHOOL DISTRICTS CAN PARTICIPATE o By individual school Individual schools with 40% or more Identified Students participate in community eligibility o By group Districts may choose to group schools any way they wish and calculate the free claiming percentage for the group of schools as a whole, using their combined enrollment and total number of Identified Students, as long as the percentage is 40% or higher o By school district All schools in the district participate as a single group with the same free claiming percentage as long as it is 40% or higher GROUPING SCHOOLS • Any criteria—ex: neighborhood, grade level, ISP • You can be very strategic with ISPs by grouping schools that have ISPs over 62.5% with lower schools • There is no limit to the number of groups • Within the same school district, some schools can participate individually and some can participate as a group School Enrollment Identified Students Identified Student % Free Claiming % School A 500 350 70% 100% School B 750 450 60% 96% School C 350 120 36% 57.6% Total Group 1,600 920 57.5% 92% CEP INCREASES SCHOOL BREAKFAST PARTICIPATION FRAC/Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Report, Oct. 2013: • Breakfast participation increased by 25 percent for schools in second year of CEP • Lunch participation increased by 13 percent BREAKFAST IN THE CLASSROOM • Meals delivered to the classroom • Students eat in the classroom after the morning bell GRAB AND GO Students pick up meals from carts or kiosks located in the…. Cafeteria or Hallway …and eat breakfast in the classroom after the morning bell. SECOND CHANCE BREAKFAST • Breakfast is provided after 1st period • Meals are served from cafeteria or carts located in the hallway • Middle & High Schools GRANT FUNDING AND RESOURCES • Action for Healthy Kids – www.actionforhealthykids.org • Food Research and Action Center - www.frac.org • Contact Jessie Hewins at [email protected] or 202-9862200 x3966 • Fuel Up to Play 60 - www.fueluptoplay60.com • American Dairy Association and Dairy Council www.adadc.com CONTACT INFORMATION Jessie Hewins Child Nutrition Policy Analyst Food Research and Action Center 202-986-2200 x3966 [email protected] Sign up for our monthly School Breakfast Expansion Network newsletter at www.frac.org.