Save-the-Chldren

Report
Welcome to
Welcome to
Save the Children’s Presentation on Household
Presentation
Scaling
upofHousehold
Economic andon
Food
Security
Extreme Poor
Economic
Security Model in Phase 1
me to
Save the Children’s Presentation on Household
Economic and Food Security of Extreme Poor
nomic and
Food Security
of Extreme
Poor
Lesson
Learning
Workshop,
EEP/Shiree
Organized by Caritas Bangladesh
April 22-24, 2012
Household Economic Security (HES) Model
Threshold of
extreme poverty
Extreme Poor, Food
and Nutrition
insecurity, extreme
deprivation, fatalistic
attitude, socially
excluded
Movement out of
Extreme Poverty
(Tk 22 per capita
per day @ 2007
prices)
Improved
Health and
Nutrition
status, Food
Utilization
Ability to Meet
dietary
requirements
and basic survival
needs
MS-4
MS-3
Movements
towards self
sustain
MS 6
Reduction of
Poverty, Food &
Nutrition
Security Tk
28/person/ day
@ 2007 pr.
MS-5
Community level mechanisms,
Linkages, Continued support
Diversification of livelihoods, Coaching
and mentoring, Disaster preparedness
MS-1
Training and linkages
Productive assets Awareness on health and
HH level Micro-Plan, Linkand skills transfer
nutrition, watsan, Linkages
with Safety net ,
for basic services,
Immediate Cash Transfer
entitlements
MS-2
Current
Situation
12th
Month
2
18th
Month
24th
Month
36th
Month
48th
Month
60th
Month
Key Features of HES model
Household based economic interventions
Linking and leveraging: Government, NGOs, other services/facilities
Providing temporary financial assistance, promoting social linkages
Strengthening livelihood option/IGAs, income diversification
Promoting women friendly livelihoods options
Promoting viable and resilient livelihood options
Monitoring trigger indicators on Early Warning System(EWS), HH
emergency preparedness and DRR actions
Critical steps
Selection of extreme poor households in 5 stages
Development of household micro plan
Linkages with safety net, basic services and facilities
Finalize input schedule and delivery plan alongwith HHs
Skills and asset transfer, coaching, mentoring and
business counseling
Household performance tracking, progress and impact
monitoring
Phase 1 Project : Household Economic and
Food Security of Extreme Poor
Khulna
District:
3 Upazilas
25 Unions
437
villages
6,742
BHHs
Bagerhat
District:
3 Upazilas
22 Unions
282
villages
7,746
BHHs
Consideration livelihood inputs and IGAs
General context
• Livelihood zones – mixed
• Mapping of institutions, organizations and service roviders
• Wealth ranking and examining livelihood means/IGAs
Specific for the selected HHs
• Household Micro planning – decision on livelihood
inputs/IGAs
• IGA categorization, IGA viability and resilience analysis
• Linking and leveraging services and facilities andtechnical
providers and local entreprenuers
Sector wide livelihood inputs category
Agricul
ture
3%
Livesto
ck
19%
Non
agricul
ture
34%
Fisher
y
14%
Local
transp
ort
12%
Poultr
y
18%
HH Livelihood inputs: Sector wise Viability and
Resilience Status
Viability and resilence score
Viability and resilence score
10.4
6.5
6.6
Non-agri
Fishery
12.0
13.5
6.7
Transport
Agri
Livestock
Poultry
Most viable and resilient to less viable and less resilience livelihood inputs
Innovation for dependant households !
HOW LONG, WHOSE
RESPONSIBILITY, ETHICAL
QUESTION,
• Many extreme poor households lack an able-bodied family member,
making it hard to identify suitable income-earning activities.
Household with no able-bodied member,
but a small of land, develops a productive
garden with an able-bodied neighbor.
Regular source of income is not impossible
through CSG’s support
9
Progress at Outcome Level
Capacity building and Coordinated efforts at all levels
are essential to benefit BHHs
Periodical training, continuous updates and
feedback with planned follow up actions has
helped staff committing for the deliverables
Regular
Courtyard
sessions
raised
awareness
and practice
good habits
UDMC
periodical
meeting has
helped BHHs
to share their
needs related
to DRR plans
and actions
Lessons learned during Phase 1
Context analysis helped to set operational strategies/plans
Understanding of selection criteria needs ground experience
of working with extreme poor
Addressing gender based inequality is necessary for
sustainable graduation
Micro planning involving all members including children has
ensured participation and build confidence of staff and HHs
Planned delivery of productive assets, relevant skills, social
awareness can improve HH performance
Lessons learned during Phase 1
Continuous engagement through local Community Mentors and Community
Support Groups has helped households to make decisions and seek support
The tools are found to be highly effective and ensured transparency and
accountability of project deliverables
Involvement of local government institutions, local entrepreneurs and
government service providers is found playing an important role for the HHs
Knowledge and practice of emergency preparedness, disaster risks reduction
measures are found reducing vulnerabilities and preventing loss and damage
Proper monitoring and evaluation, research, assessments and lesson
learning improves interventions and can help evidence based policy
advocacy- within and outside the organization
THANK YOU ALL

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